North Molton Shaddocks
"NORTH MOLTON is a large village on the bold western acclivity of the river Mole, 3½ miles N. by E. of South Moulton. It consists chiefly of irregularly built thatched houses, and its extensive being enclosed. This large parish extends about 5 miles N. and N.E. of the village, to the sources of the Mole and Duns Brook, among the lofty hills on the borders of Somersetshire and Exmoor Forest. It includes the hamlets, &c., of Heasley, Ben-Twitchen, Hunston, Walscott, Upcott, Flitton, and many scattered farmhouses. About ten years ago, a very rich copper mine was discovered in the northern part of the parish, called "Prince Albert's Mine," and containing a mixture of gold. . . . There is a woollen mill at Heasley, and the village has two cattle fairs, on the Wednesday after May 12th, and the last Wednesday in October. It had formerly a weekly market and a fair on All Saints' day, granted in 1270 to Roger le Zouch, whose family obtained the manor from King John, . . . Lord Poltimore owns most of the parish; and Court Hall, being in the neighbourhood of Exmoor Forest, was long occupied by his family as a hunting seat; and the few wild red deer which still linger in that mountainous region, render it a desirable abode for the lovers of the chase. . . . The Church (All Saints,) is a fine antique structure, with a tower containing six bells, and rising to the height of 100 feet." [From White's Devonshire Directory (1850), transcribed by Brian Randell, with thanks]
The of the surnames Shattock, Shattick, Shaddock and Shaddock are found in North Molton parish records. The Shattick version dominates early on. The Shattick variation shares the same spelling as the West Bagborough Shatticks of west Somerset. They also share Christian names with the West Bagborough Shattocks: Robert, Richard and particularly John. It is likely North Molton Shatticks share a common ancestor with the West Bagborough Shattocks. Bicknoller, the village where an ancestor of the North Molton Shatticks lived, is only five miles north of West Bagborough. But ultimately I think they might share ancestry with the Taunton area Shattocks.
In the article on West Bagborough Shatticks I argue that they are a branch of the Staplegrove Shattocks. See the family tree below. I think it might be the case that the Staplegrove Shattocks and the North Molton Shatticks share a common ancestor in the Bishop's Hull area, just on the outskirts of Taunton. There is a high degree of similarity between the Christian names between the West Bagborough, Staplegrove and North Molton Shatticks. And if you look at a map, the North Molton Shatticks naturally expand from as base near Taunton.
If the North Molton Shatticks share a common ancestor with the Staplegrove Shattocks, he probably lived in the last half of the 15th century. Descendants of North Molton Shattockes have the Y19716 SNP mutation that sets them apart from the other five branches of the family. See the branch on the far right of the family tree:
The Shattockes of North Molton have a long, multi-generational history in North Molton. According to a YFull estimate, based on advanced DNA testing, the branch formed about 1565. Given that YFull algorithm assumes the test taker is 60 years old, this means the founder of North Molton Shattockes was born about 1500 AD.
This map shows where North Molton is relative to the other villages where Shattockes lived in the 16th century. North Molton is on the far left of the map, one-third up from the bottom.
The map shows the North Molton Shattockes as a definite outlier, the most distant branch of the family in the 16th century, thirty-one miles from Staplegrove or twenty-three miles from Stogumber. But as indicate below, the North Molton Shattocke founding ancestor, Thomas Shattock, first moved to Bampton in Somerset, half the distance from Stogumber or Staplegrove, before moving on to North Molton in northern Devon.
I have speculated that the West Bagborough Shatticks are found in West Bagborough because of the sheep grazing on the uplands of the Quantock Hills where the village is located. North Molton is similarly located.
The advice in forensic investigations is to "follow the money." This was certainly the case in determining where the North Molton Shattockes branched off of the family tree. The map of Shattock villages shows the North Molton Shattockes as a definite outlier, the most distant branch of the family in the 16th century, thirty-one miles from Staplegrove or twenty-five miles from West Bagborough. But the founder of North Molton Shattockes, Thomas Shattock, first moved to Bampton in Somerset, half the distance from West Bagborough or Staplegrove, before moving on to North Molton in northern Devon. It is a couple of tax records that finds him and his son in Bampton. Bampton is near what was the major wool market town of Tiverton which gives us reason to suspect that is what drew the grandson of Roger Shattock, wool merchant, to the area. And North Molton was also a major wool town, close to the herds of sheep in the Exmoor forest near North Molton and the major sea port at the time of Barnstaple, just ten miles east of North Molton.
Cliff Shaddick, in his research on Shattockes in North Molton notes (page 8) that Bampton "is the most likely way the Weavers would take if going to the Wool Market at TIVERTON." The link between North Molton and the weavers of the West Bagborough area is wool and its transformation into cloth.
Thomas Shattock was taxed for ownership of goods in 1524 (Devon Lay Subsidy Rolls 1524-1527). And his son John Shattocke was taxed in 1543 (Devon Lay Subsidy Rolls 1543-1545). Thomas had to be at least twenty-one, so his birth date was around 1500 or earlier. That means Thomas' father John was born in 1480 or perhaps one or two decades earlier. And the family was wealthy enough to be taxed.
Where did his money come from? There is a will in 1533 of one Johane Shottocke of Bicknoller, about five miles north of West Bagborough. She was wealthy enough to leave items to the Bicknoller church, a standard practice at the time among the wealthy to curry favor in the progress of their soul to the pearly gates. She identifies her son "Sir" Thomas as her beneficiary. From page 9 of "Wells Wills."
Do you see that transcriber's note? Johane is using a Devonshire name for a long oval pan. She may be preparing herself for burial in the churchyard of Bicknoller in Somerset, but it appears she spent a great deal of time in Devon. Either she moved to be with her son in Devon after her husband died or she moved with her husband to Devon.
I can confidently say that the Bicknoller "Sir Thomas" was the same taxed Thomas in Bampton, because there are so few male Shattockes in the world at this time, three or four, perhaps five, and this is the only Thomas. I rather suspect she is being a fond and proud mother whose husband probably first raised the family up from more humble beginnings, and her son helped build the family wealth at a time when the cloth export trade was making tradespeople like weavers very rich.
It is after all a money trail. If her husband or son Thomas was a weaver or a merchant that would explain why he was so mobile. If he was a weaver he moved to where he had access to his raw product, wool, and to a market where he could sell the product of his loom: cloth. If he was a merchant, more likely given he was "Sir Shattock," he moved to where he had access to an export market, which would be the port of Barnstable and the Exeter broadcloth market.
My fellow North Molton (Yarnscombe, New Brunswick, Fremington, Tawstock, Burrington, Toronto, Illinois, etc.) cousins have some kind of claim to be descended from a "Sir Shattocke." It is entered on a will dated 1533. It was probably family wealth that set up the family in North Molton and the family was large enough to produce a lot of branches. When the export cloth market declined in early 17th century the North Molton Shattocks spread south in north Devon, at first to Yarnscombe and then along the coast and into the interior of north Devon. When the agricultural industry was mechanized in the industrial revolution beginning in the late 18th century, Shaddocks and Shaddicks eventually emigrated from Devon to Australia and Canada, and from Canada into the United States.
The final, rather compelling evidence, that the North Molton Shattocks are descended from a common ancestor with the Staplegrove Shattocks is the Christian names we find in the first few generation in North Molton: Thomas, John, Robert, Christopher and Henry. These names are found in both Staplegrove and Stogumber Shattock records. It is the Bicknoller will that makes it probable that Stogumber, only two miles away, was the birthplace of Thomas Shattocke. The DNA evidence is ambiguous. The CDY marker has the ancestral value for the South Molton - Bristol Shaddicks: 36-38. The later Yarnscombe branch appears to have lost a repeat: 35-38. So in terms of the DNA evidence Thomas Shattocke could be a descendant of either the Stogumber Shattockes or the Staplegrove Shattockes.
North Molton from the south east. Exmoor is in the distance.
North Molton and the Wool and Cloth Industry
The next map shows where North and South Molton is in relation to the major land features. North Molton is at the northern tip of Devon, on the edge of the Exmoor National Park, about 23 miles across the moor to the port of Minehead in Somerset and about 60 miles from Taunton in Somerset. (Staplegrove is now a suburb of Taunton.)
The map shows where Shattocke male adults were living living in 1642 (large red numbers).
Many Shattick births, deaths, marriages and celebrations occurred in All Saints, the Church of England church in North Molton.
It was probably not farming vegetables or raising cattle, horses or pigs that drew Shattockes to North Molton. The candidates are the mining industry or the wool and cloth industry.
Copper was mined since medieval times in an area north of the village, called Bampfylde, and later iron mining. H. G. Hoskins in Devon (David & Charles, 1954) confirms this: "The parish also has a mining history, going back to Elizabethan days when German miners were brought over to develop English Minerals."
In "Report & Transactions, Volume 22" (Devonshire Association for the Advancement of Science, Literature and Art) there is a paper delivered by H.W. Strong at Barnstaple in July 1890 which he titles "A Contribution to the Commercial History of Devonshire" (p. 129-137). While he acknowledges the role agriculture has played in what has been a remote and thinly populated county, he also points out that there is evidence that Devon people have always been industrious and inventive with other forms of manufacture. There were argentiferous tin mines at Combe Martin in the 13th century (tin was an important alloy in the creation of bronze from copper) and later silver. There is also evidence for tin mining in Yarnscombe, the village where a major Shattocke North Molton lineage originated, the Yarnscombe Shattockes.
Fremington, which also figures prominently as a North Molton Shattocke founding village (Fremington Shaddicks), had clay pits that supplied brown clay in the manufacture of Barum and Fremington wares (p. 134). North Devon had been a pottery centre since the middle ages with the main potteries in Bideford and Barnstaple, both Shattocke towns.
Mining appears to be an important source of employment in more than one Shattocke village. Chittlehampton and Tawstock had culm pits. (Culm is a type of coal.) Tawstock had particularly large culm works, and it is the founding village for a branch of the North Molton Shattockes, the Tawstock Shaddocks. Beds of culm or anthracite are found from Bideford and Alverdiscott through Chittlehampton, all Shattocke villages.
I think the inheritance laws may have meant Shattickes of North Molton may have branched into other trades. Only the oldest surviving son could inherit land. The 16th century was a time of explosive growth in the population, producing a lot of sons who did not inherit the family business. Some of them might have found work in the mines.
Weaver at this loom.
However, the most important industry in North Molton was the woolen trade. Tristram Risdon (1580-1640), was an antiquarian who authored the Survey of the County of Devon, which he completed in 1632. He tells us there was a long history of the export of raw wool from this area to Europe, especially through the trade corridor between London and Cologne in the Rhine Valley.
According to Shirley Bray, writing in South Molton Museum newsletter ("Local History News," June, 2016), a fulling mill, where cloth is thickened, was recorded as early as 1326 in South Molton. By 1634 there were three fulling mills. "South Molton was one of the five chief manufacturing towns of the County...making coarse woolens for Spain, Portugal, Italy and Germany."
In his paper Strong emphasizes the importance of the woolen trade:
"North Devon has however been most prominently identified with woollen manufactures Barnstaple and Torrington furnish us bayes baize single and double and fryzadoes and such like wrote Westcote in the seventeenth century. And Pilton adjoining vents cotton [a species of the coarsest woollen cloth] and lyninge so coarse a stuff as there was a vae [a woe] pronounced against them in these words: 'Woe unto you ye Piltonians that make cloth without wool.' The Rack Hayes, a description applied to the north end of the North Walk at Barnstaple, was an appendage or relic of the great industry which flourished in the town when during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries Barnstaple was the chief Devonshire port for the importation of wool."
All Saints Church in North Molton
We know that the cloth trade existed at North Molton from very early times. W. G. Hoskins in his Devon history book notes that there was a tucking mill (a water powered mill where cloth was washed and finished) as early as 1327 (p. 125). "Most of the small towns of Devon seem to have been centres of a cloth industry by the time of the Black Death, and some of the larger villages also." In fact it was the invention of the tucking mills that that "brought about a rapid dispersal of the industry into the countryside during the 13th century, a movement so pronounced that it has been called 'an industrial revolution.'" (p. 124) The presence of many tumbling streams in Devon made the spread of the tucking mills possible.
The nearby port of Barnstable was a major export port for woolens. According to Strong (pp. 132-133), prior to the 19th century South Molton was a major exporter of coarse woolens to the European continent, along with the villages North Tawton and Bishop's Morchard.
According to Duncan Taylor, in his Phd thesis "The Maritime Trade of the Smaller Bristol Channel Ports in the Sixteenth Century" (Dec. 2009, University of Bristol) p. 17 " In the earlier decades of the century however, Barnstaple’s prosperity was more prosaically founded on the export of locally manufactured woollen cloth. Along with the South Devon ports it acted as a conduit for the important cloth producing towns of South Molton and Tiverton, the latter ranked among the largest in England." Note that Bampton, where Shattockes are found in the early 16th century, is only six miles north of Tiverton.
Locally produced cloth was the only export out of Barnstable in the early 16th century. Cloth was 99% of the exports shipped out of Barnstaple in the middle of the century and by the end of the century was still up to 95% of the exports. The cloth makers in northern Devon were exceptional in their ability to adapt to changing market conditions. A heavy broadcloth was the mainstay of English production throughout the first half the century. But by the middle of the 16th century market conditions had changed, according to Taylor. Demand for lighter fabrics rose as heavy fabrics declined. The war with France in the middle of the century shut down the major overseas market at Antwerp. There was a shift in where cloths were exported as London took over more than 90 percent of the cloth exports. The cloth makers in northern Devon adapted quickly to these challenges by changing the product they were making. "A distinctive type of cloth known as a Devonshire kersey had begun to be produced from the early sixteenth century and was recorded in the customs records from 1565, by which time it had supplanted standard type broadcloths to be the main type of cloth exported. Kerseys were a finely spun, lighter cloth more in tune with the new demand, and were described by Youings as a precursor of the new draperies proper, the bays and says which came to predominate at the end of the century....The indications are therefore that Devonian producers built on the advantage which they already enjoyed in producing these cloths, and rapidly stepped up production to meet changing demand in a way that their counterparts elsewhere either failed or were unable to do." (pp. 19-20)
On the English Heritage page I discuss the development of the export cloth industry in Somerset, and it closely parallels the rise and fall of the export market in Devon.
I referred earlier to the presence of Shattockes in Bampton, which is only 6 miles (9.7 km) north of Tiverton, considered walking distance in those days. The Shattockes of Bampton were rich enough to have paid taxes. The fact that we find Shattockes of property close to a major cloth making town is suggestive. If you look at the map above you will see that early Shattockes are found on the trade routes between major woolen centres and the export ports. It seems reasonable to assume it was not agriculture that drew Shattockes away form their ancient seats in Stogumber, Staplegrove and Milverton, it was cloth making. If it had been agriculture we would expect to find Shattockes moving east of Taunton, north of Taunton or Stogumber and they would be much more numerous in villages whose economy was largely agricultural. I believe it was their weaving skills, passed on from father to son, that drew them as far west as North Molton. The Bampton Shattockes may have traveled to Barnstable to ship their cloth and passed through North Molton, or traded cloth in North Molton at a fair there.
From the interior of All Saints in North Molton.
In the early 16th century, when parish records were first kept, North Molton was enjoying prosperity from the cloth trade. The All Saints church dominating the landscape around North Molton was built in the late 15th century and local historians point to the burgeoning wool trade that made the church's size and splendor possible. There are many fine buildings in the village that date from this time that attest to the wealth the trade brought to its citizens. In fact there was a type of cloth called "Moltons" that was shipped for export to Minehead (across Exmoor to the coast) and Bridgwater (further east along the coast). The area around North Molton and north into the Exmoor provided excellent pasturage for sheep, placing North Molton weavers between the source of a wool supply and a port where their cloths sailed away to European markets.
In his 1720 diary of his travels in Somerset, Robinson Crusoe author and journalist Daniel Dafoe writes of the prosperity and far reach of the port of Minehead on the Bristol Channel coast of Somerset because of its deep harbor: :
- Minehead, the best port, and safest harbour, in all these counties, at least, on this side: No ship is so big, but it may come in, and no weather so bad, but the ships are safe when they are in...the town is well built, is full of rich merchants, and has some trade also to Virginia, and the West Indies: They correspond much with the merchants of Barnstable, and Bristol, in their foreign trade...
The reference to Barnstaple is particularly important because it was also a port involved in the export of cloth and there were generations of Shatticks in nearby North Molton who may have arrived in the village from the area around Stogumber: Bicknoller and Crowcombe. The trade route patterns conform to Shattock and Shattick migration patterns.
A Frayne headstone in the churchyard of North Molton. Those rich families in the churchyard do not seem to have Anglo-Saxon or Celtic names, do they? French? Flemish? Dutch? German? The North Molton parish records show a lot of Shattockes born and married during this period
North Molton prospered in the early years. According to the Victoria County History webpage:
The core of North Molton is the Square, a large open space where the fairs would have been held and to one side of which stands the church, and the long straggling East Street. Here are several fine houses originally of the early 18th century including Frayne house, Zeals, Castle Hill, and Jarman’s. Clearly the place was prosperous at that period as the churchyard contains some fine 18th-century chest tombs including those to the Moorner, Frayne, and Flemen families. There are a few earlier houses of quality such as the Bampfylde’s grand 1553 Court House or 17th-century Hillside View. In the 1730s parishioners paid for nearly 8,000 sheep to graze in the Exmoor forest, far more than any other community and a fifth of all the sheep in the forest.
In his paper written about the woolen trade in West Somerset called, "The West Somerset Woolen Trade 1500-1714" Philip Ashford says that by about 1555 villages in Somerset were beginning to compete with Somerset towns for the trade.
In 1555 it was reported that the woollen trade was deserting the Somerset towns of Bridgwater, Taunton and Chard, and establishing itself in the villages, much to the chagrin of the town worthies who saw their ancient monopolies and influence diminishing along with the prosperity of some of their townspeople. (p. 170)
In this connection, it is interesting to note that many of the villages that became prominent in the woolen trade in Somerset are also Shattocke villages. (See the map of villages where woolen trades were numerous and how closely it matches Shattock villages with large families on the English Heritage page.) Was North Molton, which had extensive sheep herds in the Exmoor forest, and a nearby port of export in Barnstable, a beneficiary of this decentralization of the trade? This seems plausible. If the original immigrant to North Molton was a cloth merchant from the Stogumber area, he may have been seeking new markets for cloth opened up through the Barnstaple port.
The expansion of the Shattocke family in Devon seems to support this theory. There is the tax record for a Thomas "Shatok" in 1524 in Bampton, Devon, on the road to the wool market in the town of Tiverton. It is notable that Exeter and villages around it show a small presence of Shattockes in the early records. Agnes Shattocke has a son John Shattocke born Sept. 25, 1578 in Woodbury, just east of Exeter. But the records of Shattockes in Exeter are few. In Dorset the first record of a Shattocke is the birth of Thomas Shattocke Jan. 13, 1599 in Melcombe Regis.
Only in North Molton is there evidence of continuous occupation by a Shattocke family in Devon from 1542 to 1766 with the birth of Anne Shaddick on Mar. 21, 1766.
One of the earliest records of the expansion of the Shattockes into northern Devon is the will of Gregory Shatticke of Pilton, just north of Barnstaple, not far from North Molton. He was born in North Molton in 1587. He died in 1634, leaving money to the poor of Pilton and North Molton and to his relative John Shatticke of North Molton. He was a man of means. His occupation? Weaver. He may have been trained in weaving by his father in North Molton, Edmond Shatticke.
After the cloth trade revived in the late 17th century, and the mining activity declined, the town continued to be a woolen centre well into the 19th century. Hoskins (p. 436): "There was formerly a woollen industry here: in Polwhele's day the population were mostly combers and weavers, very poor but healthy."
The Diaspora of Shattockes from North Molton to Other Villages in North Devon
The 14th to the 17th centuries were times of unparalleled prosperity for the Shattockes of North Molton. But by the 18th century the looms became increasing silent, dismantled and abandoned. According to Shirley Bray in the South Molton museum newsletter (p. 3) "During the 18th and early 19th Centuries, the majority of the inhabitants of the town were working in their cottages as wool combers, spinners and weavers. Wool was also spun in the villages, and brought into the town to be woven. Blankets were made as well as cloth for men’s coats and women’s cloaks. Trade was not always good, an article in the Daily Post, London, dated July 4th 1743 tells us that owing to a decline in trade, only 303 Serges a week and sometimes less had been made instead of the 500 a week that had been produced previously. This had resulted in the deaths of 200 people in South Molton in one year of poverty and “gaol pestilence”. There was a similar situation throughout the West Country."
Sheep just outside North Molton. Even today Sheep are plentiful around North Molton.
South Molton does not record the presence of a Shattocke family until 1635 with the birth of George Shattock to Henry and Elizabeth Shattocke, about a century after Shattockes arrived in North Molton. (There had been female Shattocke marriages in 1625 and 1626.) North Molton had a relatively large number of Shattickes over that period. You would expect some of them to have moved to South Molton. You would have expected others to take up farming and move to other towns in north Devon. There are no records of Shattockes in the wool villages of North Tawton and Bishop's Morchard. There are no records of Shattock inhabitants anywhere else in north Devon. The fact is that Shattockes appear to have lived in North Molton from the earliest record in 1542 and did not appear to venture south, east or west until the early 17th century. What kept them in place for so long?
One possible explanation is that they had no incentive to move as North and South Molton probably saw a substantial expansion in cloth production as they adapted to the changing market for lighter fabrics. If they were weavers, the craft would have been handed down father to son and they may have established business relationships as well. By 1640, North and South Molton were only second to the Stogumber area in west Somerset in the number of Shattockes.
Making Sense of the North Molton and South Molton Parish Records
Making sense of the parish records is a bit like trying to assemble a puzzle from a jumble of pieces dumped on the floor. Plus you do not have a reference picture. And there are missing pieces! But there are pieces that fit together and slowly a picture emerges.
I believe the founder of North Molton Shatticks was Thomas Shattock born about 1500 AD in Stogumber, Somerset. Joan Shattick, wife of Thomas Shattick, died in North Molton in 1565. The record of the death does not include her age. There is no candidate for a husband for a young Joan Shattick in the parish records. And Thomas is a very common name among North Molton Shatticks. I call him Thomas "Shattock" because he probably came from elsewhere. The best guess is Bampton, Devon where Shattocks are found early in the 16th century. As noted earlier there is a tax record of a Thomas "Shatok" in Bampton in 1524. He was wealthy enough to pay taxes and may have moved to North Molton because it was a busy cloth center close to the shipping port of Barnstable. He shows up in a tax record in 1524 in Bampton but is missing from a tax record in 1548.
The parish records show Shatticks in North Molton all born within a generation. Thomas had four sons and a daughter that survived into adulthood: John Shattick (ca. 1520-), Edmond Shattick (ca. 1522-), Agnes Shattick (ca. 1525), Henry Shattick (ca. 1528-1565) and Robart Shattick (ca. 1530-). His first son was named "John," a name found in the Bampton tax records. It is also the name of the Shattock who made out his will naming Sir Thomas Shattock his on as beneficiary in Bicknoller, two miles from Stogumber. Two of the children of Thomas Shattock of North Molton, Robarte and John, had first born sons named Thomas that survived into adulthood. Naming your first born son after your father was a common practice at this time in Devon.
What gives me confidence that the North Molton Shatticks sprung from a single founder? There were not a lot of Shattockes in the world in 1500 AD. The common ancestor of all Shattockes was probably born about 1360, about 140 years previously or four generations back. The rate for surviving males who go on to produce the next generation is somewhere between one and two males. This makes it more likely that Thomas Shattocke came from a village nearby like Bampton and some or all of this children may have been born there. And the evidence seems to indicate his father died in Bicknoller, near Stogumber, Somerset.
DNA testing of descendants of Thomas Shattocke (ca. 1500) show that they have a common ancestor who was born in 1505 AD. This is almost exactly the right date.
I have already presented reasons why I think the North Molton Shatticks were from the West Bagborough area in Somerset. But there is other evidence. In the first entries in the parish records of West Bagborough in Somerset we see the surname spelled "Shattick." There is only one other place in the world where the name is spelled that way at this time: West Bagborough. Thomas Shattick, who I believe was the founder of the North Molton Shattockes, was born only 5 miles from West Bagborough about 1500. If he was educated, and there is reason to believe he was, then he could very well have carried that spelling with him to North Molton. The name is found in the North Molton registers from the beginning (1565) for the next 135 years. In West Bagborough the spelling of that name is found from the same year (1565) to 1576. The spelling may be due to the way the name was pronounced in West Bagborough, so that even if Thomas Shattick did not dictate the spelling, he may have literally carried the spelling in his accent all the way to North Molton.
The genealogy of North Molton Shatticks is presented at this bottom of this page.
Protestation Returns of 1641-2
The Protestation Returns of 1641-2 act as a kind of census for men over the age of eighteen in Devon and Somerset. This map shows the distribution of Shattock adult males in 1642.
The Returns show the following Shatticke men in North Molton: John Shatticke, William Shatticke, and Simon Shatticke. In South Molton there is Henry Shatticke and Jonathan Shatticke. In the village of Molland, five miles east of North Molton (7.5 km), Philip Shatticke is also in the Returns. He marries Elizabeth Davy or Dany there in 1656. There is a William Shattocke in Culmstock in the Returns. I think he might have been from Somerset. Finally there is Thomas Shaddock (sic) in Yarnscombe, Devon, which is which is 12 miles (19 km) south west of North Molton. These are all names commonly found among early West Bagborough and Staplegrove Shattockes.
What is interesting is that William, Thomas and Philip appear to be have been brothers, the sons of John and Joan Shatticke of North Molton born between 1599 and 1609. (There is also a daughter Sara born in 1594.) I have indicated in the genealogy below which Shatticks were in the Protestation Returns.
Thomas Shaddock is found in the village where my direct ancestor, Richard Shattocke, married Agnes Strelling in 1659. So he is most likely the father of Richard Shattocke. I suspect that Thomas Shaddock had a first born son Thomas that did not survive until the Protestation Return in 1641-2. I have long named Richard Shattocke (ca. 1635-1706) as the founder of the Yarnscombe Shattockes. It looks like the honor belongs to his father, Thomas Shaddock, born about 1604. Interesting to note is that the name "Thomas" runs down through succeeding generations. My own 2nd great grandfather was named "Thomas." And his grandfather was named "Thomas." Thomas had a brother named Philip, and the name Philip shows up among his grandsons. I was not named after a Shaddock, so I do not fit that pattern.
As I note in the genealogy below, the Fremington Shaddicks descend from ancestors in North Molton. Indeed they share a common ancestor with the Yarnscombe Shattockes. It is Thomas Shattick born ca. 1545. He married Syblie Thorne in 1567 in North Molton. (See the page on the Fremington Shaddicks.) John Shaddick most likely was born in 1751 in Fremington, Devon on the north Devon coast. His father, John Shaddick (1718-1769), was born in Yarnscombe, the village where the patriarch of the Yarnscombe Shattockes, Richard Shattocke (ca. 1635-1706), raised his family. Perhaps the two families knew they shared a common ancestor.
Graveyard around All Saints in North Molton.
We probably know the exact month when the Fremington Shattockes moved from North Molton to Yarnscombe. John Shaddick's direct ancestor (his 3rd great grandfather) had a child baptized on 7 Aug 1664 in North Molton that appears to have died on 24 Sep 1664, six weeks later. Of course it is possible that the father, John Shatticke, born 1636 in North Molton, was already living in Yarnscombe, returned to North Molton to have the child baptized. Yarnscombe is 19 km (12 miles) from North Molton.
The Shatticks of North Molton appear to have begun dispersing to other villages in north Devon in the third generation, sometime in early in the 17th century. It was probably a combination of the decline in the cloth trade and the growth of the family that caused Shatticks to leave North Molton for other parts of Devon, including South Molton. They would eventually become mostly farm laborers. Some of them may have migrated back to Somerset where their ancestors originated.
Twenty-five males (40 km) south and east of North Molton, in Culmstock, the earliest Shattocke record was the marriage of William Shatocke (sic) to Mary of unknown last name in 1631. We can be pretty confident that William and his family are the founders of the Culmstock Shattockes because the Protestation Return of 1641 shows that the sole Shattocke adult male living in Culmstock was "William Shattocke."
Another possible lineage coming out of North Molton are the Bristol Shaddicks. The founder of this lineage, who was born in Bristol, claimed on one census form to have been born in South Molton. DNA studies of Donald Shaddick, a descendant, has confirmed this close relationship, and his descent from North Molton Shatticks. (See the South Molton - Bristol Shaddicks.) His paper trail runs out in 1744 and I have not been able to find the link back to North Molton.
Richard Shattocke, founder of the Yarnscombe Shattockes, was born approximately 1635 based on the date of his marriage to Agnes Strellin in 1659 in Yarnscombe. The fact is we do not have a birth record or baptism record for him in Devon. I devote the Yarnscombe page to this lineage. Perhaps his father left North Molton as a young man and worked in several villages before settling in Yarnscombe.
The Eggesford - Chulmleigh Shaddicks are descendants of the North Molton Shattockes.
Genealogy of the North Molton - South Molton Shatticks
As I noted above there is a strong possibility that Thomas Shattock was from Bampton, and since there is a tax record of him in Bampton in 1524, it is possible he moved his family to North Molton after that date.
John Shattock (abt. 1475 -1533) Bicknoller near Stogumber, Somerset
Thomas Shattock ca. 1500 (Joan ? -1565) (born in Stogumber, Somerset?)
1. John Shattick ca. 1520 (wife unknown) North Molton, Devon or Stogumber, Somerset?
1.1 Johane Shattick 1542-
1.2 Thomas Shattick 1545– Syblie Thorne
1.2.1 John Shattick 1567– Joan
Sara Shattick 1594– (Digorie Gurant 1590–)
William Shattick 1599– (Grace Woodman or Ann Woode) Protestation Return
Thomas Shatticke 1604– Unknown (founder of the Yarnscombe Shattockes) Protestation Return
Richard Shattocke 1635–1706 (see Yarnscombe Shattockes)
Phillip Shatticke 1609– (Elizabeth Dany) Protestation Return
1.2.2 Margrett Shattick 1571–
1.2.3 Wylmott Shattick 1574–
1.2.4 Mathew Shattick 1576–
1.2.5 Robarte Shatticke 1580– Joan
John Shattocke 1610–1679 Protestation Return
John Shattocke 1661– Grace Reed (see Fremington Shaddicks)
Thomas Shattocke 1664–
1.3 Agnes Shattick --1548
2. Edmond Shattick ca. 1522--- Agnes Kensleye
2.1 Edmond Shattick abt. 1547 (Beaten)
2.1.1 Edmond Shattick 1587-1634
2.1.2 Gregory Shattick (Johane Tamlen)
William Shattock 1611-
2.2 Richard Shattick 1549– Joan
2.1.1 Richard Shattick 1575– Joane Burnard
William Shattick 1603– (Anne Woode or Grace Woodman)
Catherine Shattick 1607–1607
2.1.2 Faith Shattick 1579–
2.3 Margrett Shattick 1552--
3. Agnes Shattick ca. 1525 unmarried
3.1 William Shattick 1555-- (base born)
4. Henry Shattick ca. 1528--1565
5. Robert Shattick abt. 1530-- Gillion Mathewe
5.1 Thomas Shattick 1556–1598 Johane
5.1.1 Englishe Shattick 1585– Elizabeth Williames
Simon Shattick 1613– Protestation Return
5.1.2 Thomas Shattick 1587–
5.1.3 John Shattick 1590– Elizabeth
Jonathon Shattick 1623– Protestation Return
Cornelius Shatticke 1643–1645
John Shattick 1646–
Samuel Shattick 1648–
Cornelius Shattick 1652–
? Shadick 1677–
John Shattick 1681– (Mary Liddon)
Temperance Shattick 1625–
Christian Shattick 1626–1636
William Shattick 1631–1636
John Shattick 1636–
Joan Shattick 1639–
Mary Shatticke 1643–
5.2 Christopher Shattick 1561–
5.3 George Shattick 1564–
In the forties and fifties of the last century there was a Shaddick who was one of the earliest family genealogists. His name was Clifford Ramiro Shaddick (1887-1956). He was born in Wales, lived in London and retired to south western England. He explored the parish records in the villages of North Devon and tracked down wills in London and Exeter as part of his research into the history of his family, the Tawstock Shaddicks. (You can download his document here.) Studying the dispersal of Shaddocks and Shaddicks throughout north Devon, he came to the conclusion all Shaddocks, Shaddicks, Shattocks and Shatticks originated from North Molton. However the evidence is that the common ancestor of the Shattockes lived in west Somerset. On the other hand, North Molton is where all descendants with the surname "Shaddick" appear to have originated from, although Shaddicks do appear in Somerset. There is a James and Joan Shattick who had a son in the Somerset village of Wiveliscombe, across the moor from North Molton. But that was in 1658, over a century after the first record of a Shattick in North Molton. And Shaddicks appear in the parish record of Clayhanger in Devon, also close to the county border. But that is not until 1749, almost 190 years after the name first appeared in North Molton.
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