Pennsylvania - Virginia Shaddocks
I would like to acknowledge the contributions of Virginian Shaddock descendants Jennifer Shaddock Dixon, her father, and Peter Shaddock. Most of the genealogy of the family from the middle of the 19th century down to the present I derived from Jennifer's tree at Ancestry.com. Most of the stories and pictures were gathered many years ago by Jennifer's aunt Julia. Jennifer's father and Peter Shaddock provided the DNA samples that helped validate this genealogy.
The Virginia Shaddocks belong to the Milverton Shattocks branch of the Shattocke family, shown on the family tree: (click on the image to make it full screen)
The Virginia Shaddocks descend from ancestors in the area around Milverton in the county of Somerset in England.
This page summarizes the current state of research into the history of people with the name "Shaddock" in Virginia. "Shaddock" is the only version of the Shattocke name found in the records. This is almost certainly due to the way the name is pronounced in the south. In the north of the U.S. "Shattuck," with two "t's" is the most common form of the Shattocke name. In the south "Shaddock," with two "d's" is the most common. An exception is the Pennsylvania Shaddocks who seem to have acquired that spelling of the surname when they stepped off the boat from England. Perhaps it is not surprising that when Shattucks from Massachusetts moved to Pennsylvania in the 18th century, they found their surname entered into the records as "Shadducks," a combination of the two variations. This has turned out to be an important clue to the spread of the Shattockes in America.
The First Virginian Shaddocks
The early records of Virginia, especially in the eastern half of the state, are largely missing due to fires, natural disasters and military action, particularly during the Civil War.
State of counties in Virgina around 1750. The names of counties in purple are places where Shaddocks are commonly found. The oldest recorded Shaddock is found in Henrico. There are also Shaddocks found early on in Northumberland overlooking Chesapeake Bay. Peter and Jennifer's ancestors likely first settled in Essex and in subsequent generations sought new land in Caroline and Louisa.
The first immigrants to Virginia settled on the eastern coastal plain in the early 17th century. They came from the midland to southern counties of England. (Ancient Shattockes originated in west Somerset in the south west of England.) They settled near the coast and by the middle of the 18th century were homesteading in the interior of Virginia. By the late 18th century the children of those early settlers began to seek new land and opportunity in the new states and territories in the West. (See the wonderful sketch of James Marshall Shaddock, patriarch of the Illinois Shaddocks, who left Virginia to make a new life in Illinois.) There was very little immigration from England after 1800.
For a study of the presence of Shaddocks at the dawn of the Virginia colony and in the subsequent century, visit the page I have devoted to the Shattocke branch of the family called the Byars-Parrish, which formed in the early days of the Virginia. This is a branch descended from a Shattocke immigrant to the Chesapeake Bay colony. I speculate that his name was Jon. Shaddock, an indentured servant who was transported to the colony in 1636 or 1637. Jon. Shaddock was not the ancestor of the Virginia Shaddocks. I am going to prove that. I am going to show that the Virginia Shaddock ancestor first settled in Virginia after the Revolutionary War.
DNA Evidence for the Origin of the Virginia Shaddocks
If you look at the Shattocke family tree at the top of this page, you will see that the Virginia Shaddocks ancestors are found in an area of Somerset county in England west and south of the village of Milverton. Modern descendants have a Y chromosome mutation called Y29590 that is shared by a number of direct descendants of Shattocks who lived in the area. Further down the branch a new branch formed called Y29589, which formed approximately in 1555 AD. So we know where in England the Virginia Shaddocks came from.
In the 1642 Protestation Returns there are two Shattocks living in the area, James Shattock and Thomas Shattock. James Shattocke was buried in Milverton on Mar. 3, 1593. He may be the James Shattock who witnessed the will dated 4 Jan 1562/3 of John Bowcher of Milverton. He may have been the father of James Shattocke, who married Agnes Howe in Milverton Apr. 28,1606. They had a child Mary, baptized in Milverton in 1607.
The Protestation Return of 1641-2 is the document that nails down Shattock families in the area. The return shows only two Shattock males living in the area in 1641-2: James Shattock and Thomas Shattock. Given that these two given names are intertwined in the parish records, it is likely they are descendants of an original founder of the Shattocks in the area. In the Return, Thomas Shattocke is found in the tiny village near Milverton called Langford Budville and James Shattocke is found in the neighbouring village Runnington.
James and Thomas were involved in the wool trade, with James described as a weaver and Thomas a serge maker. This is a very important fact about the Virginia Shaddock ancestors.
Reference: PROB 11/261/593. Description: Will of James Shattocke, Weaver of Langford Budville, Somerset. Date: 25 February 1657. Held by: The National Archives, Kew
The wool trade at this time was enriching these Shattocks, proceeds from their weaving and serge making skills. Weaving was the major cottage industry in the village of Milverton. The Milverton area Shattocks were excellent businessmen. They eventually became very wealthy and owned a lot of real estate. (See their story.) By the nineteenth century, branches of the family became involved in other trades, such as shoe making and butcher shops. Some moved to Bristol and then to Australia, others to London and then New Zealand, where they were very successful in business.
The two people who have tested among the Virginia Shaddocks, Peter and Thomas, share a mutation Y33021 that is dated approximately 1875. This mutation will be useful in the future for people trying to determine if they are descended from their common ancestor Mordecai E. Shaddock (1840-1920).
The Westbuckland - New Zealand, and Wellington - Australia Shattocks share a SNP mutation Y32082 that separates them from the Virginia Shaddocks. This mutation is dated about 1645. This suggests that they split off from the branch they share with the Virginia Shaddocks around that time. The two living descendants of the New Zealand and Australian Shattocks who share the Y32082 mutation, Terry and Mick Shattock, have a common ancestor that allows us to precisely date the split of their branch from the Virginia Shattocks. Their common ancestor was Malachi Shattock (1684-1766) who had been born in Milverton, but moved to Runnington, 4 km (2.5 miles) south of Milverton.
The first colony in Jamestown, Virginia, formed in 1607. The first colony in New England was at Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1620. The immigrant from the Milverton area to the English colony in America must have been born before 1684 and emigrated to America sometime after 1607.
But can we find a connection between these Milverton Shattocks and the Virginia Shaddocks? There is a connection. But first, let's backtrack. Let's work back in the other direction. What do we know about James Shaddock, the patriarch of the Virginia Shaddocks who we have DNA tested.
James Shaddock (ca. 1740-1795) Patriarch of the Virginia Shaddocks
Among the Shaddocks who trace their family genealogy back to Virginia, the common ancestor is James Shaddock, born around 1740, and died in 1795 in Essex county, Virginia. The DNA evidence and paper trails for the Virginia Shaddocks we have studied lead back to this man.
We first discover James Shaddock in the 1790 U.S. census documenting "heads of families." James Shaddock is given an approximate birth date of 1750. That would make him age 31 or 36 when he marries Hannah Samuel in 1781, which seems rather late in life to be married the first time. I suspect he was even older than that, born around 1740. He is shown in the census have a family of eight people and one slave.
James Shaddock died in Essex county in 1795. His will names his daughters Margaret Mitchell and Sarah Halbert and his son James as beneficiaries. Here is a summary of the will:
The will was dated 10 Jan 1795 and probated in Essex in 1795. In it he "lends' to his daughter, Sarah Halbert, after the death of his wife, Hannah, all the land he possessed. "After her decease and the decease of her husband, James Halbert, my desire is for the land to be sold to the highest bidder and the money to be equally divided among her children together with the land purchased by James Halbert to James Shaddock Jr.". He names daughter Margaret Mitchell, wife of Mark Mitchell. The two son-in-laws, James Halbert and Mark Mitchell, husband of Margaret, were executors."
From "The Samuell/Samuel Families of Tidewater Virginia" by Dorothy S Samuel, Southern Historical Press (1997), p.395
You can download a digital image of the actual will from Google Drive here.
The will was written in 1793. It was probated in 1795. What I find odd is that we do not find his on James Shaddock Jr., estimated to have been born in 1765, in his will.
How do I know his son was born around 1765? If Margaret, Sarah and James Jr. are James Sr.'s children there is a problem. He does not marry Hannah Samuel until 1781, too late to have had a daughter who is married according to the 1795 will. She would have been 13 or 14 if born after the marriage to Hannah Samuel. This suggests to me that James Shaddock was previously married and Hannah Samuel was his second wife. There is no record of this marriage in Virginia. Is this because of the state of the records? I think it suggests he was married and initially raised his family elsewhere.
As it turns out there had been an earlier will than the will of 1895. It was written in December 1781. Records show James' marriage to Hannah Samuel was in 1781, but no month or day is provided. In the will James bequeaths to his son James Shaddock, Jr. his land, including the land Hannah Samuel his wife brought to the marriage. Her father had previously deceased. And if his son should die, his property would go to his daughters Margaret and Sarah. Failing that the land would "return to Edmon West" and his heirs. I think the will was drawn up after his marriage to Hannah Samuel. James and Hannah wanted to ensure the land stayed in the family in the event of James Sr.'s death or James Jr.'s death. But who was Edmon West?
James Shaddock Jr. was born around 1670. His first child, Larkin Shaddock, was born about 1793, so we can guess that he married Catherine, last name unknown, about 1791. His father appears on a tax list in 1783 that shows his family consisted of eight people. James Jr. was probably living at home helping out on the farm. We can assume James Jr. is an heir because his first name is "James" and it was the custom in this family, like most English families, to give the first born male child the father's Christian name. But the problem with this analysis is that James Sr. leaves the land in the hands of his wife and after her death "lends" the land to Sarah, his daughter until she dies, at which time the land is sold and the money divided up among Hannah's children, which presumably included James Jr.
Margaret Shaddock (c. 1772-1854) was born in Essex County. She married Mark Mitchell (1745-1814) in 1787 in Culpepper County, about 75 miles north and west of Essex County. In the same year her first husband died, in 1814, she married a German immigrant, Matthias Hauss (or Matthew House) (1739-1829).
Matthias had recently also lost a spouse (Maria Margertha Jaeckler 1745-1812). Most English and German immigrants arrived as indentured servants, exchanging their labor for passage to America, where land was available and cheap for the enterprising farmer.
Sarah Shaddock (abt 1774-1823) was also born in Essex county. In 1793, she married into a prominent Virginian family when she wed James Halbert (1740-1819). He inherited the family plantation from his father William. He was a Revolutionary soldier. The families appear to have a close relationship. There were land transactions between the two families and a spinster sister of James Halbert, Averilla Halbert, in a will dated 21 Sept. 1799, leaves half her land to James Shaddock Jr. and John Halbert.
It is clear from this survey of James Shaddock's children that Hannah Samuel was not his first wife. Why is there no record of his first wife?
Where James Shaddock Came From In Colonial America
There is a study of the early pioneers in Virginia titled "An Old Dominion Genealogical Line" by Gertrude Hamilton Goodnight dated March, 1938. It is considered canonical for early Virginia genealogies. I presume she was a family historian. There is a section in the manuscript about James Shaddock and his wife Hannah Samuel. There is a line in Gertrude Goodnight's study that breaks the mystery of the origin of James Shaddock wide open. On page 8 she says James Shaddock "served in the Revolutionary War."
Notable is the fact that Shaddocks have no history in Virginia in her book, unlike her other family genealogies. James Shaddock is simply described as a revolutionary soldier with no history.
There is a record of a James Shaddock who served in the Revolutionary War. But it was not in the Virginia militia.There is only two Shaddocks who belonged to Virginia militias in the war, Richard Shaddock (or Chaddox or Shaddox) and John Shaddock, and there is no known familial connection between them and James Shaddock. The only James Shaddock to fight in the war was James Shaddock who mustered into Fisher's Regiment of the Tryon County Militia. (He is found in the National Archives Microfilm publication M246, Revolutionary War Rolls, Roll 74, Jacket Nos. 100-116.) The location where James Shaddock was living prior to the Revolutionary War? New York. (Tryon County would eventually become Montgomery County in New York.) He was a private and a "yeoman." He signed his pay stub with an "x."
A book published in 1911 ("List of the Revolutionary Soldiers of Virginia, special report of the Department of Archives and History for 1911") lists James Shaddock as a Virginia soldier (p. 396), but the source document is not identified. I think this was a mistake. Or the statement meant that James Shaddock of Virginia had been a Revolutionary soldier and did not imply Virginia was where he was born. All of the primary sources I looked at, including the pension documents in Washington, and the roster cards, have James Shaddock enlisted in Colonel Fisher's Regiment of the Tryon County militia. In fact his Fisher regiment pay card is signed by him with an "X."
I found his military pension file. In it we find a copy of a letter sent by the Commissioner of Pensions in Washington on Jan. 24, 1916 to Mrs. Alexander Baptie in Casmere, Washington, in response to her letter requesting information about James Shaddock. In it he says all he has is a copy of a payment made to James Shaddock for his service during the war dated July 5, 1785. Mrs. Baptie's given name was probably Harriet and I found her living in Wenatchee, Washington. But I was unable to find a paper trail for her husband or her to discover is she was trying to prove her descent from a revolutionary soldier in filing to become a Daughter of the American Revolution.
So the Commissioner of Pensions and his staff in Washington could find no other James Shaddock or variant like James Shattuk or Chaddock or Shaddox in the records, other than the James Shaddock who joined the militia in Tryon county, New York.
So what do we make of the fact James Shaddock, yeoman, probably came from Tryon county in New York? It does explain why we do not find records of his birth or first marriage in Virginia. It might explain why there are no records of his children's births in Virginia.
The fact he is described as a "yeoman" means he was a farmer with his own land, probably worked by his family.
The graphic showing the location of the historic Tryon county shows it to be a huge tract of land. The famous Mohawk Valley is found in it. You can see that it was on the frontier of American expansion to the west in the early colonial days. My guess is that James Shaddock had been homesteading on this frontier at the time when he joined the militia.
In August, 1774, shortly before the outbreak of the American Revolution, some members of the county formed the Tryon County Committee of Safety to harass their Loyalist neighbors, eventually causing many to flee to the safety of Canada. Guy Johnson and a large party of supporters left in May, 1775. Sir John Johnson and a large party of his supporters left in May, 1776. By 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County had fled.
In December 1780, the results of a census stated that the number of uncultivated farms was 1200 and that 354 families had abandoned and had fled the county. In some places such as Cherry Valley, Springfield, and Harpersfield there was no one to conduct a census. This was out of a pre-war population of around 10,000. Schenectady came near to being the limit of civilization.
Tyron county had been significantly depopulated during the Revolutionary War. This might explain why James Shaddock had left Tryon County. He either sold his farm or abandoned it. The Mohawk Valley was almost desolate like a modern war zone. This might explain why he moved his family away from the area.
If James Shaddock left New York state, why would he not return to Pennsylvania where his Quaker ancestor James landed in 1686? One reason might be because Quakers were pacifists and shunned the Quakers who decided to fight on the side of the Revolutionaries. In fact there was a group of Quakers in Philadelphia, near where James the founder settled, called the Society of Free Quakers, who believed it was right and proper to fight on the side of the colonists.
Wikipedia: The Religious Society of Free Quakers, originally called "The Religious Society of Friends, by some styled the Free Quakers," was established on February 20, 1781 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. More commonly known as Free Quakers, the Society was founded by members of the Religious Society of Friends, or Quakers, who had been expelled for failure to adhere to the Peace Testimony during the American Revolutionary War. Many of its early members were prominent Quakers involved in the American Revolution before the society was established.
This might explain why James Shaddock is found in Virginia after the war. He was expelled from the Quakers and shunned by his neighbors in New York. He might have decided to break from the Quakers and move to Virginia. James Shaddock was not a loyal subject of the English king because he fought as an American patriot, which suggests he was born in the British colony not in Mother England. But where? New York state is a genealogist's black hole for its lack of records. But there is another possibility. Now that we have discovered that James Shaddock is not an early pioneer in Virginia, but is in fact a transplant from the New England area, we know where to look for the original immigrant to colonial America.
James Shattock Emigrates to America
In the page I have devoted to the Milverton Shattocks, you will find a complete Milverton family tree, with the birth place and year of the James Shattock who emigrated to America. Let's see if we can work back from James Shattock in America to his birth place in the Milverton area of Somerset, England.
James Shaddock was probably born somewhere in New England since the original English immigrant was born prior to 1684. Can we find where the original Virginia Shaddock immigrant landed? Why is there no birth, marriage or death records for this ancestor?
There is in fact a record of a James Shaddock who landed in Philadelphia with his wife. It is found in "Families who Arrived at Philadelphia, 1682-1687" in The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, 1884 p. 339. The entry says: "James Shaddock and Jane his wife — his servts are Jacob
Coffin, Eliz : Gibes." The location they settled in was in Chester County. Wikipedia: "Chester [was one of] the three Pennsylvania counties initially created by William Penn on August 24, 1682. At that time, Chester County's borders were Philadelphia County to the north, the ill-defined western edge of the colony (approximately the Susquehanna River) to the west, the Delaware River to the east, and Delaware and Maryland to the south."
The landing of William Penn at New Castle by the Philadelphia artist Jean Leon Gerome Ferris (1863-1930). The indians greeting William Penn are not historically accurate in their clothing.
We also know the ship he arrived on. In the Philadelphia and Bucks County Register of Arrivals, James and his wife "Joane" and their servants Jacob Coffin and Elizabeth Gibes arrived on the ship Desire that had sailed from Plymouth, Devon in "old England." If they traveled with children, the ship's list does not include them, as was often the case. But there were other passengers on the Desire who did bring their children and servants. The captain was James Cock and it arrived June 23, 1686. That should be a date celebrated by Virginia Shaddocks annually.
Seven years later, in 1693, there is a tax record for James Shaddock (Shattick) in Philadelphia: Shaddock (Shattick) James 1693 tax 50 (Hannah Benner Roach Collection).
How do I know this James Shaddock traveled from Milverton in Somerset to Plymouth, Devon with his wife and servants?
First of all the DNA evidence makes the origin of the Virginia Shattocks in Milverton indisputable. Secondly, he is the right age to be this Virginia Shaddock ancestor, presumably born at sometime before 1666 to be traveling with his wife.
Somerset, like Dorset, is a county of dissent. For every soaring, decorated tower or spire of a parish church, there are probably two or three chapels belonging to dissenters...
He specifically refers to the Milverton area:
- Like north-east Somerset, this was a land of independent-minded weavers. Indeed such was the strength of Quakers here in the west of the county that Milverton had a street called Quaker Street.
- It was the dissenters who became America's first Shattocke settlers. There had been immigration of Shattocks from west Somerset in the first part of the 16th century, two William Shattocks, and a Samuel Shattock, who were probably Puritans and whose home villages were Stogumber and neighboring West Bagborough. But the Milverton Shattock was probably a Quaker.
There is clear evidence of Quakers in the Milverton area. The original Milverton "Quaking House" (Quaker Meeting House, which was first registered in 1684) was on the boundary between Wivelescombe and Milverton villages, where the Quaker burying ground can still be found today. It was built in 1680.
I have a pretty thorough and detailed record of Shattock and Shaddock births, deaths and marriages for Somerset and Devon. The given name "James," along with "Thomas" are the two signature names for Milverton area Shattocks. The given name "James" is not used for Shattocks elsewhere in Somerset at this time. And there is simply no candidates for a birth of James Shattock elsewhere in Somerset or England.
The other major clue is that James and his wife were travelling with servants. The female servant Elizabeth has "Giles" as her last name. There is a large family of Giles in Wivelescombe, which shares a border with Milverton. There are living descendants of the male servant, James Coffin, who claim his name was James Coffing born 1765 in England, which makes him age 21 when he immigrated to England. He became successful in his new country, passing on his estate to his children when he died. In 1705 he married Sarah Howard (1665-1714) and is said to have died in 1731 in Northampton, Bucks county, Pennsylvania. Northampton is 55 miles (89 km) almost due north of Philadelphia. Nobody has found a birth place for James Coffin in England and those who claim descent from him guess it was Devon. There is a Jon. jr. and sr., Robert, William sr. and jr. and Henry Coffin in the 1642 Protestation Return for Dunster, Somerset. So James Coffin could have been from Dunster, Somerset, or at least there was a large family of Coffins there. (There was also a Thomas Coffin whose will was probated in Taunton in 1623.) There is a marriage in 1609 between Elizabeth Shattock and Gregory Coffin in Stogumber in 1609. There is a Gregory Coffin who had a will in 1611 in Stogumber. So there appears to be Coffins in Stogumber at that time. This establishes a family relationship between Coffins and Shattocks in nearby Stogumber (seven miles from Milverton) early in the 17th century.
It is possible that Jacob Coffin was actually an indentured apprentice to James Shattock. There is a land transaction in Montgomery, New Jersey involving "Jacob Coffing, late of city Philadelphia, weaver, but now of county Gloucester, West New Jersey, to Rice Peters, city and county of Philadelphia, cordwainer. £450." (The Bulletin of the Historical Society of Montgomery County 1954, Vol. 9 No.2) If James Shattocke was a weaver, and I think he must have inherited this trade from his father, he would have passed on his skills to his apprentice Jacob Coffin. I found another land transaction in New Jersey with the name of Jacob Coffing on it. He was called a "clothier" in Philadelphia. A clothier is a person who makes cloth, not a tailor or maker of clothing. He had learned the art of business well from his Shattock employer. Even more interesting is the fact there was a James "Coffen" who married Elizabeth Shattock in Stogumber in 1609 and there was a large family of Coffins in nearby Dunster. It's possible that there were family connections between Shattocks in the Milverton area and Shattocks in the Stogumber area. Certainly the marriage in 1609 suggests this. Stogumber and Milverton were only seven miles apart.
Another very significant fact about James Shattock's arrival in Pennsylvania is that it was two years after the first fulling mill (where cloth is cleaned and thickened) was established. The mill was set up by a Quaker serge maker of Taunton, William Salway. He would be very interested in encouraging a Quaker weaver to relocate to Pennsylvania to provide raw woven wool for his mill. (Ashford, p. 174)
The fact that the Shattocks had servants is very significant. James Shattock and his wife were relatively wealthy, because they could afford servants, and because to pay for their passage to America and set up house with them would have been costly. The Milverton Shattocks in the 1642 Lay Subsidy tax roll were wealthy enough to be taxed.
In the page on the Milverton Shattocks, I show how the DNA evidence points to the ancestor of the Virginia Shattocks as being James Shattock born 1639 in Langford Budville. I think this was the father of the James that emigrated to Pennsylvania. I suspect the father did not baptize his son in the parish church because he had become a Quaker in his lifetime, like many of the weavers in this area. The James Shattock born in 1639 would have been 57 in 1686. Taking a harrowing journey aboard a small wooden ship in 1686, only to land in a primitive settlement with none of the comforts and society of old England does not sound like an old man's vision of easy retirement. But if he felt his life was in danger, or his faith, he would have made the perilous journey. It is more likely however, that it was his son.
Why travel to a distant colony and leave the comforts and society of home in Somerset? What makes the destination appealing to him is the most significant fact about Pennsylvania. It was a Quaker colony. Charles II had granted a charter for the colony of Pennsylvania in 1681 to the Quaker William Penn, for whom the state is named after. James Shattock transplanted his household to a refuge for persecuted Quakers just five years after its formation.
We do not find a James Shattock born within the time frame anywhere in England. If James Shattock and his family were Quakers, than there would unlikely be baptismal, burial or marriage records for them in the established church after about 1660. And of course, this was a long time before civil registration of vital statistics.
What is the probability that James Shattock was a Quaker? In "West Country: A Cultural History," (Signal Books, 2009) John Payne sets the scene.
That the Quakers in Milverton and the surrounding area were persecuted is testified in this "Grisley" tale of the arrest and imprisonment of Quakers in Milverton for assembling for their church service. The story is found in the book (p. 638) "A Collection of the Sufferings of the People Called Quakers Vol. 1" by Joseph Besse, published in 1753. The subtitle reads "A Collection of the Sufferings of the People Called Quakers, for the testimony of a good conscience from the time of their being first distinguished by that name in the year 1650 to the time of the act commonly called the Act of toleration granted to Protestant dissenters in the first year of the reign of King William the Third and Queen Mary in the year 1689." On page xxxiii in the introduction he references "Samuel Shattock," the New England colonist, who traveled to England to beseech the king to relieve the suffering of his fellow Quakers in the Massachusetts Bay colony who were being persecuted by the Puritans. He succeeded. Samuel was a Stogumber area Shattock.
The date of James Shaddock's arrival in Pennsylvania, 1686, may be significant for a political reason. In his book John Payne tells of what happened in the year before James Shattocke left for America. In 1685 the Duke of Monmouth attempted to contest the ascension of James II, a Roman Catholic. A good percentage of protestant Somerset citizens joined the military campaign and the Duke of Monmouth started his rebellion in Lyme Regis in Somerset because he expected to be supported by Somerset people with deeply held religious and political views. He did manage to raise 10,000 men, which was a significant portion of Somerset's male population. Although the rebellion was called the "Pitchfork Rebellion," most of the rag tag army were not farmers or their laborers but rather were weavers and tradespeople. James Shattock would have fallen into this category. The rebellion was put down and many of the rebels were mercilessly persecuted. Many were killed in cold blood. Some 330 were executed and 849 transported to the slave plantations of Barbados.
There is an incident involving a Shattock after the rebellion that makes it clear that at least one family of Shattocks were on the rebellious side. I write about it on the page "Shattocks in the Monmouth Rebellion 1685." William Shattock, who was an innkeeper in Milverton, got into a dispute with a king's soldier in 1685 over cutting down a tree.
If James Shattock was on the wrong side, and as a Quaker and a weaver, he may well have been, he might have decided to escape to Pennsylvania because the colony at Pennsylvania would be known to the Somerset Quakers as a safe refuge from persecution in Somerset. Philadelphia would be preferable destination to Massachusetts where the Puritans persecuted Quakers. His motive for undertaking the dangerous journey to an unknown land may have been motivated by deep religious convictions, the desire to live in a society with a new vision of Christian society and stable, civil government. The colony was called the "Holy Experiment."
Emigration to the American colonies began in 1676. By 1680 so many Quakers had left England that Quaker numerical growth in England came to a stop. As the arable land ran out among the sons and daughters of the first immigrants, they began moving as far south as North Carolina and Virginia and north to the southern New York state on the Hudson River. In "The North Country: A History Embracing Jefferson, St. Lawrence, Oswego. Lewis and Franklin Counties, New York" by Harry F. Landon (Historical Publishing Company, Indianapolis, Indiana, 1932) he tells us that there were immigrants to the Mohawk Valley who were Dutch settlers from Pennsylvania. In Chapter 3, section 2, he tells us "Among Sir William [Johnson]'s nearer neighbors were several Dutch families whose descendants still live in the valley. They had left their less adventurous friends on the Hudson to become themselves the pioneers in the settlement of the wilderness of the Mohawk valley." After the Revolutionary War the Dutch settlers returned to their valley to discover "a desolate blood-stained wilderness." The population had been devastated. "Of the ten thousand white inhabitants, one-third had espoused the royal cause and fled to Canada, one-third had been driven from their homes or slain in battle, and of the remaining third, three hundred, were widows and two thousand were orphan children."
It may be the case that James Shaddock had lost his wife in the war and decided to abandon the Mohawk valley and follow other Pennsylvania and New York settlers south to the new lands opening up in the Carolinas and Virginia. The well-traveled road to Virginia was called the "Great Wagon Trail." It was the primary route for the early settlement of the Southern United States. Wikipedia describes its path to Virginia: "Beginning at the port of Philadelphia, where many immigrants entered the colonies, the Great Wagon Road passed through the towns of Lancaster and York in southeastern Pennsylvania. Turning southwest, the road crossed the Potomac River and entered the Shenandoah Valley near present-day Martinsburg, West Virginia."
Essex County, where James Shaddock married Hannah Samuel in 1781, was 116 miles (187 km) south east of Martinsburg. The Great Wagon Trail brought many Pennsylvania and English immigrants to Virginia. Even if James Shaddock arrived in Virginia by ship from New England, many of his neighbors, friends and possibly relatives would have moved their families by wagon south on this route, perhaps influencing his decision to settle in Virginia.
There are not many records in Somerset and Pennsylvania for Quaker births, deaths and marriages because the Quakers did not register these in the Church of England and the civil registries. But they did keep records, although relatively few of them survive. In fact there is a marriage found between James Shaddock and Martha Moon on Aug. 24, 1689 at a Quaker meeting (Marriages Authorized in the Philadelphia Monthly Meeting of Friends 1682-1756, p. 217). This means that there was a James Shaddock who was a Quaker in Philadelphia just three years after James Shaddock got off the ship in Philadelphia. Did his wife Joane or Jane die in the interim? Or was this a first-born son recently joining his father in Philadelphia? This was not a James Shattuck descended from the Massachusetts William Shattuck (1622-1672). The first "James" born to a Shattuck family in America was James Shattuck born 1700 in Groton, Middlesex, Massachusetts to parents Samuel Shattuck and Elizabeth Longley Blood. Samuel Shattuck was a descendant of William Shattuck the founder of the Massachusetts Shattucks. So the James Shaddock who married Martha Moon in Philadelphia was not born in America.
Martha Moon did not live long after marrying James Shaddock. Her death is entered into the Nottingham and Little Britain Monthly Meeting record of burials. She was buried in Lancaster, PA. Aug. 16, 1697. Was her family plot there? There is something odd about her death. Her death is listed under the heading "Burial as such that are not friends." "Friends" is what Quakers called each other. This suggests she was not actually a Quaker. Had the Shaddocks broken with the Quakers at this point, or had she never joined the church?
I cannot decide if this is a new wife for the James Shattock who stepped off the boat in 1686 or the wife of his son. There is no record of the death of Jane or Joane or Jeane Shaddock. One of the Ancestry descendants records her death in 1730 but no source is provided for this date.
There is a person on Ancestry.com that gives Marth Moon's birth date as 1657 and place of birth Bristol, Gloucestershire. If that is true, than perhaps James Shattock the founder was already an old man when he arrived in America and his son followed him. But there is no record of a son's arrival or birth in Somerset.
If Martha Moon was a second wife of the founder then they would have had time to have children in their eight years of marriage. He may have had a child from his previous marriage, although the fact there is no record of Shattock children on the ship coming over mitigates against this. And his first wife might have died giving birth to their first child who did not survive as well. Did he lose both his wives to childbirth?
As I said, James is actually a very rare Shattocke given name, and is only found in Milverton in great number because a James Shattock was one of the founders of the Milverton Shattocks and there is a strong tradition in this family to name the first born male child after the father.
We know that the James Shaddock who arrived in 1686 had a son James because there is a Quaker Meeting Record showing James Shaddock Sr. at a meeting (Philadelphia Monthly Meeting, Arch Street, Women´s Minutes, 1686-1728). This presumes a son with the same given name. I have not seen the source document that adds "Sr." to James Shaddock's name. But I did find a tax document for a James Shaddock dated 1783 for 2 horses, 2 cows, and 7 sheep. He was living in Washington, just south of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Was this the James Shaddock of Virginia's very elderly father, or another descendant of James Shaddock the founder? Or possibly a Shadduck.
There is a James Shaddock who served in Capt. Cole's Co. in 1746 during King George's War. He appears to have been living in Rhode Island. Is this the father of James Shaddock of Virginia?
There are other James Shaddocks found in Vermont and New York in early 18th century records.
James Shaddock is shown present at a meeting of the Friends in Chester County in 1714 when he would have been about around 60 years old. Was this James Sr. or Jr.?
The case for the Quaker James Shattock of Philadelphia as the original Virginia Shattock emigrant to America rests on the DNA evidence, the Milverton Quaker presence in Pennsylvania and Milverton, the wealth of the Milverton Shattocks gained from their trade (weaving), the rarity and specific location of the given name "James" and the arrival date and location of James Shattock in the Quaker colony of Pennsylvania. The DNA and genealogical evidence says there was a Virginia Shaddock who was born before 1884. It is the DNA evidence that links James Shaddock of Virginia to Milverton, Somerset. And it is the paper trail and historical evidence that finds his ancestral path from Milverton to Philadelphia, then New York and finally Virginia. Without the DNA evidence the paper trail collapses into mere speculation. Without the paper trail, we might never have figured out how the Virginia Shaddock ancestors in Milverton made their way to Essex county in Virginia.
Was James Shaddock Sr. (ca. 1740-1795) of Virginia the son or grandson of the James Shaddock who stepped off the ship Desire onto the docks in 1686 in Philadelphia with his wife and servants? The record shows that James Shaddock had a son James Shaddock. I think James Shaddock, Sr., might have been a young man, around the age of thirty when he arrived in Philadelphia. I have guessed that James of Virginia was born in 1740 because of the age of his children. So it is most likely he was the grandson of James the Quaker, founder of American Shaddocks. And his father was likely also named James.
I have found other Shaddocks in the Philadelphia records in the 18th century. There is an Isaac Shaddock who married Penelope Davies in the First Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia in 1730. Camilia Shaddock married Samuel Langley in the same church four years later. Perhaps they were the son and daughter of James Shaddock founder of Milverton Shattocks in America. I came across the name of William Shaddock, who married Jane Hough and might have moved to New Jersey. Perhaps he was another son of James Shaddock the founder. William is a name found among Virginia Shaddocks. Did he move to Virginia at some point or did his son join his cousin in Virginia after the Revolutionary War? There are some Shaddocks in Virginia records that are unaccounted for. Another possibility is that James Shaddock of Virginia had William as his father, who had named him after his father.
There are other Shaddocks found in North Carolina, some of which may have followed the wagon trail down from Massachusetts. Others might have arrived from England to Philadelphia and traveled the wagon trail to join relatives in Quaker communities down south, such as North Carolina. Some may be branches of Somerset Shattocks or descendants of James Shaddock the founder in Pennsylvania that have since died out. Perhaps in the years to come we will find the documents that allow us to trace them back to James or his ancestors in Somerset.
There is no evidence that James Shaddock Sr. (ca. 1740-1795) was a Quaker, and some might argue that the fact he participated in the Revolutionary War suggests he or his father had left the faith. But there were Quakers in Virginia and old family relationships might have drawn James to Virginia. In 1875, in "An Account of the Meetings of the Society of Friends within the Limits of Baltimore Yearly Meeting", Levi E. Brown, the narrator, says: "Hopewell Meeting is situated in Frederick Co., Virginia, five miles north of Winchester and Harper's Ferry Railroad. It was established about the year 1730 and was for many years attached to Concord Quarterly Meeting, Pennsylvania." So we know that there was a direct connection between Pennsylvania Quakers and Virginia Quakers. Or James may simply have decided to settle in the south.
We do not know whether James of Virginia was married as a Quaker or as another protestant faith. In any event it is not surprising that his great grandson, the common ancestor of the Shaddocks we have DNA tested, Mordecai Edward Shaddock (1840-1920), would become a Baptist preacher and elder in his church. Religious faith ran deep in the genes of this family.
Virginian Descendants of James Shaddock Sr. (ca. 1740-1795)
Let's look at a probable tree for Virginia Shaddocks, beginning with James Shaddock of Essex county. The following tree is a very probable tree of relationships of Shaddock names found in the records. You can click on the image of the tree to make it larger.
We are on solid ground when it comes to finding the familial connections for James Shaddock Jr.'s descendants. First of all, William Rolla Shaddock of Pennsylvania, a descendant of Larkin Shaddock (1793-1826) tested positive for the key STR genetic marker for Virginia Shaddocks (DYS393=14). The Virginia Shaddocks are the only Shattockes, Parrishs or Byars with this non-modal STR (modal is DYS393=13). The descendants of Larkin's brother Mordecai (1795-1822) also have this non-modal marker. So the DNA result confirms that the Larkin and Mordecai lineages share a common ancestor more recent then there 17th century common ancestor with the Milverton Shattockes.
The genealogical evidence is very strong. There is a Chancery court document in 1824. A Chancery court is not strictly a law court administering common law. The orders or decrees it renders are based on fairness and conscience rather than strict common law Forms of Action. Indeed this was true of the case filed in Chancery Court in 1824 called "1824-14 Admr. of Mordecai Shaddock vs Admx. of James Shaddock." It was brought on by Archibald Bransom, who was the executor of Mordecai Shaddock's estate versus Catherine Shaddock, who was the executrix of her husband James Shaddock Jr.'s estate.
Mordecai Shaddock had died intestate before the probation of his father James Shaddock Jr.'s estate was completed. There was property that needed to be divided up among the beneficiaries of James Jr., and Archibald Bransom asked the court to specify the manner in which this would be done so that he could then probate Mordecai Shaddock's estate, who must have died suddenly without a will.
What is valuable about this document is that it lists James Shaddock Jr.'s children. As usual, most of the birth dates, and in some cases, death dates, are approximate:
James Shaddock 1788–1843
John Shaddock 1790–
Larkin Shaddock 1793–1826
Mordecai Shaddock 1795–1822
Elizabeth Shaddock 1804–
Phebe Shaddock 1808–
James Shaddock abt. 1788
James Shaddock Jr. had a son James born about 1788, who was his namesake. The reasoning for this is that the Chancery court case of 1824 makes it clear that James Shaddock Jr. had died and names James Shaddock as someone with an interest in the case. Previous to the Chancery court case a James Shaddock was involved in a legal battle with the Long family over a "Deed of Trust."
The court document helps clarify the familial relationship among the Shaddocks.
Deed of Trust Reuben Long to James Shaddock - Caroline Co. - 1822
Defendant Archibald Bransom (admr.); Mordecai Shaddock (decd); James Shaddock
Deponent / Affiant James Jones; Reubin B. Rose; John Jeter; Larkin Shaddock
Family Addison Long, Elizabeth Long & Lavinia Long, children Reuben Long
Family James Shaddock, brother of Mordecai Shaddock
Family Larkin Shaddock & Mordecai Shaddock, nephews of Archibald Bransom
Plaintiff Patsy Long (widow) (admr.); Reuben Long (decd); Addison Long; Elizabeth Long; Lavinia Long
Locality Caroline Co.
Note that James Shaddock is not described as deceased. He is the brother to the deceased Mordecai Shaddock. Also named is Archibald Bransom, who is described as the uncle of Larkin Shaddock and Mordecai Shaddock. Since I have found no wives of Shaddocks who had Bransom as a maiden name, and he appears to have married Mary A "Polly" Williams, it is difficult to ascertain how he was their uncle. However it is quite possible he was married to a Shaddock or had a male relative married to a Shattock because a Bransom descendant was an autosomal DNA match to a Shattocke. He must have been a much beloved member of the family because his name appears in a James Shaddock Jr. descendant, William Bransom Shaddock, who was born almost 100 years after Archibald Bransom.
The legal battle over the Deed of Trust must have been a thoroughly entangled affair because Catherine P. Shaddock (daughter of John Shaddock b. 1787 and Nancy Satterwhite b. 1791) was married to John James Long, b. 1811, who was the son of Reuben Long. Reuben Long was party to the original transaction with James Shaddock Jr. b. abt 1782.
James Shaddock was robably married to "Ann," since she shows up in the 1860 census, aged 60, living alone with her son in Port Royal, Virginia. Her son's name was James M. Shaddock and his occupation is "merchant." Perhaps the family farm was sold, because twenty years earlier, in 1840, there is an Ann Shaddock, obviously widowed, living with a child 10-15, a teenager 15-20 and a female 30-40. The teenager is the right age to be her son James M. Shaddock.
James M. Shaddock was born about 1821. In 1850 he appears in two census records, one living with the Francis Fitzhugh family in Port Royal, occupation: merchant, another in Baltimore with a lot of men military age. This suggests he had a brief stint in the military. In any event by 1860 he is found living with his mother in Port Royal.
The next time we come across him, it is in a newspaper clipping that Jennifer Shaddock Dixon found. It is in the "Richmond Despatch," dated Nov. 11, 1861.
James had joined the confederate cause. He enlisted on June 21, 1861 in Port Royal, in Company E "Port Royal Guards" of Port Royal, Caroline County, 47th Virginia Infantry, Field's Brigade, A.P. Hill's Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, C.S.A. He mustered in as a private.
His mother must have kept his room for him and spent many nights sleepless after reading the day's news. If that is the case then her anxiety was well-founded. He was absent from military duty due to sickness May and June 1862. He died of "diarrhea" in the Richmond hospital July 23rd, 1862. Disease was one of the most common causes of death in the Civil War. For every soldeir killed in battle, five more died of diseases.
The death of James M. Shaddock apparently marks the end of the line for this branch of the family.
John Shaddock b. abt 1787
John Shaddock was born in 1787, county unknown. here is a John Shaddock mentioned in James Shaddock Sr.'s will, and he is characterized as his son. Our best guess is that this is indeed the John Shaddock who shows up in Caroline County records.
We know his birth date because he fought in the War of 1812 and a service record makes note of his age in 1812. Virginia has a deep military history and it appears each generation of Shaddocks who came of age during American wars served their country. He married Nancy Satterwhite (abt. 1791 - 1970) in 1810 before going off to war. My relatives on my maternal side, including Captain Teeple, might have taken shots at John if he stepped on Canadian soil.
He settled into a life of farming after the war. Between 1807 and 1811 he is mentioned in a law suit over a bondsman. John and Nancy had at least three children, John Shaddock born about 1811, Catherine P. Shaddock born about 1812 and a daughter Anne E. Shaddock born about 1826. I'm uncertain that Anne E. was his daughter.
John Jr. Shaddock married Elizabeth May Atkinson (1832-1872) and had at least two children, Sarah Jeannette (1851-1916) and John W. Shaddock (1856-1923). John W. Shaddock married Mary Susie Brown (1873-1952) and they had four children (John Jr. b. 1899, Bettie C. b. 1901, Mary E. b. 1902 and William A. born 1906). In the 1830 census in Maryland, William A. Shaddock is shown to be a prisoner at the Maryland Penitentiary in Baltimore. His occupation is shown to be a sewing machine operator in a dress factory. He does not show up in subsequent records.
Catherine P. Shaddock, daughter of John and Nancy Shaddock, married John James Long (1811-1880). They had seven children. Anne E. Shaddock, the other daughter, married Lawrence A. Coghill born in 1822.
There is a census record in 1840 in Caroline County of a James Shaddock, a farmer living alone, with 9 slaves. He is 30-40 years old, which means he was born between 1800 and 1810. If his father was John Shaddock, then he would have been born closer to 1810. That might explain why he is single, since he would be in his twentiies. He is living near William Mordecai Shaddock (1818-1841), who is the son of Mordecai Shaddock.
Larkin might have fought in the War of 1812 in his everyday clothes.
Larkin Shaddock 1793-1826
Larkin Shaddock shows up in the Chancery case I mentioned earlier, and I presume he was James Shaddock Jr.'s son. Larkin Shaddock married Catherine "Katy" Roe abt 1795. He is in and out of court between 1812 and 1822 over a debt owed him by George D Storke. Sometime around 1822 he is back in court with William Storke and George D Storke.
Three generations of Larkin descendants. Picture in 1939 in Mississippi shows Edward Hampton Shaddock (1864-1950) seated, George Rollins Shaddock (1905-1979) standing, George Stigler Shaddock (1939-2017) baby, Maude May Stigler (1881-1968) wife of Edward Hampton Shaddock. Edward Hampton Shaddock was the grandson of Larkin Shaddock.
He was a soldier in the War of 1812, enlisting in the 6th Regiment (Daingerfield's) Virginia Militia. Larkin was caught up in the effects of international politics. The British had become involved in a war in Europe in 1803. Their relationship with the United States had been strained since the Revolution and they exasperated their former colonists when they blockaded them for their neutrality and boarded American ships and impressed Americans into the British navy. The war was brought to home for Virginians when the British blockaded Chesapeake Bay and raided coastal settlements. Larkin obviously responded to the threat against his homeland. We can get a picture of how he dressed when he took up arms from this description provided by the Library of Virginia:
"General officers, artillery, light artillery, and grenadiers stood out in cockaded hats, white cuffs, and epaulets. Cavalrymen wore distinctive black leather caps dressed on the crown with bearskin and a red and white plume. Riflemen wore purple linen hunting shirts and leather moccasins, while the main body of the militia donned blue hunting shirts festively trimmed with red fringe. Despite the governor’s official proclamation, any soldiers who had provided themselves with uniforms different from those specified in the regulations could wear them for six months, and many probably went to war in the everyday clothing in which they had enlisted."
Larkin Shaddock died on May 30 1826. His only son would not know his father. He was born James Archibald Larkin Shaddock (1825-1901), perpetuating his grandfather's name (James). I think "Archibald" must come from a much loved uncle to Larkin, Archibald or "Archis" Bransom, who we just encountered as Mordecai Shaddock's executor in the 1824 Chancery suit. In 1844 James A. L. married Ann Eliza "Anna" Rollins (1824-1902). He must have inherited the farm from his father because he appears in several agricultural censuses. At the age of 25 in 1850 his occupation is "farmer." He is one of the most prolific Virginian Shaddocks, having twelve children. (They are listed in the genealogy below.)
He moved to the town of Port Royal on the Rappahannock River and finally 13 miles south and west of there in Bowling Green where he had a farm. He died there in 1901 at the age of 76.
Typical farm of the era.
We know quite a bit about one his his children, and namesake, James Marshall "Jimmy" Shaddock 1848-1931. I write about him in the page devoted to the Illinois Shaddocks. He left to pioneer in the west in Macon County, Illinois. He became a very successful farmer.
Jimmy's younger brother, William Alfred "Willie" Shaddock (1855-1939) appears to have followed his older brother out to Illinois. (There is a page devoted to his family here.) He was born in Port Royal. It is possible his father Larkin either lost or sold the farm by this point, or he never actually owned a farm. Port Royal is a small village that was established in the mid-17th century as a port on a navigable portion of the Rappahannock River for export of tobacco, Virginia's cash crop. So it is possible Larkin was involved in the tobacco trade in Port Royal or perhaps he was a farmer outside of town. The town's most famous incident is the killing of John Wilkes Booth, Abraham Lincoln's murderer, at the Barret farmstead two miles out of town. Willie is still living in Port Royal with his family at the age of 15 in 1870.
Willie Shaddock became a farmer. He was in Illinois by 1888 because he married Mary Elizabeth Steele in that year in Illinois. She was a local woman. We find him in Milam, Macon County in 1900. He had seven children, and lost his first born, Edna Shaddock 1888-1893 when she was five. See his genealogy below.
Another of James Archibald Larkin's sons who became a farmer was Frederick Clyde Shaddock ("Freddie") born about 1873 in Caroline County. He married to Ida Russell Motley (1877-1952) in Caroline County.
James A.L.'s son Edward Hampton Shaddock (1864-1950) moved to Lexington, Mississippi sometime before 1905 because his first child was born in Mississippi. In the 1940 census he is described as a merchant in a dry goods store. He married Maude May Stigler (1881-1968) and had three children.
There is no doubt about which side of the Civil War the Mordecai Edward Shaddock (1840-1920) fought on. He is the common ancestor of a large branch of the Virginia Shaddocks. He is in the second row, second from the left. The picture is titled, Louisiana Escort, U.C.V. Re-Internment Remains of President Jefferson Davis, from New Orleans, La. to Richmond, Va. May 28-31 1893. The picture was supplied by his descendant Jo Dee Musselman. She has this to say about Mordecai: "The image of him was a photo we saw in Cousin Sallie Kate Shaddock's house. She said he would go looking for any grandchild playing truant that day! My mother, who was 17, when he died remembers him riding a white horse returning from circuit riding preaching and looking handsome. Made her grandmother jealous."
Mordecai Shaddock 1795-1822
Most of what we know about Mordecai Shaddock, James Shaddock Jr.'s third son, comes from a record of military service in the War of 1812 and the two court cases I quoted above. There is a census, though, in 1820 in St. Paul's Parish, King George Virginia, that identifies him as the "overseer" of a plantation owned by William H. Taylor. As the manager of the plantation he would have authority over the 21 slaves on the property. We will never know what kind of overseer he was, but it is well-known that overseers were under pressure from the plantation owners to drive their slaves very hard.
We know from court records that Mordecai Shaddock had two sons, but the census record in 1820 shows him as having one male child under the age of 10. It is probable the second child was born after the census in August of 1820 and before Mordecai's death in 1822.
He was married to Frances Matthews (1795-1830) on Aug. 23, 1815 in Essex County. We don't know how he died but it must have happened suddenly because he died intestate. His widow Frances married Philip Chapman Mar. 24, 1825. But she died around 1830 or 1831 because March 18, 1832 Philip Chapman married Eliza Ann Gatewood, then promptly died himself within a year. The lives of the Virginia Shaddock ancestors were short and punctuated by wars.
Once more Archibald Bransom appears in the court records. This time he applies to become the guardian of William Mordecai and Edward, who were still in their mid-teens. No wonder his name is preserved in the names of subsequent Shaddock generations, he must have been kind. At some point he moves to Kentucky. Did he take Edward with him? Edward Shaddock simply vanishes without a trace. Perhaps he died and the record of his death was destroyed during the Civil War.
I did not find a lot of information about Archibald Bransom. I know he moved to Kentucky. There is an 1830 census record showing him living in South Frankfort, Kentucky. He is living with a male child under the age of 5, a teenage boy 10-15, and his age is given as between 40-50. He apparently has a daughter under 5, another between 10-15 and a woman between 20 and 30, presumably his wife. He probably did not have the Shaddock boys with him at this time, but he must have brought them back to Kentucky in 1833 or 1834 when he became their guardian.
At some point William Mordecai Shaddock returned to Virginia, although he may never have left, and married Martha Semple Cole (1817-1885) on Aug. 12 1939. Fifteen months later Mordecai Edward Shaddock is born, on Nov. 23, 1840 near the town of Upper Zion, which is about in the middle of Caroline County. William Mordecai Shaddock dies eight months later, Aug. 18, 1841.
- To read about Rev. Mordecai Edward Shaddock (1840-1920) click on this link.
This page has been a reconstruction of the Virginia Shaddocks as best I could in its early years, with a more substantive genealogy from the middle of the 19th century until today. If you can trace your family back to some of the names and dates of Shaddocks on this page, you can help our effort in restoring the family's branches to their correct places by having your DNA tested and providing us with your results.
Genealogy of the James Shaddock Sr. (circa 1740-1795) Family
James Shaddock Sr. 1740-1795 (Hannah Samuel 1741–1795)
1.1 James Shaddock Jr. 1765–1822 (Catherine abt. 1770)
1.1.1 John Shaddock 1787– (Nancy Satterwhite 1791–1870)
184.108.40.206 John Shaddock 1811– (Elizabeth May Atkinson 1832–1872)
220.127.116.11.2 Sarah Jeannette Shaddock 1851–1916 (Arthur Parker 1837–1918)
18.104.22.168.3 John W. Shaddock 1856–1923 (Mary Susie Brown 1873–1952)
John W. Shaddock Jr. 1899–
Bettie C Shaddock 1901–
Mary E Shaddock 1902–
William A Shaddock 1906–
22.214.171.124 Catherine P Shaddock 1812–1869 (John James Long 1811–1880)
126.96.36.199 Anne E Shaddock 1823- (Laurence A. Coghill 1822–)
1.1.2 Larkin Shaddock 1793–1826
188.8.131.52 James Archibald Larkin Shaddock 1825–1901 (Ann Eliza "Anna" Rollins 1824–1902)
184.108.40.206.1 Eliza C. Shaddock 1846–
220.127.116.11.2 James Marshall "Jimmy" Shaddock 1848–1931 (Jemima "Emma" Jane Atteberry 1853–1925)
Lula May "Lulu" Shaddock 1878–1948 (Joseph Ely "Joe" Brookshier 1872–1931)
Maude Esther Shaddock 1879–1927 (William Daniel March 1878–1965)
Rena E Shaddock 1880–1881
James Franklin "Frank" Shaddock 1883–1922 (Ora Anna Davis 1883–1973)
Bertha A Shaddock 1889–1972 (Carl Leslie Siehr 1886–1955)
Rolla Edward "Rol" Shaddock 1893–1992 (Sue Elizabeth Wade 1898–1961)
18.104.22.168.3 Alice M Shaddock 1850–
22.214.171.124.4 Margaret A. Shaddock 1852–
126.96.36.199.5 Endora B. "Dora" Shaddock 1852–
188.8.131.52.6 Elizabeth E Shaddock 1853–
184.108.40.206.7 Lonnie M. Shaddock 1854–
220.127.116.11.8 Lavinia Mildred "Lee" Shaddock 1854–1940 (L S Powers 1837–)
Millard F Powers 1882–
Eugene Powers 1885–
Edmon S "Ed" Powers 1891–
18.104.22.168.9 William Albert "Willie" Shaddock 1856–1939 (Mary Elizabeth "Mollie" Steele 1863–1937)
Edna Shaddock 1888–1893
Elva Anna Shaddock 1889–1928
James Archibald "Archie" Shaddock 1891–1981 (Mary Abigail Cutter 1889-1985)
Edwin Harlan Shaddock 1894–1977 (Virginia Edit "Vergie" Davidson 1892-1968)
Nina S Shaddock 1896–1980 (Ellis White 1892-1966)
Lillian "Lillie" Shaddock 1899–1980 (Fred Knowles 1897-1943)
Paul Steele Shaddock 1902–1988 (Elsie Kiziah Atkinson 1900–1990)
Arlene Ann Shaddock 1934- (William "Bill" West)
22.214.171.124.10 Millard W. Shaddock 1860–1861
126.96.36.199.11 Edward Hampton Shaddock 1864–1950 (Maude May Stigler 1881–1968)
George Rollins Shaddock 1905–1979
Nina E Shadock 1908–
Winn E Shaddock 1908–
188.8.131.52.12 Eugene G. Shaddock 1866–1888
184.108.40.206.13 Frederick Clyde "Freddie" Shaddock 1872–1952 (Ida Russell Motley 1877–1952)
Annie Dew Shaddock 1903–1957
Fred Motley Shaddock 1905–1963
Howard Marshall Shaddock 1914–2001
1.1.3 Mordecai Shaddock 1795–1823 (Frances Matthews 1795–1830)
220.127.116.11 William Mordecai Shaddock 1818–1841 (Martha Semple Cole 1817–1885)
18.104.22.168.1 Rev. Mordecai Edward Shaddock 1840–1920 (Sallie Jennings 1849–1917)
Edward Jennings "EJ" Shaddock 1872–1951 (Fanny Malissa Nantz 1885–1958)
Ada J Shaddock 1906–1990
Edward Jennings "EJ" Shaddock (1907-1985) Mary Jane Partridge 1905–1990
Robert Edward Shaddock 1932–1998
William Broaddus Shaddock 1909–1971 (Leora Louise Scott 1910–1991)
Joe Ed Shaddock 1933–2006
Robert Lee Shaddock 1912–
1st wife: Ruby Mae Baten 1913–1995
2nd wife: Irble Hall 1913–1983
Marcia Lee Shaddock 1937–2002 (Farr)
Nedra Shaddock 1916–1985 (Charles Sylvester Gray 1908–1959)
James Evans Shaddock 1918–1978 (Peggy Doris Wells 1922–2010)
Jefferson Wells Shaddock 1940–
Evelyn Shaddock 1920– (Hicks)
William Bransom Shaddock 1873–1934 (Lillian Julia Tureman 1874–1971)
Sallie Kate Shaddock 1903–1996
William Edward Shaddock 1904–1950 (Edith Burton 1905–1989)
Evelyn V Shaddock 1929–2000 (Terrell Woosley Jr.)
William "Bill" Shaddock Jr. 1938–
Bettie Brown Shaddock 1906–2000 (Edgar Huson Glenn 1901–)
Carroll Wade Shaddock 1908–1987 (Bertie Marie Taylor 1908–1990)
Carroll Wade Shaddock Jr. 1933– (Missy Wharton 1937-)
Julia Marie Shaddock 1937– (Derry Holmes Clancy 1929–1997)
Thomas Taylor Shaddock 1943– (Oreta Carol Scott 1946–)
Melissa C Shaddock 1970–
Jennifer M Shaddock 1972– (Dixon)
Ruby Eleanor Shaddock 1946–1947
Clarence Leo "Shady" Shaddock Sr. 1911–1995 (Cora "Pete" Pitre 1915–1983)
Clarence L. Shaddock Jr. 1947-2017 (Marsha Womack 1949–)
Clarence Leo Shaddock III 1970–
Alice Virginia "Allie" Shaddock 1875–1946 (Rev Robert Patton Howell 1862–1931)
Mildred Tipton "Millie" Shaddock 1878–1956 (Frederick William Wilcox 1872–1932)
Mattie Roberta Shaddock 1880–1962 (Isaac DeRouen 1874–1958)
Robert McGee Shaddock 1883–1957 (Louella Guidry 1887–)
Carroll Bitting "CB" Shaddock Sr. 1885–1948
1st wife Lillian E "Lillie" McWhorter 1893–1912
Carroll Bidding Shaddock Jr. 1912–1974 (Dorothea Elsie "Dory" Schulze 1942–)
Peter Eric Shaddock 1971–
2nd wife Nellie Rivers McWhorter 1896–1980
Katherine "Kate" Shaddock 1888–1960 (Harry Howard Evans 1879–)
Anne Gertrude Shaddock 1890–1959 (Archie Cameron 1883–)
22.214.171.124 Edward Shaddock 1822–
1.1.4 James Shaddock 1788– (Ann ? 1800-)
126.96.36.199 James M. Shaddock 1821-1861
1.1.5 Elizabeth Shaddock 1804–
1.1.6 Phebe Shaddock 1808–
1.2 Margaret Shaddock 1770–1854 (1st husband: Mark Mitchell 1745–1814, 2nd husband: Matthias Hauss 1739–1829)
1.3 Sarah Shaddock 1772–1823 (James Halbert 1740–1819)
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