West Buckland Shattocks

Philip Shaddock

I would like to thank Terry Shattock of New Zealand for his help with this page and for his participation in our DNA project.

I have come to see the Milverton Branch of the Shattock family as one of the most successful of our global family. It is found in the will of Malachi Shattock (1752-1831) who was a man with a considerable fortune, which he dispersed rather evenly among his siblings and their children, having died without marrying or having children. Gradually it became clear to me that the fortune he was distributing represented the dissolution of a family legacy that had begun two centuries earlier in Milverton with two Shattocks who were skilled weavers at time when wool made Somerset people wealthy. What I saw is that they had through good management and entrepreneurial energy transformed the wealth into land, making Malachi a wealthy gentleman living with a servant in Taunton. In distributing his land and wealth to his many nephews and nieces (who promptly converted the land to money) he brought the rags to riches (no pun intended) story to an end. But what endured was the entrepreneurial spirit. In the example of Terry Shattock of the New Zealand Shattocks, he is descended from a sub-branch of the family that made the move from farming to running a butcher shop, and from running a butcher shop to running a wholesale business selling to butcher shops. So let's tell this story from the beginning.

West Buckland is a small village 6 km (4 miles) south west of Taunton, in west Somerset. 

The map shows where West Buckland is in relation to Taunton, Runnington, Bradford on Tone, and Milverton. West Buckland is only 3 km (2 miles) from the Devon border. This page narrates the history of Terry's New Zealand Shattock ancestors, who trace back to Milverton, but who moved from Milverton, to Runnington and then to West Buckland.

The West Buckland parish registers begin in 1538, one of the first to record birth, death and marriages in the kingdom. In 1557, the death of Margaret Shattocke is recorded. This might mean there were Shattockes living the parish before 1538. Given its proximity to Taunton, only 4.5 miles away, it is not surprising to find Shattockes here. However there is a long gap in the parish record, since the next record is the marriage of Elizabeth Shadick (sic) to Richard Lane in West Buckland in 1711. 

We know from the 1641/2 Protestation Returns that there were only two Shattock males over the age of 18 in the area, Thomas Shattock in Langford Budville and James Shattocke in Runnington. I believe they were related, as the names Thomas and James are common in the local parish records as Christian names for Shattocks. The West Buckland branch must descend from Thomas Shattock. 

It is probably the case that the Milverton Shattocks made their fortunes in weaving. This was money that purchased land, which was passed down to the next generation, giving this branch of the family "yeoman" status and later gentleman status. Even after the fortune was lost through dilution, the entrepreneurial spirit was passed down as we will see in the case of the New Zealand branch Terry Shattock belongs to.

Terry's ancestor Thomas Shattocke (1610-1689) was probably one of two weavers who had to swear the Protestation oath in 1641 or 1642. He was born in Milverton, but had a son, Thomas Shattocke (1641-1706), who was born in Runnington, 4 km (2.5 miles) south of Milverton, so he must have moved there. Thomas junior's son, Malachi Shattock (1684-1766) was also born in Runnington, but his son in turn, Thomas Shattock, was born in West Buckland, 6 km (4 miles) south and east of Runnington.  Malachi married Sue Briffet in West Buckland on May 14, 1715. 

I think it was the purchase of land that made it possible for Malachi to legally settle in West Buckland. He named his son Thomas (born in 1722 in West Buckland) after his father and grandfather. His son shows up in a legal document in 1755 as a yeoman. The Concise Oxford Dictionary defines a yeoman as "a person qualified by possessing free land of 40/- (shillings) annual [feudal] value, and who can serve on juries and vote for a Knight of the Shire. He is sometimes described as a small landowner, a farmer of the middle classes." Thomas also shows up on a deed dated in 1761. 

Malachi appears to have retired to his last born son's farm in Bradford on Tone (north of West Buckland on the map above), where he died in 1766. His wife Susanna died in the next year. Both were buried in Bradford on Tone.

Malachi rents a rather large farm. The rent income would help him live the good life as a gentleman.

Thomas' brother James (1726-1795) must have inherited money from his father because he purchased land in Bradford-on-Tone (2 km or 1.5 miles north of West Buckland). When he died in 1795 he left his land to his oldest son Malachi and not insignificant sums of money to his sons, daughters and grandchildren. His children could sign their own marriage documents, indicating he could afford to send them to school. His son Malachi never had children or married and left a considerable number of properties, along with money and stocks and bonds to his siblings and their children. The entire fortune accumulated by the family over the years was dispersed. It was the end of a dynasty. 

The elder Malachi (1684-1766) had a third son named Thomas, the middle boy, born in 1722 in West Buckland, died in 1796 in West Buckland. He is Terry's direct ancestor. He married Anna Gawler (1721-1798) in Broadway, Somerset, the place where Anna was born. (Broadway is 15 km or 10 miles west and a bit south of West Buckland.) He became a farmer in West Buckland. They had four daughters and a son, Thomas Shattock (1754-1799), named after his grandfather as was the custom in Somerset at the time. He died when he was young, leaving the farm to his son when he was only thirteen years old. He was able to keep the farm going and was able in turn had an only son, John Gawler Shattock (1786-1865), who bore his grandmother's maiden name as his middle name. If my recounting of the births, deaths and marriages of the West Buckland has lost you, consult the West Buckland Shattocks Genealogy below.

John Gawler Shattock is Terry's direct ancestor. On his son's birth record he is described as a yeoman. I think we can conclude that Terry's ancestors in West Buckland were very successful farmers, because they appear to have had farms in the area for several centuries at least. John Gawler Shattock married Mary Richards (1783-1869), a local woman in West Buckland. He moved to Huntsham, 18 km (11 miles) almost due west of West Buckland, where he owned a farm. In the 1841 he is described as a farmer. I think he retired and gave the farm to his oldest son and may have lived with his son William Richard Shattock (1810-1865), also a farmer. In the 1861 census John Gawler is described as a "former farmer," living with his son William, who is described as a farmer with four laborers working for him. John Gawler died in Stallenge Thorne, Devon in March, 1865 and was buried in West Buckland. His son William died one month later.  

John Gawler and his wife Mary had five sons. His oldest son Thomas Richards Shattock (1807-1888) probably inherited the farm, which was the law at the time. His farm was large, 62 acres, with two farm laborers to help him. He married Marn Ann Rawle (1810-1891). They do not appear to have had children. 

Terry is descended from the youngest son, Robert Shattock (1815-1876), who worked as a butcher in the village of Ashbrittle when he was a young man, but at the age of 35 became a farmer in Wellington. He married Mary "Jane" White (1815-1900) and had four boys and a girl. He moved back to West Buckland by the time he was 45 and had a very large farm of 93 acres and a hired hand. He must have sold the farm because in 1871 he owns a butcher shop in the town of Langford Budville, 7 km (4 miles) north west of West Buckland. He and Jane had four boys and one girl.

Butcher shop in London. If William was a supplier to butcher shops, perhaps he visited this one in east London.

Robert's son William Richards Shattock (1849-1928) is Terry's direct ancestor. He was born in Ashbrittle, Somerset. He followed in his father's footsteps, becoming a butcher. This is a skill that allowed him to make the transition from Somerset to London, England. He lived in the Lambeth area. In 1877 he married Ruth Jones (1853-1934) in Ladbroke Grove area of London. I think this was a family lineage with a strong work ethic and entrepreneurial spirit. In the 1901 census he is described as a "butcher buyer." He must have done well because at age 61 he was retired, "living on his own means." One of the reasons I think he did well is the fact he raised ten children, seven boys and three girls, all who survived into adulthood. On the 1911 census, the male children living at his house in Kensington describe their various occupations as owning a brass foundry, working for a milliner, working as an insurance clerk, and student.  That is a large and busy household to be retired in!

It is William Richards Shattock's (1849-1928) son, his namesake, William Richards Shattock, Jr. (1886-1968) , that emigrates to New Zealand. His story is told on this page:

Genealogy of the West Buckland Shattocks and Its New Zealand Branch

Malachi Shattock 1684-1766 (Susanna Briffet ca. 1685-1767) West Buckland

        1. Malachi Shattock 1716–1719 

        2. Susanna Shattock 1717– (John Hill)

        3. Malachi Shattock 1719– 

        4. Thomas Shattock 1722– (Anna Gawler 1721–1798)

                        4.1 Susanna Shattock 1752– 

                        4.2 Thomas Shattock 1755–1799 (Elizabeth George)

                                         4.2.1 John Gawler Shattock 1786–1865 (Mary Richards 1783–1869)

                                                   Thomas Richards Shattock 1807–1888 (Mary Ann Rawle 1810–1891)

                                                   John Gawler Shattock 1808–1894 (Harriet Darby 1809–1880)

                                                                       Alfred Shattock 1839–1920 (Anne Bassett 1836–1927)
                                                                                       Bertha Elizabeth Shattock 1870–1953

                                                                                       Alfred Robert Shattock 1871–1943 (Emma Jane Lewis 1876–1972)
                                                                                                                    Alfred Lewis Shattock 1902–1989 (Joan Mary Clarkson 1910–1942)
                                                                                                                    Mabel Shattock 1903– (Ellis K. Pope)

                                                                                       Walter Shattock 1874–1959 (Annie Pritchard 1882–1960)
                                                                                                                    Walter Shattock 1905–1982
                                                                                                                    Harold Thomas Pritchard Shattock 1907–1952
                                                                                                                    Jack Shattock 1912–2002 (Katherine Margaret Miller 1915–)
                                                                                                                                        Bruce Shattock 1945–2007
                                                                                                                    Violet May Shattock 1915–

                                                                       Harriet Darby Shattock 1841–1908

                                                                       Ellen Eliza Shattock 1842–1914

                                                                       John Gawler Shattock 1853–1874

                                                   William Richards Shattock 1810–1865

                                                   Charles George Shattock 1813–1879

                                                   Robert Shattock 1815–1876 (Mary "Jane" White 1815–1900)

                                                                       Charles Shattock 1843–1922 (Elizabeth White Shattock 1850–1923)

                                                                                       Elizabeth White James Shattock 1871–1957 

                                                                                       Mary Frances Shattock 1874–1879

                                                                                       Louise Maud Shattock 1875–1876

                                                                                       Charles Robert Shattock 1879–1957 (Katharine Matilda Bayley 1879–1971)

                                                                                                                    Charles Frederick Bayley Shattock 1906–1978 (Vera Douce 1897–1979)
                                                                                                                    Robert Archibald Shattock 1910–1974 (Irene Grace Weston 1919–2005)
                                                                                                                                    Peter Robert Shattock 1943– (Maureen A Scammell)
                                                                                                                                    Alison Katherine Margaret Shattock 1955– (Robert A A Exall)

                                                                       Mary Jane Shattock 1843–1900

                                                                       Robert White Shattock 1845–1893 (Charlotte Isabella How 1856–1943}
                                                                                                   Charles George Shattock 1889–1979 (Winifred Edith Bowry 1903–1996)
                                                                                                   Robert William Shattock 1893–1983 (Lily Brown)

                                                                       William Richards Shattock 1849–1928 (Ruth Jones 1853–1934)

                                                                                           .1 Frank William Shattock 1878–1944

                                                                                                                            1st wife: Kate Jane Howlett 1878–1936
                                                                                                                            Dorothy Ruth Russel Shattock 1902–1973 (Alfred James Crawford 1896–1965)
                                                                                                                            Frank Cecil Shattock 1906–1976 

                                                                                                                            2nd Wife: Lily Ann Smith

                                                                                           .2 Minnie Shattock 1879–1969 (Samuel Parkhouse 1877-)

                                                                                           .3 William Henry Shattock 1879–1881 

                                                                                           .4 Emily Jane Shattock 1881–1972 (Herbert Percy Hunt 1878–1960)

                                                                                           .5 John Robert Shattock 1883–1934 (Hilda Gaylard Upham 1880–1967)
                                                                                                                            Richard Gaylard Shattock 1915–2004 (Mary Louise Marshall 1911–2002)

                                                                                           .6 Alice Maud "Dolly" Shattock 1884–1948 (Bertram Hastings Reeve 1883–1948)

                                                                                           .7 William Richards Shattock 1886–1968 

                                                                                                                            1st wife: Margaret Jane Meaclem 1883–1932

                                                                                                                            1. William Richards Shattock Jr. 1912–1993 

                                                                                                                                            1st wife: Iris Aroha Powell 1919–1981
                                                                                                                                            Gail Shattock 1943–1944
                                                                                                                                            Wendy Robyn Shattock 1945–
                                                                                                                                            William Richard Shattock 1947–

                                                                                                                                            2nd wife: Phyllis Smith

                                                                                                                            2. Robert Alfred Shattock 1914–1954

                                                                                                                                            1st wife (annuled 1943): Ila Theresa Hickey
                                                                                                                                            Peter William Shattock 1939–

                                                                                                                                            2nd wife: Mary Margaret Fryer 1925–1998
                                                                                                                                            Robert William Shattock 1950–1954

                                                                                                                            3. Sarah Ruth Jean Shattock 1916– (Isaac Owsley)

                                                                                                                            4. Donald Paul Shattock 1918–1978 (Jean Malcolm 1916–)
                                                                                                                                            Pauline Diane Shattock 1953–1991

                                                                                                                            5. Harold Charles Shattock 1920–1985 (Zoe Jeffrys)

                                                                                                                            6. Douglas Joseph Shattock 1922–2010 (Marie Sutherland Loft)

                                                                                                                            7. Samuel John Shattock 1925–1982 (vera Price)

                                                                                                                            2nd wife: Ellen Mary Wills 1903–1938
                                                                                                                            8. Marie Helen Shattock 1934–

                                                                                                                            3rd wife: Stella Patricia Reardon 1916–1990

                                                                                           .8 Harold Shattock 1888–1966 (Nancy Lloyd 1888–1971)
                                                                                                                        David Harold Shattock 1924–2003 (Elaine M Finnimore)
                                                                                                                        Ann Elizabeth Shattock 1926– (Hubert Frederick R Garrad 1921–1996)

                                                                                           .9 Fred Ernest Shattock 1891–1962 (Jose Evelyn Hedges Bott 1893–)
                                                                                                                        Gerald Fred Shattock 1916–1996 (Phyllis J. Booth)

                                                                                           .10 Alfred Henry Shattock 1894–1976 (Alice Florence Massey 1891–1979)
                                                                                                                        Clive William A. Shattock 1915–1999 (Margaret Edith Whitney 1914–)
                                                                                                                        Cedric Alfred Shattock 1916–1992
                                                                                                                        Christine Hillary A B Shattock 1923–
                                                                                                                        Paul Alastair Shattock 1928–2012 (Gertrude A. Rumsey)
                                                                                                                        Peter Raymond Shattock 1932–2002

                                                                       John White Shattock 1853–1927 (1st: Harriet Elizabeth Yeomans 1850– 
                                                                                                                                                              2nd: Fanny Woods 1867–)

                        4.3 Mary Shattock 1757–

                        4.4 Ann Shattock 1760–1763

                        4.5 Betty Shattock 1766–

        5. James Shattock 1726–1795 (Mary Bicknell 1727–)

                        5.1 Malachi Shattock 1752–1831 (I have his will)

                        5.2 James Shattock 1753–1827 (Ann ?)
                                        James Shattock 1774–1851 (Ann Greenslade 1775–)
John Shattock 1815–
Samuel Shattock 1815– (sentenced to life in jail for burglary in 1844 at age 28)
                                        Jane Shattock 1787– (George Shute 1787-1850)

                        5.3 Mary Shattock 1755–1831 (Stephen Greenslade 1755-1847)

                        5.4 William Shattock 1757– (Unknown)
                                        Mary Ann Shattock 1785– (James Langdon Butter 1831-)
William Shattock 1789–

                        5.5 Betty Shattock 1758–1855 (Henry "Harold" Pring 1759–1826)

                        5.6 Joan Shattock 1760–1850 (William Temlett 1760-)

                        5.7 John Shattock 1763–

                                        1st wife: Elizabeth  1763–
                                         5.7.1 John Shattock 1790–1848 Hannah Glass
                                                        Malachi Shattock
                                                        John Shattock
                                                        Robert Shattock
                                                        Elizabeth Shattock
                                                        Mary Shattock

                                        5.7.2 James Shattock 1792– (Susan Higler)
                                                        Mary Ann Shattock 1824–

                                        5.7.3 Malachi Shattock 1794–1848 (Hannah Moon 1791–1870)

                                               Malachi Shattock 1821– (Sarah Bird)
                                                                        William Edward Shattock 1841–

                                               Hannah Shattock 1822–1823

                                               John Shattock 1823– (Jane Lock 1835–1912)
                                                                        Jane Shattock 1850–1860
                                                                        Sarah Shattock 1860–1953 (John Skinner 1861-)
                                                                        Eliza Shattock 1862– (George William Wooton 1860–)

                                               Elizabeth Shattock 1824– (Albert Able Field)

                                               Sarah Shattock 1825–1834 

                                               Mary Ann Shattock 1831–

                                               Ann Shattock 1832–

                                               Sarah Shattock 1834–1905 (Robert Oaten 1827–1904)

                                               John Shattock 1838– (Emma ? 1835-)

5.7.4 Edward Shattock 1800-1857 

1st wife: Ann Cornish 1800– Ann Shattock 1823–1894 (Henry Amery 1820-1905) Jane Shattock 1826–1901(James Blackmore 1822-1858)

2nd wife: Ann Pring 1791–1865

                                        2nd wife: Elizabeth 1803–

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Subpages (1): New Zealand Shattocks