I would like to thank Mick Shattock, Angaston, South Australia, a Wellington Shattock descendant, for his contribution to the Shattocke project.
Wellington is just over three miles south of Milverton, near the border with Devon, which runs along the Blackdown Hills further south of the town.
It is closely associated with the nearby village of Runnington, which is 2.5 miles (4 km) to the south. Langford Budville, only 2 miles (3 km) to the south and a little west is also closely associated with Wellington. What unites these villages is the wool and cloth industry. In the third volume of Materials for the history of the town and parish of Wellington in the county of Somerset by Humphreys, by Arthur Lee (London, 1913), the author talks about the contribution Shattocks made to a local church. On pages 355-366 their occupations:
In 1776 a Trust deed concerning the repairing of the Meeting House was executed, i.e., by an Indenture made 20 June, 16 Geo. III., 1776, Henry Waldron of Wiveliscombe, Som., Gent., and James Lane5 [i.e., Lean] of the same place, mercer, granted, bargained, sold, &c, upon Trusts, to James Shattock, the elder, yeoman, Robert Carle, William Gyles and James Shattock the younger, serge makers, and Joseph Pyne, woolcomber, all of Wellington, Som., and Thomas Shattock and William Shattock of Runnington, Som., serge makers...
John Shattock of Leicester, a direct descendant of the Norton Fitzwarren Shattocks, shared this reference with me and provides this comment: "This book has a number of references to Shattocks. It is primarily about the Independent church in Wellington but there are references to James Shattock senior, a Yeoman from Hemyock, James Shattock Jr. a serge weaver from Clayhidon, William Shattock a merchant from Runnington who are trustees of the Church. They appear to be close relatives and clearly meet in Wellington for the purposes of church business, although they come from other villages."
In "The Independents," a book about non-conformists in the Wellington area, Arthur L. Humphreys, provides evidence of Shattocks involved in the wool and cloth trade (p. 355). "In 1776 a Trust deed concerning the repairing of the Meeting House was executed; i.e., by an Indenture made 20 June, 16 Geo. III., 1776, ...granted, bargained, sold...to James Shattock, the elder, yeoman, Robert Cade, William Gyles and James Shattock the younger, serge makers, ...and Thomas Shattock and William Shattock of Runnington, Som., serge makers, ..."
Wellington grew as a centre for trade on the road from Bristol in northwest Somerset to Exeter in southeast Devon. A fire in the town in 1731 destroyed much of its wooden buildings. After it was rebuilt it became a centre for cloth making.
Political and social upheavals in nearby Taunton which led to a decline in the industry there, coupled with the industrialization of the woolen industry in the 18th century, resulted in the rise of Wellington as a major cloth making center. I have written about these trends in the Taunton Shattocks page, in the section called "The Taunton Election of 1754 and Decline of the Woolen Industry."
There is a book written about the woolen industry in Wellington by Joseph Hoyland Fox, The Woollen Manufacture at Wellington, Somerset; Compiles from the Records of an Old Family Business (1923). I have excerpted a portion of the book. He writes an excellent portrait of the conditions of roads in the 17th and 18th century and the barriers to trade of great distances and frequent wars. He maps out the main woolen trade routes in Somerset and Devon, and shows how the presence of Wellington on one of the main routes lead to favorable conditions for cloth making in Wellington.
The Fox family that introduced the factory system in producing cloth to the area were Quakers.
The Wellington parish records began in 1621. The earliest indication of a Shattocke in the parish is found in a court record in 1654. Apparently there was a Lieutenant James Shattocke (or Shattock) who was a disabled war veteran, now living in Limerick, Ireland, but originally from Wellington. William Hussey of Wellington, who is the ward of James Shattocke's male child in Wellington, petitioned the court to have James Shattocke's pension paid out to him until the child was old enough to bound out as a servant.
Nearby Runnington, just two miles north west of Wellington, is virtually a suburb. In 1848, in "A Topographical Dictionary of England," by Samuel Lewis, it has only 107 inhabitants, and a "few persons involved in the woolen manufacture." Weaving has been an industry in the village from much earlier times. Thomas Shattocke of East Runnington, sergeweaver, leased a cottage there "the western half of which was leased by him to Nicholas Stone of Langford Budville, clothier. Both leases are for 99 yrs. Or lives." Date: 1686. Thomas and his wife Elizabeth had children in Runnington, and another generation followed.
There is a will dated Oct. 18, 1807 by William Shattock (1737-1807) that testifies to the wealth and property of the Shattocks of Runnington. There is an alter tomb in the local church, St. Peter and All Angels, inscribed as William Shattock "Esq: of this parish." William Shattock married Elizabeth Horsham of Littleham in Runnington in 1800. He had no children by Elizabeth, but raised John Snook, son of John Snook of Culmstock, Devon from a child. John Snook the elder was a woolcomber in Culmstock. So there is a connection to the wool trade. He gives John Snook junior £2000, a small fortune in 1807 apparently derived from mortgages he holds on four properties in Honiton, Devon (13 miles south of Runnington). He gives his cousin William Shattock, a yeoman in Hemyock Devon, £100, another cousin £5 a year for life, and sums of money to other beneficiaries. William Shattock in Hemyock was a tenant of James Bowerman who was taxed for his land in Hemyock in 1798. To his wife Elizabeth he bequeaths all his lands in Runnington, Sangford Budville, his securities and other income. There may have been other land in other parishs as well. William Shattock is possibly a grandson or great grandson of the Thomas Shattocke mentioned previously. His connection to the wool industry suggests this.
In fact in the parish records we see that Shattocks moved back and forth between Runnington and Wellington.
There is no paper trail from later Shattocks in Wellington or Runnington to the disabled Lieutenant James Shattocke of 1654, but was he the ancestor of James Shattock born in Wellington who lost three sons in Runnington in 1761, 1763, 1766? This is probably the same James Shattock described as a yeoman from Wellington who leased orchards in Hillfarrance, 3.5 miles or 6 km to the north east of Wellington. (See reference below in Genealogy.)
It is not until we get to John Shattock (ca. 1759), who married Mary Sansom on Feb. 26, 1777, that we arrive on solid ground. The marriage took place in Wellington. Both Mary Sansom and John Shattock were from Wellington. They married by license, not by banns. John would have been only 18 years of age. James Shattock, Gent, witnessed the marriage license. And his son John, and his daughter-in-law Mary, signed their name in neat, legible writing. This was an educated and respectable family. And John's father was wealthy enough to send his son to school. In the genealogy below I have made James Shattock (1721-1809) and Mary Ann Bicknell (b. 1727) the parents of John Shattock. James died in Runnington in 1809.
John Shattock may have died young, because I have found only one son from this marriage, John Shaddock (ca. 1779-1842). He has an unknown birth place. We know he made his way to Bristol because he married Ann May (1789-1859) in Bristol. She was born in Yatton, a small parish south and west of Bristol. How do we know he is a Wellington Shattock transplant in Bristol? There is a tradition in the family to give children their mother's maiden name as a middle name. Ann May gave her maiden name to her sons James May Shattock and Joseph May Shattock. But it is John and Ann's 6th child, a girl, that links the family back to Wellington. Sarah Bellett Shattock born in 1829 in Bristol was named after her great aunt Sarah Bellett, who married William Shattock born 1760 in Wellington.
Tonedale Mills was a large wool factory in Wellington, the largest woollen mill in South West England. Owned by Fox Brothers, it was most famous for the production of "Taunton serge", and later the khaki dye used by the British Army. The Fox family were Quakers.
The Wellington "Bellett" Shattocks
Two prominent Wellington area families, the Shattocks and the Belletts, were united by the marriage of William Shattock (1757-1839) to Sarah Bellett in 1788 in Wellington. William's son John Bellett Shattock went overseas to Jamaica where he is said to have acquired a fortune as a merchant. He returned to the tiny village of Samford Arundel, just a few miles from Wellington. He apparently had a child by an African Jamaican woman whose descendants live in Jamaica and London. He built a magnificent Georgian-style house on 140 acres of parkland. Read the fascinating story here.
John Heaven Shattock (1860-1958) and family. The picture was found at a collectibles event in Victoria, B.C. by Dr. Nick Russell, a local historian. It is a bit of a mystery how it got there. On the back of the picture was written Phyllis Kathleen Shattock. George Bellett Shattock (1901-1957) was in the army in Victoria, but he was a fourth cousin to John Heaven Shattock's daughter Phyllis. I am probably a 16th cousin. The picture was in frame of a photography studio called "R.T. Batt at 2 Wine St. Bristol.." John Heaven's wife Mary Ann Child Batt (1865-1942) had the same last name as the photographer. I will gladly send the picture to a closer relative.
The Bristol Shattocks
I have established that the Bristol Shattocks came from Wellington. John Shattock (1779-1842) married Ann May (1789-1859) in 1809 in Bristol. She was born in Yatton, 11 miles (17 km) south-west of Bristol. So we can probably assume he was living in Bristol at this time.
How can be certain that John Shattock (1779-1842) is the John Shattock descended from Wellington Shattocks? I found his will. He names his wife and children as beneficiaries. He and Ann May gave "May" as the middle name to two of his male children and "Sarah Bellett" to his sixth child. Sarah Bellett (1767-1852) of Sampford Arundel, Somerset married William Shattock (1757-1839) of Bradford On Tone. It was the habit of this family lineage to preserve the female spouse's maiden name in the names of children. Since John Shattock was born when Sarah Bellett was twelve years old, she could not have been his mother. Yet his daughter after her. I think he was a Shattock relative that may have lost his parents and grown up with the William Shattock who married Sarah Bellett. This is due to what I see in the DNA of a couple of Wellington Shattocks. Further tests will confirm or eliminate this theory. I speculate about his relationship with John Bellett Shattock, a son of Sarah Bellet on the Bellett and Shattock page.
John Shattock of Bristol bought a pub in 1840 when he was 61. Perhaps he was an extrovert who imagined gabbing with his customers in his retirement from the building trade. The pub he owned was called the "Globe Tavern" on Christmas street in Bristol. He apparently bought it from William Lancaster. It was known as the "New Globe," although in the will he calls it "Old Globe." He had a mortgage of £400 as the result of the purchase. In 1842 the title shows a new owner, George Wadge, who was a ship and house joiner employing 4 men and 1 boy at premises in Bell Avenue. John apparently owned other properties which he distributed to his family. His family must have sold the pub when he died.
He and his wife had eight children, listed at the bottom of the Milverton branch genealogy. The descendants of the Wellington and Bristol Shattocks scattered to British former colonies, although I have not found descendants who emigrated to the United States.
Wellington-Bristol Shattock Genealogy
Note that John Shattock (1759-1842) married Mary Sansom in Wellington. John Shattock was only 18 years old, which is probably the reason why the marriage was by license rather than banns. The marriage document is witnessed by James Shattock, who died in Runnington, Somerset. Indeed we find that there is a reference to James Shattock of Wellington, a yeoman, indicating he lived and owned property in Wellington.
Somerset Heritage Centre, Reference number DD\AH/6/9/18
1. Peregrine Palmer of Fairfield, Esq.
2. James Shattock of Wellington, yeoman.
Lease for lives orchard (2 acres), Linches (6 acres), Easterbeers (2 acres), Yelland (2 acres), Head Acre (1 acre), Foot Acre (2 acres), Middle Piece (3 acres) and High Pyle (4 acres) in Hillfarrance for 20s. rent and suit of court to Hillfarrance and Allerford manor.
Date 5 May 1763 1 document
There is plenty of evidence Shattocks had been in Wellington or Runnington for at least a century (1654).
The genealogy for the Wellington Shattocks is embedded in the Milverton Shattock genealogy. Look for this line in the genealogy:
188.8.131.52.5 James Shattock 1726–1795 (Mary Bicknell 1727–) Wellington Shattocks