Virginia Shaddocks

by Philip Shaddock
I would like to acknowledge the contributions of Virginian Shaddock descendants Jennifer Shaddock Dixon, her father, and Peter Shaddock. Most of the genealogy of the family from the middle of the 19th century down to the present I derived from Jennifer's tree at Most of the stories and pictures were gathered many years ago by Jennifer's aunt Julia. Jennifer's father and Peter Shaddock provided the DNA samples that helped validate this genealogy.  

The Virginia Shaddocks belong to the Milverton Shattocks branch of the Shattocke family, shown on the family tree: (click on the image to make it full screen)

The original Virginia immigrant was from area around Milverton in the county of Somerset in England.

This page summarizes the current state of research into the history of people with the name "Shaddock" in Virginia. "Shaddock" is the only version of the Shattocke name found in the records. This is almost certainly due to the way the name is pronounced in the south. In the north of the U.S. "Shattuck," with two "t's" is the most common form of the Shattocke name. In the south "Shaddock," with two "d's" is the most common. 

I am going to begin with a survey of the name Shaddock in the early records and then proceed to the Virginian Shaddocks discovered by DNA testing. If your last name is Shaddock or a variation of that name and you trace your family genealogy deep into the past of Virginia, but hit a brick wall as you reach into the past, contact me

The First Virginian Shaddocks

The early records of Virginia, especially in the eastern half of the state, are largely missing due to fires, natural disasters and military action, particularly during the Civil War.  

State of counties in Virgina around 1750. The names of counties in purple are places where Shaddocks are commonly found. The oldest recorded Shaddock is found in Henrico. There are also Shaddocks found early on in Northumberland overlooking Chesapeake Bay. Peter and Jennifer's ancestors likely first settled in Essex and in subsequent generations sought new land in Caroline and Louisa. 

The first immigrants to Virginia settled on the eastern coastal plain in the early 17th century. They came from the midland to southern counties of England. (Ancient Shattockes come fromSomerset in the south west of England.)  Some came via Barbados. They settled near the coast and by the middle of the 18th century were homesteading in the interior of Virginia. By the late 18th century the children of those early settlers began to seek new land and opportunity in the new states and territories in the West. (See the wonderful sketch of James Marshall Shaddock, patriarch of the Illinois Shaddocks, who left Virginia to make a new life in Illinois.) There was very little immigration from England after 1800. As we will see, the pattern of migration of the early Shaddock pioneers is in sync with this scenario.

Virginian Shaddocks in the 17th Century and Early 18th Century

The first landed immigrant Shaddock we encounter in the Virginian records is "Jon." Shaddock, who arrived as an indentured servant in 1637. In Cavaliers and Pioneers, Abstracts of Virginia Patents and Grants 1623-1666, from Patent Book I, Part I, Nell Marion Nugent provides an account of the first recorded Shaddock's transportation to America (p.65). 

ELIZABETH PACKER, Widdowe, 950 acs. Henrico Co., 17 Aug. 1637, p. 454. E. upon 4 Mi. Cr., W. upon land of Seth Ward, S. upon the river & N. into the woods. Due in right of her late husband Serjant William Sharpe &  Thomas Packer, whoe at their own costs & charges trans. 19 pers: Rich. Vase, John Thomas, Lewis Jones, Leonard Houghton, William Cooke, Peter Hudsey, Edward Jones, Jon. Ward, William Wooley, 2 Negroe servts. to Serjt Wm. Sharp, Thomas Blancks, Jacob Dewitt, John Haman, Andrew Pratt, Christ. Stevenson, Christ. Beare, Jon. ShaddockFrancis Stone, servants to Tho. Packer. 

From The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography:
Elizabeth Parker, widow, 500 acres in the County of Henrico between Curies and Varinas, bounded on the south by the main river, and on the east by Four Mile Creek; due in right of her late husband, Serjeant William Sharpe, who, as appears by certificate of Henrico Court, dated April 25, 1636, transported nine servants and two negroes (names below) and due her 50 more for one of the negroes. By West, July 12, 1636.

Henrico county is found wrapping around modern day Richmond, Virginia. See the map above.

Tobacco advertisement showing workers on a plantation.

Jon. Shaddock is treated as property. He was probably under contract to work for Elizabeth Parker for a specified number of years in exchange for his original passage to Virginia and a grant of land. Some have called this a form of slavery. Up to 75% of early Virginia immigrants arrived as indentured servants. (See Shaddock history page's "
Farm Servants" section for the complete story.)

Elizabeth Parker was the daughter of Richard and Mitha Parker. She would eventually marry William Adkins (aka Adekyn or Adkinson). He was born March 28, 1689, and married Elizabeth Parker, on January 17, 1716, in the Saint James Episcopal Church in Henrico County, Virginia. The couple would eventually give up the plantation and move westward to what is now known as Franklin County where William would operate a mill and own and run a farm. It is likely Jon. Shaddock was given his freedom and possibly land well before 1650.

According to Filby, P. William, ed. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s. Farmington Hills, MI, USA: Gale Research, 2012 (p. 294) a John Shaddock arrived in Virginia in 1637. So it is possible that Jon. Shaddock in the 1636 court record and John Shaddock in William's immigrant list are the same person given how slippery dates are in early records. In fact, I have found several cases in the records when "Jon." was used as an abbreviation for "John." John is a very, very common English name and it is found in many Shaddock ancestors, as well as Virginian Shaddock descendants. 

According to David Fischer in Albion's Seed: Four British Folkways in America (Oxford University Press, 1989), the Chesapeake colony was in a considerable state of disarray at this time (p. 210). Its population was under 8,000 and it was more of a wild frontier outpost than a stable British colony. When Sir William Berkeley arrived as governor in 1642, he transformed the colony into a British royalist class-based state during his 35 year tenure. The population increased five-fold from 8,000 to 40,000. It was comprised of the second sons of British landed gentry and their servants.

There is a Peter "Shadock" who arrives in Virginia as an indentured servant. He is on a ship's list arriving in Virginia 1654, sponsored by John Sharpe of Lancaster County in the north, off of Chesapeake Bay. Peter is a very rare name in the English records at this time. There is no subsequent record of a Virginian Peter Shaddock or name variants as well. 

The name "Sharpe" is interesting because that was the surname of Elizabeth Parker's husband Sergeant William Sharpe. Was he a relative of Jon. Shaddock?

What is also notable is the parish that Elizabeth Parker's third husband, William Baugh Jr. lived in: Bristol Pristol. Bristol is a large town on the coast of Somerset, England. 

The next time we encounter the Shaddock name in the records, it is in James City County, which is 52 km (32 miles) east of Henrico County. Henry Shaddock appears to have gotten into trouble more than once and skipped town to another county: "having removed from James City Co. to escape judgts agst him there, William Stenton who obtained original judgts given priority of claim in Charles City Co. Jun 3 1664 (Virginia Colonial Extracts Vol. III p. 298). A Henry Shaddock is mentioned in a law suit on Oct. 28, 1672 in his capacity as a tenant farmer. (Proceedings of the court leet and court baron of St. Clement's Manor in St. Mary's County, 1659-1672) He disappears from the records after that.

The name Henry pops up again four decades later near Richmond, Virginia in 1714. Henry "Shadduck," a possible descendant, is on a land patent in this area. But the name does not appear in the records after that.

We cannot exclude the possibility some Shaddocks that first settled in Maryland moved south. In 1677 John Shadock (sic) arrived in Maryland (The Early Settlers of Maryland: an Index to Names of Immigrants, Compiled from Records of Land Patents, 1633-1680, in the Hall of Records, Annapolis, Maryland. p. 412) Almost one hundred years later a John Shaddock of Maryland fought on the side of the British in the Revolutionary War. I profile him on the New Brunswick Shaddock page because he moved there after the war, starting a farm. (See New Brunswick Shaddicks.)

Charles Shaddock, a convict born about 1716, was transported to Maryland in 1742 (COLDHAM, PETER WILSON. The Kings Passengers to Maryland and Virginia. Westminister, MD, p. 296). "Charles Shaddock" is a name that appears in Virginian records in the 19th century. 

Ellin Shaddock arrived in 1678 (The Early Settlers of Maryland: an Index to Names of Immigrants, Compiled from Records of Land Patents, 1633-1680, in the Hall of Records, Annapolis, Maryland. p. 412). 

A name that we will encounter several times in Virginia records is "Sarah." Sarah Shadock (sic), born Jun 1 1681, Norfolk Co., Va died Jun 1 1745 Norfolk Co., Va. She married John Hare (1680-1740) on Jan 19, 1698. Norfolk county is found in the south east corner of the map above. 

There is a John and Ann Shaddock born to "Aibee" on Feb. 19 1712 (Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Vol. I, p. 85) in the county of Northumberland, Virginia.  Perhaps "Aibee" should be read as "Abby." Northumberland is one of the earliest areas in Virginia to be settled. John is a name that is found commonly in Virginia Shaddock records. 

Elizabeth Lawson, in her will dated Aug. 23, 1740, gives to Sarah Shaddock "one negro woman named Jenny." This is not the Sarah who married John Hare in 1698, since her name would have been Elizabeth Hare. She may have married a Shaddock. 

Fischer in Albion Seeds (p. 213) notes that "most Yankee genealogies commenced within six years of 1635," which happens to square perfectly with a Jon. Shaddock immigration to Virginia in 1636. So far I have only discovered two distinct lineages of Virginia Shaddocks coming down to present day, both from a common ancestor born in the mid-18th century. Why so few Shaddocks with a Virginia ancestry if the founder arrived in 1636? During the 17th and 18th century there was a huge attrition in the population, primarily through disease. Between 1607 and 1624 about 6,000 colonists came to Virginia. In 1624 only 1,200 survived. Among the survivors, there is another factor that explains why I have discovered only one Shaddock lineage among modern Virginian Shaddock descendants. Only 15% of males have male descendants carrying their name. The majority of men do not have descendants carrying their Y chromosome due to infant mortality, failure to beget children for one reason or another, having female children and no males, or a single male and several females or other forms of attrition. The Revolutionary war and the Civil War were another cause.

Revolutionary War Shaddock Brothers?

There are three Shaddocks with records as revolutionary soldiers. James, Richard and John Shaddock. According to their service records they were born around the same time, about 1740. These Christian names are found in Virginian records in the 19th, but so far there is no paper trail connecting the later Shaddocks with the revolutionary soldiers. 

In my tree at Ancestry I have made the Revolutionary War Shaddocks brothers, but this is purely speculative. There is no paper trail that connects the three revolutionary soldiers together or binds James the soldier to James family patriarch in the 1790 census.

However, we do find the soldiers names in the records of later Virginian Shaddocks. The commonality of names might be evidence that Shaddocks in Virginia were following English traditions of naming their sons and daughters after the Christian names of parental generations. We find this pattern repeated among South Carolina Shaddocks, Massachusetts Shattucks, Yarnscombe Shaddocks and other branches of the family. It is a very strong tradition in our family.

A final clue to the relationships among the Virginian Shaddocks is where they lived. James Shaddock Sr. (1740-1795) lived in Essex County, which is on the coastal plain. His sons moved further inland to Caroline County and Louisa County, subsequently to King George County. It is a gradual migration of descendants. We are now so used to jumping into our cars and driving thirty miles in half an hour or less that is difficult to imagine how small the world was back when the roads were made of dirt not pavement and boats on rivers were the long distance mode of travel. My Yarnscombe ancestors in Devon England never lived further apart than 30 miles in over two hundred years. We can assume that the clustering of Shaddocks in the eastern half of Virginia was due to the condition of roads and modes of travel, as well as the commerce in tobacco and where the most arable land for farming could be found.

Based on these assumptions, I have developed an "experimental" Virginian Shaddock tree that creates a scenario of how the Revolutionary War Shaddock "brothers" might be related. I have indicated the speculative relationships with dotted lines.

The case for the Revolutionary War Shaddock brothers (James, Richard and John) is that they appear to have been the same age and they have names that are found commonly in subsequent Virginian families.

Note that I have made the link between John Shaddock born in the 1740s to William Shaddock (1768-1815) speculative. The name "Richard" does not appear in the lineage beginning with James Shaddock Sr. (1740-1795). And Richard Shaddock may have had a son or grandson who eventually moved to West Virginia.

William Shaddock abt. 1768

William Shaddock first shows up in a tax list in 1800. He is only a few entries away from James Shaddock Jr. He did not appear in the 1790 tax list, so it appears he did not reach legal age until after that date. On Dec. 31, 1800 he marries Patsy Samuel, who was born before 1783. They had two sons, William Shaddock abt 1802 and Samuel Shaddock 1804-1868. William must have died before October, 1815, because Patsy married Thomas Bland 1783–1863 on Oct. 4, 1815.

His son William Shaddock married Mary Robinson b. 1800 Feb 14, 1831. His son Samuel married twice. On Jan 14, 1831 he married Mary M. Sanders b. 1810. He married Sophia G. Philips b. 1807 on Sep. 26, 1848. He appears to have been born in Louisa, Virginia where he farmed. In the 1840 census, at the age of 36, there is no record of children. 

A best guess is that the elder William was a brother or cousin to James Shaddock, Jr.

Richard Shaddocks

There appears to be two Richard Shaddocks in the records, one born in the 1810s and the other born 1824. This would suggest that they are father and son, but the census record for the elder Richard Shaddock in 1840 shows two male children born between 1831 and 1835. The younger Richard Shaddock was born in 1824. The elder Richard, born in York, Virginia, does not appear in records again. The Richard born in 1824 is in the 1860 and 1870 census records in Marshall, West Virginia. He was born in Virginia. He married Elizabeth. Their children are Mary E. Shaddock b. 1847, Charles N. Shaddock b. 1849, Sarah M. Shaddock b. 1852, John B. Shaddock b. 1854 and Frank R. Shaddock b. 1860. All the names of the children are familiar Virginia Shaddock names, with the exception of Frank. Are these Shaddocks descended from the Revolutionary War Richard Shaddock?

The strongest evidence we have that all the foregoing Shaddocks are related is the way their birth dates cluster and the common Christian names we find among them: William, John, James, and Richard. 

James Shaddock, Patriarch of Virginia Shaddocks

Among the Shaddocks who trace their family genealogy back to Virginia, the common ancestor is James Shaddock, born around 1750, died in 1795 in Essex county, Virginia. This is the real starting point for a study of Shaddocks in Virginia because I have not discovered any other Shaddocks with genealogies that go back to the 17th or 18th century.

Was this the same James Shaddock who was a revolutionary soldier? There is no evidence for or against that. We first discover James Shaddock in the 1790 U.S. census documenting "heads of families." James Shaddock is given an approximate birth date of 1750. That would make him age 31 or 36 when he marries Hannah Samuel in 1781, which seems rather late in life to be married the first time. He is shown to have a family of eight people and one slave. 

James Shaddock died in Essex county in 1795. His will names his daughters Margaret Mitchell and Sarah Halbert and his son James as beneficiaries. Here is a summary of the will:

The will was dated 10 Jan 1795 and probated in Essex in 1795. In it he "lends' to his daughter, Sarah Halbert, after the death of his wife, Hannah, all the land he possessed. "After her decease and the decease of her husband, James Halbert, my desire is for the land to be sold to the highest bidder and the money to be equally divided among her children together with the land purchased by James Halbert to James Shaddock Jr.". He names daughter Margaret Mitchell, wife of Mark Mitchell. The two son-in-laws, James Halbert and Mark Mitchell, husband of Margaret, were executors." 

From "The Samuell/Samuel Families of Tidewater Virginia" by Dorothy S Samuel, Southern Historical Press (1997), p.395
If Margaret, Sarah and James Jr. are James Sr.'s children there is a problem. He does not marry Hannah Samuel until 1781, too late to have had a daughter who is married according to the 1795 will. She would have been 13 or 14 if born after the marriage to Hannah Samuel. This suggests to me that James Shaddock was previously married and Hannah Samuel was his second wife.  There is no record of this marriage in Virginia. Is this because of the state of the records, or was James Shaddock born in England where he married his first wife? 

As it turns out there had been an earlier will than the will of 1895. It was written in December 1781.  Records show James' marriage to Hannah Samuel was in 1781, but no month or day is provided. In the will James bequeaths to his son James Shaddock, Jr. his land, including the land Hannah Samuel his wife brought to the marriage. Her father had previously deceased. And if his son should die, his property would go to his daughters Margaret and Sarah. Failing that the land would "return to Edmon west" and his heirs. I think the will was drawn up after his marriage to Hannah Samuel. James and Hannah wanted to ensure the land stayed in the family in the event of James Sr.'s death or James Jr.'s death. But who was Edmon West? 

Let's look at his children in turn.

James Shaddock Jr. was born around 1670. His first child, Larkin Shaddock, was born about 1793, so we can guess that he married Catherine, last name unknown, about 1791. His father appears on a tax list in 1783 that shows his family consisted of eight people. James Jr. was probably living at home helping out on the farm. We can assume James Jr. is an heir because his first name is "James" and it was the custom in this family, like most English families, to give the first born male child the father's Christian name. But the problem with this analysis is that James Sr. leaves the land in the hands of his wife and after her death "lends" the land to Sarah, his daughter until she dies, at which time the land is sold and the money divided up among Hannah's children, which presumably included James Jr. 

Margaret Shaddock (c. 1772-1854) was born in Essex County. She married Mark Mitchell (1745-1814) in 1787 in Culpepper County, about 75 miles north and west of Essex County. In the same year her first husband died, in 1814, she married a German immigrant, Matthias Hauss (or Matthew House) (1739-1829), who had recently also lost a spouse (Maria Margertha Jaeckler 1745-1812). Most English and German immigrants arrived as indentured servants, exchanging their labor for passage to America, where land was available and cheap for the enterprising farmer.

Sarah Shaddock (abt 1774-1823) was also born in Essex county. In 1793, she married into a prominent Virginian family when she wed James Halbert (1740-1819). He inherited the family plantation from his father William.  He was a Revolutionary soldier. The families appear to have a close relationship. There were land transactions between the two families and a spinster sister of James Halbert, Averilla Halbert, in a will dated 21 Sept. 1799, leaves half her land to James Shaddock Jr. and John Halbert. 

It is clear from this survey of James Shaddock's children that Hannah Samuel was not his first wife. He may have lost his first wife to disease, so common among early Virginia immigrants not acclimatized to local conditions in Virginia. Let's see if there is a case to be made for it.

Evidence for a James Shattock Immigration to Virginia in the Late 18th Century

If you look at the DNA graphic at the top of this page, you will see that the Virginia Shattocks are a branch of the Milverton Shattocks. They share the SNP mutation Y29590. 

Peter Shattock and Thomas Shattock have a unique SNP mutation, Y33021,  that their common ancestor, Rev. Mordecai Shaddock (1840-1920) had. We don't know when this mutation occurred. It could have been in an ancestor of Mordecai Shaddock. Since the New Zealand and Australian Shattocks have the Y32082 SNP mutation and not the Y33021 mutation, we know that the shared ancestor of the four Shattocks did not have these mutations. They must have occurred after the branches split. 

The common ancestor between the Virginia Shaddocks and the "down under" Shattocks must have been before 1684, the birth year of the common ancestor of the "down under" Shattocks, Malachi Shattock (1684-1766). Malachi Shattock was born in Runnington, Somerset but moved to West Buckland where the ancestors of the down under Shattocks were born.

The two Virginia Shaddocks who have been DNA tested, Peter Shaddock and Thomas Shaddock, have as their direct ancestor James Shaddock of Essex County in Virginia. He has no birth record in Virginia. He died in Essex County in 1795. I had assumed all along the birth record had been lost. But what if it was not lost? What if he was an immigrant to Virginia from Somerset? So I looked in my database of Shaddocks. And here is what I found:

James and Ann: James Shattock of Runnington, Somerset married Ann Stevens in Milverton 1745. Ann probably died in 1755 in Runnington, Somerset.


                Thomas Shattock born  27 Jun 1746 at Lee Farm. He probably died in 1747 in Runnington.

                Ann Shattock born 13 May 1748 at Lee Farm. She probably died in Runnington 16 Sep 1748.

                James Shattock born 23 Jun 1749

                Robert Shattock born 12 Jun 1751 at Lee Farm.  

James and Ann Shattock had their children in Runnington, apparently at Lee Farm. That is an important point because James Shaddock of Virginia was a farmer and he married his wife Hannah Samuel in a county where the main crop was food not tobacco. 

I have not found a way of connecting James and Ann to the Milverton tree. The fact they were married in Milverton suggests they were local. And the fact Ann and some of her children appear to have died in Runnington, suggests they lived there. (Runnington is only 2.5 miles or 4 km south of Milverton.) It appears that Ann Stevens Shattock died in 1755, about the time she would have had a fifth child. James Shattock was born June 23, 1749. There is no record of his death in the parish registers. Did he emigrate to Virginia?

In the Protestation Return for 1641 there is a James Shattock living in Runnington. The Protestation Return required all males over the age of eighteen to affirm their loyalty to the protestant church. There was only one other Shattock in the area, Thomas of Langford Budville. Langford Budville is only a mile from Runnington and the prevalence of Thomas and James in the descendants of these two Shattocks suggests they were closely related. I believe James and Thomas were descended from an original immigrant to Milverton sometime in the 16th century. So either Thomas or James Shattock in the Protestation Return is liable to have been the father or grandfather of Malachi Shattock who moved to West Buckland from Runnington. And the James Shattock who married Ann Stevens in Milverton and raised his family in Runnington was probably also a direct descendant of either Thomas or James Shattock in the 1641 Protestation list. In fact the passing of the Christian name "James" down through the centuries is strong evidence supporting this line of descent.   

The Shattocks in the Runnington and Milverton areas are known to have owned property so it is not unreasonable to assume James of Virginia was not an indentured servant when he arrived in Virginia but may have arrived with enough money to buy land and set up a farm. But then that would depend on whether he was the first born male in his family. If he was not, he would not have inherited his father's land and business. Certainly his marriage to Hannah Samuel indicates he was on a higher social scale than a servant because the Samuels were a respectable Virginia family. And the fact he is likely to have had children from a previous marriage raises the possibility that a Milverton Shattock family emigrated to Virginia sometime in the late 18th century. Was it James Shattock and his first wife? Or did he marry when he arrived?

But is this enough to declare James Shattock and Ann Stevens the parents James Shaddock of Virginia? For a possible answer to that I question, I looked into Terry and Mick Shattock's lineage. 

Their common ancestor was Malachi Shattock (1684-1766) who had been born in Milverton, but moved to Runnington, 4 km (2.5 miles) south of Milverton. The down under Shattocks have paper trails that converge in Runnington. It is only a mile from Langford and only a few miles from Milverton. 

I have looked at the extended STRs for the four Milverton Shattocks (Terry, Mick, Peter and Thomas) and they align with the scenario I have developed here. They share four signature STRs, indicating a close genetic relationship.  

When did James Shaddock, born in Runnington in 1649 arrive in Virginia? We do not have a marriage for James Shattock in Runnington or the birth of children. He may have become a non-conformist and anabaptist, since there was a big presence in the area. That would explain why we are missing vital records for him. Or those records were generated in Virginia and lost during the wars and accidental fires that erased so much Virginia history.

I think he immigrated as a young man in his late teens or early twenties, married in Virginia and had three children with an unknown wife before marrying Hannah Samuel. He did not marry Hannah until 1781 and already had teenage children by that date. That unknown wife's first name might be Margaret, given that he named his first born son after his father James. He would have likely named his first born daughter after his wife's Christian name. I have estimated the birth date of his son to be about 1768.  

What we can say at this point is that the Virginia Shaddocks are not descended from Malachi Shattock (1684-1766), which eliminates a huge number of Milverton area parish record entries. The James in the James and Ann parish record is orphaned from the currently existing Milverton genealogy featuring Malachi Shattock. It should be, according to the DNA data. I am guessing James might be descended from the Thomas Shattocke in the 1641 Protestation Return. 

There is one more intriguing clue in this mystery. The parish record for the children of James and Ann in Milverton includes Robert Shattock, born June 12, 1751. He might be a direct ancestor of the other Milverton Shattock who has done advanced DNA testing, Leslie Shattock. Perhaps his test results will reflect that. He would be James Shaddock's younger brother. 

Virginian Descendants of James Shaddock Sr. (174?-1795)

Let's look at a probable tree for Virginia Shaddocks, beginning with James Shaddock of Essex county. The following tree is a very probable tree of relationships of Shaddock names found in the records. You can click on the image of the tree to make it larger.

Click here for a PDF version for printing or zooming.

We are on solid ground when it comes to finding the familial connections for James Shaddock Jr.'s descendants. What makes that possible is a Chancery court document in 1824. A Chancery court is not strictly a law court administering common law. The orders or decrees it renders are based on fairness and conscience rather than strict common law Forms of Action. Indeed this was true of the case filed in Chancery Court in 1824 called "1824-14 Admr. of Mordecai Shaddock vs Admx.  of James Shaddock." It was brought on by Archibald Bransom, who was the executor of Mordecai Shaddock's estate versus Catherine Shaddock, who was the executrix of her husband James Shaddock Jr.'s estate. 

 Mordecai Shaddock had died intestate before the probation of his father James Shaddock Jr.'s estate was completed. There was property that needed to be divided up among the beneficiaries of James Jr., and Archibald Bransom asked the court to specify the manner in which this would be done so that he could then probate Mordecai Shaddock's estate, who must have died suddenly without a will.

What is valuable about this document is that it lists James Shaddock Jr.'s children. As usual, most of the birth dates, and in some cases, death dates, are approximate:

James Shaddock 1788–1840
John Shaddock 1790–
Larkin Shaddock 1793–1826
Mordecai Shaddock 1795–1822
Elizabeth Shaddock 1804–
Phebe Shaddock 1808–

James Shaddock abt. 1788

James Shaddock Jr. had a son James born about 1788, who was his namesake. The reasoning for this is that the Chancery court case of 1824 makes it clear that James Shaddock Jr. had died and names James Shaddock as someone with an interest in the case. Previous to the Chancery court case a James Shaddock was involved in a legal battle with the Long family over a "Deed of Trust." 

The court document helps clarify the familial relationship among the Shaddocks. 

Deed of Trust Reuben Long to James Shaddock - Caroline Co. - 1822
Defendant Archibald Bransom (admr.); Mordecai Shaddock (decd); James Shaddock
Deponent / Affiant James Jones; Reubin B. Rose; John Jeter; Larkin Shaddock
Family Addison Long, Elizabeth Long & Lavinia Long, children Reuben Long
Family James Shaddock, brother of Mordecai Shaddock
Family Larkin Shaddock & Mordecai Shaddock, nephews of Archibald Bransom
Plaintiff Patsy Long (widow) (admr.); Reuben Long (decd); Addison Long; Elizabeth Long; Lavinia Long
Locality Caroline Co.

Note that James Shaddock is not described as deceased. He is the brother to the deceased Mordecai Shaddock. Also named is Archibald Bransom, who is described as the uncle of Larkin Shaddock and Mordecai Shaddock. Since I have found no wives of Shaddocks who had Bransom as a maiden name, and he appears to have married Mary A "Polly" Williams, it is difficult to ascertain how he was their uncle.  However it is quite possible he was married to a Shaddock or had a male relative married to a Shattock because a Bransom descendant was an autosomal DNA match to a Shattocke. He must have been a much beloved member of the family because his name appears in a James Shaddock Jr. descendant, William Bransom Shaddock, who was born almost 100 years after Archibald Bransom.

The legal battle over the Deed of Trust must have been a thoroughly entangled affair because Catherine P. Shaddock (daughter of John Shaddock b. 1787 and Nancy Satterwhite b. 1791) was married to John James Long, b. 1811, who was the son of Reuben Long. Reuben Long was party to the original transaction with James Shaddock Jr. b. abt 1782. 

James Shaddock was robably married to "Ann," since she shows up in the 1860 census, aged 60, living alone with her son in Port Royal, Virginia. Her son's name was James M. Shaddock and his occupation is "merchant." Perhaps the family farm was sold, because twenty years earlier, in 1840, there is an Ann Shaddock, obviously widowed, living with a child 10-15, a teenager 15-20 and a female 30-40. The teenager is the right age to be her son James M. Shaddock. 

James M. Shaddock was born about 1821. In 1850 he appears in two census records, one living with the Francis Fitzhugh family in Port Royal, occupation: merchant, another in Baltimore with a lot of men military age. This suggests he had a brief stint in the military. In any event by 1860 he  is found living with his mother in Port Royal. 

The next time we come across him, it is in a newspaper clipping that Jennifer Shaddock Dixon found. It is in the "Richmond Despatch," dated Nov. 11, 1861. 

James had joined the confederate cause. He enlisted on June 21, 1861 in Port Royal, in Company E "Port Royal Guards" of Port Royal, Caroline County, 47th Virginia Infantry, Field's Brigade, A.P. Hill's Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, C.S.A. He mustered in as a private.

His mother must have kept his room for him and spent many nights sleepless after reading the day's news. If that is the case then her anxiety was well-founded. He was absent from military duty due to sickness May and June 1862. He died of "diarrhea" in the Richmond hospital July 23rd, 1862. Disease was one of the most common causes of death in the Civil War. For every soldeir killed in battle, five more died of diseases.

The death of James M. Shaddock apparently marks the end of the line for this branch of the family.

John Shaddock b. abt 1787

John Shaddock was born in 1787, county unknown. here is a John Shaddock mentioned in James Shaddock Sr.'s will, and he is characterized as his son. Our best guess is that this is indeed the John Shaddock who shows up in Caroline County records.

We know his birth date because he fought in the War of 1812 and a service record makes note of his age in 1812. Virginia has a deep military history and it appears each generation of Shaddocks who came of age during American wars served their country. He married Nancy Satterwhite (abt. 1791 - 1970) in 1810 before going off to war. My relatives on my maternal side, including Captain Teeple, might have taken shots at John if he stepped on Canadian soil. 

He settled into a life of farming after the war. Between 1807 and 1811 he is mentioned in a law suit over a bondsman. John and Nancy had at least three children, John Shaddock born about 1811, Catherine P. Shaddock born about 1812 and a daughter Anne E. Shaddock born about 1826. I'm uncertain that Anne E. was his daughter. 

John Jr. Shaddock married Elizabeth May Atkinson (1832-1872) and had at least two children, Sarah Jeannette (1851-1916) and John W. Shaddock (1856-1923). John W. Shaddock married Mary Susie Brown (1873-1952) and they had four children (John Jr. b. 1899, Bettie C. b. 1901, Mary E. b. 1902 and William A. born 1906). In the 1830 census in Maryland, William A. Shaddock is shown to be a prisoner at the Maryland Penitentiary in Baltimore. His occupation is shown to be a sewing machine operator in a dress factory. He does not show up in subsequent records.

Catherine P. Shaddock, daughter of John and Nancy Shaddock, married John James Long (1811-1880). They had seven children. Anne E. Shaddock, the other daughter, married Lawrence A. Coghill born in 1822. 

There is a census record in 1840 in Caroline  County of a James Shaddock, a farmer living alone, with 9 slaves. He is 30-40 years old, which means he was born between 1800 and 1810. If his father was John Shaddock, then he would have been born closer to 1810. That might explain why he is single, since he would be in his twentiies. He is living near William Mordecai Shaddock (1818-1841), who is the son of Mordecai Shaddock. 

Larkin might have fought in the War of 1812 in his everyday clothes.

Larkin Shaddock 1793-1826

Larkin Shaddock shows up in the Chancery case I mentioned earlier, and I presume he was James Shaddock Jr.'s son. Larkin Shaddock married Catherine "Katy" Roe abt 1795. He is in and out of court between 1812 and 1822 over a debt owed him by George D Storke. Sometime around 1822 he is back in court with William Storke and George D Storke. 

Three generations of Larkin descendants. Picture in 1939 in Mississippi shows Edward Hampton Shaddock (1864-1950) seated, George Rollins Shaddock (1905-1979) standing, George Stigler Shaddock (1939-2017) baby, Maude May Stigler (1881-1968) wife of Edward Hampton Shaddock. Edward Hampton Shaddock was the grandson of Larkin Shaddock.

He was a soldier in the War of 1812, enlisting in the 6th Regiment (Daingerfield's) Virginia Militia. Larkin was caught up in the effects of international politics. The British had become involved in a war in Europe in 1803. Their relationship with the United States had been strained since the Revolution and they exasperated their former colonists when they blockaded them for their neutrality and boarded American ships and impressed Americans into the British navy. The war was brought to home for Virginians when the British blockaded Chesapeake Bay and raided coastal settlements. Larkin obviously responded to the threat against his homeland. We can get a picture of how he dressed when he took up arms from this description provided by the Library of Virginia:

"General officers, artillery, light artillery, and grenadiers stood out in cockaded hats, white cuffs, and epaulets. Cavalrymen wore distinctive black leather caps dressed on the crown with bearskin and a red and white plume. Riflemen wore purple linen hunting shirts and leather moccasins, while the main body of the militia donned blue hunting shirts festively trimmed with red fringe. Despite the governor’s official proclamation, any soldiers who had provided themselves with uniforms different from those specified in the regulations could wear them for six months, and many probably went to war in the everyday clothing in which they had enlisted."

Larkin Shaddock died on May 30 1826. His only son would not know his father. He was born James Archibald Larkin Shaddock (1825-1901), perpetuating his grandfather's name (James). I think "Archibald" must come from a much loved uncle to Larkin, Archibald or "Archis" Bransom, who we just encountered as Mordecai Shaddock's executor in the 1824 Chancery suit. In 1844 James A. L. married Ann Eliza "Anna" Rollins (1824-1902). He must have inherited the farm from his father because he appears in several agricultural censuses. At the age of 25 in 1850 his occupation is "farmer." He is one of the most prolific Virginian Shaddocks, having twelve children. (They are listed in the genealogy below.) 

He moved to the town of Port Royal on the Rappahannock River and finally 13 miles south and west of there in Bowling Green where he had a farm. He died there in 1901 at the age of 76.

Typical farm of the era.

We know quite a bit about one his his children, and namesake, James Marshall "Jimmy" Shaddock 1848-1931. I write about him in the page devoted to the Illinois Shaddocks. He left to pioneer in the west in Macon County, Illinois. He became a very successful farmer.

Jimmy's younger brother, William Alfred "Willie" Shaddock (1855-1939) appears to have followed his older brother out to Illinois. (There is a page devoted to his family here.) He was born in Port Royal. It is possible his father Larkin either lost or sold the farm by this point, or he never actually owned a farm. Port Royal is a small village that was established in the mid-17th century as a port on a navigable portion of the Rappahannock River for export of tobacco, Virginia's cash crop. So it is possible Larkin was involved in the tobacco trade in Port Royal or perhaps he was a farmer outside of town. The town's most famous incident is the killing of John Wilkes Booth, Abraham Lincoln's murderer, at the Barret farmstead two miles out of town. Willie is still living in Port Royal with his family at the age of 15 in 1870.

Willie Shaddock became a farmer. He was in Illinois by 1888 because he married Mary Elizabeth Steele in that year in Illinois. She was a local woman. We find him in Milam, Macon County in 1900. He had seven children, and lost his first born, Edna Shaddock 1888-1893 when she was five. See his genealogy below.

Another of James Archibald Larkin's sons who became a farmer was Frederick Clyde Shaddock ("Freddie") born about 1873 in Caroline County. He married to Ida Russell Motley (1877-1952) in Caroline County.

James A.L.'s son Edward Hampton Shaddock (1864-1950) moved to Lexington, Mississippi sometime before 1905 because his first child was born in Mississippi. In the 1940 census he is described as a merchant in a dry goods store. He married Maude May Stigler (1881-1968) and had three children.

There is no doubt about which side of the Civil War the Mordecai Edward Shaddock (1840-1920) fought on. He is the common ancestor of a large branch of the Virginia Shaddocks. He is in the second row, second from the left. The picture is titled, Louisiana Escort, U.C.V. Re-Internment Remains of President Jefferson Davis, from New Orleans, La. to Richmond, Va. May 28-31 1893. The picture was supplied by his descendant Jo Dee Musselman. She has this to say about Mordecai: "The image of him was a photo we saw in Cousin Sallie Kate Shaddock's house.  She said he would go looking for any grandchild playing truant that day! My mother, who was 17, when he died remembers him riding a white horse returning from circuit riding preaching and looking handsome.  Made her grandmother jealous."

Mordecai Shaddock 1795-1822

Most of what we know about Mordecai Shaddock, James Shaddock Jr.'s third son, comes from a record of military service in the War of 1812 and the two court cases I quoted above. There is a census, though, in 1820 in St. Paul's Parish, King George Virginia, that identifies him as the "overseer" of a plantation owned by William H. Taylor. As the manager of the plantation he would have authority over the 21 slaves on the property. We will never know what kind of overseer he was, but it is well-known that overseers were under pressure from the plantation owners to drive their slaves very hard.

We know from court records that Mordecai Shaddock had two sons, but the census record in 1820 shows him as having one male child under the age of 10. It is probable the second child was born after the census in August of 1820 and before Mordecai's death in 1822.  

He was married to Frances Matthews (1795-1830) on Aug. 23, 1815 in Essex County. We don't know how he died but it must have happened suddenly because he died intestate. His widow Frances married Philip Chapman Mar. 24, 1825. But she died around 1830 or 1831 because March 18, 1832 Philip Chapman married Eliza Ann Gatewood, then promptly died himself within a year. The lives of the Virginia Shaddock ancestors were short and punctuated by wars. 

Once more Archibald Bransom appears in the court records. This time he applies to become the guardian of William Mordecai and Edward, who were still in their mid-teens. No wonder his name is preserved in the names of subsequent Shaddock generations, he must have been kind. At some point he moves to Kentucky. Did he take Edward with him? Edward Shaddock simply vanishes without a trace. Perhaps he died and the record of his death was destroyed during the Civil War.

I did not find a lot of information about Archibald Bransom. I know he moved to Kentucky. There is an 1830 census record showing him living in South Frankfort, Kentucky. He is living with a male child under the age of 5, a teenage boy 10-15, and his age is given as between 40-50. He apparently has a daughter under 5, another between 10-15 and a woman between 20 and 30, presumably his wife. He probably did not have the Shaddock boys with him at this time, but he must have brought them back to Kentucky in 1833 or 1834 when he became their guardian. 

At some point William Mordecai Shaddock returned to Virginia, although he may never have left, and married Martha Semple Cole (1817-1885) on Aug. 12 1939. Fifteen months later Mordecai Edward Shaddock is born, on Nov. 23, 1840 near the town of Upper Zion, which is about in the middle of Caroline County. William Mordecai Shaddock dies eight months later, Aug. 18, 1841. 
  • To read about Rev. Mordecai Edward Shaddock (1840-1920) click on this link.

This page has been a reconstruction of the Virginia Shaddocks as best I could in its early years, with a more substantive genealogy from the middle of the 19th century until today. If you can trace your family back to some of the names and dates of Shaddocks on this page, you can help our effort in restoring the family's branches to their correct places by having your DNA tested and providing us with your results. 

Genealogy of the James Shaddock Sr. (circa 1740-1795) Family

James Shaddock Sr. 1740-1795 (Hannah Samuel 1741–1795)
        1.1 James Shaddock Jr. 1765–1822 (Catherine abt. 1770)

                    1.1.1 John Shaddock 1787– (Nancy Satterwhite 1791–1870)

                                John Shaddock 1811– (Elizabeth May Atkinson 1832–1872)

                                                        Sarah Jeannette Shaddock 1851–1916 (Arthur Parker 1837–1918)

                                                        John W. Shaddock 1856–1923 (Mary Susie Brown 1873–1952)
                                                                                            John W. Shaddock Jr. 1899–
                                                                                            Bettie C Shaddock 1901–
                                                                                            Mary E Shaddock 1902–
                                                                                            William A Shaddock 1906–

                                Catherine P Shaddock 1812–1869 (John James Long 1811–1880)

                                Anne E Shaddock 1823- (Laurence A. Coghill 1822–)

                    1.1.2 Larkin Shaddock 1793–1826

                               James Archibald Larkin Shaddock 1825–1901 (Ann Eliza "Anna" Rollins 1824–1902)

                                                       Eliza C. Shaddock 1846– 

                                                       James Marshall "Jimmy" Shaddock 1848–1931 (Jemima "Emma" Jane Atteberry 1853–1925)
                                                                                           Lula May "Lulu" Shaddock 1878–1948 (Joseph Ely "Joe" Brookshier 1872–1931)
Maude Esther Shaddock 1879–1927 (William Daniel March 1878–1965)
Rena E Shaddock 1880–1881 
James Franklin "Frank" Shaddock 1883–1922 (Ora Anna Davis 1883–1973)
Bertha A Shaddock 1889–1972 (Carl Leslie Siehr 1886–1955)
Rolla Edward "Rol" Shaddock 1893–1992 (Sue Elizabeth Wade 1898–1961)

                                                       Alice M Shaddock 1850–

                                                       Margaret A. Shaddock 1852–

                                                       Endora B. "Dora" Shaddock 1852–

                                                       Elizabeth E Shaddock 1853–

                                                       Lonnie M. Shaddock 1854–

                                                       Lavinia Mildred "Lee" Shaddock 1854–1940 (L S Powers 1837–)
                                                                                            Millard F Powers 1882–
                                                                                            Eugene Powers 1885–
                                                                                            Edmon S "Ed" Powers 1891–

                                                       William Albert "Willie" Shaddock 1856–1939 (Mary Elizabeth "Mollie" Steele 1863–1937)
                                                                                            Edna Shaddock 1888–1893
                                                                                            Elva Anna Shaddock 1889–1928
                                                                                            James Archibald "Archie" Shaddock 1891–1981 (Mary Abigail Cutter 1889-1985)
                                                                                            Edwin Harlan Shaddock 1894–1977 (Virginia Edit "Vergie" Davidson 1892-1968)
                                                                                            Nina S Shaddock 1896–1980 (Ellis White 1892-1966)
                                                                                            Lillian "Lillie" Shaddock 1899–1980 (Fred Knowles 1897-1943)
                                                                                            Paul Steele Shaddock 1902–1988 (Elsie Kiziah Atkinson 1900–1990)
                                                                                                        Arlene Ann Shaddock 1934- (William "Bill" West)

                                                       Millard W. Shaddock 1860–1861

                                                       Edward Hampton Shaddock 1864–1950 (Maude May Stigler 1881–1968)
                                                                                            George Rollins Shaddock 1905–1979
                                                                                            Nina E Shadock 1908–
                                                                                            Winn E Shaddock 1908–

                                                       Eugene G. Shaddock 1866–1888

                                                       Frederick Clyde "Freddie" Shaddock 1872–1952 (Ida Russell Motley 1877–1952)
                                                                                            Annie Dew Shaddock 1903–1957
                                                                                            Fred Motley Shaddock 1905–1963
                                                                                            Howard Marshall Shaddock 1914–2001

                    1.1.3 Mordecai Shaddock 1795–1823 (Frances Matthews 1795–1830)
                               William Mordecai Shaddock 1818–1841 (Martha Semple Cole 1817–1885)

                                                       Rev. Mordecai Edward Shaddock 1840–1920  (Sallie Jennings 1849–1917)

                                                                                            Edward Jennings "EJ" Shaddock 1872–1951 (Fanny Malissa Nantz 1885–1958)
                                                                                            William Bransom Shaddock 1873–1934 (Lillian Julia Tureman 1874–1971)
                                                                                            Alice Virginia "Allie" Shaddock 1875–1946 (Rev Robert Patton Howell 1862–1931)
                                                                                            Mildred Tipton "Millie" Shaddock 1878–1956 (Frederick William Wilcox 1872–1932)
                                                                                            Mattie Roberta Shaddock 1880–1962 (Isaac DeRouen 1874–1958)
                                                                                            Robert McGee Shaddock 1883–1957 (Louella Guidry 1887–)
                                                                                            Carroll Bitting "CB" Shaddock Sr. 1885–1948 (1st Lillian E "Lillie" McWhorter 1893–1912)  
                                                                                                                                                                             (2nd Nellie Rivers McWhorter 1896–1980)
                                                                                            Katherine "Kate" Shaddock 1888–1960 (Harry Howard Evans 1879–)
                                                                                            Anne Gertrude Shaddock 1890–1959 (Archie Cameron 1883–)

                               Edward Shaddock 1822–

                    1.1.4 James Shaddock 1788– (Ann ? 1800-)

                               James M. Shaddock 1821-1861 

                    1.1.5 Elizabeth Shaddock 1804–

                    1.1.6 Phebe Shaddock 1808–

        1.2 Margaret Shaddock 1770–1854 (1st husband: Mark Mitchell 1745–1814,  2nd husband: Matthias Hauss 1739–1829)

        1.3 Sarah Shaddock 1772–1823 (James Halbert 1740–1819)

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