Southwark, London Shattocks
I would like to thank Nicholas Shattock and Robert Shattock, both descendants of Henry Mark Shattock (1803-1872) for their contributions to this page. The history of the Henry Mark Shattock (1803-1872) was enriched by a history written by John Shattock of Roseville, NSW, Australia (The Shattock Family: A History of the Shattock family including the Cole, Bang and Mansfield Families, 1999) kindly provided to me by Bob Shattock.
The Shattocks of Southwark, London belong to the branch of the Shattockes called the Stogumber Shattocks and have the Y19751 SNP that is shared with the Massachusetts Shattucks. You can see their relationship to other Shattocks on the Shattocke Family Tree.
London, looking across the Thames from Southwark, c. 1630. Museum of London.
The Southwark Shattocks is a branch of the Shattocke family named after the area of London, England they are known to have lived, although the fact their descendants have the Y19751 DNA genetic marker means they ultimately trace back to west Somerset.
Although Southwark is now a district of Central London, and fronts the River Thames in the north, it was at one time outside the walls of London. It had an important market which attracted entrepreneurs from all over Britain and may have drawn our Shattock ancestors to it.
There have been Shattockes in London from the middle of the 16th century. There is a John Shattocke who appears in tokenbook for the St. Saviour parish of Southwark in 1601. He may have been the same John Shattocke "of Southwark, smith" who appeared in court as a witness in a trial in 1614 against two other blacksmiths who apparently were accused of stealing iron.
Tokenbooks are the written record of the effort, by the officers of St Saviour parish, in the weeks preceding Easter each year, to require every head of household in the parish to purchase tokens for the Easter communion, one token for each person over sixteen years of age in the household. These tokens were to be turned in at the church by communicants on the day of communion.
There are records showing Shattocks of property in early London. A "Marry" Shattock married William Pickering in 1566 at Great St. Bartholomew, London. Fabian Shattock was baptised Oct. 29, 1570 at Southwark St. Saviour. This indicates a Shattock family living in Southwark, London at the time. Mary Shattock married Thomas Mawl at St Martin in the Fields in London in 1579.
There was a Francis Shattocke who owned a inn and tenements in Holborn, London, just a little over a mile from Southwark. The inn was called the Flower de Luce. His widow Agnes (née Tyler) was involved in a court battle over the title to these properties (ref. National Archives C 2/JasI/S15/4). Francis Shattocke apparently had a son Theodor born in 1619 in Lambeth Surrey. There are other Shattocke births in this period.
There is a family of Shattocks in Stepney, Samuel and Elizabeth Shaddock, whose first child, George Shaddock, was born 1667. Seven more were born, including the last, Francis, in 1682.
There is a John Shattock, habberdasher and merchant tailor, who apparently leased "King's Head," probably an inn, in Southwark for 21 years in 1671. See the reference to the King's Head Inn below, that was owned by the family of a wife of a Southwark Shattock, Mark Shattock (1810-1890). It is possibly a coincidence.
William Shattock left a will in 1683 in London. He is described as a "Merchant of London."
All these Shattocks cannot be identified as ancestors of the Southwark Shattocks. The first evidence for a birth of a verified (by DNA) Southwark Shattock in London is the marriage of Thomas Shattock to Ann Middleton in 1798 across the river from Southwark in London. Thomas Shattock was born in 1771, and died in 1842 in Southwark in Guy's Hospital. In the 1841 census he is shown to have NOT been born in the county of London, Surrey.
The given name "Thomas" is found very commonly among Shattocks in west Somerset in early parish records all the way up to the nineteenth century. But it is not common in London Shattock or Shaddock families.
However, as common as Thomas is in Somerset, there are no candidates found in Somerset for 1770 or five or more years before or after that date in Somerset. A search for a birth of Thomas Shattock in the rest England in the years around 1770 produces only one likely candidate. He was a Thomas Shattock born in Barking, Suffolk to John and Hannah Oct. 31, 1770. John Shattock married Hannah Ward in Barking Dec. 25, 1764.
When I looked further into the Suffolk Shattocks, I discovered that John Shattock's marriage to Hannah Ward in 1764 was the first occurrence of the Shattock name in the Suffolk parish records in Barking, Suffolk at the St. Mary Anglican church. St. Mary's parish records appear to be complete, so that means Shattocks must have been relative newcomers to the parish. There were three other Shattock families found in Barking or nearby villages in subsequent years.
Barking is only 7 miles from Ipswich on the coast and 90 miles from the center of London.
What other evidence is there for a Suffolk origin for the Southwark Shattocks? The big piece of evidence came when I discovered a "Freedom of the City" award to Thomas Shattock in London in 1816. On the award Thomas Shattock is described as the son of the "late" John Shattock, wool comber.
In order to be awarded "Freedom of the City" you had to be an outstanding member of the London community, something we can gather from the fact Thomas commissioned a portrait of his son Henry Mark Shattock a few years after he was given Freedom of the City. In letters written in the previous century by Australian Southwark Shattock family historians the attribution of the portrait is to Sir Thomas Lawrence. This has not been definitively established. Thomas Lawrence was a leading portraitist of the wealthy at the time. While the 1841 census lists Thomas as a "brewer," according the the Freedom of the City document in 1816 Thomas was a wheelwright. Wiki: "A wheelwright is a craftsman who builds or repairs wooden wheels. These tradesmen made wheels for carts (cartwheels), wagons (wains), traps and coaches and the belt drives of steam powered machinery." My guess is that Thomas Shattock was a very successful wheelwright who later got into brewing. You will see shortly that brewing may have a business Thomas' father invested in.
The old mill at Needham Market has been converted into condos. This is possibly where John Shattock frequented.
The Freedom of the City record indicates his father was a wool comber. Wool combers separates the fibers in raw wool to make it easier for spinning them into textiles. It as an apprenticed trade, with apprenticing starting at age 12 or 13 and lasting about six years. There is a John Shaddock (1783-) who is a Culmstock Shattocke descendant who was a wool comber. He was a skilled tradesman who passed on his dedication to highly skilled labour to his sons. And they went on to be skilled tradesmen in their own right. In the case of his son John, he went on to work under the famous engineer and architect Isambard Kingdom Brunel (1806-1859). Brunel built the Royal Albert Hall. He also built the bridge that connects Plymouth to Saltash, where William was a very successful builder and became the mayor of Saltash.
There is a very interesting aspect to Needham Market. Both west Somerset and Needham Market were major wool and cloth centers, with many Shattock families (such as the West Buckland Shattocks and the Stogumber Shattocks) becoming wealthy from the trade. When competition from the Low Countries caused a decline in the wool trade the trade became concentrated in Ipswitch and its outlying areas, including Clare and Barking. Needham Market was a center for wool combing. This means that a Shattock with a wool combing skills would find it easy to find work in Needham Market.
John Shattock was new to Needham Market when he married Hannah Ward in the Barking church in 1764. In fact Hannah Ward probably made it possible for him to become a member of the parish if she was born there.
Where did John Shattock come from? It was not Somerset. He previously lived in Waltham Abbey, a town and parish in nearby Essex county. Waltham Abbey is now part of Greater London, on the north east edge. It features an abbey with a long and storied history. At the records office in Essex there are two documents that provide a portrait of John Shattock's early life.
Waltham Abbey from Highbridge Street (Wikipedia)
The first document shows that a John Shattock, wool comber, married a yeoman's daughter and received a dowry in the form of property rights:
Marriage licence bond and allegation of John Shattock and Sarah Wright. (D/ALL 1747/180 Essex Record Office). Deeds of land (9 acres) [field-names], copyhold of manor of Bouchers Hall alias Nether Hall, Moreton. Includes Marriage Settlement on marriage between John Shattock of Waltham Holy Cross, woolcomber, and Sarah Wright (daughter of John Wright, senior, of Moreton, yeoman) 1748, reciting above property and land (2 acres) in common fields [names] in Cheshnut (Hertfordshire) D/DC 27/485 Essex Record Office
A yeoman is not a nobleman, but he typically owns his own land and often assumes official posts within his parish like bailiff and has a higher social status than tenant farmers or labourers.
Eight years later the second document ( D/DC 27/485 Essex Record Office) shows John Shattock and his wife giving up the land Sarah received from his father. As a wool comber John would have earned a good living, so I wonder if he sold his rights so he could devote more time to wool combing. Calamity would dog John when he lost a child, Mary Shattock on Mar. 12, 1757. Since Sarah dies just over a month later, I suspect she died as a result of the childbirth. I think John Shattock, wool comber of Essex who married Hannah Ward six years later in 1764 in Barking was the same John Shattock, wool comber, father of Thomas Shattock.
The only other Shattocks found in the church records in the county of Essex are Joseph and Anne Shattock, who lost a child Mar. 5, 1729. The name Joseph is also found in Suffolk. Joseph Shattock married Jemima Ryland, widow, Sept. 27 1773 in Clare parish, just a few miles from Barking. She may have died three years later since we find Joseph Shattock, widower, marrying Sarah Crow, widower in Clare.
Joseph is actually a fairly rare name in early west Somerset Shattock families. There is a Joseph Shattocke who had a child Mary in 1631 in Stogumber. In 1675 Joseph Shattock died in Bishop's Lydeard. John Shattocke had Joseph Shattocke in 1670 in North Petherton. That's it.
There is a second John in Suffolk. John Shattock, single man, married Elizabeth Booker, single woman, in Debenham, Suffolk Jun. 7 1772. Debenham is 7 miles north east of Barking. The picture that emerges is the arrival of Joseph Shattock in Essex, where he married and had John and Joseph. John and Joseph moved on to Suffolk, the former settling in Barking and the latter settling in nearby Clare where they raised families.
According to the Ipswich Journal dated Nov. 30, 1782 "John Shattock of Needham Market, innholder and Robert Goode of the same place have assigned all their effects to Jonathon Abbott of the same place in trust for their respective creditors." John Shattock appears to have got into financial difficulties and probably had to return to wool combing. I am not going to say he was a bad businessman, perhaps just an unlucky one. His second wife Hannah had died two years earlier. That might have something to do with it. The fact is Thomas Shattock may have gotten his will to succeed from his father's own drive to prosper and learned from his mistakes. He was only twelve years old when his father went bankrupt, but he may have already been learning the business, perhaps learning the art of brewing at the inn.
There is one last clue to the ancestry of the Southwark Shattocks. Thomas Shattock's Freedom of the City membership was based partly on the fact he was a member of The Worshipful Company of Wheelwrights, which still exists today. To acquire the woodworking skills of a wheelwright you had to work under a master for six years. So Thomas Shattock had to have been under an indenture contract in his youth. I would guess that when his father went bankrupt he may have served such a term. But where would his father find a wheelwright to place his son with?
A clue may lie in the maiden name of his first wife, Sarah Wright. According to Wikipedia:
Wright is an occupational surname originating in England. The term 'Wright' comes from the circa 700 AD Old English word 'wryhta' or 'wyrhta', meaning worker or shaper of wood. Later it became any occupational worker (for example, a shipwright is a person who builds ships), and is used as a British family name.
So it is possible John Shattock called on his Wright in-laws who might have still been practicing a trade that is passed down from father to son. This is pure speculation, but it creates an interesting scenario. Thomas Shattock may have gone off to Southwark London to seek his fame and fortune, based on his skill as a wheelwright. Did he an an entré through his Wright relatives? Was his apprenticeship served in London with a Wright family member or an another master wheelwright with a different surname?
Some members of the Southwark Shattocks have thought that they are descended from Taunton Shattocks. Geoffrey Smart (born 1899) is described by John Shattock in his Shattock history as (page 37): "Another of Dad's English cousins who was the grandson of Robert Shattock - an older brother of my great grandfather, Edward Shattock." He thinks the Southwark Shattocks are descended from John Shattock born 1732 to John Shattock (born 1704) and Mary Gale or Gall (p. 38).
I had always been doubtful about my attribution of Charity Poundsberry as the wife of the John (m. 1721 at St Mary's, Taunton) who was the father of thrice married John (Woolcomber).
He thinks that John Shattock (born 1704) and Elizabeth Gall or Gale were the actual parents. I have a digital image of the actual parish record that shows that John Shattock born 1732 in Bishop's Hull near Taunton was born to this John Shattock and Elizabeth Gale or Gall. What is intriguing is the description of John's occupation as wool comber. However I have John dying in nearby Corfe, not migrating to London as Geoffrey suggests. That may be wrong.
It is intriguing because John Shattock was the right given name, "John," and the right occupation, "wool comber," plus he appears to have been born at the right time to have been Thomas Shattock of Southwark's grandfather. But I think the evidence is against these Johns as direct male ancestor of the Southwark Shattocks. The father who married Mary Gale in Taunton Nov. 1, 1727 was a relatively rich man with property, and his first born son John would have inherited his estate. But the crucial evidence that rules out descent from the Taunton Shattocks is Bob Shattock's DNA result. He has the Y19751 SNP that links him to a completely different branch of the Shattocks, the Stogumber Shattocks. And because the common ancestor of Stogumber and Southwark Shattocks lived sometime in the 16th century, it is likely the Southwark Shattocks originate in the village of Stogumber which was continuously inhabited by Shattocks from at least 1454 when Roger Shattock, a cloth merchant, was reported to be a victim of the theft of cloth from his premises. The genetic link is to a wool and cloth family at the other end of the Tone valley.
Here the paper trail to the past for the Southwark Shattocks finally runs into a brick wall. Was Joseph Shattock of Essex John Shattock the wool comber's father? Joseph Shattock lost his child in 1729, and John Shattock first married in 1747, when he would have been about 22 years old. So that seems like a good possibility. There were only 30 male Shattockes over the age of 18 in the 1642 Protestation Returns, so that narrows down the possible candidates for John's father to a relatively small number, especially since the vast majority of Shattockes were still living in Somerset.
DNA evidence shows Bob Shattock as sharing a common ancestor with the Massachusetts Shattucks. He does not share a common ancestor with Shattocks in the Staplegrove / Taunton area or in the area due west of Taunton between Milverton and Wellington. Of course it is entirely possible that the Stogumber Shattocks have moved back and forth across the Tone Valley and between villages around Milverton and north to Crowcombe and West Bagborough.
Interior of St. Brides Church where Thomas Shattock and Ann Middleton were married. The church has been restored after being bombed out during the Second World War.
What we know is that by the early 19th century the Southwark Shattocks were already wealthy and moved in the highest circles of London society. So it is possible that John Shattock was able to provide his son with the seed money to find his fame and fortune in London. Thomas' son Henry Mark Shattock (1803-1872) is shown in a portrait below, wearing the fashionable clothes that broadcasted his gentlemanly status. As a young man he was well placed as a clerk in the famous South Sea Company offices. The sons and grandsons of Thomas Shattock would move in the highest social circles of the day.
The Massachusetts Shattucks and the London Shattucks seem to share a history of wealth and skills. The Massachusetts Bay colony, unlike the Chesapeake Bay colony, was settled by relatively wealthy and skillful immigrants. William Shattuck of Watertown was a weaver and acquired land when he was still a teenager. The other male Shattuck immigrant, Samuel Shattuck (ca. 1620-1689) was a dyer of cloth and a shopkeeper. He also appears to have owned a tavern.
My best guess for a date for the common ancestor of American Shattucks and Southwark London Shattocks is about 1570.
Finally consider the names given by Thomas to his children: Thomas, Henry, William and Richard. All common names found among West Bagborough and Stogumber Shattocks in the early to mid 18th century. In fact, I actually found Shattock families living in Stogumber and West Bagborough with those names at about the right time.
What is really interesting about the fact the Massachusetts Shattucks and the Southwark, London Shattucks share an SNP mutation (Y19751) is that it unites two of the most successful branches of the Shattocke family, American Shattucks who were merchants, doctors and wealthy entrepreneurs from the earliest years of the Massachusetts Bay colony and the Southwark London Shattocks who rose to equally lofty heights in London.
Thomas and Ann Shattock of London
Thomas married Ann Middleton (1771-1848) at St. Bride's on Fleet Street in London. Both Thomas and Ann Shaddock died in Guy's Hospital, a charitable hospital for the terminally ill located in the Southwark borough of London. Ann Shaddock was in the hospital during the 1841 census sharing a ward that included boot makers, medical students, many servants, and a solicitor. I believe we find them there because their son Henry Mark was an official at the hospitable, the official accountant. He would have ensured the highest degree of care for his father.
They lived in the parish of St. Olave, part of the borough of Southwark. In "A New and Compleat History and Survey of the Cities of London, Westminster and Southwark: with the Additional Buildings to the Year 1777" by Walter Harrison, Esq. (published 1775) Southwark is described as: "...contains divers streets, ways and lanes; many of which were well built and inhabited by tradesmen and manufacturers of reputation and property...." And the British History Online resource describes the event that led to all this activity: "The Act of Parliament for the construction of Blackfriars Bridge was passed in 1756 and had great effect in the borough. A writer to The Times alleged in 1810 that it had converted the bog of St. George's Fields into a mart of trade and industry and had increased the value of that property by many thousands a year." Thomas Shaddock had moved to a newly energized area of greater London.
Thomas and Ann's Descendants: Upwardly Mobile
The social advancement of Thomas and Ann can be measured in the success of their children. I have selected various sons and daughters and their children to illustrate the story of Southwark Shattocks. If you are a descendant who does not see your ancestor in this list, please let me know and I will add your ancestor to this brief synopsis. There is a complete genealogy of Thomas and Ann's descendants at the bottom of this page.
Ann Shattock (1799-1852)
The first born child of Thomas and Ann, Ann Shattock (1799-1852) married John Jesse (1798-1875), an official at the "Adult Orphan Institution" in Regent Park. They live in the Camberwell area of Southwark and had merchants as neighbors. They had a servant.
Henry Mark Shattock (1803-1872)
Henry Mark Shattock's portrait (with thanks to Bob Shattock). This probably a portrait by Sir Thomas Lawrence (1769-1830), one of the most sought after portraitists of his age. It would have been a very costly commission, and attests to the success of Thomas Shattock in his brewery business.
We are fortunate to have an archive of memories about the Southwark Shattocks collected and edited by John Shattock (b. 1936). In 1999 he published The Shattock Family: A History of the Shattock family including the Cole, Bang and Mansfield Families. It can be downloaded a freely distributed. I suggest printing it so that it may endure.
John is an Australian direct descendant of Henry Mark Shattock. Most interesting are letters transcribed and included in John's history, some of them written in the late 19th century by the sons of Henry Mark Shattock to each other. They appear to have been an affectionate family. What a thrill it is read about the "revolution in France" as it it was happening right now. John remarks (page 10) about the respect the sons had for their father, who one calls the "Governor."
Robert takes us on a walking tour of London and other English Shattock sites, which he visited n 1994, including St. Brides Church where Thomas Shattock and Ann Middleton were married in 1797. In his travels he visits South Molton where the Southwark Shattock relatives the Coles were apparently from. That is interesting because my ancestors the Shaddocks of North Devon (including South Molton) married into the Cole family in the 19th century.
Thomas' son Henry Mark Shattock (1803-1872) was an accountant who became a civil servant. He must have done well because at the age of 68 he was retired and had two servants living in his house, one a cook and the other a nurse (he died the next year). His neighbors were merchants and clerks and had governesses and other types of servants. He had obviously stepped up the social ladder.
Henry Mark Shattock about 1865. He is shown holding a book in this photograph, mirroring the stance he took in the 1816 portrait by Sir Thomas Lawrence. He is signalling his devotion to learning. Picture from John Shattock's "History."
Early in his career, he worked for the South Sea Company. (The company is infamous for the South Sea Bubble stock fraud. However that incident occurred over a hundred years earlier, it was respectable by the time Henry Mark worked for it.) We know that because he appears as a witness in a trial in Old Bailey court, London's Central Criminal Court, 1674-1913. Rachael Oddy and her husband William were accused of theft and receiving stolen goods. Henry Mark was called because he was a link in the trail of bank notes that were involved in the theft. But here is what is relevant. Here is where he describes where he was working:
HENRY MARK SHATTOCK . I am a pay-clerk in the treasury-office at the South Sea-house. On the 8th of June I paid nine dividends in the name of Harrison, amounting to 290l. odd - I paid it in Bank-notes and took the numbers; there were two of 50l. Nos. 19,849 and 19,850.
The trial date was 1830.
Later he worked at Guy's Hospital in London. In his capacity as an accountant at the hospital, he appeared in Old Bailey court as a witness in a trial against a workhouse manager, who was accused of selling deceased inmates to Guy's Hospital for personal gain. The trial was in 1858. See the sub-page "Henry Mark in the Old Bailey Court, Witness in the Trial of Alfred Feist" for a transcript of the trial.
The portrait you see above is a pretty strong statement of Henry Mark Shattock's social standing.
Henry Mark's name appears in British papers at the time as "Henry Mark Shattock, Esq." At the time the term "Esquire" was applied to English men who were above the rank of gentleman and below the rank of Knight. So we get a rather precise calibration of the social heights to which the Shattocks had climbed in very short order after their arrival in London.
In the painted portrait, Henry Mark may have been a wizard with numbers, but the book is open at a page with a picture, which may be a social signal that he was a gentleman with the leisure time to pursue educated, intellectual interests. Certainly his chosen attire communicates his membership in the more refined social circles of London.
Montague De Mancha Shattock (1867-1915)
His son Henry Foster Shattock (1830-1903) was a member of the London Stock Exchange. He must have done well in the market because in the 1901 census he is described as "living on his own means." He has two house maids and a cook. Two house maids suggests a large house indeed. The fact he and his wife did not have to work probably means he had reached "gentleman" status. His son, Montague De Mancha Shattock (1867-1915), was a career soldier, than joined the London Stock Exchange. When the first world war broke out, he rejoined the army. A plaque at the London Stock Exchange recounts his fate in the war:
1914 November - Posted to the 1st Batttalion in France. His Commanding Officer wrote “It was with the greatest pride and thankfulness that we received him back … a much-loved and valued comrade”.
1915 January 8 or 9 - Killed in action by a sniper’s bullet through the head in the trenches near River Lys, Armentieres, France. “Poor old Mont, we all miss him fearfully”, wrote a brother officer. “The only consolation is that he died a hero’s death”. “We all in the mess loved Montie”, wrote another. “Out here he was a very pattern of cheerfulness”.
Henry Mark Shattock's children were perhaps the most successful of this Shattock lineage.
Robert Foster Shattock (1835-1905)
Henry Mark's son Robert Foster Shattock (1835-1905) was a retired civil servant who also had a housemaid living with him and his wife Emma (Browning), "living on his own means." He lived in a fashionable neighborhood in coastal Worthing, Sussex, where his neighbors were a solicitor, a retired superintendent of a fire brigade and a retired civil servant. It is clear that the stock market had become the favored family business because Robert Foster Shattock's son Cyril Vernon Shattock (1871-1956) at age forty is described in the census as a "stock and share dealer."
Frederick Foster Shattock (18843-1880): The Shattocks in India
East India Railway volunteers. Is Frederick Foster Shattock among them?
Thomas and Ann's son Frederick Foster Shattock (1843-1880) went to India, working as a "traffic superintendent." In all probability he was working as a traffic superintendent for the East India Railway in Khagaul, a town just south of Dinapore in Bengal, India (now Dānāpur, in India’s Bihār state). There was a railway station just outside of town that also acted as a headquarters of a company of East Indian Railway volunteers. They were given the responsibility for local security to free regular army soldiers to fight. It was actually compulsory for local British subjects to join the volunteer brigade, so we can be reasonably sure Frederick Foster Shattock was an officer in the volunteers. In 1871 he married Victoria Eliza Sibold (1849-) in Dinapore, Bengal, India.
A small taste of what it must have been like living near Dinapore can be derived from this short account found on the "Welcome Libary."
Dinapore was a staging post on the route up the Ganges plain inland from Calcutta towards Delhi, and an important garrison supporting East India Company rule in the sub-continent: it was the largest military cantonment in Bengal. Within it there would always have been based a large population of European soldiers doing their best to cope with an unfamiliar culture and an unfamiliar climate. (By the start of August, Dinapore would have been well into the monsoon season, with an average temperature of close to 30°C and weather dominated by massive convection thunderstorms.) Historically, the British response to culture shock and to hot weather has often revolved around downing large amounts of alcohol...
Clement Osborn Bartrum clock.
Frederick and Victoria had a child Emily Foster Shattock (1872-) the year after they married. In 1875 they had a son Percy Ernest Frederick Shattock (1875-1937). He went to divinity school in England, earning an M.A. and became a vicar in Kingstone, Somerset. His wife, Ethel Amy Harvest (1873-1951), came from a wealthy family.
In 1880 Kate Isabel Foster (1880-1957) was born to Frederick and Victoria in Dinapore, Bengal. She married Clement Osborn Bartrum (1868-1939) in 1906 in England. He was the son of a wool merchant and became a partner in a worsted wool manufacturer, making enough money to retire in 1929. Kate was the great granddaughter of a wool comber, so it is a measure of the family's social advancement that she now was married to a partner in a cloth manufacturer.
In his obituary, Clement Osburn is described as having a "versatile mind." Besides being a successful manufacturer of cloth, he studied in evenings to acquire a B.Sc. degree at Birkbeck College, invented a mechanism for a precision clock and was a member of the Royal Astronomical Society. He was a good example of how technological and social changes in the 19th century produced a new class of people who were wealthy, educated and socially prominent.
In John Shattock's history we have a letter from "Fred" in India to his brother in Australia (p. 39). This gives us a inkling of life in India at the time.
East India Railway
Dinafore, India 20/05/1873 (now Dinajpur, Bangladesh)
"I was glad to receive yours of 28th March, and to hear that you and your children were well but we were both sorry to hear that Agnes is not well. I note that you have gone in for a conte. I did not make a mistake in sending you a photo of my house, you must remember that in this country it is absolutely necessary to have plenty of breathing room and also protection from the fearful sun, whereas in your part of the world, from the sun (although hot) there is little danger to be feared from exposure thereto and the heat is of a different kind, consequently a large amount of room is not always absolutely necessary. In this country too, the servants must be numerous, as one servant will not do another's work. We keep a cook, a table servant called Khitmutyar, a Mehter or Sweeper (the lowest of the menials), a Bhisty or Waterman, a Dhaby or Washerman and Dyah, female nurse for baby and a Mallee or gardener, of course all natives. We do not often give a party as it would be too expensive, but tonight we have a few friends, to a plain dinner to celebrate my Vic's birthday who will be 24 today. You will be glad to hear that I have gained promotion to the post of Assistant District Traffic Superintendent on a salary of 300 Rupees per month or £30 per month, for which amount it is not so easy to make both ends meet comfortably in this country. I have charge of a large office of one European and several native staff, it is the District Office of portion of the line. This District being 270 miles long and having 27 Stations, my work is all desk work now, a great contrast to my late work which was all travelling by train and although healthy, it was harassing for me and unpleasant for Vic, who was constantly left alone at nights which in this part of the world is anything but pleasant. I am very often left in sole charge of the District when the Superintendent goes out on the line. The weather here just now is very hot, we call it the season of the hot winds, which blow from the westward for about 2 1/2 months and feel just like the hot blast from a furnace mouth, we have to shut the house up right or we should all expire, when out in them they scorch one's eyes and face and are almost intolerable. When the rains come which are expected about the middle of June, the change is delightful. I did not tell you that we had christened our little one Emily Foster and made her namesake one of her godmothers. We occasionally hear from home when all of the movements of the family are related. When I last heard of poor Mother, she was pretty well and I hope she continues so. With our united love to you both and many kisses for Edward and Fred."
believe me dear old boy
your loving brother
Frederick Foster Shattock died at the young age of 36, five weeks after the birth of his daughter Kate. Whether it was from disease or the result of his duties in the so-called volunteers, I do not know.
In front of the Royal Stock Exchange
Arthur Foster Shattock (1848-1934)
Henry Mark Shattock's son Arthur Foster Shattock was a stock broker. He married Laura Eliza Routledge (1854-1923) in 1876. They had three boys and a girl. Their son Eric Arthur Shattock (1877-1957) was a clergyman. Their other sons entered the insurance business. Their daughter Amy Shattock married Arthur Ernest Pearse (1876-1951). He worked for the East India Company in India. When he died in 1951, his estate was worth multiples of millions of dollars, in today's dollars.
Ernest Keith Shattock (1887-1962), son of Arthur Foster, went to India. He was appointed to the India Army Reservies, 7th Hariana Lancers. His occupation was Assistant, Best and Co Ltd, Madras He spoke Hindustani. He became a 2nd Lieutenant in 1918. We have his cricket scores for the years he was in India.
He married Elsa Maria Sanders (1896-1956) in 1920 in Hampstead, England. She may have been a relation to Carl Gottfried Sanders of Cawnpore, who married Emily Foster Shattock on Jan 15th, 1895 at St John's Church Mirzapur. Emily was Ernest's first cousin. Her father was in India.
John Swithun Shattock (1907-1993)
The son of a vicar, Arthur Foster Shattock 1848–1934, and great grandson of Henry Mark Shattock, John Shattock traveled the world in the British foreign service, bearing witness to history and befriending many famous people. I have included a biography of his life under the famous menu.
The Melbourne, Australia Branch of the Southwark, London Shattocks
This is a very large branch of the Southwark, London Shattocks. I have devoted an entire sub-page to its story: The Melbourne, Australia Shattocks.
The family is founded by Edward Foster Shattock (1846-1920) who is another son of Henry Mark Shattock. He was born in Peckham, Surrey, England (London) and died in Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, 100 km (63 miles) northwest of Melbourne. He left England on Dec. 5, 1866 at the age of 20. John Shattock in his history (p.13) ponders the reason why Edward would have left England at such a young age, travelling six months by ship to reach a very distant land. Like some of his relatives in the Southwark, London Shattocks he was an accountant and first worked as an accountant for a bank in Auckland before moving to Australia with his newly wed wife.
John Shattock in his History writes about the marriage between Edward Foster Shattock. He is mystified by the various names she is found under in legal documents (p. 16).
What does this mean - was my Great Grandmother a BARNES or BURNS and not a MCEWAN or did they marry against the wishes of the Bride’s parents and they tried to cover their tracks to prevent contact. Or perhaps Agnes was previously married with the surname of Barnes or Burns. This is quite a feasible explanation as there was evidently no requirement in New Zealand at the time regarding proof of identity or the provision of signatures of witnesses to a marriage. [In fact, the provisions of the Marriage Act in NZ prior to 1880 required only the name of the bride and groom and the date and place of marriage to be recorded in the marriage register.] Also it was not long after their marriage that we find them living in Melbourne and their first child - Frederick Andrew - was born in the suburb of Carlton in Melbourne on 14 Nov 1871, a little over a year after their marriage.
In fact, John appears to have come close to guessing the correct answer. In 2017 after this page was first published I received an email from a descendant of Agnes's first husband. He included a clipping from a NZ newspaper that was a legal notice from her first husband. In the notice he stated he would no longer be responsible for her debts as she had abandoned him.
Old King's Head in Southwark, only a few blocks from Guy's Hospital. The sign outside says it was established in 1881, which would be a long time after Aaron Carter's pub.
Mark Shattock (1810-1890)
The London Shattocks seem to have been money people. They were stock brokers, insurance executives or accountants. In the case of Thomas and Ann's last born son, he was an accountant. But especially poignant is that he was the accountant for Guy's Hospital, where his parents died and some of his parents descendants spent the last days of their lives. He married Catherine Carter (1815-1900), who was the daughter of Aaron Carter, owner of a pub in Southwark, an area known for its inns. We even have a description of the sign for the inn from British History Online:
Henry VIII., as we all know, in spite of his cruelty, lust, and tyranny, was a favourite sign among hostelries both in London and up and down the country. "Only fifty or sixty years ago," writes Mr. J. Larwood, in 1866, "there still remained a well-painted half-length portrait of Bluff Harry as the sign of the 'King's Head' before a public-house in Southwark. His personal appearance doubtless, more than his character as a king, was at the bottom of this popular favour. He looked the personification of jollity and good cheer; and when the evil passions expressed by his face were lost under the clumsy brush of the sign-painter, there remained nothing but a merry 'beery-looking' Bacchus, well adapted for a public-house sign."
There is evidence that Thomas Shattock, founder of the Southwark Shattocks, was in the inn business as well. Thomas Shattock was a licensed "victualler" in Bermondsey, Surrey in 1804. And in the last census before his death he is described as a brewer. Remember that his father owned an inn before it went bankrupt.
Aaron Carter wrote a rather long and detailed will where he gave part of his estate to his daughter Catherine.
Mark and Catherine had a son Mark (1837-1885), who had a B.A. from Pembroke College and subsequently was a schoolmaster. He married Susanna Bois. She was a sister to Sir Stanley Bois (1864-1838), who was a knight. He was one of the two initial senior partners of the Ceylon firm of estate agents, general merchants, and financial agents called Bois Bros. & Co., founded in Columbo in 1891. He was active in the public life of Ceylon, become Chairman of the Ceylon Chamber of Commerce and filled other high positions. His knighthood was conferred upon him for his work as the Commissioner-General for Ceylon at the St. Louis Exhibition of 1904, as well as his public services generally. His bio in the book "Twentieth Century Impressions of Ceylon" by Arnold Wright says "He is a member of all the leading clubs of the island. He divides his leisure time between music and motoring. His private residences are Hunupitiya Cottage and Silha, Nuwara Eliya, in the hill country." He returned to England when he retired and left a small fortune to his widow. He was the executor of Mark jr.'s estate.
Clearly the Shattocks by the late 19th century and early 20th century were moving in the highest social circles.
Mark's son Reginald Arthur Shattock (1868-1916) was an insurance underwriter who married Beatrice Godfrey Bowman (1869-1956), daughter of a coal merchant. His other son, Betram Foster Shattock (1870-1937) was a chief clerk for an insurance company. He married Maude Charlotte Augusta Croggon (1874-1960), the daughter of a felt merchant.
Mark's son Sydney Herbert Shattock (1853-) was an Oxford graduate who also worked in the insurance industry and apparently was a stock broker. In an Old Bailey court proceeding, 26th February 1883, against Abraham Bensilum involving fraud, Herbert Shattock appears as one of the victims of Bensilum's deception, losing 131l. He died at an early age: 29.
Genealogy of the Taunton - London Shattocks
Here is the genealogy of the Southwark, London Shattocks, beginning with the founders, Thomas and Ann Shattock.
Thomas Shattock ca. 1770-1842 (Ann Middleton 1771–1848)
1. Ann Shattock 1799–1852 (John Jesse 1798–1875)
2. Thomas Shattock 1801–1804
3. Henry Mark Shattock 1803–1872 (Mary Foster 1809–1880)
3.1 Henry Foster Shattock 1830–1903 (Charlotte Rice Allerton 1837–1919)
3.1.1 Beatrice Allerton Shattock 1861–1866
3.1.2 Stanley Mortimore Shattock 1863–1926
3.1.3 Mabel Foster Shattock 1864–1944
3.1.4 Eustace Cecil Shattock 1866–1907
3.1.5 Montague De Mancha Shattock 1867–1915
3.1.6 Harold Allerton Shattock 1871–1913 (Florence Maria Throp 1878–)
Harold Montague Allerton Shattock 1900–1942 (Mabel Violet Hawkins)
3.1.7 Geoffrey Osmund Shattock 1874–1908
3.2 Mary Foster Shattock 1831–1909 (Robert Pullen Webber 1824–1872)
3.3 Thomas Foster Shattock 1833–1925
3.4 Robert Foster Shattock 1835–1905 (Emma Eliza Theresa Browning 1846–)
3.4.1 Ida P F Shattuck 1870–
3.4.2 Cyril Vernon Shattock 1871–1956 (Agnes Marian Bray 1875–1959)
Bernard Foster Shattock 1897–1974 (Lilian I Martyr)
Iris Muriel Shattock 1902–
3.5 Harriet Foster Shattock 1838–1892 (Henry Richard Brett 1837–1899)
3.6 Catherine Foster Shattock 1839–1923 (Martin Edward Wilkinson 1832–1899)
3.7 Emily Foster Shattock 1841–1916 (Joseph Dowson 1831–1868)
3.8 Frederick Foster Shattock 1843–1880 (Victoria Eliza Sibold 1849–)
Emily Foster Shattock 1872–1957 (Carl Gottfried Sanders 1857--1930)
Rev. Percy Ernest Frederick Shattock 1875–1937 (Ethel Amy Harvest 1873–1951)
Kate Isabel Foster Shattock 1879–1957 (Clement Osborn Bartrum 1868–1939)
3.9 Edward Foster Shattock 1846–1920 (Agnes Montgomery McEwan 1848–1931)
3.9.1 Edward Foster Shattock abt 1869–1876
3.9.2 Frederick Andrew Shattock 1871–1937 (Elizabeth Bateman Sanders 1876–1925)
126.96.36.199 Frederick Henry Shattock 1900–2001 (Melva Muriel Kitely 1905–2002)
John Wilkie Shattock 1933– (Christina Janet Coles)
Peter Alan Shattock 1970–
Ian Jeffrey Shattock 1972–
Wendy Joy Shattock 1976–
Andrew Glen Shattock 1978–
188.8.131.52 Charlotte Agnes Shattock 1901–1949
184.108.40.206 Frank Arnold Shattock 1903–1993 (Florence Ethel Gray 1901–1996)
Bryan Geoffrey Shattock –2006
220.127.116.11 Percival Cyril Shattock 1905–1998 (Una Allison Boundy 1908–2000)
18.104.22.168 Reginald Thomas Shattock 1908–1989 (Lillian Greta Dean 1907–1985)
Barry Paul Shattock 1947– (Miriam Mary Harrington)
22.214.171.124 Clive Edward Shattock 1909–1992 (Edna Hadley Nelson 1912–2006)
Valerie Margaret Shattock 1939– (Maxwell George Anderson)
Robert Edward Shattock 1944– (Suzanne Louise Rose)
Scott Edward Shattock 1971–
Todd Nicholas Shattock 1973–
Melissa Louise Shattock 1976–
126.96.36.199 Ellen Doreen Shattock 1912–1990 (Ted Perrett)
188.8.131.52 Marjorie Elizabeth Shattock 1915–1981 (Noel Humphrey Richard Thomas Sinclair 1906–1969)
3.9.3 Agnes Mary Florence Shattock 1873–1945 (Richard Banfield Kent)
3.9.4 Tom Harvey Shattock 1875–1956 (Ellen Cole 1876–1919) (2nd wife: Evelyn Ashmore Heath 1875-1959)
184.108.40.206 William Harvey Shattock 1901–1993 (Norma Elizabeth Bang 1901–1994)
Joy Elizabeth Shattock 1930–(Donald John Sutherland)
John William Shattock 1936– (Judith Anne Smith)
Suzanne Louise Shattock 1961–
Katrina Jane Shattock 1964–
Murray John Harvey Shattock 1967–
220.127.116.11 Thomas Montgomery "Tom" Shattock 1903–1942 (Marjorie Irene Butchart 1907–)
Joan Christine Shattock 1939– (Leon Casey)
Robert William Shattock 1942– Ann Gwynneth Court
Christopher Michael Thomas Shattock 1965–
Elinor Kristin Shattock 1972–
18.104.22.168 Robert Henry Shattock 1905–1943
22.214.171.124 Mary Agnes Shattock 1909–1964
126.96.36.199 Elizabeth "Betty" Shattock 1913–1992 (Jim McCormack)
3.9.5 Herbert Alexander Shattock 1876–1949 (Rolinda St John Kelson 1882–1972)
188.8.131.52 Edward Herbert Harvey Shattock 1903–1978 (Eva Mary Ellis 1909–1981)
Edward Shattock 1930–
Gwenneth June Shattock 1931–1970 (Roland John Cookson)
184.108.40.206 Herbert Alexander Shattock II 1905–1973 (Claire Alice Buck 1906–2002)
Vivienne Claire Shattock 1928– (Douglas Walter Davis 1923–1997)
Herbert Alexander Shattock III 1929– (Lois)
Desmond Philip Shattock 1936– (Dorothy Donald)
Philip Stephen Shattock 1957–
Gregory Alan Shattock 1959–
Vicki Rene Shattock 1960–
Kerry Leanne Shattock 1962–
220.127.116.11 Donald Howard Shattock 1910–1940 (Melba Irene Jose 1910–)
18.104.22.168 Brenda Linda Ion Shattock 1918–1977 (Allan Sydney Farrow 1911–1962)
3.9.6 Ernest Love Shattock 1878–1945 (Janet Gilmour Blackwood 1882–1953)
Annie Agnes Love Shattock 1904–1985
3.9.7 Cecil Ambrose Shattock 1880–1962 (Edith Mathilde Forbes 1880–1962)
22.214.171.124 Phyllis Marie Shattock 1908–1974
126.96.36.199 Leslie Forbes Shattock 1912– (Marcia Dorothy Cawood 1915–2002)
Marilyn Kay Shattock 1946–
Robyn Lynette Shattock 1950–
188.8.131.52 Marjorie Shattock 1916–1993
184.108.40.206 Adrian Forbes Shattock 1919–1999 (Lorna May Hutchinson 1917–1979)
220.127.116.11 Keith Victor Forbes Shattock 1920–1991 (Olive Margaret)
3.9.8 Dora Lavina Shattock 1882–1955
3.9.9 Albert Foster Shattock 1885–1922 (Lillie Beck 1885-1937)
18.104.22.168 Gwendolyn Lillie Shattock 1909– (William Gordon Trevitt 1906–)
22.214.171.124 Foster Phelps Shattock 1911–1987 (Edna Margaret Anderson 1914–1994)
126.96.36.199 Edmond Jack Shattock 1913– (Bernice Excell 1913–2003)
Christopher John Shattock 1943– (Norma Lee Carrick)
Stephen John Shattock 1971–
Kathryn Ann Shattock 1972–
Peter Grant Shattock 1948– (Kama Diane Lane)
Laura Jessamy Shattock 1976–
Emily Rhyll Shattock 1979–
Gregory Kynan Shattock 1982–
Verity Jan Shattock 1950-1950
188.8.131.52 Gilda May Shattock 1922–2015 (William Geoffrey Norris 1906–1979)
3.9.10 Sylvia Constance Shattock 1890-1982 (Henry Beveridge McArthur 1889-1982)
3.10 Arthur Foster Shattock 1848–1934 (Laura Eliza Routledge 1854–1923)
3.10.1 Reverend Eric Arthur Shattock 1877–1957 Deborah Laetitia Paton Archibald 1882–1960
John Swithun Harvey Shattock 1907–1993
Bernard Archibald Shattock 1912–1995 (Stella Eileen Collander 1920--)
3.10.2 Amy Shattock 1879–1965 (Arthur Ernest Pearse 1876–1951)
3.10.3 Leonard Shattock 1883– (Nancy Greathead 1889–1952)
James Selby "Jim" Shattock 1918–2004 (Muriel Singleton –2006)
Nicholas Coryndon Shattock 1921–1943
3.10.4 Ernest Keith Shattock 1887–1962 (Elsa Maria Sanders 1896–1956)
Brian Keith Shattock 1926–2006 (Gillian M. Stevens)
Amanda Jane Caroline Shattock 1957–
Nicholas Simon Keith Shattock 1959– (Cora Ann Roberts)
Robin John Shattock 1963–
Christopher Nigel Keith Shattock 1971–
3.11 Herbert Shattock 1850–1930 (Alice Furze Vickers 1854–1949)
Constance Mary Shattock 1884–1975
Nellie Shattock 1888–1906
William Shattock 1890–1972 (Madeline Joyce Goodwin Bailey 1897–1953)
3.12 Percival Harvey Shattock 1853–1889 (Eva Pontifex Skeet 1854–)
Mildred Pontifex Shattock 1878–1969 (Harold Baker Sly 1881–)
Mary Leslie Shattock 1880–
4. Thomas James Shattock 1805–1829 (Frances Carter)
5. William Shattock 1806–
6. Richard William Shattock 1806–1830
7. Mary Shattock 1809–1884 (Vincent Edward Van 1807–1838)
8. Mark Shattock 1810–1890 (Catherine Carter 1815–1900)
8.1 Mark Shattock 1837–1885 (Susanna Bois 1844–1877)
8.1.1 Ernest Mark Shattock 1866–1920 (Evelyn Mabel Byrde 1881–1956)
Mabel Violette Shattock 1903–1996 (John William Abercromby Harke 1897–1968)
Robert Mark Shattock 1908–1942
Edgar Charles Evan Shattock 1916–1986 (Jean P. B. Gates)
8.1.2 Reginald Arthur Shattock 1868–1916 (Beatrice Godfery Bowman 1869–1956)
Audrey Beatrice Shattock 1893– (George W. Hamilton Turner)
Dulcie Ada Shattock 1905– (Julius W E Stanley 1890–1960)
8.1.3 Bertram Foster Shattock 1870–1937 (Maude Charlotte Augusta Croggon 1874–1960)
8.2 Kate Shattock 1839–1880 (Arthur Stephen Marshall 1842–1879)
8.3 Fanny Shattock 1843–1909
8.4 Jane Shattock 1845–1870
8.5 George Shattock 1847–1888
8.6 Emma Shattock 1850–1909
8.7 Sydney Herbert Shattock 1853–1882
9. Elizabeth Shattock 1814