London, looking across the Thames from Southwark, c. 1630. Museum of London.
The evidence that the Shattockes of west Somerset, and particularly those who had business in or neart Taunton, had homes in London or travelled there on business and pleasure. Peasants who had left serfdom and engaged in trade were drawn to London and the opportunities it offered for business and pleasure.
The earliest record of a Shattocke in London is the marriage of "Marry" Shattock to William Pickering in 1566 at Great St. Bartholomew, London. She must have been from Somerset as there is no record of her or a Shattock family in London or area at the time.
A search for London Pickerings at this time turned up Sir William Pickering (1516–1575), courtier and diplomatist, born in 1516, the son of Sir William Pickering (d. 1542), by his wife, Eleanor, daughter of William Fairfax. It could not be this William Pickering because he died unmarried. But it could have been a member of the family.
There is a John Shattocke who appears in tokenbook for the St. Saviour parish of Southwark in 1601.
Tokenbooks are the written record of the effort, by the officers of St Saviour parish, in the weeks preceding Easter each year, to require every head of household in the parish to purchase tokens for the Easter communion, one token for each person over sixteen years of age in the household. These tokens were to be turned in at the church by communicants on the day of communion. It was a tax on the rich.
Fabian Shattock was baptised Oct. 29, 1570 at Southwark St. Saviour. There is a baptism record for Susan Shattock June 3, 1576 at the St. Saviour church. Her father was John Shattock. This means John Shattock was born prior to 1555, if we assume he was at least 21 when he had Susan. This makes it likely that John was born in Staplegrove, Somerset since there are so few Shattocke males in the world at this time. He may be the grandson of John Shattocke of Staplegrove, who bequeathed property and a store and its "gear" to his sons and daughter in 1533. Another Mary Shattock married Thomas Mawl at St Martin in the Fields in London in 1579.
John Shattock's family were probably the first Shattock family to live in London, judging by the fact his children were born there.
John may have had a son John who married Margaret Hunt in Berkshire Apr. 28, 1603 and had a son Richard in the same year. Robert may have been another son of John, who married Joan and had a son John Jan. 22, 1616 at St. Ann Blackfriars, City of London.
There is evidence of another wealthy Shattocke family in the London area. Francis Shattocke owned a inn and tenements in Holborn, London, just a little over a mile from Southwark. The inn was called the Flower de Luce. His widow Agnes (née Tyler) was involved in a court battle over the title to these properties (ref. National Archives C 2/JasI/S15/4). Francis Shattocke apparently had a son Theodor born in 1619 in Lambeth Surrey. Francis would have been born between 1595 and 1600 if his son Theodor was his first born.
There is a family of Shattocks in Stepney, Samuel and Elizabeth Shaddock, whose first child, George Shaddock, was born 1667. Seven more were born, including the last, Francis, in 1682.
There is a John Shattock, habberdasher and merchant tailor, who apparently leased "King's Head," probably an inn, in Southwark for 21 years in 1671.
William Shattock left a will in 1683 in London. He is described as a "Merchant of London."
The Essex London Shattocks, featured here, might have been in the area since the middle to late 17th century. As the agricultural revolution emptied rural England, many more Shattocks, Shaddocks and Shaddicks made their way to London to find jobs and raise families.