Branches of the Shattocke Family
The Shattocke family has branched down from a common ancestor (called Y17171), who lived in the middle to late 14th century.
Much of the following information has been corrected and expanded in a book on our family history. Contact me for further information.
Our common ancestor Y17171 probably lived in west Somerset, although he could have been a migrant into west Somerset. Each of the three branches of Shattockes have a common ancestor in west Somerset. Other surnames descend from the common ancestor: Parrish, Byars, Pomeroy, Hall and Thomason are the most common.
This is probably the oldest branch of the Shattock, with direct male descendants that go back to the common ancestor Y17171 in the middle of the 14th century. Milverton is just west of Taunton. Descendants are defined by a SNP mutation they share, called Y29591. Additionally, they are further subdivided by SNP mutations Y32082 (including West Buckland and Wellington Shattocks) and Y33021 (Virginia Shaddocks). This branch has dispersed widely, to north England, New Zealand, Australia and America. Read about the Milverton area Shattocks.
Milverton is a large parish with a small population just 10 km (6 miles) west of Taunton. A West Buckland Shattocke lineage traces back to here. A descendant of Milverton Shattocks, Malachi Shattock (1684-1766), was the founder of Shattocks in West Buckland. He and his descendants were very successful farmers in the area. One of them became a butcher, and his son in turn moved to London where he eventually became a successful supplier to butcher shop.
One of the London Shattocks, William Richards Shattock (1849-1928) sought his fame and fortune in New Zealand. He eventually owned butcher shops in Hamilton. We tell the story of his descendants up to the present day.
The Wellington Shattocks shows evidence of being deeply involved in the woolen trade. But the industrial revolution transformed weaving from a labor intensive cottage industry to a factory system. Wellington Shattocks had to move elsewhere and find new work. One of them went to Jamaica. Another to Bristol. Today there is a branch of descendants in Australia. Includes a sub-page that describes the conditions of roads and the woolen business in the 18th and 19th century.
A branch of the Wellington Shattocks were among high ranking local Somerset families like the Belletts. John Bellett Shattock went over to Jamaica in the early 19th century where he was a merchant. He may have been involved in the slave trade, although his exact relationship to slavery is not known with certainty. He probably fathered a child with an African Jamaican woman.
The history of the Shaddocks in Virginia mirrors the social, political and military history of the former British Colony. When Virginia became the major theater of war during the Civil War many genealogical records were lost, making it difficult to recover the family connections among Shaddocks found in remaining documents. Fortunately there always appears to be at least one descendant in a branch of the family who is passionate about recovering the lives of their ancestors, as there was in the case of Virginian Shaddocks. With the help of the descendants and thanks to DNA technology and the discovery of a single court document, I was able to reach deep into the past and piece together the story of this remarkable branch of the family. I was able to identify them as direct descendants of the Milverton Shattocks in west Somerset because of a unique SNP shared by a descendant of the Virginia Shaddocks and a descendant of the New Zealand Shattocks: the Y29590 SNP.
James Marshall Shaddock (1848-1931) was born in Caroline County, Virginia, but he heeded the call to go west, settling in Macon County, Illinois, where he became a successful and well-respected farmer. His pioneering spirit and strong family values would be passed on to his descendants, including the Colorado Shaddocks. This is a wonderful story.
James' younger brother William followed him out to Macon County and started his own branch of the family. This family is the essence of what pundits and politicians mean about "seeking the American dream."
So far I have found there are two main branches of the Virginia Shaddocks, those who descend from Larkin Shaddock (1793-1826) and those who descend from his brother Mordecai Shaddock (1795-1823) While Larkin's descendants appear to have headed west, Mordecai's descendants appear to have headed south to Louisiana, Texas and Florida. There is very colorful history in this family.
A lineage of the Milverton Shattocks. One of Robert's sons, James Shattock (1823-1880), had five sons who emigrated to America, four to Detroit and one to Fall River in Massachusetts. Another son, James Shattock 1851-1924, moved away from Somerset to Birmingham. A granddaughter, Florence "Florrie" Shattock 1887–1979, married and emigrated to Australia. They part of the exodus of Shattockes from Devon and Somerset in the 18th century, scattering to the former and contemporary British colonies.
The evidence points to Staplegrove, now a suburb of Taunton in Somerset, as the original settlement of German Shattocks in England. According to Staplegrove Shattock descendants the first Shattock buried in Staplegrove was in the 14th century, which coincides with the estimated date from DNA studies of the founder of all Shattockes worldwide. Staplegrove was home to one of the most prominent and wealthy Shattocke family dynasties in its early history. Read about the Staplegrove Shattocks.
Taunton was the largest town within the west Somerset area that the Shattockes lived in. The wool trade was the major industry early in its history. The fortunes of the family can be seen to rise and fall with the wool trade. The history of Taunton is really inseparable from the history of the Staplegrove Shattocks, but on this page I focus on the wool trade.
This lineage of the Staplegrove Shattocks are best known for their illustrious careers in the railway industry. One descendant became a famous live steam locomotive enthusiast.
North Petherton was an important village in an economic corridor between Bridgwater, Taunton, and Exeter in Devon. It has long been inhabited by Shattockes, down to the present day. There appears to be close family ties between North Petherton Shattocks and Staplegrove Shattocks.
This branch of the Staplegrove Shattocks has perhaps the most successful of the early Shattock families. A branch may have bought land in the Vexford manor just south of Stogumber. For generations Squire Henry's descendants were prominent Taunton area Shattocks until the untimely death lead to its extinction.
The West Bagborough Shatticks were founded by Alexander Shattock (ca. 1495-1546). It is possible they are descended from Staplegrove Shattocks based on both paper records and DNA evidence. Christian names of Bishops Lydeard Shattocks also link them to Stogumber Shattocks. Their proximity to the cloth fulling mills in Tolland, Vexford and Stogumber areas and the fact West Bagborough was located on the uplands, plus evidence from a will suggest they were part of the cloth cottage industries. The spelling of the surname suggests that West Bagborough Shatticks share a common ancestor with the Shatticks of North Molton, Devon. When the cloth export market failed in the early 17th century West Bagborough Shatticks dispersed to Bishops Lydeard, London and other as yet undiscovered villages or towns.
Early in his history (ca. 1600) the first Shattocks in Bishops Lydeard appear to be a branch of the West Bagborough Shattocks, who are in turn were branch of the Staplegrove Shattocks dating back at least a century before that. An STR (FTY14=9) mutation appears to tie the three branches together. This tiny village 8 km (5 miles) north west of Staplegrove, and only a few miles from West Bagborough, did have a fulling wheel in the local mill. Read about the West Bagborough Shatticks. Read about the Bishop's Lydeard Shattocks.
I have this page as a sub-page of the Bishop's Lydeard Shattocks because there is no paper trail connecting the Francis Shattock (c. 1778-1853) and his wife Mary Clements (1775-1873) to the lineage I have at the bottom of the main page. This lineage owned property and shoemakers. Their descendants would have very colorful lives.
This is a well documented branch of the Bishop's Lydeard Shattocks. John Shattock (1799-1893) was a shoe maker who followed in his father's footsteps. But by the late 19th century shoes began to be made in factories. John and Ann's children moved to big cities, some overseas. There are some excellent photos of this family.
The Troy Shattocks were founded by William Shattock (1814-1884) who left Somerset for Canada when he was a teenager, possibly as an indentured servant. Working as a blacksmith, he moved to the burgeoning industrial city of Troy. But a combination of war, an industrial accident and the birth of daughters was to bring his surname lineage to an end.
This is the second of the two main branches of the Shattocke family. Roger Shattock, the founder, was either the son or grandson of the founder of all Shattockes worldwide (Y17171). A major branch are Y19751 Shattocks, who included the American Shattucks and Shadducks and the London Shattocks. Read the profile of where the Shattocks who are descended from this branch came from.
The Essex London Shattocks have a genealogy that can be reliably traced back to Waltham-Abbey in Essex. In the late 18th century they moved closer to the heart of London. This branch produced another branch that immigrated to New Zealand then Australia. The Essex London Shattocks rose into the highest echelons of British society, becoming members of the Royal Stock Exchange, insurance company executives, senior civil servants and career soldiers, including a hero of the first world war. Some of them went to India. Yet another lineage migrated to Australia. The London Shattocks doubtlessly emigrated from Somerset, but at the present it is unclear where in Somerset and when.
Edward Foster Shattock (1846-1920) is another son of the prominent Victorian civil servant Henry Mark Shattock. He was born in Peckham, Surrey, England (London) and died in Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, 100 km (63 miles) northwest of Melbourne. It is a mystery that, at the age of 20, he left the comfortable environs and sophisticated society of Londoners for the Australian colony. This is a very large branch of the Stogumber London Shattocks.
The Shattucks of America are descended from an ancestor in Stogumber, in west Somerset. (See Stogumber Shattocks.) Shattucks are the most numerous Shattocke descendants (8,000 of 13,000). DNA testing so far has not contradicted Lemuel Shattuck's theory that most of them are descended from a single founder, William Shattuck (1622-1672), a Puritan who settled in the Massachusetts colony not long after it was founded in the early 17th century. Shattuck descendants would have big families who largely stayed in the New England area and became prominent citizens, politicians and artists of their towns and cities. I organize Shattucks into branches that emanate from the sons of William Shattuck. Where the paternal line is uncertain, I list the lineages separately. I include an article about Samuel Shattock of Salem in a sub-page. I include an article about William Shattock of Boston and New Jersey in a sub-page. The Massachusetts Shattucks share a common ancestor with the Stogumber London Shattockes, who were originally from west Somerset.
It is commonly thought that the Pilgrims of New England were escaping religious persecution in England. But the story is much more complex than that. Read about what I learned when I went looking for William Shattuck in England. In fact he may have been what pilgrims called a "stranger."
a) John Shattuck (1647-1675) of Watertown
John Shattuck is the first born son of William Shattuck (1622-1675), founder of the Massachusetts Bay Shattucks. He died very young in King Philip's War, at the age of twenty-five. So far I have discovered John's living descendants are the most numerous of William Shattuck. Even Lemuel Shattuck, the family historian, was a descendant of John. In fact, his descendants are well represented in my DNA research because they are so numerous. Hopefully descendants of William's other sons will contact me and participate in our DNA research.
John Shattuck (1666-1709) moved from Watertown to Pepperell and founded the Elder Pepperell Shattucks. He lost his life in the struggle between Native Americans and the Puritan settlers in southern New England.
The author of the history of the American Shattucks, Lemuel Shattuck (1793-1859) was quite extraordinary. He left behind five major publications, including a plan for public health that earned him a place in medical history and Frieze with his name on the building housing the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. He was a merchant, politician, bookseller, member of history societies, founding member of the New England Genealogical Society, public school activist and cleared the pathway for American genealogists studying their family histories. His book "Descendants of William Shattuck" is still the most authoritative source book for early Shattuck ancestry in America.
ii) Groton Shattucks
John Shattuck's son William Shattuck (1670-1743) moved to Groton, Massachusetts and founded a Shattuck dynasty.
The family just south of Rochester, New York has a documented ancestor in David Shaddock (1809-1886), who died in West Bloomfield, but who variously called the New York Genesee and Onondaga counties as his birthplace. He also said his father was born in Spain and his native tongue was Spanish. But DNA evidence shows he is in fact descended from Massachusetts Shattucks. We have a very colorful record of his descendants lives.
Arthur Bennett Shattuck is descended from William's son John Shattuck (1647-1675). Lemuel's book provides a biography of John's descendants up to 1850. Using census records and Arthur Shattuck's notes, I tell the story of this remarkable family down to the present.
This branch of the Shattuck family descends from a common ancestor with the Ticonderoga, NY Shattucks, William Shattuck (1670-1743). There were three early Shadduck settlers in Pennsylvania, although two were brothers. They have since followed the cry to "go west" and can now be found throughout the U.S. There are now about 900 Shadducks in the U.S. I bet most of them are descended from those three settlers.
This is one of the oldest branches of the Shattuck family. The Hall surname is the result of an NPE that occurred with the birth of George Hall in 1721, making him the great grandson of William Shattuck the founder. His origins are the subject of active investigation by Kevin Tvedt and Brian Edgarton who are determined to get to the bottom of what is now a very cold case. The story involves a military man in the turbulent early years of the young New England colony.
The Pepperell Shattucks are named after the town of Pepperell in Middlesex, Massachusetts where their founders originated. Pepperell was originally part of Groton. Samuel Shattuck (1672-1758) and his wife Elizabeth Longley Blood (1675-1759) had a large family of ten children who in turn produced numerous offspring.
A descendant the Pepperell Shattucks, Joseph Cummings Shattuck (1835-1921), settled in Colorado and became a teacher there. He would become a member of the legislature and play a key role in the Colorado educational system. His son and grandson became a lawyer and a physician.
Dr. Philip Shattuck was William Shattuck's fourth child. We do not know how he acquired his skills and knowledge as a physician as there were no medical schools this early in the Massachusetts colony. He was an eminent citizen much loved by his neighbours.
I discovered Bill Pomeroy among my matches when I got my results back from the DNA testing company at the very beginning of my genetic genealogy studies several years ago. I was curious why Bill was showing up near the top of my list of matches, given his last name. Thus began a two year journey of discovery to uncover the mystery presented by his genetic results. Susan Hughes of the American Pomeroy Historic Genealogical Association tells us the story so far...
This branch of the Massachusetts Shattuck pioneered their way to the far reaches of the west, leaving their familial footprint wherever there were new lands to wrestle out of the wilderness.
George Clinton Shattuck is recognized as one of the true American pioneers in the Old West. He was a restless explorer of the American frontier. And when he did plant his log cabin on the open prairies, a town grew up around him.
Gil Shattuck, a descendant of the Andover Shattucks corrects a mistake in the work of Lemuel Shattuck, who thought the founder of the Andover Shattucks was born in Groton. It turns out Joseph Shattuck was born in Watertown.
This is the third son of the founder. He inherited half the family farm, a horse and its livery, two acres and a pond, plus the family business in the form of a loom and its accessories. He was a prominent member of his community, participating in much of the business of the town and extended his own family business with such endeavors as brick making. Although his descendants are not as numerous as other Shattucks, many of them achieved the same success in life was William Shattuck, Jr.
A pioneering judge arrived in San Franciso in 1850, the spring after the 49ers had turned the once sleepy little town into a chaotic, crime ridden metropolis. His name was Judge David Olcott Shattuck (1800-1889). He would be credited with helping to put the wild west city back on the path to law and order and would found a prominent, well-respected family.
A son of Judge D. O. Shattuck went home to Mississippi and got caught up in the Civil War. He became a teacher in Texas, moved his family to New Mexico and became the superintendent of schools for Eddy County. Both of his sons were ranchers. One became a sheriff, than judge.
This branch of the William Shattuck descendants share a common ancestor with Judge D.O. Shattuck. His brother Rev. Artemus Shattuck stayed in the east when his brother left. There is a story told of the incredible fortitude and courage of the preacher. And one of his sons, Alvin R. Shattuck (1826-1912), became a pioneer in Cherokee County, Texas.
There is an article written in 1888 in the local county newspaper, The Wright County Times, that may ring a loud bell for anybody who has gotten their autosomal DNA results and discovered that they are related somehow to their wife's cousin. Well this article shows you how that happened. This article prompted me to look into the family history. I discovered that the brothers father, John Shattuck (1786-1867) had served in the War of 1812. After the war he settled in Brandon, Franklin County, New York.
It may have been the father of Jared Shattuck (1773-1837) who drew him as a young man to the West Indies. He married very well, the daughter of the governor of Haiti, and would eventually get caught up in the Quasi-War between the USA and France. When his ship and cargo was seized by American naval ships he fought the case all the way to the Supreme Court and won. His case is part of the case law of the United States Supreme Court.
The steady march of the Shattucks from their first foray into the virgin land of North America is encapsulated by the story of the Arizona Shattucks, whose ancestors moved from Massachusetts, to Connecticut and then all the way to Arizona. The Shattuck story becomes entangled with Butch Cassidy and the Hole-in-the-Wall gang. A Shattuck son rises from ranch hand to a mining and banking baron. This is stuff Hollywood movies are made from.
A descendant of the Littleton Shattucks, and its famous American Revolutionary war hero, William Shattuck, AR Shattuck was a banker and a member of the New York elite in the early 20th Century who married the mayor's daughter. But it was not his fabulous wealth and social status that put made him and his wife Mary a legend in New York. It was a robbery at this New York residence. After the robbery he preferred his Massachusetts retreat. Nothing less than the famous "The Mount" estate, former home of Edith Wharton.
DNA testing and genealogical studies have revealed that the Shaddock branch of the family is the long lost descendants of one of the Massachusetts Shattucks founder's son, Samuel Shattuck (born 1666). They may have migrated from the Massachusetts bay colony to North Carolina first, then moved on to Charles Town (Charleston) South Carolina around 1700. The other scenario is that they went directly from New England to Charleston (then Charlestown) because there is evidence of family already there. The South Carolina Shaddocks in subsequent generations moved west and throughout the U.S. south. To see the history and genealogy of the South Carolina Shaddocks click here.
- There is a second William Shattuck who migrated to the Massachusetts Bay colony some three decades after William Shattuck, founder of Shattucks in America. He was a shoemaker in Boston and a much persecuted Quaker. He moved to New Jersey to join the Quaker community there. He has no living male direct descendants.
- Samuel Shattuck was about the same age as William Shattuck of Watertown. There is no evidence if them arriving together. Samuel settled in Salem, the same village where the third early Shattock arrival, the widow Damaris Shattuck settled. He was probably not her son. In the appendix of his Shattuck family history, Lemuel Shattuck describes the trials and tribulations of Samuel at the hands of his Puritan neighbors. He was a Quaker at a time memorialized in countless "Salem witch trial" stories and histories. He played a major role in the drama, both as a victim but as a hero as well. He took his grievances to the king of England and won an order from him to stop the excesses of the Puritan authorities against his fellow Quakers. He left no male direct descendants.
North Molton in Devon, on the border with Somerset, is one of the oldest Shattocke villages. It shares a common ancestor with the Milverton Shattocks and has a "Sir Thomas Shattock" as its founder. All living descendants of the Shattocke family with the "Shaddick" variation have so far been traced back to this village. There was a thriving cloth trade in North Devon when Shatticks lived there. Thomas Shattocke of North Molton moved to the village of Yarnscombe and subsequent generations spread south into north Devon, first the Shattocke, then Shaddock and Shaddick forms of the name prevailed. The Shaddocks and Shaddicks of north Devon were part of the great diaspora of Shattockes to the north in England (notably Bristol) and overseas to the English colonies.
This branch of the family has a paper trail that ends with Richard Shaddock (1799-1859), who was baptized in Bristol but where he was born is not known. A branch of the family moved to Kingston, Ontario. There is a possibility that this branch of the family's closest relatives are the Birmingham - Dennington Australia Shaddocks (see below).
This branch is named after the home of John Shaddick born 1751 in Instow, Devon. DNA and genealogical studies show that he is a descendant of North Molton Shattockes. This is a large and geographically dispersed family whose descendants lived in Wales; the area in and around London; in Northumberland and Liverpool; both coasts of North America, north and sound; in Ohio and Australia. There is even a name change to Shadwick among three families.
Fremington Florida Shaddicks were founded by John Philip Shaddick who emigrated from Wales to Pennsylvania in 1880. This is a classic American immigrant story. It speaks to the success the family found in America and the tragedy when their sons became involved in American wars.
After the decline of the wool trade, many Shattockes left North Molton to find work as farm laborers or tenant farmers. This hamlet is a short distance south of North Molton.
See the large and diverse Yarnscombe family tree with Richard Shattocke (ca. 1640-1706) at its base. He founded a family dynasty in Yarnscombe, Devon and may have been born in nearby Tawstock. A paper trail begins with his marriage to Agnes Strellin in 1659. He has Shaddock and Shaddick descendants that come down to the present time in England, Canada, America and Australia.
The story of the descendants of James Shaddock (1722-1792) and Mary Lee (1726-) is embedded in the great social and economic revolution brought on by the industrial revolution. It makes a very interesting case history of the near devastation of a rural English family and their subsequent rise to the highest echelons of society in the space of a century and a quarter.
The Shaddick Shipping Magnates: Perhaps the wealthiest and most prominent members of our worldwide family.
The first Shaddock to settle in Ontario was Philip Shaddock, who is found living with his wife Mary in the Township of Grantham, now part of modern day St. Catharines, Ontario on the shores of Lake Ontario and the Niagara Peninsula. But they disappear without leaving a trace. It is possible Philip Shaddock was a Tawstock Shaddock, but not certain.
This branch of the Tawstock Shaddocks spread south to Torrington and west. The founder of the family was jailed for stealing food and then transported to western Australia. The migration of a convict family down under is a classic Australian story. Could you get any further from the rolling, temperate hills of Devon than the Western Australian wilderness? Read about this remarkable family.
The grandson of Thomas Shaddock (1740-1786) of Warkleigh settled in the village of Chulmleigh, a scant 4 miles from the Burrington Shaddocks. There James Shaddick (1793-1865) and his wife Sarah Hulland (1785-1829) had two boys and a girl. Eventually descendants moved to Bristol where a family dynasty thrived down to this day.
William Shaddock sr. (1766-1856) moved from the tiny village of Warkleigh where he was born who is himself descended from Richard Shattocke (ca. 1640-1706) of Yarnscombe. This page tells the story of William Shaddock sr and has a clickable tree of his descendants.
William Shaddock, jr (1798-1865) was the oldest son of William Shaddock senior (1766-1856) of Burrington, Devon. He moved to High Bickington, Devon where he gave rise to a number of branches of Shaddocks and Shaddicks.
Paw Paw, Illinois ShaddicksA son of William Shaddock, jr., George Shaddick (1831-1895) was born in High Bickington, but eventually made his home in Wear Gifford. He worked as a bargeman. He had a son Richard (Dick) Shaddick (1867-1947) who moved to Ontario and then on to Illinois, where he became a very successful farmer and raised a family.
Another son of William Shaddock junior, Richard Shaddock (1837–1906), moved to Chittlehampton, then Bishops Nympton, raising a family, eventually becoming a miller. He had sons who were skilled tradespeople that emigrated to eastern Austrailia and sons who were farm labourers, who moved to Toronto.
A third son of William Shaddock junior, James Shaddock (1853-1926) married in Bristol, Gloucester and worked for his wife's father as a merchant. It was a calling that he followed when he moved to a mining town in south western Australia called "Broken Hill."
James Shaddock of Burrington had a son James jr. who began life as an agricultural worker. The industrial revolution in England and the rise of the railroads led to his migration up to the north of England in Yorkshire where he became a miner and raised a family.
Thomas Mitchell Shaddock (1834-1912) was the son of a poor farm labourer in the heart of Devon who followed millions of English farmers to better opportunities in the British colonies. Along with his immediate relatives he traveled to the Canadian frontier and through his strength, tenacity and ambition built a family dynasty. The story of my particular branch of the Western Ontario Shaddocks is told here.
William Shaddock senior's youngest son Richard Shaddock (1807-1881) moved his family to London, Ontario. His sons moved to Rochester, NY; Detroit, Michigan; and Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Hartland, Devon is on the west coast of Devon, not far from the port of Bideford. The case is circumstantial, but there is a very good chance that the founder of this branch, Thomas Shaddock (1761-1846) was born in Alverdiscott. His father was the great great grandson of the founder of the Yarnscombe Shattockes, Richard Shattocke (ca. 1640-1706). There are some interesting stories to tell of this branch of the family.
These were the first Shattockes to become established in Canada, early in the nineteenth century. They are descended from the Yarnscombe branch of the Shaddock / Shaddick family. Included on this page are other Shaddocks and Shaddicks who capture the role the Canadian maritimes played in the early military history of Canada. Also included is a sister branch, the Ashreigney Shaddicks. One of their own died in the Boer War.
The Culmstock Shaddocks are one of the oldest branches of the Shattocke family. The patriarch, William Shattock, may have moved to the small village of Culmstock when he married Mary of unknown last name in 1631. His descendants remained in the village for centuries. Some eventually moved on to London or to other areas in Devon, Somerset or Dorset. Included is a story of the South African Shaddocks who descend from Culmstock ancestors.
The founder of this family was born in Culmstock in 1830 and worked as a weaver. But the industrial revolution forced John Shaddock to migrate to London where he worked as a baker. Two world wars drew his son and grandson onto the battlefields of Europe and Africa. A branch of the family settled in South Africa.
These were a very successful Shaddock family who are a Culmstock branch. The patriarch, William Shaddock (1828-1899) became mayor of Saltash and had a very successful construction business. Some of his sons followed in his footsteps. There were two sons who emigrated to Canada.
William Shattock, rector of St. John the Baptist church in Norwich, Norfolk in East Anglia, left a will in 1382. There are Shattocks found in Norfolk when parish records began in the middle of the 16th century. In the early 18th century Shattocks are found in Essex and Suffolk. East Anglia was on par or larger in the wool and cloth industry during the medieval period. The question arises, "was this the origin point for Shattocks or Shaddocks in England?" In this article I discuss the pros and cons of such a scenario.
While there are large family trees of Shaddocks in the south (like the South Carolina Shaddocks and the Virginia Shaddocks), and a branch of Shattocks who become the Parrishs and Byars of the south, there are numerous Shaddocks found in old records with uncertain English heritage. I discuss these in this article.
The Parrish Branch (Branch of the Stogumber Shattocks)
In Shaddocks, Shaddicks and Shattucks who have been Y-DNA tested, numerous individuals with the surnames "Parrish, Byers, Byars and Byas" show up as matches, meaning they are closely related to our family. They are most probably descended from an indentured servant, John Shattock, born 1616 in Stogumber and transported to the Chesapeake Bay colony in Virginia. He probably fathered a Parrish child. Subsequently a Byars child was born to a Parrish father. The family spread throughout the south and eventually to the west coast. The YFull SNP interpretation service has assigned the Parrishs and Byars are a sub-branch of Y17171 called A8033. Read about the history of this branch.
It has been determined that the Byars NPE occurred about 1710. This was a NPE where an A8033 Parrish father had a child given the Byars surname.
Unrelated Shaddocks and Shattucks
These are Shaddocks and Shattucks who are not related to us, that is, not genetically related. They may be descended from a Shattocke female ancestor. There are a variety of reasons why they have the Shattocke name. They may have been adopted into a Shattocke family. A wife of a man with a different surname may have remarried and the children were given their stepfather's (Shaddock or Shattuck) surname. There are a host of possible non parental events (NPEs).
Gold in the back yard, Presidential buddy, Vietnam POW, dilapidated mansion, the story of Wall Street lawyer Ed Shattuck and his rich ancestral history has the elements of a streaming movie. But the greatest mystery of all is that a descendant of this family, Roger Shattuck, tested his DNA and it came back he was not descended from William Shattuck, founder of the Massachusetts Shattucks. In fact he appears to be related to either Withrows or Brandons or both.
The Birmingham Shaddocks are linked to Bristol and Birmingham and the shoemaking business. DNA testing has shown they are descended from Chattocks (aka Schattocks) and Shaddocks who were landed gentry in at Castle Bromwhich since the 13th century. Modern descendants migrated to Australia and New York. The Birmingham Shaddocks are as distantly related to Somerset Shattocks (Shattucks, Shaddocks, Shaddicks) a large portion of west European males with a host of different surnames. With that said, it is still possible that Shattockes and Chaddocks could have originated from the same geographical area if their surnames are versions of a local place name.
John Shaddock (1807-1878) was a shoemaker in Warwickshire. In the middle of the 19th century he left Birmingham with his family and sailed down under to open a footwear business in the wilderness outpost of Dennington, Australia in the state of Victoria. There is now a large presence of his descendants in Australia.
This is another branch of the Birmingham Shaddocks whose founder, Frederick Shaddock (born 1819) moved his family to Brooklyn, New York to start a shoe business just like John Shaddock did in Australia. One of his descendants earned a purple heart for his bravery in the Korean War.
Every school boy or girl with the last name Shaddock will sooner or later discovers that dictionary definition of "Shaddock" is that it is the name of a tropical fruit. Legend has it that Captain Shaddock brought it to the West Indies in the 17th or 18th century. One of these facts is untrue. Read what research has found out.
This is most likely a family lineage that we share a last name with but with whom we are not genetically related. The founder Thomas Shaddock and his wife Helen arrived with a child "Liga" in 1908.
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