I would like to thank Mick Shattock, Angaston, South Australia, a Wellington Shattock descendant, for his contribution to the Shattocke project.
It is closely associated with the nearby village of Runnington, which is 2.5 miles (4 km) to the south. Langford Budville, only 2 miles (3 km) to the south and a little west is also closely associated with Wellington. What unites these villages is the wool industry. In the third volume of Materials for the history of the town and parish of Wellington in the county of Somerset
by Humphreys, by Arthur Lee (London, 1913), the author talks about the contribution Shattocks made to a local church. On pages 355-366 their occupations:
In 1776 a Trust deed concerning the repairing of the Meeting House was executed, i.e., by an Indenture made 20 June, 16 Geo. III., 1776, Henry Waldron of Wiveliscombe, Som., Gent., and James Lane5 [i.e., Lean] of the same place, mercer, granted, bargained, sold, &c, upon Trusts, to James Shattock, the elder, yeoman, Robert Carle, William Gyles and James Shattock the younger, serge makers, and Joseph Pyne, woolcomber, all of Wellington, Som., and Thomas Shattock and William Shattock of Runnington, Som., serge makers...
John Shattock of Leicester, a direct descendant of the Norton Fitzwarren Shattocks, shared this reference with me and provides this comment: "This book has a number of references to Shattocks. It is primarily about the Independent church in Wellington but there are references to James Shattock senior, a Yeoman from Hemyock, James Shattock Jr. a serge weaver from Clayhidon, William Shattock a merchant from Runnington who are
trustees of the Church. They appear to be close relatives and clearly meet in Wellington for the purposes of church business, although they come from other villages."
In "The Independents," a book about non-conformists in the Wellington area, Arthur L. Humphreys, provides evidence of Shattocks involved in the wool and cloth trade (p. 355). "In 1776 a Trust deed concerning the repairing of the Meeting House was executed; i.e., by an Indenture made 20 June, 16 Geo. III., 1776, ...granted, bargained, sold...to James Shattock, the elder, yeoman, Robert Cade, William Gyles and James Shattock the younger, serge makers, ...and Thomas Shattock and William Shattock of Runnington, Som., serge makers, ..."
Wellington grew as a centre for trade on the road from Bristol in northwest Somerset to Exeter in southeast Devon. A fire in the town in 1731 destroyed much of its wooden buildings. After it was rebuilt it became a centre for cloth making.
Political and social upheavals in nearby Taunton which led to a decline in the industry there, coupled with the industrialization of the woolen industry in the 18th century, resulted in the rise of Wellington as a major cloth making center. I have written about these trends in the Taunton Shattocks page, in the section called "The Taunton Election of 1754 and Decline of the Woolen Industry."
There is a book written about the woolen industry in Wellington by Joseph Hoyland Fox, The Woollen Manufacture at Wellington, Somerset; Compiles from the Records of an Old Family Business (1923). I have excerpted a portion of the book. He writes an excellent portrait of the conditions of roads in the 17th and 18th century and the barriers to trade of great distances and frequent wars. He maps out the main woolen trade routes in Somerset and Devon, and shows how the presence of Wellington on one of the main routes lead to favorable conditions for cloth making in Wellington.
The Wellington parish records began in 1621. The earliest indication of a Shattocke in the parish is found in a court record in 1654. Apparently there was a Lieutenant James Shattocke (or Shattock) who was a disabled war veteran, now living in Limerick, Ireland, but originally from Wellington. William Hussey of Wellington, who is the ward of James Shattocke's male child in Wellington, petitioned the court to have James Shattocke's pension paid out to him until the child was old enough to bound out as a servant.
Nearby Runnington, just two miles north west of Wellington, is virtually a suburb. In 1848, in "A Topographical Dictionary of England," by Samuel Lewis, it has only 107 inhabitants, and a "few persons involved in the woolen manufacture." Weaving has been an industry in the village from much earlier times. Thomas Shattocke of East Runnington, sergeweaver, leased a cottage there "the western half of which was leased by him to Nicholas Stone of Langford Budville, clothier. Both leases are for 99 yrs. Or lives." Date: 1686. Thomas and his wife Elizabeth had children in Runnington, and another generation followed.
There is a will dated Oct. 18, 1807 by William Shattock (1737-1807) that testifies to the wealth and property of the Shattocks of Runnington. There is an alter tomb in the local church, St. Peter and All Angels, inscribed as William Shattock "Esq: of this parish." William Shattock married Elizabeth Horsham of Littleham in Runnington in 1800. He had no children by Elizabeth, but raised John Snook, son of John Snook of Culmstock, Devon from a child. John Snook the elder was a woolcomber in Culmstock. So there is a connection to the wool trade. He gives John Snook junior £2000, a small fortune in 1807 apparently derived from mortgages he holds on four properties in Honiton, Devon (13 miles south of Runnington). He gives his cousin William Shattock, a yeoman in Hemyock Devon, £100, another cousin £5 a year for life, and sums of money to other beneficiaries. William Shattock in Hemyock was a tenant of James Bowerman who was taxed for his land in Hemyock in 1798. To his wife Elizabeth he bequeaths all his lands in Runnington, Sangford Budville, his securities and other income. There may have been other land in other parishs as well. William Shattock is possibly a grandson or great grandson of the Thomas Shattocke mentioned previously. His connection to the wool industry suggests this.
In fact in the parish records we see that Shattocks moved back and forth between Runnington and Wellington.
There is no paper trail from later Shattocks in Wellington or Runnington to the disabled Lieutenant James Shattocke of 1654, but was he the ancestor of James Shattock born in Wellington who lost three sons in Runnington in 1761, 1763, 1766? This is probably the same James Shattock described as a yeoman from Wellington who leased orchards in Hillfarrance, 3.5 miles or 6 km to the north east of Wellington. (See reference below in Genealogy.)
It is not until we get to John Shattock (ca. 1759), who married Mary Sansom on Feb. 26, 1777, that we arrive on solid ground. The marriage took place in Wellington. Both Mary Sansom and John Shattock were from Wellington. They married by license, not by banns. John would have been only 18 years of age. James Shattock, Gent, witnessed the marriage license. And his son John, and his daughter-in-law Mary, signed their name in neat, legible writing. This was an educated and respectable family. And John's father was wealthy enough to send his son to school. In the genealogy below I have made James Shattock (1721-1809) and Mary Ann Bicknell (b. 1727) the parents of John Shattock. James died in Runnington in 1809.
John Shattock may have died young, because I have found only one son from this marriage, John Shaddock (ca. 1779-1842). He has an unknown birth place. We know he made his way to Bristol because he married Ann May (1789-1859) in Bristol. She was born in Yatton, a small parish south and west of Bristol. How do we know he is a Wellington Shattock transplant in Bristol? There is a tradition in the familyto give children their mother's maiden name as a middle name. Ann May gave her maiden name to her sons James May Shattock and Joseph May Shattock. But it is John and Ann's 6th child, a girl, that links the family back to Wellington. Sarah Bellett Shattock born in 1829 in Bristol was named after her great aunt Sarah Bellett, who married William Shattock born 1760 in Wellington.
Tonedale Mills was a large wool factory in Wellington, the largest woollen mill in South West England. Owned by Fox Brothers, it was most famous for the production of "Taunton serge", and later the khaki dye used by the British Army.
The Wellington "Bellett" Shattocks
William Shattock was the son of the James Shattock, Gent, that I wrote about earlier. On their marriage license, he signed his name in clean, legible writing right over that of Sarah Bellett, who also signed her own name, neatly. These were probably prominent local families. By 1788, the year of the marriage, the town was humming with industry, particularly the woolen industry as a Tone Mills was established in 1754 and the Fox family that owned it incorporated the modern manufacture of cloth in the production of famed Taunton serge.
There is a William Shattock, probably the same, who was taxed for land he owned in the UK Land Tax Redemption of 1798 for Wellington.
In fact it might be speculated that the high efficiency mill put the local Shattockes, who were still running cottage industry cloth making, out of business. That might explain why the generations of Shattocks might have had to go to other trades in other places to make a living. One of those Shattocks was the only child of William Shattock and his wife Sarah Bellett. His name was John Bellett Shattock (1792-1860).
Here is what John Shattock of Leicester, descendant of the Norton Fitzwarren Shattocks, has to say about John Bellet Shattock: "He was actively involved in the formation of the dissident presbyterian independent meeting house in Wellington. Wellington was a centre for the dissident Christians from the 17th century. The Bellet name is associated with the start of the Brethren movement. The Bellets were Irish and John Gifford Bellet was instrumental in the formation of the group that became known as the Plymouth Brethren in 1830. John Gifford Bellet introduced a person called John Nelson Darby, another Irish man, who became one of the scholars within the Plymouth Brethren and someone who I know my great grandfather Charles had met, according to Mike Shaddock's [John's first cousin] and my Great Aunt Matilda (Tilly). Shattocks contributed land and sales towards the building of a meeting place in Wellington, which is about 6 miles from Norton Fitzwarren and Staplegrove.
Interestingly this Independent Church in Wellington was also the meeting place of the Lapthorns from both Wellington and Norton Fitzwarren/Staplegrove. Honor Lapthorn, married to John Shattock c 1758, had parents George Lapthorn and Mary Lapthorn (Richards). Some of Honor's siblings births are recorded in the Wellington Independent Records. They may be described as baptisms but they were not. The presbyterians and the various brethren assemblies did not believe in infant baptism but the baptism of believers and this was one of the main issues that led protestant dissidents to separate themselves from the established Church of England. Legally marriages had to take place in Anglican Churches between 1753 until civil marriages were allowed from 1837. There were other differences, including the weekly Lord's supper, or communion, and they had no ordained ministry so they based their beliefs on Bible teaching rather than on dictates from the Church of England. This demonstrates that the Shattocks have a history of "non-conformists" or "dissidents" that Mike and I can trace back at least 200 years."
John Bellett Shaddock's father must have been reasonably wealthy, because John Bellett Shattock was able to fund a business venture in Jamaica.
He is described as a merchant in Jamaica on a website at the University College London. Here is the bio they provide on their website:
"Returnee to England, after a period as a merchant in Kingston, arriving back in England.
In 1851 John B. Shattock aged 58 landed proprietor born Wellington Somerset was living at Easterlands, Sampford Arundell with wife Elizabeth aged 50 born Liverpool, daughters Sarah 22 born Jamaica, Elizabeth 21 West Indies and Mary aged 16 born Wellington Somerset: two of their servants were locally born women named Bellett. In 1861, after John Bellett Shattock's death, the family was still in situ at Easterlands, joined by son John 27 born Wellington."
It was not clear to me if the UCL website identified John Bellett Shattock as a slave owner until I came across a document that lists twenty slaves owned by John B. Shattock in the parish of St. Andrews, Jamaica. You can look at it yourself and decide.
I don't think his estate in Sampford Arundell, Easterlands, was financed by slave laborer. This document suggests his father William married well (Sarah Bellet), although he made have been relatively wealthy himself. The property apparently was previously owned by his wife's father, William Bellet.
Sampford Arundel, 1816-1904 Somerset Heritage Centre DD\CH/112/8 Moiety of Rectory, glebe lands and tithes, culminating in possession of Isabel Lucy Marshall of Norton Manor, Taunton, widow of Wilfred George Marshall, Esq., 1904. The moiety was purchased in 1816 by William Bellett of Sampford Arundel from Richard Yendle of Uplowman, yeoman and Jeremiah Woodbury of Exeter, innkeeper. By 1840 it was in the possession of John Bellett Shattock of Wellington. His son, the Rev. John Bellett Shattock of Stalbridge, Dorset, sold it to Charles Moore of Liverpool, merchant, in 1864.
I had wondered how John Bellett Shattock made his way to Jamaica as a merchant. His family had money. He is described as a Kingston merchant, so his wealth came from borth slave labour and trade.
The Easterlands estate was probably built by John Bellett Shattocke. It was built in the Georgian style and features a separate coach house. It still sits on 44 acres of land and was on the market for £3.1 million in 2013.
The UCL site provides this additional detail about Easterlands: "The will of John Bellett Shattock late of Easterlands House in the parish of Sampford Arundel Somerset who died 29/12/1860 at Easterlands House proved 20/3/1861 by Rev. John Bellett Shattock of Easterland and John Ward Nicholls of Greenwich Hospital, effects under £12,000.
Details extracted from the St Catherine parish register show John Bellett Shattock, merchant of Kingston, marrying Elizabeth Calvert 18/6/1826 in St Catherine."
John Bellett Shattock made enough money in Jamaica to live very comfortably. In the 1851 census he is living in the village of Sampford Arundell, just 2.5 miles or 4 km south west of Wellington. His rank is "landed proprietor." There is a ladies maid, house maid, cook, kitchen maid and general servant living on his estate "Easterlands." How far up the social scale had John Bellet Shattocke risen? The Fox family, who owned the dye and woolen factory that probably put John Bellett Shattock's ancestors out of business, in subsequent years bought the estate and lived in it.
The 44 acre estate. The sheep in the foreground seem appropriate for Shattockes.
John B.'s wife, Elizabeth Calvert (1800-1870), was from Liverpool, England. She and John Bellett had five children, including John Bellet Shattock, jr. (1827-1861) who became a vicar. He in turn had a son, John Bellett Shattock (1864-1932) that was a pharmacist in Lancaster, Lancashire, England. And John Bellet Shattock III had two children, including George Bellett Shattock (1901-1957) who emigrated to Canada, and worked in Vancouver where I live, moved to Victoria, B.C. and became a Canadian army captain. George Bellet Shattock's aunt Marie St. Maurice Shattock (1864-1936) was also an emigrant to Canada, living in Quebec, Ontario and Manitoba.
This is probably the document that lists the sale of the Shattock estate at Sampford Arundell:
Somerset Heritage Centre, Reference number, DD\CH/112/8
Description: Moiety of Rectory, glebe lands and tithes, culminating in possession of Isabel Lucy Marshall of Norton Manor, Taunton, widow of Wilfred George Marshall, Esq., 1904. The moiety was purchased in 1816 by William Bellett of Sampford Arundel from Richard Yendle of Uplowman, yeoman and Jeremiah Woodbury of Exeter, innkeeper. By 1840 it was in the possession of John Bellett Shattock of Wellington. His son, the Rev. John Bellett Shattock of Stalbridge, Dorset, sold it to Charles Moore of Liverpool, merchant, in 1864. In 1878 Mary Louisa Moore of Clontarf, Dublin, sold it to Robert Arundel Were of Wellington, gent., along with the capital messuage called Easterlands in Sampford Arundel and Wellington (schedule of lands and plan, endorsed with memorandum of purchase of Easterlands by Frederick George Slessor, 1897). Were mortgaged all the property to Wilfred George Marshall of Belmont, Taunton, 1879 and bundle includes pre-marriage settlement of Marshall and Isabel Lucy Byne of Bath, 1881.
Date 1816-1904, Extent: 13 documents
In 2018 on the British news service, BBC, there is a news story that features Amanda Kitron who discovers she is a direct descendant of John Bellett Shattock, jr. and one of the slaves owned by his father. It is an astonishing story: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GamxNrkwqMw&t=4s
John Heaven Shattock (1860-1958) and family. The picture was found at a collectibles event in Victoria, B.C. by Dr. Nick Russell, a local historian. It is a bit of a mystery how it got there. On the back of the picture was written Phyllis Kathleen Shattock. George Bellett Shattock (1901-1957) was in the army in Victoria, but he was a fourth cousin to John Heaven Shattock's daughter Phyllis. I am probably a 16th cousin. The picture was in frame of a photography studio called "R.T. Batt at 2 Wine St. Bristol.." John Heaven's wife Mary Ann Child Batt (1865-1942) had the same last name as the photographer. I will gladly send the picture to a closer relative.
The Bristol Shattocks
I have established that the Bristol Shattocks came from Wellington. John Shattock (1779-1842) married Ann May (1789-1859) in 1809 in Bristol. She was born in Yatton, 11 miles (17 km) south-west of Bristol. So we can probably assume he was living in Bristol at this time.
How can be certain that John Shattock (1779-1842) is the John Shattock descended from Wellington Shattocks? I found his will. He names his wife and children as beneficiaries. He and Ann May gave "May" as the middle name to two of his male children and his great aunt's name "Sarah Bellett" to his sixth child.
He had bought a pub in 1840 when he was 61. Perhaps he was an extrovert who imagined gabbing with his customers in his retirement from the building trade. The pub he owned was called the "Globe Tavern" on Christmas street in Bristol. He apparently bought it from William Lancaster. It was known as the "New Globe," although in the will he calls it "Old Globe." He had a mortgage of £400 as the result of the purchase. In 1842 the title shows a new owner, George Wadge, who was a ship and house joiner employing 4 men and 1 boy at premises in Bell Avenue. John apparently owned other properties which he distributed to his family. His family must have sold the pub when he died.
He and his wife had eight children, listed in the Wellington-Bristol Shattock Genealogy below. The descendants of the Wellington and Bristol Shattocks scattered to British former colonies, although I have not found descendants who emigrated to the United States.
Wellington-Bristol Shattock Genealogy
Note that John Shattock (1759-1842) married Mary Sansom in Wellington. John Shattock was only 18 years old, which is probably the reason why the marriage was by license rather than banns. The marriage document is witnessed by James Shattock, who died in Runnington, Somerset. Indeed we find that there is a reference to James Shattock of Wellington, a yeoman, indicating he lived and owned property in Wellington.
Somerset Heritage Centre, Reference number DD\AH/6/9/18
1. Peregrine Palmer of Fairfield, Esq.
2. James Shattock of Wellington, yeoman.
Lease for lives orchard (2 acres), Linches (6 acres), Easterbeers (2 acres), Yelland (2 acres), Head Acre (1 acre), Foot Acre (2 acres), Middle Piece (3 acres) and High Pyle (4 acres) in Hillfarrance for 20s. rent and suit of court to Hillfarrance and Allerford manor.
Date 5 May 1763 1 document
There is plenty of evidence Shattocks had been in Wellington or Runnington for at least a century (1654).
The genealogy for the Wellington Shattocks is embedded in the Milverton Shattock genealogy. Look for this line in the genealogy:
184.108.40.206.5 James Shattock 1726–1795 (Mary Bicknell 1727–) Wellington Shattocks