Mourambine Western Australia Shaddicks
The Mourambine Shaddicks of western Australia originate in northern Devon where their forefathers lived for centuries. They are a branch of the Tawstock Shaddocks, who I have written about in the master page to this one. This graphic shows how they are related to other members of the Tawstock Shaddocks. Look for the red highlight in the middle of the tree.
The story of the Mourambine Shaddicks and how they so very far from their home in England is told on this page. But let's start with where their descendants are found today.
Mourambine, also spelled Moorumbine, is a small town located six miles east of Pingelly in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia. The word Mourambine is aboriginal in origin, but its meaning has been lost.
Mourambine was first settled in the early 1870s. The stone church at its heart was built in 1873 with donations, some from local parishioners, who raised the necessary £77 to build it. Interior furnishing were built with the help of convict labor. The graveyard has been described as lonely and abandoned, since the town it once served declined and most of the residents moved away when a railroad was built six miles away in Pingelly. The final spike for the Great Southern Railway was driven into the ground 14 February 1889. Mourambine gradually died as people moved away. Resting in the cemetery were the pioneers who helped initially put the town on the map, including the magnificent church, built of stone after wildfires made a wooden church impractical. Now you cannot actually find Mourambine on most maps.
The area around Mourambine is thinly populated, and there were even fewer people in the late 19th century. Take this trip down the road to Pingelly via Google maps:
Photo of the Mourambine Church and graveyard, lonely and out of the way. A magnificent abandoned stone church is seen in the background. Note the window style. Photo by Kevin Coate (Nov. 1995).
There is a set of graves found in the Mourambine cemetery that lists a family who pioneered the Mourambine area as farmers. Those pioneers were Shaddicks.
The oldest Shaddick in the graveyard is William Shaddick, who died Oct. 15, 1902 at the age of 84 years. He is the patriarch of the Mourambine Shaddicks.
SHADDICK , Ada Gertrude. 59 years. 12 Nov 1944. Grave No.242. No further information on headstone
SHADDICK , Allan Geoffrey. 9 Feb 1945 aged 30. (with Ada Gertrude)
SHADDICK , Alan Roy. 67 years. 26 Apr 1958. Abode: East Pingelly
SHADDICK , B P. 21 2/12 years.. Sgt. Pilot DFM RAAF (Memorial Gate)
SHADDICK , Beatrice Anne . 23 Feb 1929 - 19 Feb 2007 . Daughter of John Norris and Susanna Shaddick. . Moorumbine 27
SHADDICK, Bernice Susanna. 11 January 2012 aged 88. Moorumbine 28.
SHADDICK , Cyril Bertram. 18 mths. 12 Mar 1901. Born 24 Aug 1899. son of John and Elizabeth
SHADDICK , Doris. 26 years. 19 Jul 1926. Grave No.221. Wife of Kenneth
SHADDICK , Elizabeth Ann. 84 years. 28 Aug 1940. (Buried with John)
SHADDICK , Faith. 73 years. 2 Nov 1898. No further information on headstone
SHADDICK , Freda May. 10 years. 15 Apr 1930. Grave No.39. Daughter of JN and SW Shaddick
SHADDICK , John Frederick. 79 9/12 years. 24 Feb 1957. Cpl 16 Batt 1st AIF. Husband of Sarah. Father of Jack and Kathleen
SHADDICK , John Norris. 77 years. 18 Aug 1955. Grave No.40. Husband of Susanna
SHADDICK , John. 86 years. 6 Aug 1935. (Buried with Elizabeth Ann)
SHADDICK , Kelvin. 30 years. 23 Mar 1956. Grave No.153. Son of Roy and Jean. Accidentally killed.
SHADDICK , Leonard Ronald . 16 Dec 1915 - 10 Feb 2002 . Husband of Betty. . Moorumbine 25
SHADDICK , Mary Catherine (Molly). 90 years. 28 Feb 1984. Grave No.45. Born 1894. Nee Biggin. Wife of Stephen Parker. Jordan Past.
SHADDICK , Matthew Maley. 60 years. 15 Apr 1978. Grave No.41. No further information on headstone
SHADDICK , Mervyn Roderick. 1 5/12 years. 2 Jan 1915. Abode: Mourambine
SHADDICK , Roy Allen. 68 years. 24 Apr 1958. No further information on headstone
SHADDICK , Sarah Elizabeth. 93 5/12 years. 27 Jan 1992. Grave No.243. Wife of John Frederick
SHADDICK , Stephen Parker. 82 years. 1970. 45 years. Born 1888. Husband of Molly. Father of Bart and Betty
SHADDICK , Susanna Wyborne. 68 years. 2 Mar 1961. Wife of John Norris
SHADDICK , Susanne Elizabeth. 1 6/12 years. 4 Jun 1876. Grave No.40
SHADDICK , William Henry. 52 years. 30 Oct 1928. Grave No.38. Son of Mr and Mrs John Shaddick
SHADDICK , William. 84 years. 15 Oct 1902.
On the gravestone of his grave is William's age and date of death. He was born about 1818. But his age is going to give us trouble finding him in England, as I will shortly relate. The name "William" is so common among Shaddocks and Shaddicks in Devon at this time that knowing the date of birth of William Shaddick is critical to figuring out where he came from and who his family was.
William Shaddick 1818-1902
William Shaddick: a Devon Shattocke
We know William came from Devon because of an obituary written at the time of his son John's death and from a "cyclopaedia" entry for the family in a 1912.
"The late Mr. Shaddick was born in Devonshire, England, on March 12, 1850, and was a son of William Shaddick who arrived in the State in the late 50's, being joined a year or so later by his wife and family of three, of whom John was one. It is interesting to recall that on Tuesday the burial service was conducted in the church erected at Mourambine by Mr. Shaddick's father and others... "
From the Mirror, Perth, WA, Saturday 10 Aug. 1935
Numbers in old sources like these can be deceiving. I was to discover that his wife brought four children to Australia, not three.
John Shaddick (1850-1902) William Shaddick's first born. Often colonists would go to a photography studio to have their picture taken, so they could send a picture to their relatives "back home," in Devon in this case.
The obituary calls John Shaddick a "real gentleman" who "never spoke ill of anyone" and was "always there to help lame dogs." Dogs would have been important to John because of his sheep. John and his wife Elizabeth Ann had a hard life: "Their life had to weather its difficulties, and on no fewer than three occasions they have lost all or practically all in fires." The obituary reveals how deep into the wilderness the patriarch William had taken the family: "In those days produce had to be carted per two-horse dray the 100 odd miles of rough road to the city, generally to Padbury's store at Guildford, and the return trip would be made with the stores."
The churchyard where he was buried with his wife adjoined his farm.
The obituary states that John, William's son, was born in Devon, England. How did they make it to Western Australia and why?
We actually know the date and the name of the ship William travelled on to Western Australia because he was one of 270 convicts on board, on their way to the Swan River penal colony. His crime was burglary. According to an account in the North Devon Journal, dated Dec. 11, 1856:
Bideford Magistrates Court Mon. 8th Dec. 1856
On Tuesday last week, the county magistrates committed James Goodenough and William Shaddick to take their trial at Assizes, for stealing a quantity of cheese, bacon, fresh pork, lard butter etc., the property of Miss Caroline Fry, of East Putford, on the 29th Nov. This was a case of burglary.
James Goodenough was born in Frithelstock in 1821, so the pair very likely knew each other.
The next day the Bideford Weekly Gazette reported that James Goodenough ("an old offender") and William Shaddick were "brought up in custody of Superintendent Gifford" and charged with breaking into Miss Fry's house and stealing the food plus an earthenware stein. It was front page news a week later when Goodenough and William were sentenced to be "transported beyond the seas for 15 years each."
He was convicted at the Exeter Assizes in Devon Dec. 11, 1856. He served two years in prison before being sent to Australia aboard the Lord Raglan, sailing from London on March 3, 1858 and arriving in the port city of Fremantle, at the mouth of the Swan River, on June 1, 1858. He was convict number 4832. There is a description of him recorded in case he escaped and had to be captured: "5’5” tall, brown hair, grey eyes, sallow complexion, middling stout, cut across right arm, literate and protestant."
The fact that he is described as literate, is puzzling as we will shortly see.
Ann Susanna Wyborn and John Sewell
William stole food. His sentence of 15 years was often applied to crimes we now consider to be less serious. His model life in Australia suggests he either reformed or his life of crime in England was the act of a desperate man. I have written about the social, religious and economic conditions that drove a mass exodus out of Devon of Shaddocks and Shaddicks in the Diaspora page of this site. The harsh sentences people received for relatively minor crimes is a well know part of the social history of England at the time. The colony in Western Australia began as a free colony, but the first settlers needed cheap labour to help build the colony's infrastructure. England was happy to export its criminals.
William's occupation was listed as "agricultural labourer." This was a class of worker that was especially hard hit. They were impoverished and out of work because of the mechanization of farming in England, crop failures and economic recessions. He may have had a history of crime because in 1850 there is a record of a William Shaddick in the Exeter Assizes convicted of larceny (theft of personal property). A note beside his name says "before convicted of felony." He got six months in prison. I suspect this was a different William. We will probably never know what kind if man he was in England, but his life in Western Australia contradicts a view of him as a hardened criminal.
The local authorities in Australia seem to have taken a more benign view of him than the local English authorities in England. William was granted a Ticket-of-Leave on Aug 30, 1860, a Conditional Pardon on May 27,1863 and Certificate of Freedom on 14.1.1875 (Convicts in Western Australia 1850-1887, Rica Erickson and Gillian O'Mara, University of Western Australia Press, Nedlands, 1994). A history of the town of Narrogin (which is south of Mourambine) mentions him. He is said to have owned sheep tended by shepherds in his employ who grazed in the Narrogin area in the mid 1860s, so he seems to have got onto his feet fast.
William was an entrepreneur who acquired 100 acres in 1862 granted under a homesteading law. He and his son John built a farm called "Warrambine." William specialized in sheep farming, and through his skill and entrepreneurial energy built it up until it was 1,100 acres by his decease, plus lands leased for grazing with his flock of over 3,000 sheep. ("Dawn of Settlement," Western Mail, 21 October 1937 and "Cyclopaedia of Western Australia" p. 675, Adelaide 1912-13 ) John was to further expand the enterprise into farming. By 1912, when the Cyclopaedia entry was published, the farm had grown to 2,000 acres. For a poor son of a labourer on the estate at Frithelstock in Devon, William and John must have taken great pride in what they had accomplished.
Both father and son were active in the community's political, social and religious affairs. In a letter to the editor in the Western Mail (July 10, 1886) Rev. Fred Lynch, Chaplain at Beverley, recounts the building of St. Patrick's, the church at Mourambie. He credits William Shaddick with a donation of £10, the second largest donation towards its construction. And he confirms William put a lot of his time into its construction. The alter, desks, and communion railings were furnished by convicts, so the suggestion is that by 1873 William was not only a free man, he was wealthy enough to be a major contributor to the fund for the building of St. Patrick's. By the late 1890s the Shaddicks were a highly respected family. There were over 100 people who attended John Shaddick's funeral. Given how sparse the population was in the area, that was a huge turnout.
William's Life in England
But let's go back to the beginning of William's life, because details of it are puzzling. I first found William Shaddick in the 1851 census, where he provides his place of birth. It was Frithelstock, Devon. Frithelstock (pronounced Frizzlestock) is a parish, village and former manor in Devon, England. We have a description of Firthelstock published in 1850.
"FRITHELSTOCK, a village and parish 2 miles W. of Great Torrington, comprises 705 souls and 2380 acres of land, including the hamlets of Frithelstock Stone, and Milford. There was a small Priory of Austin Canons here, founded by Sir Roger Beauchamp, in the reign of Henry III. ... The estate now belongs to Lord Clinton, but the Rev. P. Thomas is lord of the manor, and Mrs. Stevens, and a few smaller owners, have estates in the parish. The Church (St. Mary and St. Gregory,) is an ancient structure, and the living is a perpetual curacy, in the patronage of Mrs. P. Johns, and incumbency of the Rev. G.W.T. Carwithen, M.A. Part of the Priory church, with lancet shaped windows, still remains." [From White's Devonshire Directory (1850)]
Take a look at a picture of the Priory in ruins in Frithelstock and compare it to St. Patrick's Church in Mourambine. I think you will see something amazing.
Ruins of the Frithelstock Priory. Compare the wall and windows of the Priory with the wall and windows at the back of St. Patrick's Church in Mourambine, WA. They look very, very similar. Did William have an influence of the design of the church as a major investor and somebody with a big role in its building? Was he trying to capture a memory of a ruin he must have known as a child?
You can explore the area where William was born by visiting this Wikimedia Commons page replete with photos.
We get some sense of the idyllic scene of William's birth from this quote from a book written by a visitor to the area. In October 1792 the Devon topographer Rev John Swete (1752-1821) visited the ruins of Frithelstock Priory in the company of Henry Stevens (1739-1802), son of Henry and Christiana Maria, whom he had visited at Cross. He relates the journey in his Journal:
The ruins of Frithelstock Priory
"Accompanied by Mr Stevens I went in quest of the Priory of Frithelstock, in the way to which we descended to the bridge at the SW end of Torrington, which passing over, we again rose up a steep hill, introducing us to a common precipitous towards the river but having a delightful prospect on the north of Beam a seat of Dennis Rolle Esq., a most lovely and sequestered spot, protected on every side by the richest woods of the finest amphitheatrical form, the roots of which were washed by the river which as if enamoured of the spot winds round it in many a meander and seems reluctant to retire from it. On the summit of an hill three miles from Cross, having again past the Towridge by another bridge, we came to the ruins of the priory, which tho' not grand nor extensive have a good deal of the picturesque in them and possess a peculiarity in the rounding of the western windows of the chapel, rarely if at all to be met with. The remains consist chiefly of the side and end walls of what is now one room, the area of which in length is 30 paces and in width about 9. There are two very antient walnut trees overhanging the southern walls and with the ivy contributing greatly to enhance its beauty."
Here is another Google view of the St. Mary and St. Gregory Church
In examining the Church records at Frithelstock we do not find Shaddicks or Shaddocks recorded in births, deaths or marriages. Perhaps this is not surprising because the Shaddicks and Shaddocks in this area of Devon, as in most other areas, were agricultural workers, and many of them were itinerant agricultural workers who would have used the church in the village they were living. Frithelstock is only two miles west of Great Torrington, which is a village that does show the presence of Shaddicks from 1760.
This must the case with William Shaddick. There is a baptism certificate for William Shaddick in Bulkworthy, five miles from Frithelstock. It is dated March 6, 1825 and his parents are William and Jane. Jane Littlejohns, his mother was born about 1794 in Bulkworthy, so perhaps that is one of the reasons the baptism occurred there, among Jane's family. The 1851 census shows him to be born in 1825. So it is his grave that may have his age wrong. He must have been 77 and not 84 when he died. His sister Mary was baptized in Bulkworthy as well, on Mar. 12, 1820. His brother John was born in 1823 in Frithelstock. His sister Elizabeth was born in Frithelstock but baptized in Bulkworthy Feb. 1, 1829. William's birth fills in the gap (1825) between his older brother and sister and younger sister.
An interesting possibility is that William spent his early years on one of two farms in the parish of Frithelstock. Raymond Blight, a researcher on the facebook Devon Family History page, offered this explanation of why William was born in Frithelstock but baptized in Bulkworthy:
Until the 1890's there was a detached part of Frithelstock - which was then incorporated into the Parish of Newton St Petrock. These were the farms of Cleave and Dovies. These two farms were only a short walk away from Bulkworthy Church, so if your ancestors were living there it would be easier to get to Bulkworthy rather than the much longer walk to Frithelstock.
The other document that is important to identifying William in England is his marriage certificate, which also states his father's name as William.
A Difficult Childhood
William's father William is described as a labourer on the marriage document, so he probably had short term employment in Frithelstock.
In the 1841 census we find his parents living in Buckland Brewer, a short three miles north of Frithelstock. William's occupation is now described as "husbandman," which is significant because it means he tended livestock. His son William would become known in Australia as an expert in sheep husbandry.
He had one brother John (b. 1823) and two sisters, Mary (b. 1820) and Elizabeth (b. 1829). This makes him a middle child (born 1825), and increases the likelihood that we have his date of birth correct. Later in life an article about a Shaddick nuptial in Australia mentions family in England. Would this be a reference to his brother and sisters? Also the prime why immigrants take on the expense of photography was to send pictures back home to relatives. The portraits of William and his son John shown above, dressed in their finery and projecting an image of respectability might have been taken for this reason.
However, William is missing from the 1841 census in Buckland Brewer. His sisters were in their twenties and still at home. William was probably working away from home.
John Shaddick (1849-1935) and Elizabeth Ann Walton (1855–1940). John was the son of William Shaddick (1818-1902)
We assume William grew up in Frithelstock, but his father is described as a labourer, so he may have moved from village to village in the area around Great Torrington and west to Bideford. What we do know is that he married Mary Hearn (1827-1854) in April, 1848, when he was 30 years old. She was from Littleham, a small village three miles south of Bideford. Her father was William Hearn, and mother Sarah Heywood. The marriage took place in Littleham, where Mary's father worked as a blacksmith. William's father's name is recorded as William and his profession labourer.
Three years late, in the 1851 census, we find William and Faith two miles west of Littleham in the village of Alwington. His son John Shaddick had been born in 1849 in Alwington, so he must have been living there, working as a labourer, when he married Mary. John Shaddick was probably named after his uncle John, William's brother. It is telling that his uncle had two sons: William (b. 1866) and John (b. 1868). The names are passed on like genes. William named is first son John and second William. John names his first son William and his second son John. Does this speak to how close they were as brothers?
William and Mary named their first female child "Sarah Hearn Shaddick" after Mary's mother, "Sarah Hearn (nee Heywood)."
We get a pretty good idea of where William lived in Devon from the places where his children were born. John, his oldest, was born in Alwington in 1849. Sarah Hearn Shaddick was born four miles south in 1853 in Buckland Brewer. Ann Shaddick was born in 1854, in Monkleigh, Devon. Monkleigh is less than two miles north of Frithelstock. The picture that emerges is of a man who had to move his family around to find work.
William had many tragedies and difficulties in life. The death of his young wife in 1854 must surely one of them. It is probable that Sarah Hearn died in childbirth because her death is recorded in the spring and her daughter's baptism is recorded in July. It must have been difficult for a single father who was an itinerant worker with no relatives locally to help him and who had to toil in the field from dawn to dusk. There was a local woman that he must have known because a year later he married Faith Squire (1825-1898) in Monkleigh. They would remain together for the rest of their lives and are buried together in Mourambine cemetery, half a world away from Monkleigh.
The marriage bans do not state their marital status when they were married. We know that Faith had a son Frederick Beer Squire (1852-1895), so she should have been a widow when she married William. She should have been wed to William as a widow carrying her deceased husband's last name. If this is the case, we do not know her maiden name.
It is also possible she had Frederick out of wedlock. That would explain why Frederick had a surname for a middle name: "Beer." I could find no "Faith Beer" or a marriage between a "Faith" born in Frithelstock and a man named squire. It was common practice in the case of unwed mothers to give their children the first and last name of the father, "Frederick Beer" in this case. If Squire is indeed her maiden name, then she was born in Frithelstock in 1824...the same place where William was born. Her parents were named William Squire (b. 1791)and Fanny (b. 1791). In an 1841 census, when Faith was 15, you would expect to find her among three female siblings: Mary born 1826, Jane born 1839, Clara born 1843. Faith is not there. However, Faith would be the first born in 1824. Her father was an agricultural labourer, and it would not be uncommon that his daughter would have to leave home and work as a servant. Finally, what gives the unwed mother theory support is the fact she moves to Frithelstock when her husband goes to prison. That is the place where she would be eligible for parish welfare because she was born there.
Life was grim for the newlyweds. William Shaddick married Faith Squire in October of 1855. On Dec. 11 1856, just over a year later, he was convicted of burglary. But worse, as he was carted off to jail, Faith was pregnant. In 1857 she gave birth to William Henry Shaddick (1857-1928) in Monkleigh, the last place that we find William and Faith. In the 1861 census we find her back in Frithelstock where she was born and had family, working as a glove maker, impoverished. She kept her child Frederick and her husband's children John and Ann intact. Frederick Beer Squire (1852-1895) was born in 1852, so he was only three years old when his mother married William Shaddick. William accepted him as his own, because Frederick would stay with the family throughout his life and early death at the age of 43 in 1895.
Lord Raglan, the ship that transported William Shaddick to Australia.
Exile to Australia
William served two years in prison in England before being sent to to the Swan River penal colony in Western Australia aboard the Lord Raglan, sailing from London on March 3, 1858 and arriving in the port city of Fremantle, at the mouth of the Swan River, on June 1, 1858. What a time of excruciating emotional pain it must have been for William and his new wife Faith to be separated by oceans, about as far away as you could travel.
Dave Squires sent me a court record showing William had been brought before the judge for drunkenness. When I speculated that he must have been a hard living individual in his early years, calmed and refined into respectiability by his wife in his later years, Dave provided me with these interesting details: "William Shaddick and his family were indeed well respected, you only have to read the newspaper articles and the "History of St Patricks Church Mourambine" to realize what the community thoughy of them. As for his drunkenness - we all have our rough patches, and off days. I think William's deportation was the best thing that could of happened to him, though very doubtful if it seems so at the time, ending up owning a farm and thousands of acres. As you said Faith Squire probably did have a firm hand and kept him in check. Faith had a nephew Rev. Richard Squire b. 1850, Frithelstock, who was a Bible Christian Minister. He had nine children, two of his sons were also Reverends, and two of his daughters were Missionaries in China. Faith was probably a religious person herself and would have frowned upon any law-breaking by her family!"
Sometime in the early 1860s the news must have come for Faith, struggling with the burden of the children, that her husband had been freed and was earning the money the family would need to create a new life in the Australian frontier.
This is where William Shaddick was housed in Freemantle when he first arrived. Convict establisments and officers quarters ca. 1870
She may have emigrated with the assistance of the authorities who were anxious to remove the poor from the parish welfare rolls. There is a notice that supports this theory of "assisted passage" in the The Inquirer and Commercial News dated Feb. 5, 1862:
NOTICE is hereby given, that the undermentioned Immigrants are expected to arrive in the Ship Strathallan on or about 11th February next, and it is requested that the friends of the parties will make arrangements for their reception landing at Fremantle, so that the public may be put to no expense on their account.
On the list was the Shaddick family: Faith, John, Ann, Frederick, Sarah and William. It was a three month journey, probably below decks on a crowded ship with little of the comforts of modern travel.
Faith's arrival in Australia in 1862 coincided with the grant of 100 acres William got for homesteading. William and Faith would prove to be an industrious and indomitable citizens of the new country, forging a life for their family and earning the respect of their neighbours. His original farm of 100 acres grew to 11 times that size by the time he died in 1902.
William had to rebuild his farm three times, but the memory of his difficult life in Devon must have stiffened his resolve to the make the best of life in the Australian wilderness.
William had become such a model citizen that he served as church warden, who sets an example to his community, and oversees the church and its finances. By 1911 the measure of their success can be taken in the following newspaper account of the marriage if their descendants. They were worthy of social recognition and the gifts bestowed on the newlyweds by their relatives were of a high quality and value, testimony not only to their strong sense of community, but their wealth as well.
The Shaddick - Walton marriage chronicled by the local press in 1911 (shown at left) is a lovely portrait of the customs of the times. Apparently attendance at the ceremony was restricted to the immediate family of the bride and groom. But that meant 30 people!
What is also notable about the marriage is that it united two families that did a lot of intermarrying!
Faith's son Frederick Beer Squire, married Julia Wilkins Walton (1860–1941) in 1879 at age 27. She was a sister to Elizabeth Ann Walton (1855–1940), wife of William's son John. Frederick Squire sometimes called himself Frederick Shaddick and was commonly known by that name. He died at his own hand, apparently because of financial worries. Although respected by his neighbours, he is described in the newspaper account of his suicide as having a "peculiar disposition." He left behind seven children, one who was born Frederick Marks Squire (1894-1980) but who seems to have taken on the name Shaddick as he died "Frederick Marks Shaddick" in Perth.
Sarah Hearn Shaddick (1853-1937), William's daughter, married George Walton (1852-1926), brother to Julia and Elizabeth Ann. Clara Jane Cox (1868-1928), daughter of Ann Shaddick (William's grand daughter) married Stephen Emanuel Walton (1854–1941), yet another son of the Waltons.
Four children of Henry Thomas Walton (1824–1864) and Mary Ann Parker (1826–1867) had married into the Shaddick family. The Parkers were a distinguished family, numbering judges among their descendants. Sir Stephen Henry Parker (1846-1927) was the Chief Justice of Western Australia. He was elected a member of the legislative council and was a tireless advocate for responsible government for the colony. (J. S. Battye, Western Australia: A History; The Argus, Melbourne, 14 December 1927). See his picture in the gallery below.
Ann Parker. Picture Courtesy Dave Squires.
There is more. John Shaddick's son John Norris (Norrie) Shaddick (1878-1955) married the daughter of Stephen Emanuel Walton and Clara Jane Cox (nee Shaddick), Susanah Wyborne Walton (1892–1961). This shows both how small the community was in Mourambie and what tight family relationships existed among the Shaddicks and Waltons.
It appears that the Shaddicks of Mourambine kept in touch with their relatives in England. Here is a newspaper account of the diamond wedding of William's son John and his wife Elizabeth Ann Walton.
The West Australian, 19 January, 1934
Mr. and Mrs. John Shaddick.
An event of almost historic importance to the district took place at Mourambine, near Pingelly, on January 8, the occasion the diamond anniversary of the wedding of Mr. and Mrs. John Shaddick of Mourambine, who were the second couple to be married in the Mourambine Church. It is believed that no other couple, married in this district, have lived to celebrate the sixtieth anniversary of their wedding.
Clara Jane Cox
Mr. Shaddick, who is 85 years of age, was born in Devonshire, England and at the age of 12 years came out to Western Australia in a sailing vessel, which took three months to complete the journey. He settled at Mourambine, where he has resided for the whole of the intervening period, during which he has been engaged in farm ing pursuits. Mrs. Shaddick. who is 77 years of age, was formerly Miss Elizabeth Ann Walton, and was born at Dangin, near York. The celebration of their wedding anniversary was attended by their four sons and four daughters, the sons and daughters-in-law, the thirty grand-childrcn. and Mr. Steven Walton, brother of the bride, who was also present at the initial ceremony sixty years ago. It is interesting to record that all the descendants were also present at the golden wedding celebrations.
The 'wedding breakfast,' a sumptuous banquet, was provided by members of the family, and the tables were waited upon by the eldest grand-daughter from each family. Mr. and Mrs. Shaddick were the recipients of many gifts and congratulations from friends within the State and in England.
Daisy Doris Shaddick was born in 1893 in Mourambine. She married a Scottish immigrant, John Duncan in 1920 in Beverley, Western Australia. She would live to the age of 72 and die in Mourambine.
Mourambie Shaddicks: Call Home!
I am sure there are many other stories that could be told that illustrate the life of this remarkable Shattocke family. I am hoping that a direct male descendant will get in touch with me and have his DNA tested to help confirm his ancestry as a Tawstock Shaddock.
The Shaddicks of Mourambine replayed a human migration story that has been repeated again and again in our collective past, beginning 60-70,000 years ago when humans first left Africa. William Shaddick literally traveled to a distant human frontier. He would have met there other very, very distant relatives who had set out from Africa and followed a different route to the Australian wilderness more than 45,000 years earlier.
It might have been English law that forced William to uproot his family and embrace the challenges of a strange and unfamiliar land. But in the end, through the dint of his hard labour and enterprising spirit, he laid the foundation of a new family, a Shaddick family on the other side of the world, that is "down under."
Muriel Betty Chapman circa 1952 on the right. She married William J. Shaddick. His great grandfather was William's brother. The William name has persisted in this family for centuries.
John Shaddick (1823-1891) Genealogy (William's brother)
William's Brother John married Susanna Yeo (born in 1830 in Parkham). John died 1896. His wife lived the rest of her life a poor charwoman, eventually living with her sister Jane Elliot.
John and Susan had two boys, Wilfred William (1866-1937, born in Bideford) and John Thomas (born 1868 in Westleigh, Devon). There was a third child, Elizabeth Ann Yeo born in 1852 in Bideford, who was apparently born out of wedlock, either the child of John or another man. I was not able to determine what happened to her.
William, John's first son, joined the militia, the 4th Battalion Devonshire Regiment, when he was 21 in 1887. He had been working as a painter.
William married Edith Mary Bright (1868-1939 born in Torrington ) in 1897. Her brother Joseph Bright was a witness at the marriage. William's occupation on the marriage certificate is "painter." The 1911 census shows William working as a house painter and his wife as a laundress. Edith Shaddick's mother, Mary Ann Balkwell, was born in Peters Marland, Devon. This is only nine miles from Langtree, the birthplace of Mary Barkwell, wife of James Snell (1832-1911) who was a sibling by marriage to my 4th great grandfather, Thomas Mitchell Shaddock (1834-1912). Devon was indeed a small world. So I may be related to this branch of the Shaddick family through marriages, and probably a distant common ancestor as well.
William and Edith had two children, Wilfred William Shaddick, born in 1898 in Bideford and William Francis Shaddick, born in 1908 in Bideford. Wilfred William would not have a long life. He was in the army, 1st 6th Battalion (Territorials), and was killed in action 1916 at AL Basrah, Basra, Iraq. He was 18. It must have been a crushing blow to his poor mother, who was sent his effects and his outstanding pay. Their second son, William Francis Shaddick, married Winifred May Major (1905- ). They had a child William J. Shaddick (1934-2011) who married Muriel Betty Chapman (1935-2011). They had two children, although I do not know their names.
John's second son was baptized John Thomas Shaddick (1868-1930) in Westleigh, Devon. He married Kate Florence McNesby (1873-1930) in Bideford in July, 1898. She was born in Topsham, Devon. They had two children, Elsie May Shaddick (1892-1939) and James Henry Shaddick (1899-1979). Elsie May died in Wales unmarried. James Henry Shaddick married Lucy Mary Rakestrow (1906- ).
John Shaddick 1823 - 1896 (Susanna Yeo 1830)
1 Elizabeth Ann Yeo 1852–
2 William Shaddick 1865–1937 (Edith Mary Bright 1868–1939)
2.1 Wilfred William Shaddick 1898–1916
2.2 William "Francis" Shaddick 1908–
William J. Shaddick 1934-2011 (Muriel Betty Chapman 1935-2011)
3 John Thomas Shaddick 1868–1930 (Kate Florence McNesby 1873–1930)
Elsie May Shaddick 1892–1939
James Henry Shaddick 1899–1979 (Lucy Mary Rakestrow 1906– )
Sarah Hearn Shaddick (1853–1937). She was a daughter of William Shaddick. She married George Walton (1852-1926) in Australia in 1873.
John and William were the only brothers in their family, and they in turn only had two sons, both named John and William. But what a huge difference in the number of descendants between the English and Australian brothers. I have noticed this phenomenon in other branches of our family.
Mourambine Shaddick Genealogy
William Shaddick (1781- ) and Jane Littlejohns (1794- ) Born in Tawstock, died in Torrington.
1. William Shaddick 1818-1902 Mourambine, WA, Australia
1st wife: Mary Hearn 1827–1854
1.1 John Shaddick 1849–1935 (Elizabeth Ann Walton 1855–1940)
1.1.1 Susannah Elizabeth Shaddick 1874–1876
1.1.2 William Henry Shaddick 1876–1928 (Caroline Woods)
John Frederick Shaddick
1.1.3 John Norris Shaddick 1878–1955 (Susanna Wyborn Walton 1892–1961)
Muriel Shaddick 1912–1952 (James Joseph Cassin 1901–1991z0
Edna Shaddick 1913–1989
John "Jack" Shaddick 1914–1988 (Lenna Gwenneth Whitford 1924-2009)
Matthew Maley Shaddick 1917–1978
Lloyd Norris Shaddick 1918–1977 (Doreen Margaret Bailey 1924–1980)
Freda May Shaddick 1920–1930
Roland Leslie Shaddick 1921–1975
Bernice Susannah Shaddick 1923–2012
Madge Jane Shaddick 1925–1967 (Colin Ward Smales 1921–1978)
William Alan Shaddick 1927–1998
Beatrice Ann Trix Shaddick 1929–2007
1.1.4 Clara Ann Beatrice Shaddick 1881-1951 (George William Cox 1871-1953)
1.1.5 Mary Robina "Ruby" Shaddick 1883–1963 (Amos McBurney 1885–1969 )
1.1.6 Ada Gertrude "Gert" Shaddick 1885–1944 (George Shaddick 1879–1964)
Raymond George Shaddick 1908–
Claude Clifford Shaddick 1910–1979 (Ellen Agnes Wilson 1908–2000)
Dorris Doreen Shaddick 1911–1926
Mervyn Roderick Shaddick 1913–1915
Iris Irene Shaddick 1914–1916
Allan Geoffrey Shaddick 1924–1945
1.1.7 Stephen "Parker" Shaddick 1888–1970 (Mary Catherine Biggin 1894–1984)
Bartlett Parker Shaddick 1921–1942
Elizabeth Ann Shaddick 1924–2003 (Robert Bruce Leake 1914-2001)
1.1.8 Allen "Roy" Shaddick 1890–1958 (Jean Angus 1895– )
Kelvin Stanley Shaddick 1927–1956
1.1.9 Daisy Doris Shaddick 1893–1965 (John Duncan 1892–1956)
1.1.10 Kenneth Alvin Shaddick 1895–1959 (Helena Mary Catherine Carter 1885–1979, Doris Brown 1900–1926)
1.1.11 Cyril Bartram Shaddick 1899-1901
1.2 Sarah Hearn Shaddick 1853–1937 (George Walton 1852-1926)
1.3 Ann Shaddick 1854– (George Cox 1835-1923)
William Shaddick 2nd wife: Faith Squire 1824–1898
1.4 William Henry Shaddick Sr. 1857-1928 (Caroline Woods 1857–1935)
1.4.1 John Frederick Shaddick 1877–1957 (Sarah Elizabeth Walton 1898-1992)
220.127.116.11 Jack Stephen Shaddick 1924-
1st wife: Shirley Joan Shaddick
Shirley Lynette Shaddick 1945–
2nd wife: Leslie Spence
Robyn Gail Shaddick 1949–
Karen Ann Shaddick 1953–
Terrence Redmond Shaddick 1957–
David John Shaddick
18.104.22.168 Kathleen Karen Shaddick 1930- (Howard Robert Bowron 1921- )
1.4.2 George Shaddick 1879–1964 (Ada Gertrude "Gert" Shaddick 1885–1944)
Raymond George Shaddick 1908–1987 (Nellie Clemmitt Collier 1909- )
Claude Clifford Shaddick 1910–1979 (Ellen Agnes Wilson 1908–2000)
Dorris Doreen Shaddick 1911–1965 (Joseph Stanbrook 1904-1965)
Mervyn Roderick Shaddick 1913–1915
Iris Irene Shaddick 1914–1916 (Robert Henry Griffiths 1903-1981)
Allan Geoffrey Shaddick 1924–1945
1.4.3 James Shaddick 1882-1967 (Alice Ivy Bell 1892–1960)
Eileen Ivy Shaddick 1909–1957 (Raymond Claude Haywood 1907–1971)
Mack Yule Trevelyn Shaddick 1911–1984 (Rita Weston )
John William James "Jack" Shaddick 1912–1979 (Lily May Knapp 1908- )
Roderick Shaddick 1914–1918
Neta May Shaddick 1916–1985 (Henry Lincoln Dudley )
Norman Frederick Shaddick 1918–1966 (Fredrica Veronica Brady 1916-1976)
George Lloyd Shaddick 1920– (Margaret Jean Glover )
Alma Shaddick 1924–1924
Daphne Caroline Shaddick 1926– (Oscar William Rose )
Melva Doreen Shaddick 1928–1986 (Douglas Martin Penrose) (George Steere)
Leslie Mervyn Shaddick 1931–1973 (Pauline Flynn)
Allan Preston Shaddick 1934– (Barbara Whitworth)
1.4.4 Elizabeth Harriet Shaddick 1884–1903 (George Joseph Scott 1868-1936)
1.4.5 William Stanton Shaddick 1886–1916
1.4.6 Lionel Vernon Shaddick 1888–1971 (Alice Maude Giles 1911–2007)
22.214.171.124 Lionel Lloyd Shaddick 1931–1953 (Elizabeth Grooms Hounsham 1931–
Frederick Lionel Shaddick 1954–
Allan George Shaddick 1956–
Rhonda Elizabeth Shaddick 1958–
126.96.36.199 Shirley Maude Caroline Shaddick 1933– (Albert Edward George Dew 1930– )
188.8.131.52 Bobby Bernice Shaddick 1942– (Brian Francis Higgins 1937– )
184.108.40.206 Kaye Wendy Shaddick 1947– (Leslie Philip Pedlar 1945– )
1.4.7 Annie Lavinia Shaddick 1890-1977 (Albert Lars Johnson 1879- )
1.4.8 Ella Shaddick 1892–1933
1.4.9 Sarah Faith Shaddick 1895-1952 (George Clarence Spice 1892- )
1.4.10 Lilian Rose Shaddick 1897-1968
1.4.11 Elsie Caroline Alma Shaddick 1900-1968
John Duncan and Daisy Doris Shaddick Wedding in 1920
The Duncan Family
Stephen and Susanna Parker
William Henry Shaddick (1876-1928).