James Shaddock 1853-1926 (Broken Hill Shaddocks)


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This is an account of James Shaddock (1853-1906), who was a son of William Shaddock junior (1798-1865). He moved to Australia and founded a Shaddock dynasty there.

The Broken Hill Shaddocks are members of the Burrington Shaddock branch of the family.
In turn the Burrington branch is a branch of the Yarnscombe Shattockes: click here to see that tree. And the Yarnscombe Shattockes are in turn a branch of the complete family tree. Click here to see that.

James Shaddock Family History
James Shaddock was born in High Bickington in 1853, where his father William Shaddock junior had moved sometime before he married Grace Richards in 1830. 

His father had him late in life, and died at age 67 in 1865 when James was only 12. His mother would be unable to support him, along with the rest of the family, which is probably why we find him in 1871 at the age of 18 working for a farmer (Robert Cawsey) as an agricultural servant. The farm is at Little Hall, Atherington, which is 2 miles from High Bickington.

Six years later we find him getting married at Gladstone Street Chapel, Clifton, Bristol, Gloucestershire. His bride is Sarah Ann Stediford (1855-1931), born in Barnstaple. His bride had spent her early years in Bristol. Her father William was himself from Devon, having been born in Yarnscombe. But he had acquired a trade that allowed him to become a town dweller. He was a tailor. So how did James and his bride originally meet? In 1871 we find her working as a domestic servant for a farmer (John Down) and his wife as a domestic servant in Atherington. The address is Little Hall. They were living very close to each other. As servants they probably would not be allowed to continue in service married, so they moved to Bristol and got married.

In Bristol James may have worked for his father-in-law, or if he did not, he certainly absorbed the nature of the business, because he would become a "draper" or merchant of cloth and clothing in Broken Hill, Australia.

They were an ambitious couple and must have talked about where they wanted to raise their family. They chose Australia. Their first child came quickly and we find them in the next year aboard a ship bound for Australia. They arrived on the Salisbury at Port Adelaide. 

After living in Glanville, the family moved to Broken Hill in late 1891 or early 1892. He was granted a "pedestrian hawker's license" on May 13, 1889 and a "hawker's cart license" in Broken Hill, as reported in the Barrier Miner, the local newspaper. It was a humble beginning for his retail career. He must have done reasonably well, because he was able to open as store on Chapple Street in Broken Hill.

Broken Hill is an isolated mining city in the far west of outback New South Wales, Australia. It has a hot desert climate. I would think it was just about as far as you can get from Devon, England. James and his family lived in Broken Hill for the rest of his life. Here is the landscape just outside of Broken Hill.



For a time James and Sarah Ann owned and operated a clothing store on Chapple Street in Broken Hill. The ad in the Barrier Miner is dated Feb 27, 1915.

James Shaddock's obituary in The Barrier Miner, Monday, January 28, 1926 provides a good summary of his life in Australia.

Mr. James Shaddock, who came to Broken Hill prior to the 1892 strike, died in the Hospital on Saturday at the age of 74 years.  Mr. Shaddock was born in Devonshire, and came out to Australia when a young man with his wife and child, first residing at Glanville where he took an active part in church work. Coming to Broken Hill he took up business as a hawker and later opened up business as a draper in Chapple Street. In the earlier years of his residence here he took an active part in the work of the Picton church which was then situated in Wyman street and played the clarionet in the choir. In about 1915 he gave up business and for a time worked at the De Bavay's Treatment Plant. About six years ago he suffered a cerebral hemorrhage, and since then has not been able to do any active work, that was able to get about until about a fortnight ago when he took a bad turn. He was a member of the Glanville lodge of the Independent Order of Odd-fellows, and was a member of the R.A.O.B. in Broken Hill. He was buried in the Methodist portion of the cemetery this afternoon, the Rev. H.Wood officiating at the graveside. He leaves a widow and seven children : Mr. IIlbert Shaddock (Berri). Mr. William Shaddock (Yorke's Peninsula), Miss Elisabeth Shaddock (Broken Hill), Mrs. G. J. Petersen (Adelaide). Mrs. J. Gibson, and Frank and Roy Shaddock, of Broken Hill. 

James and Sarah Ann lost a child at two years of age, Agnes Shaddock. 

Their eldest son Illbert was born in Gloucestershire, England and arrived on the ship from England with them. When he reached adulthood he moved to  Renmark (half way between Broken Hill and Adelaide) most of his life. He married Laura Francesca Caroline Bornholm in 1908, and had two boys and two girls. Laura's father was  born in Denmark.

The Shaddocks in Caffey, near Renmark, were much loved and you can guess why from reading this account of the party they hosted in the local newspaper, dated 1930.

Murray Pioneer and Australian River Record (Renmark) Friday 20 June 1930
CHAFFEY SURPRISE BIRTHDAY PARTY
June
On Wednesday evening Jan 4 Miss A.M. Roberts was given a surprise birthday party by the parents, children and friends. Miss Roberts has proved herself a most efficient teacher and her sympathetic nature and willingness to help has made her very popular with parents and scholars alike. It was thought that a surprise party on her birthday would be a suitable way of conveying good wishes.The evening was spent in dancing and games.

On behalf of the children. Laurel Barber handed Miss Roberts a posy; Kingsley Brauer a case of stainless knives. Several other gifts were received, including a beautiful birthday cake from Mrs. Shaddock, at whose home the party was held.

A delicious home-made supper was provided. Mr. Shaddock wished Miss Roberts "many happy returns or the day" on behalf of all present. All joined in singing "For she's a Jolly good fellow." Miss Roberts thanked those present for their good wishes and expressions of appreciation.

He was to experience many tragedies in his life. A friend, Mr. Yeend,  and his son, staying with him over the Christmas holidays in 1934 went out on a boat on Ral Ral creek. Both drowned. The son cryed out and Illbert dove to try to save them, unsuccessively. Must have been traumatic. 

Illbert's occupation was watermaster, and was held in high regard. The local newspaper in Renmark announced his retirement from the Lands Department Aug 9, 1943, when he was 31.

Mr. I. J. Shaddock, who has been watermaster of the Chaffey area for a number of years, recently retired from the Lands Department. During his
term of office Mr, Shaddock won the esteem of the settlers, and showed keen interest in local matters of very kind.
While his retirement is regretted it is pleasing to note that he still resides in this area, living with his son, Mr. Elvin Shaddock. Mr. Shaddock is
assured of the best wishes of the community.

Ilbert was not in retirement for very long. Three days later, on August 12, the paper reports that he has the contract to bus children to the new amalgamated Renmark North and Chaffey school. Everything I have read about this man and his wife point to a very nice and community-oriented couple.

Note that the newspaper account says he is living with his son Elvin. Illbert had lost his wife Laura in August of 1939. Here is the newspaper account of her life.

The Late Mrs. Shaddock—A Personal Tribute

"She was loved by all," can with the deepest sincerity be said, of the late Mrs. Shaddock who passed away recently at her home at Chaffey (writes a Chaffey woman who knew her well). Possessed of a disposition which radiated kindliness and hospitality, she will be greatly missed. For the last three or four years she was unable to take any active part in social life of any kind. But prior to that time she took an active part in the Chaffey School Committee, of which die was a member for some time, and helped greatly with picnics and Christmas trees. Mrs. Shaddock saw the best in everybody, and had a kind and encouraging word for all. 

Her hospitality will be long remembered toy many. As the Rev. F. Silwood said in his prayer at the graveside, "she was a loving wife and mother and a great friend." Whenever possible she attended the services of the Methodist cause at Chaffey. "She doeth little kindnesses which some leave undone or despise," could be said of the late Mrs. Shaddock, and her influence will live on now that she has "passed on", and crossed the bar."

His mother-in-law Caroline Bornholm died in December of 1939. His son Elvin also lost his wife Jean (nee Potter) after a long illness in 1939. What a sad scene, father and son living together after so much family loss in the same year.

One of his sons, Royce (Roy) Charlton Shaddock (1913-1942) had a checkered biography. He is cited for his ability to sing in the local church at age 12, arrested and convicted of indecently assaulting a 14 year old girl at age 21, is married at age 24 to Jean Culverwell and dies in the R.A.A.F. during World War II in October 1942. All that had to be hard to take for this father.  His death occurred in New Guinea. Before the war he had been employed as an engine driver at the Port Lincoln Freezing Works, and before that as manager at the Lincoln Stud Farm. 

There was more tradgedy in the family. Illbert's father and mother, James and Sarah Ann, lost a son (brother to Illbert) in the First World War, Harold Shaddock (1891-1916). We know he fought and was wounded in Egypt because the local newspaper (Barrier Miner) tells of a telegram his mother received on Sep 14 1916:

Mrs. J. Shaddock, of Chapple Street, has received a telegram from the Base Records, Melbourne, stating that her son, Private Harrold J. Shaddock, signaller, has been wounded in France. Private Shaddock, who prior to enlisting, worked at Pellow and Moore's, left Australia for Egypt, and went thence to France. 

At first the news from the military was alarming, but his prognosis was favorable. It is reported in the local paper on Sep 29 1916 that he is "
suffering from a not severe gunshot wound in the shoulder." The alarming news turned to grief when he died in a hospital in Yorkshire, England from wounds sustained on the battlefield in France. A couple of weeks after the good prognosis, the Barrier Miner published this notice:

Mrs. J. Shaddock, of Chapple Street, Broken Hill, has received a cable from her son. Sapper R. G. Shaddock, stating that his brother, Private Harold J. Shaddock, had died in England, and was buried on October 11. Private Shaddock was employed at Pellew and Moore's prior to enlisting. He enlisted about 12 months ago, and had been in France about three months. He was 25 years of age.

He is buried in the land of his forefathers in England; the grave is oceans away from his family. Fortunately the James Shaddock family did not lose a second son to the war. The local newspaper records the return of her son Roy in April 1919.

Mrs. J. Shaddock, of Chapple Street, has been advised by the military that her son, Driver R. G. Shaddock 2nd Divisional Signalling Company, is returning to Australia on or about May 4 by the Cluny Castle, which left England on March 28.

Roy George Shaddock must have had a sweetheart back home in Australia whose memory sustained him during the hell of the war, because he married Hilda Brey Healey (1895-1986) a scant month after his arrival back in Australia on Jun 19, 1919 at the Methodist Parsonage in North Adelaide. George worked as a coppersmith after the war. In 1930 he is shown living with his brother Frank (shop assitant), his sister Elizabeth Ann (home duties) and his widowed mother, Sarah Ann. The house is on Chapple Street, which must have been the family home because Sarah Ann lived there during the war.  

Roy liked to sing. The Barrier Miner Dec 20, 1930 tells of a church social where he performs a vocal duet with Mrs. Francisco at the local Methodist church. 

At the age of 64 in 1958 he is still living in Broken Hill at 237 Chapple Street with his wife (age 63), his brother Frank (age 69) and his sister Elizabeth Ann (age 77). His sister Elizabeth Ann must have been in ill health as she dies in that year. Roy would have a long life, dying at the age of 89. He had lived most of his adult life in the same house as his parents, his sister Elizabeth Ann (who never married), his brother Frank (never married) and his wife. There is no record of children from his marriage. 

A newspaper account in the Barrier Miner on Dec 23, 1948 provides insight into Frank's life, whose full birth name was Francis (Frank) Carlisle Montague Shaddock (1889–1962).

37 Years With Grocery Firm
After 37 years with the Rainbow Stores, Oxide Street, Mr. F. Shaddock has had to retire because of ill-health. Mr. Shaddock has been head storeman for some years. At the "conclusion of business yesterday the staff assembled to bid Mr. Shaddock farewell. Present proprietor of the stores (Mr. W. Plunkett), in wishing Mr. Shaddock happiness, presented him with a tobacco pouch. Members of the, staff made a presentation of a gold pencil. In his reply Mr. Shaddock thanked the staff and management for their good wishes and presentations.

Note that his retirement event occurred two days before Christmas. I would think he would have preferred to retire in January. Whatever the illness Frank Shaddock had at age 59, it did not prevent him from continued employment at another store and having a long life. The electoral roles shows he was still working as a shop assistant at the age of 69.  He died four years later at age 73. The records show he had no wife and no children in his life.

I came across several accounts of visits between Shaddocks in Chaffey, near Renmark, and the Shaddocks in Broken Hill. The sons of James Shaddocks and their families seem to have made the journey of some 400 miles between their homes many times for visits.

I should note finally that the Australian Shaddocks spelled Sarah Ann Shaddock's maiden name with an "e" in place of the "i," as in Stedeford. Sarah Ann lived five years longer than her husband, living with her sons Frank and Roy and her daughter Elizabeth Ann. Here is her death notice in the Adelaide Chronicle, Nov 26, 1931.

MRS. S. A. SHADDOCK
The death occurred at Broken Hill of Mrs. Sarah Ann Shaddock, widow of Mr. James Shaddock, at the age of 76. With her husband she arrived at Port Adelaide from England on January 9 1879, on the sailing ship Salisbury. For many years they conducted a drapery store at Carlisle street, Glanyille, and Mrs. Shaddock was an ardent supporter of the Methodist Church at Glanville. On moving to Broken Hill she linked up with the Picton Church. Of a family of nine children, seven survive — Mr. Ilbert Shaddock (Renmark), Mr. Will Shaddock (North Adelaide), Mrs. W. Peterson (Woodville), and Messrs. Frank and Roy, and Miss E. A. Shaddock and Mrs. J. Gibson (Broken Hill).

Her funeral was well attended. The Barrier Miner notes an abundance of floral wreathes. She was buried in the same grave as her husband.


Genealogy

William Shaddock 1766-1856 (Sarah Hammet 1771-1854)
Jame's grandfather

           William Shaddock (1798-1865) (Grace Richards 1809-1881)
           Jame's father

                        James Shaddock 1853-1906 (Sarah Ann Stediford 1855-1931)

                                                            Children:
                                                            Ilbert John Stedeford Shaddock 1878–1955  (Laura Francesca Caroline Bornholm1881–1939)
                                                            born in Barton Regis (Bristol), Gloucestershire, died in New South Wales, Australia

                                                            William Shaddock 1879–1963 (Charlotte Maria Stocker 1876–1967)
                                                            born in Glanville, South Australia, died in south Australia

                                                            Elizabeth Ann Shaddock 1881–1958 
                                                            born in Glanville, South Australia, died in south Australia

                                                            Winifred Grace Honor Stedeford Shaddock 1883–1950 (George John Peterson 1880–1949)
                                                            born in Glanville, South Australia, died in south Australia

                                                            Lilly Shaddock 1884–1974 (John Andrew Gibson 1879–1970)
                                                            born in Glanville, South Australia, died in Mildura, Victoria, Australia

                                                            Agnes Shaddock 1885–1887
                                                            Port Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, died in Glanville, South Australia

                                                            Francis (Frank) Carlisle Montague Shaddock 1889–1962
                                                            born in Glanville, South Australia, died in south Australia

                                                            Harold James Shaddock 1891–1916
                                                            born in Glanville, South Australia, died in Bradford, Yorkshire West Riding, England

                                                            Roy George Shaddock 1894–1983 (Hilda May Brealey 1895–1986)
                                                            born in Glanville, South Australia, died in south Australia



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