New Brunswick - Ashreigney Shaddicks

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Validated by DNA testing, the paper trail for the Shaddicks of New Brunswick leads us straight back to the Yarnscombe family of Richard Shattocke (1640-1706) and his wife Agnes (nee Strellin) 1640-1709. (Click on image to enlarge.)

Richard Shattocke 1640–1706 (Agnis Strellin 1640–1709) Yarnscombe, Devon

Thomas Shattocke 1680– (Joan Stabledon 1685– ) Fremington, Devon

Philip Shaddock (1724– ) (Mary Tanner 1723– ) Chittlehampton, Devon

Philip Shaddick 1762–1824 (Joan Beare 1764– ) St. Giles in the Wood, Devon

John Shaddick 1783-1853 (Mary Hill 1786-1874) Trout Brook, Northumberland, New Brunswick

William Shaddick 1787–1868 (Anne Bennett 1798–1842) Great Torrington, Devon

Mary Shaddick, 1792-- (William Ashton 1794-- )

You can see where the Yarnscombe Shaddocks fit into the entire family tree here.

In the following sections I will show you how I found the paper trail from John Shaddick (1786-1874) back to his great-great grandfather Richard Shattocke (1640-1706).


New Brunswick was home to the earliest members of our family in eastern Canada. What makes it particularly difficult to disentangle the Shaddicks in New Brunswick from other Shaddocks or Shaddicks is that in the records we find no less than three "John Shaddocks," all who may have been soldiers who settled in Canada. The early history of the province was enmeshed in the wars between England and France and its rebellious colonies in North America. Shaddocks and Shaddicks who enlisted in the British Army, and those who fought on the side of the British in the American Revolution, left their marks in the records. Some chose to settle in New Brunswick and raise families in the virgin wilderness.

In untangling the early Shaddick or Shaddock pioneers, the census records are of limited help. The earliest census record for a member of our family in Canada was for a Samuel Shattuck who was farming in the Brôme district south and east of modern Montreal. He may have been a loyalist from New England. In the 1851 Census for Canada West (Ontario) there is a labourer named William Henry Shaddick who is age 20 and born in Canada. I have not been able to find his family before him or a record of him after this census record. We have to search other documents for records of our ancestors first steps on Canadian soil.

The First John Shaddock, Maryland Loyalist

The very first record of a Shaddock in New Brunswick is a land record dated 1784, found in the provincial archives:


Volume NS-1

Page 1

Grant number 1

Place Maugerville

County Sunbury

Date 1784-07-14

Accompanying plan Yes

Acres 100

Microfilm F16300

Comment Re-registered NS Grant of 1784/07/14: Plan *2/A5/Maryland Loyalists

Loyalists drawing lots for land.

Esther Clark Wright in her 1955 study, “The Loyalists of New Brunswick” lists John Shaddock as a loyalist. This means John Shaddock acquired free land for his loyalty to the crown in the American Revolution.

I looked for John Shaddocks in the U.S. who might be the John Shaddock who was a loyalist refugee in New Brunswick. I found John Shaddock, a volunteer in a battalion battling against American revolutionaries on the side of the British (Phd thesis “"Old Offenders": Loyalists in the Lower Delmarva Peninsula, 1775-1800” by Timothy J. Wilson p. 182). Under the command of Lt. Col. James Chalmers, the battalion was composed of ten companies of locally born volunteers. But he is listed as deserting his battalion in February, 1778!

But here is the smoking gun (no pun intended): this John Shaddock was a member of the Maryland Loyalists. See the comment attached to the New Brunswick record of the land grant shown above. John Shaddock in New Brunswick got his free land at Maugerville in Sunbury county because he was a Maryland Loyalist.

John Shaddock of Maryland may have descended from a John Shaddock who arrived by ship in Maryland in 1677, almost 100 years earlier.

There is an excellent account of what it meant to be a New Brunswick loyalist. Colonel David Fanning wrote a book about his exploits as a loyalist leader in North and South Carolina. After the war he settled in New Brunswick where he became a member of the legislature and a businessman. His memoir can be read online here:

In 1784 Britain partitioned the colony of Nova Scotia into New Brunswick, Cape Breton Island and modern day peninsular Nova Scotia. The bulk of the loyalists were settled in Parrtown (Saint John, New Brunswick), but John Shaddock appears to have received his land grant for property south of the new colonial capital at St. Anne's Point (Fredericton) on the river in Maugerville, about 150 km up the Saint John River from the loyalist settlements. The settlement was placed there as a precaution against a future attack from Americans.

Map showing counties of New Brunswick ca. 1845. John Shaddock's land was in Maugerville in the county of Sunbury, right beside the river running through the county. The county of St. John at the mouth of the river was where the bulk of loyalists were settled.

In 1798 there is a petition in the name of a John Shaddock for a land grant in Northumberland county, next door to Sunbury county. I sent away for this petition to the archives in New Brunswick and got back a copy. He apparently petitioned for Lot 26 on the Miramichi on the basis it was vacant and not previously owned by another person. It was granted to him on that basis.

I suspect that John Shaddock did not succeed in setting down roots in New Brunswick. According to Esther Wright, many loyalists left the colony, selling their land.

In the 1851 census we find a John Shaddock, born about 1811 in New Brunswick who is a farmer with a large family. This may be a descendant of the Maryland Loyalist John Shaddock, but his father would have to have been in his fifties or early sixties to father him. Perhaps he is a grandson, but there are no records of other Shaddocks that could have descended from the Maryland Loyalist John Shaddock. He also gives his ancestry as Irish. This probably rules him out as a descendant of John Shaddock, Maryland loyalist. This John Shaddock probably moved on to New York state, because in the U.S. census for 1870, he and his family appear to be living there.

We should probably assume this John Shaddock either died before having children, or his farm failed and he moved away. It is even possible, though hard to prove at this point, that he moved back to the U.S., perhaps even to South Carolina to found a Shaddock family there. Where else would John Shaddock go but back home? He was born in the U.S. and he might have had family in Virginia, although the memories of his role in service to the King would be too fresh in the memories of his American neighbours for his return to Virginia. Indeed in the 1800 U.S. census for South Carolina we find John Shaddock in the Spartanburg District, South Carolina, north and west of Charles Town. The census form shows a male and female over the age of 45 and five people under the age of 16.

The Family Patriarch John Shaddick (1783-1853)

After the loyalist flood of American refugees in the late 1780s, New Brunswick's new colonial government actively sought immigrants from Britain to bolster the population in its maritime colonies as a bulwark against American ambitions in the area. The loyalist settlements in the maritime colonies laid the groundwork for a steady stream of immigrants from the British Isles.

The county where we discover the earliest records for a British invasion of Shaddocks or Shaddicks is Northumberland. (See it on the map above.) There is a North Esk parish entry for "Shaddock" in 1830. There are no other details.

Who is this new John Shaddock? It appears that most Shaddicks now living in New Brunswick trace their ancestry back to him, and they consistently link him to Mary Hill, who married John Shaddick in Winkleigh, Devon on Jan 12, 1808.

Here are the signatures on the marriage record for John Shaddick and Mary Hill. Her hand looks like it was shaking... The fact they both were able to sign their own names probably means their families were sufficiently well off to send their children to school.

The marriage record says John Shaddick is "of this parish," meaning Winkleigh, while Mary Hill is from Ashreigny. But a search of the parish records for Winkleigh turns up no Shaddicks or other name variants. I reached the conclusion he was not born and raised in Winkleigh. I surmised he was a farm labourer, moving from one farm to the next, with his most recent employment in Winkleigh. Her grandfather, Anthony Hill sr., was born and died in Winkleigh, one year after her marriage. I suspect the Anthony Hill in Ashreigney was her nephew.

Ashreigney is only 3 miles from Burrington, where a major branch of the Yarnscombe Shaddocks called home. These Devon villages were very close together. Winkleigh is only about 4 miles from Ashreigney. And Ashreigney is only about 9 miles from St. Giles in the Woods, where John Shaddick was born. John Shaddick's nephew William Shaddick (1826-1910) had moved to Ashreigney and raised a family there. Read about the Ashreigney Shaddicks on this page.

Although the marriage certificate says Mary Hill is from Ashreigney, she was born in Winkleigh in 1785 to Anthony Hill (1764-1810) and Ann Davie (1764-). She was the first born of six children, four brothers and one sister. Here is her genealogy.

Anthony Hill ( - 1786) (Penellope)

Anthony Hill (1764-1810) (Ann Davie 1765– )

Mary Hill 1785–1874

Anthony Hill 1786–

William Hill 1793–

Elizabeth Hill 1796–

Thomas Hill 1798–

Richard Hill 1804–

There were Hills in both Winkleigh and Ashreigney, including an Anthony Hill in Ashreigney, who was her brother or nephew. She was probably working in Ashreigney when she married.

Can we find a John and Mary Shaddick in New Brunswick? There is a John and Mary Shaddock (the spelling in the record) that show up in the 1851 New Brunswick census as farmers aged 68 and 64 respectively. That means this John was born in 1783 or 1784 and this Mary in 1787 or 1788. They would be ages 25 and age 21 on the marriage date in 1808. They are described as being of English birth, which is significant because they are found in a parish that has a lot of Irish Catholic immigrants. And they are shown to have entered the colony in June of 1830.

Note that I have back and forth in the spelling of "Shaddock" and "Shaddick," that is because the records do! I want to keep in sync with the records.

What makes the case compelling for John and Mary in New Brunswick as being the same John and Mary who married in Winkleigh in 1808 is their sons, John Shaddock, jr. and William. I have images of their baptism certificates. John jr. was born in 1808 and William in 1810. Both were born in their mother's home village, Ashreigny. Ashreigny is a tiny village about five miles north of Winkleigh. Burrington, the birthplace of my direct ancestor Thomas Shaddock (1834-1912) is only another 4.3 miles north of Ashreigny. Ashreigny is also where Richard and Ann Shaddock, uncle and aunt to my ancestor Thomas Shaddock had their son Samuel Cole Shaddock baptized in 1844. Richard and Ann would eventually leave for Canada, settling in London, Ontario. There were a lot records of Shaddock marriages, births and deaths in Ashreigny throughout the 19th and into the 20th century. Were the Shaddocks in this village and four miles away in Burrington related?

Visit the village.

John and Mary immigrated to New Brunswick in 1830. Did they take their sons aged 20 and 22? We find the two sons of John and Mary Shaddock living in Northumberland in the 1851 census. There is a William Shaddock, born in England, his wife Fanny and children John (4), "Christiene" (3), and William (1). William is age 40, which would make his birth date 1810 or 1811. Just right. He is shown to be entering the colony in June of 1830 when he would be twenty years of age.

There is also a John Shaddock and his wife Jesse in the 1851 census, with children Thomas (5), Mary (3) and Eliza (Elizabeth) (1). He is 42 which makes him the right age for John Shaddock's second son. He is English and arrived in the colony in 1830, the same year as his brother and father.

Finally there is one more piece of evidence that helps corroborate that we have the correct origin for this family. I have a copy of the baptism certificate for William Shaddock's daughter (Oct. 27, 1848). It shows that William Shaddock was born in "Devonshire." There can be no doubt that we have found the Shaddock family last seen in the records in Ashreighny in 1810.

This John Shaddick is the patriarch of many, if not all, Shaddicks in modern day News Brunswick.

But who was this John Shaddick? Where was he born? I had long suspected that he was a veteran with a pension who had arrived rather late in life (age 44) in New Brunswick. The year of his immigration (1830) coincided with a large influx of British Army pensioners in the colony. Would I be able to find him in the British or Canadian military records?

I did find a British Army soldier named John Shaddock who was born in St. Mary Magdalen, Somerset about 1784, about the same date as the patriarch John Shaddick). But he is found in the 1841 English census living in St. Mary. I know it is the same person because the young John Shaddock gives his profession as a "painter." Thirty-seven years later he is living back in his home town with his wife and three daughters working as a "coach painter." And his army unit, the 28th foot, 2nd battalion, was never stationed in Canada while he was in service.

There is another John Shaddock, born Aug 18, 1782 in Kirkby Ireleth, Lancashire, England. He was a veteran and Chelsea pensioner. He was born to Aggy Shaddock. There is no father on the birth record. He was in the 53rd foot regiment, which served in Canada, but before this John Shaddock's birth.

A Chelsea pensioner was a permanently wounded soldier entitled to an army pension. There were many soldiers who returned to England after fighting in the British Army in the Napoleonic Wars on the European continent. Some of them took residence at the Royal Hospital Chelsea in London, a nursing and retirement home, some of them received pensions living away from the hospital. The heroes from the battle of Waterloo in 1815 by 1820 were seen as a financial drag on the British government. The bureaucrats came up with a scheme to unburden the public purse. They offered the soldiers passage and free land in the colonies in exchange for commuting their pensions. Between 1830 and 1833 over 4,000 veterans accepted the offer. However, things did not go as planned. Permanently disabled in their war service the immigrants found the tough task of taming the wilderness to be too much. By 1939 many of them were in dire straits, destitute and starving.

John Shaddock, 11th Foot

In the Secretary at War's Letter of the 28th February 1839 to Mr. Baring, of Commuted Pensioners residing in Canada, to whom it is proposed to grant Relief we find included:

John Shittick or Shaddock, 11th Foot, -0.16

The Ontario Genealogical Society published a list (Families, Vol. 23, No. 4, Nov. 1984) of names of Chelsea pensioners who received relief that included John Shaddock, variously spelled John Shaddock, John Shettick, and John Shittick. It was listed as John Shettick.

John Shettick, 11th Foot, day of discharge July 1, no year given, length of service 7 years, 3 months, rate of pension 6d, reference number 46-50.

He joined the British Army July 15, 1811 at the age of 22. He was born in Newry, Down, Ireland. He joined the 11th Foot, known as the Devonshire Regiment. This regiment never served in North America during John Shaddock's military service. We find him in Gibraltar in September 1818. He was diagnosed with an abdominal disease that was severe enough to cause his discharge. Here is a link to his service record. In it he appears to have re-enlisted back in Ireland one month later in the same regiment, the 11th Foot. He appears to have been assigned to the Royal Regiment of Veterans in 1819 and then is finally discharged in March, 1821. His abdominal condition appears to have made him eligible for a Chelsea pension because the next time we hear from him is in 1839 in Upper Canada where he is apparently destitute.

It appears that this John Shaddock chose to commute his pension for land in Upper Canada (modern Ontario). There are records of applications for land grants in the name of John Shaddock in Upper Canada in 1835 and 1838. However his life as a farmer appears to have failed. He was so impoverished that he is recommended for relief in 1839. He does not appear in Canadian census records. There was a William Henry Shaddick in the 1851 census who said he was born twenty years earlier in Canada. He was a labourer and does not appear to show up in subsequent documents. Was he possibly a son?

A note about Irish Shaddocks: I tested one lineage of Shaddocks who immigrated to the U.S. through New York in 1861. William Shaddock gave his birth place as Ireland, 1837. The test showed the individual to be closely related to Chadwicks and Shadwicks who had also Y-DNA tested. They were not even remotely related to Shattockes.

John Shaddick, 3rd Foot

3rd Foot soldier, a sergeant

We now come to the most likely candidate for our New Brunswick family patriarch. In the "British Regimental Registers of Service, 1756-1900 for Canada," dated Apr. 3, 1809, we find a John Shaddock aged 20 who had been a volunteer in the North Devon Militia. Here is what I found out about the regiment he served in (source: British Regiments in Canada):

3rd Regiment of Foot

Formed for service in the Low Countries in 1572, and designated as the 3rd Regiment in 1751. The regiment went to America (Charleston) in 1781, being described as a "very young" battalion; it made one campaign, that of Carolina. It was one of the regiments which, having escaped York Town capitulation, were the last to remain in the south, leaving Charlestown Harbour one morning in December 1782, with a fleet of between 300 and 400 vessels carrying forth 15,000 Carolina loyalists and their slaves. From 1782 it served in Jamaica until 1790. The regiment shipped off from Bordeaux to America in 1814, and served on the frontier of Canada during the American War, returning to Europe in July 1815.

Obviously the history of the regiment in the American south predates John Shaddock, the New Brunswick family patriarch, who was born about 1783.

Since John had joined the army in 1811, he is likely to have fought in the Napoleonic wars, which were raging in Europe at the time. Indeed the 3rd foot was under the command of the Duke of Wellington, who would eventually end Napoleon's war mongering. After Napoleon was defeated and abdicated his throne in April 1914, there was a massive reinforcement of the British military presence in the Canadian colony as the victorious soldiers in Europe were redeployed to defend the Canadian colony against American aggression. The 3rd Foot shipped out from Bordeaux, France, destined for the maritimes, where they arrived August 1, 1814. It is doubtful that John saw action in Canada as the peace treaty that ended the war was signed in December 24, 1814. But it is significant that he was stationed in the maritimes because I believe John would return to the maritimes in 1930 to take advantage of the British government offer to commute his pension in favour of passage to Canada and land. There is no evidence he was a Chelsea pensioner. But he probably served long enough in the army to be entitled to a pension. He would have used the offer to apply the farm labour skills he developed in Devon to the virgin forrests of New Brunswick.

His residence before enlisting was Great Torrington, not far from where the ancestors of my Canadian branch of the family were long seated, in Burrington, Devon. The register describes him as having a "fresh complexion, round visage (face), brown hair, and grey eyes." He was five feet, six inches tall.

Is this the family patriarch for so many Shaddick families in New Brunswick? The case for this is circumstantial. He is described as a "labourer" in his enlistment papers, a job with an uncertain future and irregular income. Was he trying to secure a regular income for his family? Later in life, did he commute his pension for passage to Canada and free land to secure a better future for his sons? John did arrive in 1830 when the British government commuted pensions for land in Canada, he was an older man with two grown sons and he just may have lived in New Brunswick as a young soldier. It is an interesting theory, but must remain a theory until DNA evidence either supports it or disproves it.

The Case for the Yarnscombe Shaddock Heritage

Identifying the family patriarch John Shaddick as a Napoleonic war hero who commuted his pension for land in New Brunswick has a big side benefit. On the military record for the soldier John Shaddock is an entry for his place of birth. You can see it in the image from his record above. His birth place, and the last place he lived before enlisting, was Great Torrington. But a very short distance away, walking distance in fact, is St. Giles in the Woods, a tiny village. There on June 7, 1784 was baptized a John Shaddick. He was probably born in 1783 and baptized in 1784. This is the only John Shaddock or Shaddick that I have found in all the records in Devon or Somerset that is close to his age and close to the place where he was married.

White's Devonshire Directory of 1850 describes St. Giles in the Woods as "a pleasant village and parish, 3 miles E. by S. of Great Torrington, contains 915 souls, and 3330 acres of land." Not a very large place. This link to Google maps drops you off right in front of the cemetery and church. There is a Shaddick buried in that cemetery:

Link to St. Giles in the Wood on Google Maps

Since John had joined the army in 1811, he is likely to have fought in the Napoleonic wars, which were raging in Europe at the time. Indeed the 3rd foot was under the command of the Duke of Wellington, who would eventually end Napoleon's war mongering. After Napoleon was defeated and abdicated his throne in April 1914, there was a massive reinforcement of the British military presence in the Canadian colony as the victorious soldiers in Europe were redeployed to defend the Canadian colony against American aggression. The 3rd Foot shipped out from Bordeaux, France, destined for the maritimes, where they arrived August 1, 1814. It is doubtful that John saw action in Canada as the peace treaty that ended the war was signed in December 24, 1814. But it is significant that he was stationed in the maritimes because I believe John would return to the maritimes in 1930 to take advantage of the British government offer to commute his pension in favour of passage to Canada and land. There is no evidence he was a Chelsea pensioner. But he probably served long enough in the army to be entitled to a pension. He would have used the offer to apply the farm labour skills he developed in Devon to the virgin forrests of New Brunswick.

His residence before enlisting was Great Torrington, not far from where the ancestors of my Canadian branch of the family were long seated, in Burrington, Devon. The register describes him as having a "fresh complexion, round visage (face), brown hair, and grey eyes." He was five feet, six inches tall.

And here is a picture from Wikipedia showing just how small the village is:

St. Giles in the Woods, looking from the ruined terrace of the local landmark, Stevestone House

In the distant church and cemetery an event occurred in 1824 that marked a milestone in the family heritage of the New Brunswick Shaddicks. Philip Shaddick (1762-1824), John Shaddick's father, died at the age of 62. It is likely that John Shaddick attended the funeral because he was still in England. (Unless he was still in the army and stationed too far away.)

"Philip and Joan" appear on John Shaddick's baptism record. His mother's maiden name was "Beare." She married Philip Shaddick on March 24, 1784 in Beaford, three miles south of St. Giles in the Wood. She was probably baptized in Winkleigh, seven miles south and east of Beaford on July 8, 1863. Winkleigh is the village where John Shaddick would marry Mary Hill 24 years later. There were probably relatives in that village.

The picture that emerges is common among families and their relatives around the world at this time. They lived in close-knit communities, marrying people from the same village or villages a short distance away.

Philip Shaddick's age is provided on his death record. That places his birth in the year 1762. On a hunch I ran a database search on my family tree for a Philip Shaddick born in 1762. And there it was. Philip Shaddick 1762-1824, born in Chittlehampton, Devon and died in St. Giles in the Wood, Devon. Philip Shaddick connects the New Brunswick Shaddicks to the Yarnscombe branch of the Shattocke family.

Chittlehampton is a name that is familiar to my 5th cousins, the Shaddocks and Shaddicks who share a common ancestor in William Shaddock 1766-1854 of Burrington, Devon. Their ancestors are found in Chittlehampton. But the common ancestor with Philip Shaddick did not come from Burrington. Philip Shaddick of St. Giles of the Wood was born in Chittlehampton to his namesake, Philip Shaddick b. 1724 and Mary Tanner b. 1723. His father in turn was born in Fremington, Devon, ten miles north and west of Chittlehampton. So Philip's grandparents were Thomas Shattocke (or Shaddock in some records) born 1681 and Joan (nee Stabledon) born in 1685. Thomas Shattocke in turn was born in Yarnscombe to Richard Shattocke (1640-1706) and Agnes Strellin (1640-1710). John Shaddick, patriarch of the New Brunswick Shaddicks, is a descendant of the oldest Shattocke member on record, Richard Shattocke.

The DNA Evidence

The common ancestor between my branch of the Yarnscombe Shattockes and the New Brunswick branch is Thomas Shattocke. That makes Mark Shaddick, a present day direct descendant of John Shaddick my 8th cousin. Why Mark Shaddick? Because I tested his Y-DNA under the Robert J Shaddock DNA Fund.The DNA results provide scientific evidence that I have the correct paper trail. The Shattocke and Parrish spreadsheet I created contains his results (contact me if you would like to see it).

At the 36 genetic marker level, Mark Shaddick only differs from my results by one marker, DYS458, which happens to be a volatile marker, meaning it is a mutation that changes relatively quickly over time. The value is a blue-highlighted "17," meaning Mark's lineage actually lost a tandem repeat relative to other Shattockes, rather than gaining one. Notice that Robert Shaddock has gained two repeats (red "19"). So we can probably conclude that this marker is indeed volatile among Shattockes. DYS458 is a marker that can be used to identify Shaddicks descending from one of the descendants of Thomas Shattocke b. 1680 that trace down to Mark and the New Brunswick Shaddicks. Somewhere in the New Brunswick lineage going back to Thomas Shattocke a male descendant had that reverse mutation at the DYS458 location.

Notice that Mark shares with Yarnscombe Shattockes (Cliff Shaddock, me, and David Shaddick) values in two other markers that happen to be volatile: DYS576 = 18 and CDY=35-38. These are obviously markers that can be used to identify Yarnscombe Shattockes. These two markers and the volatile DYS458 marker in combination is what makes me so confident that his results confirm the genealogical paper trail.

Mark's DNA results provide powerful scientific evidence for his lineage's descent from Richard Shattocke b. 1640, the patriarch of the Yarnscombe Shattockes.

Other Evidence

There is additional evidence that substantiates the paper trail. John Shaddick, the New Brunswick patriarch, named is sons John and William. Guess what the names his father Philip gave to his two sons? John and William. There was a third child, Mary.

John Shaddick 1783–1853

William Shaddick 1787–1868

Mary Shaddick 1792 –

Christian names are passed on from one generation of the family to the next. They help us distinguish one branch of a family from another. "John" and "William" appear many times in the New Brunswick Shaddick baptism records.

Joan Margaret Shaddick (1936-) graduation photo in 1954. She was the daughter of Allen Henry Shaddick (1894–1978) and Emily Helena McKinley (1895–1980).

John Shaddick's brother, William Shaddick, worked as a labourer. In 1818 he married Anne Bennett 1798-1842 in Great Torrington. They had three children, Mary, Rebecca and William. In 1841 the census finds him in Greater Torrington with his wife Anne and three children. At the age of 56, a year after the death of his first wife, in July 1843, he married a second time to Jane Allen. She brought her three daughters, Eliza, Elizabeth and Fanny into the household. It is possible that William also joined the military. There is a William "Shadwick" born in Torrington about 1790 who joined the military in the same year as John Shaddick, 1809. However William Shadwick joined in Plymouth, Devon. Did he become a sailor? That might explain why there are gaps between the births of his children (3 years, five years, five years). Shadwick is a fairly common alternate spelling of the Shaddick name.

William Shaddick's son William (1826-1910) must have moved to Ashreigney, a little village only 10 miles south and east of Torrington. His daughter Thomazin Shaddick 1856–1922 married William Cole (1849–1927), re-uniting the Shattockes and the Coles, who had probably toiled in the fields side-by-side for centuries. I will tell his story in the next section.

It is his sister Mary Shaddick, who provides pretty compelling evidence that we have the right paper trail for the New Brunswick Shaddicks. Mary Shaddick, born in 1792 in the same village as her brother, St. Giles in the Wood, married William Ashton, a widower, in Tawstock, Devon in 1825. In the 1851 census in Canada, where do we find William and Mary Ashton, the same age of the married couple in Tawstock, born in England? Why in North Esk, the outpost in the Canadian wilderness where her brother John moved with his wife and two sons.

William and Mary brought along their son, William Ashton Jr., who was born 1832 in Shebbear, Devon. Like Mary Shaddick, they were Bible Christians, so religious freedom might have played a role in their decision to emigrate to Canada. There is also a possibility that William Ashton was a discharged soldier who once served in Canada, perhaps a friend of John. In any event, the New Brunswick Shaddicks have in-laws in New Brunswick with the surname Ashton.

Mary Shaddock 1792-- (William Ashton 1794--)

William Ashton Jr. 1832-- (Jane 1840-- )

Mary Ashton 1857–

George Ashton 1862–

Thomas Ashton 1867–

Elizabeth Ashton 1871–

William Shaddick (1826-1910) of Ashreigney

Shortly before John Shaddick and Mary Hill set out for New Brunswick, John's brother William had a son. That son would move to Ashreigney, a village near Burrington. Because the Shattocke villages are so close to each other, it would turn out that two very old Yarnscombe Shaddock lineages would cross in Asheigney.

Ashreigney was the last stepping stone for a Burrington Shaddock family also on the way to Canada, but with a destination in western Ontario rather than New Brunswick. It was the departure point for Richard Shaddock (1807-1881), his wife Ann Cole (1809-1885). (Read about them here.)

Richard Shaddock was a generation older than William Shaddock and they were five or four generations apart, and there is no evidence the families knew each other.

In the 1841 census, Richard Shaddock and Ann (nee Cole) were living next door to William Cole (1804-1875) and his wife Elizabeth (nee Hanford 1799-1877). William Cole was born in Ashreighney. I have not been able to determine if he was related to Ann Cole, but there is a very strong possibility he was. The Cole family had been living in Ashreigney for at least several centuries.

In fact, a couple of decades after Richard Shaddock and his wife Ann Cole left Ashreigney for Canada, there was another Shaddick - Cole marriage. In October, 1873, Thomazin Shaddick (1856-1922), daughter of William Shaddick (1826-1910), married William Cole (1849-1927) in Ashreighney. Who was this William Shaddick? He was born in Ashreigney to William Shaddock, sr., born about 1826 in Great Torrington and Ann Mearles born about 1823 in Ashreigney. His grandfather was also named William Shaddick (1787-1868) and was born in Great Torrington, Devon. He was the brother to John Shaddick (1783-1853) who married another Ashreigney woman, Mary Hill. It turns out that Thomazin Shaddick was descended from a common ancestor with Richard Shaddock of Burrington. And there is something even more special about this marriage. Ann Cole was related to Thomazin's husband William Cole. This graphic visualizes that relationship.

The Coles are descendants of brothers born to Francis Cole (1612-1699). Richard Shaddock and Thomazin Shaddick share a common ancestor in Thomas Shattocke, born 1681. The graphic shows how interconnected the northern Devon families could be. The Shattocke descendants probably worked alongside of the Coles for centuries, falling in love and having babies. Richard Shaddick, born in 1860, the son of William Shaddick and Ann Mearles, married Mary Cole born in 1836. (See the genealogy below.)

As I mentioned earlier, Thomazin Shaddick's grandfather was the brother to the patriarch of the New Brunswick Shaddicks. He must have moved to Ashreigney before his son William's birth in 1826. Here is the genealogy of his family. These are all distant cousins to the Shaddicks in New Brunswick.

The Ashreigney Shaddicks were a military family. One of their own, Bertram Percival Shaddick (1883-1902) was a private in the Devonshire 1st Battalion, 2nd Regiment. He died at the end of the Second Boer War (1899-1902) war of disease on the fifth of January, 1902. He died in Standerton, a large commercial and agricultural town lying on the banks of the Vaal River in Mpumalanga, South Africa, south east of Johannesburg. He was nineteen years old.

Chris Tweed, a Culmstock Shaddock descendant, found a military record of his death, his name entered simply as "B. Shaddick." What makes me sure she correctly identified this long forgotten casualty of our family in a long forgotten war is the fact that his father William Shaddick (1826-1910) and mother Ann Mearles (1823-) named their sixth son, "Percy Bertram Shaddick" (1903-1968). The name is an inversion of Bertram Percival, who had died the previous year in January 1902, just three months before the end of the war. Percy was born fourteen months later, in April, 1903 Perhaps his parents thought when Ann became pregnant he had returned to them. Or they wanted to make sure he was not forgotten. They succeeded. The other fact that makes me certain that B. Shaddick, long forgotten, is Bertram Percival can be found in the ledger recording the effects and pay to be returned to the next of kin. The next of kin is his father, William.

Ashreigney Shaddick Genealogy

This genealogy shows how the Ashreigney Shaddocks and Shaddicks trace their ancestry back to the patriarch of the Yarnscombe Shattockes, Richard Shattocke.

Richard Shattocke 1640–1706 (Agnis Strellin 1640–1709) Yarnscombe, Devon

Thomas Shattocke 1680– (Joan Stabledon 1685– ) Fremington, Devon

Philip Shaddock (1724– ) (Mary Tanner 1723– ) Chittlehampton, Devon

Philip Shaddick 1762–1824 (Joan Beare 1764– ) St. Giles in the Wood, Devon

William Shaddick 1787–1868 (Anne Bennett 1798–1842) Great Torrington, Devon

William Shaddick (1826-1910) (Ann Mearles 1823– ) Ashreigney, Devon

1.1 Thomazin M Shaddick 1856–1922 (William Cole 1849–1927) Ashreigney, Devon

John Cole 1875–

William Cole 1877–

Aaron Cole 1879–

Ann Cole 1880–

Mary Cole 1882–

Samuel Cole 1885–

George Cole 1888–

Henry Cole 1889–

Richard Cole 1890–

Arthur Cole 1892–

Elizabeth Cole 1894–

1.2 Annie Chambers Shaddick 1857– (Thomas Tucker 1862– ) Ashreigney, Devon

1.3 William Shaddick 1858– (Rebecca Parker 1859– ) Ashreigney, Devon

Alfred John Shaddick 1880– (Ruby Edith Crosse 1908–)

John Shaddick 1882–1914 (Lavinia Ann Loveys 1882–)

Beatrice May Shaddick 1907–1914

Bertram Percival Shaddick 1883–1902 (died in Boer War)

William Shaddick 1884–1966 (Bessie Jane A Brook 1884–1946)

Winifred Beatrice Brook Shaddick 1909– (James Woodman 1910-)

Bessie Ann Shaddick 1885– (Albert Bannett Stratton 1878–)

Freddy Shaddick 1891–1956 (Mary Elizabeth Glover 1882–1972)

Mary Ellen Shaddick 1896–1970 (Robert A Munson 1895–1928)

Ernest Richard Shaddick 1898–1967 (Kathleen Munson 1901–1989)

Ernest William J Shaddick 1920–2007 (Pamela Maria Rackham 1921–2004)

Dorothy Ellen Shaddick 1927–2005

Percy Bertram Shaddick 1903–1968 (George A Fallon 1925–)

1.4 Richard Shaddick 1860– (Mary Cole 1836– ) Ashreigney, Devon

1.5 John Shaddick 1865– Ashreigney, Devon

Allen Henry Shaddick (1894–1978) and Emily Helena McKinley (1895–1980). Allen Shaddick was a great grandson of Mary Hill.

Mary Hill (1786–1874) Family Matriarch

The New Brunswick family matriarch, Mary Hill (1786-1874) left a very large footprint in the lives of the people around here. Here is a wonderful story of her life and how she touched the lives of the people around her:

SHADDICK, MARY (HILL), Methodist churchwoman; b. Devonshire, England, c1786; m. John Shaddick; d. Trout Brook, 5 Apr 1874.

Mary (Hill) Shaddick arrived on the Miramichi as an immigrant from Devonshire with her husband and two sons in the summer of 1830. The family was one of the first to settle at what was then known as English Settlement on the Northwest.

Norman Shaddick (1917-1999) Norman was a son of Allen Henry Shaddick.

Shaddick had belonged to the Primitive Methodist church in England, and after arriving at her new home, she made a practice of going into the woods on Sunday morning with her Bible and hymnbook to read, sing, and pray. After two years of private worship, she decided to organize regular religious services on Sunday mornings for all who cared to join her. She conducted these meetings for five years before a Methodist minister visited the settlement. The first to do so was Samuel D. Rice, a probationer and assistant to the Rev. William Temple, superintendent of the Miramichi Methodist circuit in the late 1830s.The ministers who followed Rice and Temple all came to know and admire 'Dame' Shaddick, whose hospitality was "almost as legendary as her piety." Arthur D. Morton, who was a probationer on the circuit in the 1860s, stated that she deserved a place of honor in Methodist tradition beside such women as Susanna Wesley and Barbara Heck. She has been honored, however, only in memory.

Betty Shaddick (1930-) was a daughter of Allen Henry Shaddick.

Shaddick was predeceased in 1853 by her husband. Through her sons, John and William Shaddick, who made their homes at Trout Brook, she is the ancestor of a large number of persons of Miramichi origin.

From: Provincial Archives of New Brunswick

The obituary of Mary Hill's life supplies perhaps another motivation for the Shaddick migration to New Brunswick. She and her husband perhaps sought religious freedom as there was a considerable emigration of Methodists to the English colonies at this time.

Buddy Shaddick (white shirt) and his brother Freddie. The brothers were sons of Allen Henry Shaddick (1894–1978).

Buddy Shaddick 1932-2010

You get a very good idea of the love and warmth in one of the descendant branches of the New Brunswick family from the tribute written by Jimmy, a son of Donald Emerson "Buddy" Shaddick in 2010:

I’m Jimmy, Buddy’s oldest and I consider it an honor to be asked to share some thoughts about our dear father who we loved so much.

I spent a lot of time with Dad as the oldest I’d wake up in the very early morning to Dad “Jim; wouldn’t get up to get a load with me today.” I’d work the controls of the boom loader to hoist the logs on the bed of the truck while Dad would stow the logs with a pevy. I think I was 12 at the time. I learned what it meant to work hard; to persevere when things went wrong or broke down; there always seemed a way to fix things by using physical strength or haywire. He always would say “Haywire will stay by ‘er.”

He taught us by example. He always took the time to help others even if it delayed him. He was not a selfish man; he was a good samaritan.

I think Dad’s favourite times were spent sitting in the livingroom with all of us gathered around him; laughing & joking & telling stories. As children growing up in our home we each had our own special relationship filled with loving memories of times spent with Dad. As each grandchild came along they to have had there lives touched by him. We have been truly blessed being brought up by our precious & loving Mom & Dad.

It was heart warming to hear your kind words & stories of Dad over the past few days. The friendships he made and special times he shared with each of you. As some of you mentioned he was a strong man. Donnie, David & I were the summer work crew for dad though our teen years. I’ve seen him throw the heaviest pulp sticks to the top of the pile with ease; Donnie & David have watched him pick up the logs that fell off the truck on the Morrissey Bridge & throw them over the side. Dad’s physical strength was only matched by his strength of character. He had a kind word to say about everyone. He would often say “If you can’t say anything good about somebody, don’t say anything at all.” He only saw the good in people. Many a night he’d get a knock at the door; in the worst weather, asking him to pull someone out of the ditch. A request he never refused. This is only one example of the acts of kindness he did for anyone.

There are so many words that come to mind when I think of dad. Humble.......kind....compassionate ....understanding.. encouraging & honest. He set a high standard for us to follow by the way he lived his life. Dad was even optimistic & positive when our home in South Esk burnt to the ground in August of 1981. Dad was overheard saying when asked what they were to do now that they had no home. Dad with 100% conviction stated that they would build another home. Not to worry. And they did.... 21 days later they were in a new home thanks to the generosity & support of the whole community, for which we will always be grateful.

Mom & Dad shared a great love for each other. At the end of the day when dad came home from work he would hold Mom in an embrace and say “I love you.” In the past few years of failing health Mom has taken such good care of Dad. This past Saturday after getting up to start the day Dad said “I don’t feel good. Mom asked “What do you feel like.” “I feel like I’m dying.” “If I die Audrey I love you.” Those were my father’s last words for my mother. Those words will be a comfort to her for the rest of her life.

In closing I would like to leave you with these 3 verses from The Little Flock Book.

Our times are in thy hand,

Father, we wish them there;

Our life, our soul, our all, we leave

Entirely to thy care.

Our times are in thy hand,

Whatever they may be,

Pleasing or painful, dark or bright,

As best may seem to thee.

Our times are in thy hand,

Why should we doubt or fear?

A father’s hand will never cause

His child a needless tear.

This is one of the oldest families in English Canada. I think such families laid the foundation for the strength, diversity and cohesiveness of Canada.

Signature of William Shaddick (1885--1961 ) and Mary Whitney Davidson Russell (1872-1955) on the day of their marriage, June 13, 1906. She signed her name "Shaddick" because her previous husband died, John William Shaddock (1864-1904). He was her new husband's uncle. Mary's second marriage lasted until her death at age 82. William died six years later.

Shaddicks of New Brunswick Genealogy

Here is the genealogy for the descendants of John Shaddock and Mary Hill, immigrants from Devon, and possibly members of the Yarnscombe branch of our family tree. Notice that I have given the family the Shaddick spelling of the name, despite the fact that early documents switch between that spelling and "Shaddock." I have not included the Irish Shaddicks in a separate genealogy, pending further research, made difficult because Irish records for this period were accidentally destroyed.

John Shaddick 1783–1853 (Mary Hill 1786–1874) born in St. Giles in the Woods, married in Winkleigh, Devon immigrated to New Brunswick in 1830

1. John Shaddick Jr. 1809-1890

(Jessie Elizabeth Thompson Keays 1826-1904) b. in England, d. in Trout Brook, Northumberland County, NB

1.1 Thomas Shaddick 1846-1909 (Catherine Hubbard 1843-1902)

1.1.1 Elizabeth Jane Shaddick 1875– (Thomas Ashton 1867– )

1.1.2 Henry Hubbard Shaddick 1876–1956 (Emma "Emily" Muth 1880- ) Ross, Forest, Wisconsin, USA Harold Rudolph Shaddick 1896– (Lydia G. Plawman 1904-1980) Argos, Indiana, USA Joseph "Joe" Shaddock Sr. 1900–1964

First Wife: Maytha Kallies 1903–

Joseph "Joe" Shaddock Junior 1922–

Gladys Shaddock 1923–

Deloris Shaddock 1927–

2nd Wife: Doris McKendry 1920–

1.1.3 Mary Ann Shaddick 1880–1951 (Spinster in 1935 age 55)

1.1.4 William Shaddick 1885–1961 (Mary Whitney Davidson Russell 1872-1955) William John Joseph Shaddick 1914-1991 Margaret Annie Jane McAndrew 1915–1985

Clarence Allen John Shaddick 1937–

1.1.5 Joseph Shaddick 1887– (Ethel Harriet Hosford nee Shaddick 1892- ) see Ethel Harriet Shaddick below. Jennie Catherine Shaddick 1925– (Paul Reginald Weed 1925- ) Arnold Gilmore Shaddick 1928– (Kathleen Janie Allison 1928- )

1.2 Mary Anne Shaddick 1849-1877

1.3 Elizabeth Ann Shaddick 1850-1913

1.4 Elsie Alice Shaddick 1852-1913 (Capt. Henry Copp 1854–1939)

1.5 Rebecca Shaddick 1854-

1.6 Frances "Fanny" Shaddick 1857-1882

1.7 Harriet Jane Shaddick 1859-1883 (James Allison 1836–1925)

1.8 Catherine Shaddick 1862- (Joseph I. Godfrey –1920)

1.9 John William Shaddick 1864-1903 (Mary Whitney Davidson Russell 1872–1955)

1.9.1 Ethel Harriet Shaddick 1892–

1st husband: Stanley W. Hosford 1883–

2nd husband: Joseph Shaddick 1887–1909 (her first cousin, see above)

Jennie Catherine Shaddick 1925- (Paul Reginald Weed 1925- )

Arnold Gilmore Shaddick 1928- (Kathleen Janie Allison 1928- )

1.9.2 Allen Henry Shaddick 1894–1978 (Emily Helena McKinley 1895–1980)

Norman Shaddick 1917–1999

Harvey A Shaddick 1920– (Lulu Pauline Nowlan 1923- )

Frederick Burton Shaddick 1924–2000

Elizabeth "Betty" Shaddick 1930- (Duncan)

Donald Emerson "Buddy" Shaddick 1932–2010 (Audrey McKinley 1932-

Joan Margaret Shaddick 1936- (Stevens)

1.9.3 James Harvey Shaddick 1896–1979 (Gertrude Lillie O'Shea 1890–1963)

1.9.4 Mary Jane Shaddick 1898– (spinster in 1935 voters list)

1.9.5 Alice May Shaddick 1900–1992 (Anthony Joseph Paterno Sr. 1899–1954)

1.9.6 Clifford Shaddick 1902- (Muriel M. Bryenton 1908- )

1.10 Henry C Shaddick 1866-1946 (Golda M. Kincaid 1879 – 1959)

Mayme I. Shaddick 1912 – 2000

1.11 Sarah Emeline Shaddick 1868-1956 (Murdoch E. Sutherland 1847–1920)

1.12 Annie Shaddick 1877-

2. William Shaddick 1810-1890

(Fanny Quale 1814-)

2.1 John Shaddick 1847-1903 (Annie M Mullet 1865– )

2.1.1 Mary C Shaddock 1883– (working as an unmarried domestic for Hill family at age 38)

2.1.2 Sarah Shaddick 1886–

2.1.3 William Percy Shaddick 1887–1903 (dies age 16 from injury to head)

2.1.4 Fannie O. Shaddick 1889– (Thomas W. McGregor 1883- )

2.2 Christina Shaddick 1848-

2.3 William Shaddick 1851-1873

2.4 Mary Shaddick 1856- (James Cain 1851-)

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