The Younger Pepperell Shattucks

By Philip Shaddock

The Shattucks of Massachusetts are a major branch of the worldwide Shattocke family. To see where the Massachusetts Shattucks fit in the Shattocke family tree see the Experimental Shattocke Phylogenetic Tree. The Shattucks of Massachusetts have been officially designated a branch of the human family called R-Y19751. Look for that node on the tree. 

The Younger Pepperell Shattucks were founded by Samuel Shattuck (1672-1758). His branch of the family is shown here (far right):


Samuel was the grandson of the pilgrim founder William Shattuck (1622-1672) who settled in Watertown (now part of the Greater Boston area). Samuel moved from Watertown to Groton / Pepperell and founded the Pepperell Shattucks. The most dense place for American Shattucks is Pepperell and Groton in Massachusetts. I think that was true early in the 20th century. It may still be true. I have found and documented 1575 of his descendants between 1672, the date of his birth, and 1940, the last year of public records. I am sure the actual number is quite a bit in excess of that number. 

Nancy Shattuck provides a handy synopsis of Pepperell Shattucks and the reason why Shattucks landed in Groton: "This Samuel is the third son of John Shattuck, William Shattuck’s oldest son. Grandfather William dies just before King Philip’s war breaks out (1672). His son John (Samuel’s father) drowns crossing the St. Charles River to Boston during King Philip’s war in 1675. He’s on a reconnaissance mission after surviving the famous ambush of Richard Beer. Samuel’s mother Ruth, now widowed, marries Enoch Lawrence from Groton after the war. He moves back to re-settle Groton (the Indians burned it to the ground) in 1677. Although Ruth takes her husband’s name, the four children do not. They remain Shattuck. Samuel’s eldest brother, John, who marries and stays in Groton, is killed by Indians along with his 18-year-old son while crossing the Nashua River. . . just before the French-Indian war (ca 1692). My direct ancestor Jonathan Shattuck (John’s son) is Samuel’s first cousin. Both Samuel and his cousin Jonathan settle their families in Pepperell, MA., which at the time is a northwestern outpost of the Massachusetts Bay colony."

Lemuel Shattuck in his Memorials (page 11) had this to say about Pepperell in 1855.

Three of the grandsons of the first William settled in Groton. Descendants of one of them have ever lived in that town, as now constituted. Descendants of the other two were the principal settlers of that part of Groton which is now comprised within the town of Pepperell. This territory, originally a part of Groton, was incorporated, in 1742, as a separate parish, and, in 1753, as a town. The Shattucks and their connections were the largest original proprietors, and owned the largest part of this town. The name is now and ever has been, more common there than any other. In 1761, of the 106 families then in Pepperell. 11, or nearly 11 1/4 per cent., bore the name of Shattuck. In 1853, of 426 legal voters, 36, or nearly 8 1/4 per cent., bore the same name. Rev. Mr. Emerson, the first minister of Pepperell, is said to have remarked, that "he sometimes regretted that he did not marry a Shattuck, for he should then have been related to the whole town" !

Samuel Shattuck (1672-1758)

Lemuel classifies Samuel Shattuck as one of the "origins" of the younger Pepperell Shattucks. Pepperell is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. Wikipedia: "Pepperell was first settled in 1720 as a part of Groton, and was officially incorporated as its own town in 1775. The founders named it after Sir William Pepperrell, a Massachusetts colonial soldier who led the Siege of Louisbourg during King George's War. The town was noted for its good soil and orchards."

Lemuel writes this about Samuel Shattuck: "Samuel Shattuck was born in Watertown in 1673, and died in Groton, intestate, July 22, 1758, ea. 85.  Samuel, his eldest son administered on his estate, valued at £236 14. 7. He married Elizabeth Blood, b. April 27, 1675, daughter of James Blood and Elizabeth Longley. She died Oct. 20, 1759, ae. 84 y. 5 m. 23 d. One year before her death her son John, at the request of the other heirs, was appointed her guardian, because she was of " great age and under bodily and mental infirmity and not capable of caring for her own subsistence."

Her separate estate was then valued at £182 16. 11, and consisted principally in lands, the title to most of which came to her by inheritance from the Bloods and Longleys. She united with the church in 1705, and her husband in 1709."

Samuel and Elizabeth had 10 children. 

Notable Pepperell Shattucks

Here are some noteworthy Shattucks descended from Samuel Shattuck (1672-1758). This is not a complete list!

Francis Kitteridge Shattuck (1824-1898)


Frances Kitteridge Shattuck (1824-1898) was yet another Pepperell descendant. F. K. Shattuck built the famous Shattuck Hotel in Berkeley, California. On a page on Berkeley landmarks, the historian has this to say about F.K. Shattuck and his hotel: "If Berkeley has a heart, it must be located on the 2200 block of Shattuck Avenue between Kittredge Street and Allston Way. This is the site that Berkeley’s founder, Francis Kittredge Shattuck, chose as his homestead. Although the Gold Rush lured him to California, Shattuck (1824–1898) made his fortune by other means. In 1852, he teamed up with George Blake, William Hillegass, and James Leonard to file a claim on a square mile in what is now central Berkeley."

Below is a postcard view of Shattuck Avenue in 1906. The Shattuck Building is across the street from the railway station, the large building on the far right. A plaque on the building summarizes its history: 

CITY OF BERKELEY LANDMARK
designated in 1995
FRANCIS KITTREDGE SHATTUCK BUILDING
Stone and Smith, Architects, 1901
Jim Novosel: The Bay Architects, 1998

Berkeley’s transit pattern was established in 1876 when Francis Kittredge Shattuck and James L. Barker brought a spur line of the Central Pacific (later Southern Pacific) Railroad from Oakland into downtown Berkeley. By the time Berkeley was incorporated in 1878, Shattuck Avenue was its main street and Berkeley Station, across the street from this site, was the hub of the downtown.

This building, on the northeast corner of the Shattuck family’s property, was the first masonry structure on Shattuck Avenue. It ushered in the transformation from pioneer-era wood-frame buildings to today’s more substantial masonry buildings. Its interior included professional offices and a meeting hall for the Native Sons of the Golden West.

The corner turret and ground floor storefronts were restored in 1998 when developer Avi Nevo also added a mansard-style fourth floor.

Berkeley Historical Plaque Project
1998


A local Wiki article on Francis Kitteridge Shattuck has the following (including the photograph at the left):

Francis Kittredge Shattuck (March 6, 1824 – September 9, 1898) was a very important figure in early East Bay history. Born in New York, he came to Oakland in 1850 and was one of the early settlers of the San Antonio Ranch near Temescal Creek along with George Blake, William Hillegass, and James Leonard.3 Shattuck was the fifth mayor of Oakland.

Shattuck and Hillegass ended up owning at least 640 acres of land, and Shattuck was involved in the livery business. As one source writes, "With most of the measures which have been from time to time adopted for the improvement of Oakland, [Shattuck] has been more or less closely identified." This includes the railroads, the wharfs, the university, utilities, etc. 7 Shattuck was a founding member and President of Oakland's Masonic Temple,1 was President of the Mutual Endowment Association, director of the First National Bank, and involved in the beginning of the Oakland and Berkeley Rapid Transit Company. He was described at his retirement: "we do now extend to Mr Shattuck the thanks of the Board for the able, untiring and energetic manner in which he has for so long a time discharged his duties among us, and the cordial and uniform kindness and correctness which has always characterized his conduct as a Supervisor and Chairman of this Board."8

Shattuck was involved in the attempted annexations of Berkeley.4

He worked to get the Central Pacific Railroad to build an extension into Berkeley, in order to connect Berkeley with the mainline and hence to the ferries into San Francisco.

The First Congregational Church began as a congregation meeting at Shattuck's home.

He was a founding director and president of The Commercial Bank of Berkeley that was chartered on February 9, 1892.  The bank became First National Bank of Berkeley in May 1900 and on March 4, 1922 was sold to the Mercantile Trust Company of San Francisco, a predecessor of Wells Fargo Bank, N.A.12

Judge Erasmus Darwin Shattuck (1824-1900)
Judge Erasmus Darwin Shattuck (1824-1900) meted out justice in Portland, Oregon when it was a young frontier city. Samuel Shattuck was his 3rd great grandfather. In Bakersfield, Vermont, on December 31, 1824, Erasmus Shattuck was born to Oliver and Sally Start Shattuck. Erasmus graduated from the University of Vermont in 1848 and then taught in Maryland and Georgia. In 1852 he was admitted to the New York state bar association. Also in 1852 he married Sarah A. Armstrong, and the two would have six children. Then in 1853 he immigrated to what was then the Oregon Territory via the Isthmus of Panama.[1] He arrived on February 15, 1853, and began teaching at Oregon City College and the Clackamas County Female Seminary until 1855.[1] That year he began teaching at Pacific University in Forest Grove, Oregon.[1] From 1855 to 1856 he served as Washington County School Superintendent. In 1856 Shattuck was elected to be a probate judge as he had been practicing law in Portland, Oregon. Then in 1857 he was a delegate to Oregon's Constitutional Convention representing Washington County. In 1861, he was a district attorney, and from 1862 to 1863 was the United States Attorney for Oregon. Shattuck was then elected in 1862 to the Oregon Supreme Court. During this time on the court he served as chief justice from 1866 to 1867.

Below is a picture of Shattuck Hall on the Portland State campus. This is what the Portland State site says about the building: "The building was originally an elementary school called Shattuck Normal School and included a gymnasium, large assembly hall and a swimming pool in the basement. Completed in 1915, the structure was designed by Portland Public Schools' architect, Floyd Archibald Naramore. The Shattuck school was named after Erasmus Darwin Shattuck (1824-1900) who was a prominent teacher, attorney, and judge. Shattuck was born in 1824 in Vermont and relocated to Portland in 1853 to teach at Tualatin Academy and Pacific University. In 1856 was elected probate judge and continued in various judicial capacities until 1878. Judge Shattuck was involved in Portland Public Schools (PPS) administration starting in 1858 when he began serving on the Board of Directors. Shattuck remained on the PPS Board through 1862 and then again from 1869-1871."

George Otis Shattuck (1829-1897)

Shattuck descendants ascended to the height of American society. George Otis Shattuck (1829-1897) was a lawyer and member of the Boston Bar. But he was much more than that. The famous supreme court justice, Oliver Wendell Holmes, wrote a memoir of his life and had this to say of him: "I owe Mr. Shattuck more than I have ever owed any one else in the world, outside my immediate family. From the time I was a student in his office until he died, he was my dear and intimate friend. He taught me unrepeatable lessons. He did me unnumbered kindnesses." 

George Otis Shattuck was descended from William Shattuck's son John Shattuck, 1647-1675, who died a young man in King Philip's war. Among the people we have DNA tested John Shattuck appears to have the most numerous descendants. Indeed Lemuel Shattuck is a descendant of John Shattuck.






Aaron Draper Shattuck (1832-1928)

From Wikipedia: "Aaron Draper Shattuck (March 9, 1832 – July 30, 1928) was an American painter of the White Mountain School. He was born in Francestown, New Hampshire. A second-generation artist affiliated with the Hudson River School, Shattuck differed from most of his contemporaries in that he never studied abroad, and appears to have spent his entire life in New England.

Shattuck studied portrait painting with Alexander Ransom in Boston in 1851, and in 1852 was a student at the National Academy of Design in New York City. In 1854 he first painted in the White Mountains of New Hampshire. The following year he exhibited for the first time at both the National Academy and the Boston Athenaeum. In 1856 he was elected an associate of the National Academy, and was made a full Academician in 1861.

From 1856 to 1870 Shattuck worked at the Tenth Street Studio Building in New York City. In 1860 he married Marian Colman, sister of Samuel Colman.[4] In 1879 he moved to West Granby, Connecticut, where his paintings focused on his farm and its animals. In 1883 he invented a canvas stretcher bar key which was used by artists of the era, and which contributed to Shattuck's considerable wealth.

In 1888 Shattuck suffered the effects of a serious illness, after which he ceased to paint. After recovering he followed other agrarian and creative pursuits, raising sheep, experimenting with apple tree grafts, and making violins. Prior to his death in 1928 at the age of 96 he was the oldest living member of the National Academy of Design.








Joseph Cummings Shattuck (1835-1921)

Joseph Shattuck was a Colorado pioneer and politician who played a major role in the education system in the state. The story of his family is told as the Colorado Shattucks,  a sub-page of this one. 

Howard Francis Shattuck (1887-1972)


Howard Francis Shattuck (1887-1972) This is a picture from a Yale yearbook. 

A family of Shattucks descended from Samuel Shattucks last born son and eighth child rose to high prominence in America. It begins with Howard Francis Shattuck (1887-1972), whose grandfather was a labourer, and his father was a house painter in Wisconsin. Howard Shattuck became a physician. That must have allowed him to give his children a very good education because they both went to Yale.

An excerpt from a New York Times obituary sums up the life of his on Howard Francis Shattuck, Jr. (1887-1972): 

"Howard Francis Shattuck Jr., a retired international counsel for the Mobil Oil Corporation who led a study of United Nations peacekeeping operations for the American Bar Association, died on Wednesday at his home on the Upper East Side of Manhattan. He was 76 and also had a residence in Darien, Conn.

He joined Mobil in New York in 1956, in its international division. In the 1960's, he helped negotiate settlements for expropriated American petroleum interests in the Middle East and before the World Court at The Hague. He retired in 1985. He then became a panelist for the American Arbitration Association.

In retirement, he devoted time to international law, working on panels of the American Bar Association and the City Bar Association. Most recently, as co-chairman of an A.B.A. task force, he focused on the peacekeeping operations of the United Nations, visiting world trouble spots and helping to develop A.B.A. recommendations for standby United Nations military forces.

Mr. Shattuck, a native of Manhattan, graduated from Yale University in 1942 and received his law degree from Harvard University in 1948."

He was Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labour (1993-1998) and an ambassador to the Czech Republic (1998-2000).

Roger Whitney Shattuck (1923-2005)

Roger Whitney Shattuck (1923-2005) scholar and cultural critic  
Howard Shattuck's brother also distinguished himself. Here is the Wikipedia entry for him:

Background and education
Born in New York City to parents Howard Francis Shattuck, and Elizabeth (Colt) Shattuck, he studied at St. Paul's School in Concord, New Hampshire before entering Yale College.

Military Service in Second World War
He left Yale to join the Army Air Corps, serving as a cargo pilot in the Pacific theater during the Second World War. He spoke little about his experience in the war, but tried writing about it his entire life. He tried capturing the moment he flew over Nagasaki with his copilot, seeing the aftermath and rubble on the ground. After the war, he returned to school, graduating from Yale in 1947. Shattuck then moved to Paris where he worked for UNESCO's film service. In this capacity he came into contact with luminaries of European culture such as Jean Cocteau, Alice B. Toklas and Georges Braque, and met his future wife Nora White, a dancer with the Ballets Russes.

Academic career
Returned to New York, Shattuck worked in publishing, and later taught at Harvard University, the University of Texas at Austin, the University of Virginia, and Boston University, despite his lack of a graduate degree. He retired as a professor emeritus from Boston University in 1997.[1]

Organizations
Shattuck was among the founding members of the Association of Literary Scholars and Critics. He later served as president of the organization.

Works
Shattuck's essays frequently appeared in The New York Review of Books and other publications. He was the author of several highly regarded works of literary criticism—Proust's Way, The Banquet Years: The Origins of the Avant-Garde in France - 1885 to World War I, Forbidden Knowledge: From Prometheus to Pornography—and served as editor of the restored edition of Helen Keller's memoir The Story of My Life.

In 1975, Shattuck received the National Book Award in category Arts and Letters for Marcel Proust (a split award).

Academic philosophy
Routinely described as "one of America's leading literary scholars,"[1] Shattuck was considered something of a traditionalist. He became well known for his 1994 speech "Nineteen Theses on Literature," delivered to the Association of Literary Scholars and Critics. In it he argued (as point XIV), "Everything has been said. But nobody listens. Therefore it has to be said all over again—only better. In order to say it better, we have to know how it was said before."

Upon Shattuck's death, the Yale critic Harold Bloom said of his colleague, "He was an old-fashioned, in a good sense, man of letters. He incarnated his love for literature."

Younger Pepperell Genealogy

This is the single largest genealogy of all Shattockes worldwide. If the Shattocke surname survives hundreds of years from now, odds are it will be a Shattuck, descending from Samuel Shattuck (1672-1768) and his wife Elizabeth Blood (1675-1759).

The genealogy is so big I had to put it in it's own page: Younger Pepperell Genealogy.

Corrections and additions wanted for this page. Please contact me