George Shaddick (1831-1895) and the Paw Paw, Illinois Shaddicks

George Shaddick is in the Burrington Shaddock branch of the Shattocke family. The Burrington Shaddocks were in turn a branch of the Yarnscombe branch of the Shattocke family. To see a diagram of the Yarnscombe branch of the family, click here. The Yarnscombe branch is a major trunk of the Shattocke tree. To see how they branched off the the Shattocke family tree, click here.

His father, William Shaddock Jr. (1798-1865), was the oldest son of William Shaddock (1767-1865). This page is an account of George Shaddick (1831-1895) and George's descendants. George and his wife Jane (nee Mounce ) had 8 children. Four of them remained in England. Four of them emigrated.

Many thanks to Eugenia Foster, wife of Donald J. Foster, a Shaddick descendant, who provided valuable and colorful information to this page. She was kind enough to read what I have written and offer suggestions and corrections. I have also quoted from her excellent narrative history of this branch of the family. Also thanks to descendant Roger Shaddick who brought the family history to life with his family pictures, family stories and legends.

Family Tree

George Shaddick is on the far left of this diagram. It shows his relationship to his father, uncles and grandfather.

George Shaddick 1831-1895 (Jane Barkwill Mounce 1835-1916)

born High Bickington, Devon, England, died Wear Gifford, Devon, England


Richard (Dick) Mounce Shaddick 1857–1937 (Ann Burnett 1845 – 1914)

born Wear Gifford, Devon, died Paw Paw, Lee, Illinois, USA


Alfred C (Fred) Burnett 1867–1955 (Ida Leafe Lambkin 1873–1944)

Fannie Shaddick 1877 – 1963 (James T. Cropley 1872–1920)

Ann (Annie) Mounce Shaddick 1878–1949 (James Henry Merriman 1871–1938)


Evan R. Merriman (1903-1988)

Howard Merriman (1905-1978)

Archie Merriman (1909-1989)

Ethel Merriman (1911-1998)

William (Will) Shaddick 1880–1967 (Ann Barter)

Frederick (Fred) Shaddick 1882-1964

George Clarence Shaddick 1885–1991 (Hermine Matilda "Minnie" Heiman 1891–1918)


Arthur George Shaddick 1916-2000 (Thelma Sweet 1923-2009)

Louis R (Lewis) Shaddick 1917-2005 (Frieda Radtke 1919–1999)

William Shaddick 1859–1949

born and died in Wear Gifford

Mary Jane Shaddick 1862-1943 (James Elmer Barber 1866–1938)

born in Wear Gifford, died in Rensselaer, Jasper County, Indiana

Clara Shaddick 1864–1934 (Sidney Lord 1867–1912)

born in Wear Gifford, died in Medway, Kent

George Shaddick 1867–1940 (Alice Shaddick b. 1862 )

born in Wear Gifford, died in Algona, Kossuth County, Iowa, USA

Ellen Shaddick 1871–1885 (age 14)

born and died in Wear Gifford

Henry (Harry) Shaddick 1873–1957

born Wear Gifford, died Paw Paw, Lee, Illinois USA

Frederick Shaddick 1879–1940 (Florence Newcombe b.1888)

born Wear Gifford, Devon, England, died Barnstaple, Devon, England

Life of George Shaddick

The birth record for George Shaddick's father William is recorded as "William Shaddick." Williams brothers spelled their name "Shaddock." And George Shaddick's own birth name was spelled Shaddock. So why is the family name Shaddick?

Jane Barkwill Shaddick nee Mounce. She must have got into her Sunday finery for this portrait, complete with shawl and hat. She has left the door to her home open and we get a little glimpse of a neat and tidy life. But her expression and the lines of her face tell a story of a difficult life. From the Merriman-Shaddick tree on

In fact George Shaddick's great-great grandfather's name is George Shaddick. So don't tell Shaddicks they spell their name wrong. The spelling of the Shaddick name before it was spelled either Shaddock or Shaddick was Shattocke! So a Shaddick has a good argument to make that Shaddocks spell their name incorrectly since the Shaddick variation of the name precedes the Shaddock variation in the least in this branch of the family tree.

George Shaddick was born in 1831 in High Bickington. But by 1857, when he marries Jane Barkwill Mounce in the Holy Trinity church, we find him in Torrington, Devon about 7 and 8 miles away (or 12 km). A marriage record shows his name spelled as "Shaddick." It sits just above an entry for Sarah "Shaddock." He may in fact be living in the little hamlet of Wear Giffard (or alternately Weare Gifford). It is a small village on the eastern side of the river Torridge, 3 miles northwest of Great Torrington. There are 1587 acres of land and a number of scattered farms.

In the 1861 census he is described as a "farm labourer," while his wife is making extra money as a glover.

In the 1871 census we find his occupation described as "bargeman," that is, employed on a barge used to transport goods via the river and canal systems in England at this time. He worked on the Grand Western Canal where his father-in-law, Richard Mounce, also worked. Perhaps he found employment there through Richard Mounce. He was to lose this as a vocation and return to farm labour when the railway finally replaced river transportation networks. Wikipedia has a page on the Grand Central Canal. Interesting to note is that his son Frederick was a railway porter. Transportation ran in the family.

Grand Central Canal near Tiverton. It seems a bucolic scene. It must have been a respite George Shaddick enjoyed from his eight children. Picture from Wikipedia.

Meanwhile his children are leaving home to become servants or farm labourers, reducing the burden he bore with such a large family. Some will literally leave the country. Mary Jane and Clara worked in households as servants.

In 1885 his daughter Ellen died tragically at age 14.

He seems to have liked Wear Gifford. He probably lived there because of his occupation of bargeman, but even when the canal traffic was replaced by the railroad, we still find him still there in the 1891 census, working as a farm labourer. His name is spelled, "George Shaddick."

Here is where he lived:,-4.171316,3a,75y,295.58h,74.64t/data=!3m4!1e1!3m2!1sK5w6hqbiTvIPBgmzHckhNg!2e0?hl=en

He dies at age 64 in 1895. His wife Jane outlived him by 21 years, dying at age 81. Of his eight children, half of them remained in England and the other half emigrated to North America. They were part of a huge Shaddock (cum Shaddick) diaspora.

Amy Jewel, wife of William Shaddick

Poor Amy

One of George and Jane's sons was William Shaddick (1859-1949). He would live his life in Devon. We find William at age 10 working as a servant. He was a laborer all his life. The fact he was married at age 57 to a woman twenty years his junior, who was impoverished, is evidence of his poverty. The woman was Amy Jewel. She shows up in a local history in Wear Gifford where she spent her entire life. It is said she was born in a workhouse, a place where the impoverished were held. Her mother died when she was three and her father the next year. At age 32 we still find her in the workhouse working there as a servant. Here is the local history account of "Poor Amy." The story provides us with a slice of life picture of the poor in Devon in the late Victorian, early 20th century rural England. It is from a book on the history of Weare Gifford (p. 32).

source: The Story of Weare Giffard…/history-project.html


by: Peter Coad

Amy Jewell was born 1879 in a Torrington workhouse. When still a very young girl she was put to work stacking sacks of corn. It permanently damaged her back and for the rest of her life she walked with a stoop.Amy married William Shaddick - she always referred to him as William, never Bill. They lived in a little cottage called ‘Germans’ on the current site of ‘The Forge’.William was what was known as a roadster, in other words a labourer, who was employed to keep the roads tidy.

Amy worked for many households looking after children and doing general housework. Although Amy was not of great intelligence, she was devoted and loyal to a chosen minority; others were treated to irrational hostility.

As a child I was taken out for walks in a pram with a dear cousin whom Amy unreasonably disliked. Amy would buy a bag of sweets, give my cousin one and I was given the rest. For many years the village had paraffin and homemade sweets delivered by blind Mrs Delbridge in her pony and trap.

Amy hated her neighbour Mrs. Maud Henderson who lived in Belgium’s, the next-door cottage. She knew that Maud really liked Mrs Delbridge’s black pete toffee. Amy would go to meet Mrs Delbridge and buy the entire stock of black pete.

Amy and William spent all their married life in Weare Giffard. On one occasion when Amy was pregnant, she was sitting beside the fire and a cat fell down the chimney. Amy was so frightened she had a miscarriage and did not conceive again. Amy seems not to have had an interest in sex. On one occasion she confided to a friend that William had offered her nine pence for his conjugal rights though I suspect this choice of vocabulary was unlikely. The advice given to her by her confidant is said to have been unhelpful!

In later years, after William died, Amy went to live in one of Torrington's almshouses. Later she was put in an old people's home called Torridge View, formerly a workhouse. She died in 1963 exactly where she started in life.

Poor Amy."

Three American Sons and an American Daughter

George Shaddick had three sons and a daughter who would carry the spelling of his surname into the population of the United States, Richard (Dick) Mounce Shaddick (1857-1937), Mary Jane Shaddick (1863-1943), George Shaddick (1867-1947) and Henry (Harry) Shadick 1873-1957)

Richard (Dick) Mounce Shaddick (1857-1937)

In the picture on the left (supplied by Roger Shaddick) we see a portrait of the family, date unknown. I would guess around about 1891 or 1892 after the family had moved from Port Perry in Canada to the Wyoming Township in Illinois. Ann and Dick are in the foreground, daughter Ann or "Annie" is on the left and Fannie is on the right. William or "Will" is at the back, George is in the middle, and Fredrick or "Fred" is at the front. Interesting to note is the absence of Alfred Burnett.

Richard (Dick) Shaddick was born in Wear Gifford, Devon Dec. 5, 1857. He was a farm labourer. At age 20 he married Anna Burnett. She is twelve years older than him and apparently has a child, Alfred, who is living with her parents in 1871. He was born out of wedlock but I am told by Roger Shaddick that Dick Shaddick always treated him like his own.

A few years later Dick Shaddock is found a couple of miles west of his birth place in Monkleigh, Devon. He is working as a sheep herder, according to a letter written by his granddaughter "Ethel." Eugenia Foster provides background on Monkleigh.

"The last Devon residence of the Richard “Dick” Shaddick family was at Rendle’s Down farm, in Monkleigh — southwest of Weare Giffard, across the river about 6 miles by car … where Dick’s parents and Ann’s grandparents were still living. Monkleigh is a small village on high ground above the Torridge River. There was a forde between the two small villages—but no bridge, until Halfpenny Bridge was built in 1835. Notice that the house at the farm has several annex-additions, where the servants/labourers lived. In the 1881 census, William Avery (age: 68) another farm labourer, is listed with Dick and Ann in the same “household.” He is not a relative. Also listed on the same census page as living in the house is another “household” — a farm labourer: John Lewis(age: 69) and his wife, Mary (age 67). We have no information about the actual tenant-farmer at this time; presumably, that family is also living in the house. In the 1871 census, James Burnett (Ann’s brother) and his family lived on Yeo Farm, Monkleigh — he is listed as “ag. lab.” A younger sister, Lucy, lived with them. James and another brother, Lewis, emigrated to Canada, in 1872. (Note: their brother, Fred Burnett, went to Canada in 1883, a year before Dick and Ann left. Unknown what happened to Lucy.) Dick and Ann were married on March 19, 1877, at the Church of St. George, which is the parish church for Monkleigh. The parish church for Wear Gifford is Holy Trinity, which is where Dick’s parents are buried."

Eugenia then adds this note about the brothers of Dick's wife Ann Burnett.

James Burnett, Ann’s brother, worked as a farm laborer and lived in Monkleigh. James married Grace Johns and they had 2 small sons; his sister, Lucy Burnett (age 17, a glover) lived with them. James Burnett and his family (and a younger brother, Lewis Burnett) emigrated to Canada in 1872.

There must have been letters back and forth between the Burnetts in Canada and Dick and Ann in England. Dick and Ann's next move would be a big one. At age 27, in 1884, he and his family board the "Parisian" in Liverpool and sail to the port of Quebec. They travel to Port Perry, Canada with their children, including Alfred Burnett. Port Perry is about 50 miles northeast of Toronto. Fred Burnett, Ann's brother, had a farm there and Dick worked for him as a farm hand. Lewis Burnett is also there.

Presumably Dick continued to work as an agricultural worker in Canada. At some point the ambitious Burnett and Shaddick families heard of opportunities across the border in northern Illinois.

This photo was taken about 1900. Richard (Dick) Shaddick is the middle person in the front row. (Count in five from either side.) George Clarence Shaddick, his son, is on his left, behind the man holding the dog. Fred Shaddick is in the back row on the far right, wearing the straw hat. The picture is titled, "Threshing Gang of the Cottage Hill Area." Farming runs very deep in the Shattocke / Shaddick / Shaddick branch of the family. Picture is supplied by Roger Shaddick.

According to Eugenia, the family came by Grand Trunk Railway, from Sarnia, Ontario, Canada to Port Huron Michigan, then onto Paw Paw, Wyoming Township, Lee County, Illinois. The source of information was Dick Shaddick's 1916 passport application. There were no official records of border crossings between Canada & USA at this time. This made the family's immigration into the US much easier! Canada was the back door into the United States up to the turn of the century when US immigration clamped down.

The families arrived in Wyoming Township, about 75 miles west of Chicago. He must have arranged work before arriving in Wyoming Township because he first worked for a farmer called Chris Hoelzer. Roger Shaddick speculates about Dick's reason for moving to Paw Paw. "Dick and Ann had a boarder named William Avery living with them in Devon. Avery is a long time name in Paw Paw. I did a quick search and found them living there in the 1870s. It is possible the William Avery in Devon was related to the Averys in Illinois. This is a speculation that requires further research."

There is a tiny village in the Township called Paw Paw, named after a local tree called Pawpaw. The village is still tiny today. In the 2000 census there were only 852 people and 352 families living there. This is a small farming village in a wide open space devoted to farming. I will drop you off at the edge of town. If you keep going down the road you will end up in the center of the village. Doesn't look like it has changed much in a very long time, does it? Sort of reminds me of another agricultural village...Burrington, England.

Visit Paw Paw

The family was composed of farmers. The boys stayed at home and helped out on the farm while the girls were hired out as servants. However their parents seem to have ensured they got a good education.

In the 1900 census the family is found on their own farm. Three of the children are living at home and going to school. Dick tells the census taker that he can read and write. Ann can read but not write. Dick owns the farm, but he is paying a mortgage. He bought the farm three years after he arrived in 1890.

The Shaddick farmhouse and farm. Picture supplied by Roger Shaddick.

Dick Shaddick returned to England four times to visit his family. He made a trip back to England in 1904. Then again in 1916. Eugenia: "During a lull in the WWI German sinking of American passenger ships, Dick returned to Weare Giffard in time to visit his mother before she died. He was also there for the wedding of his brother, William. William married Amy Jewell."

He must have missed his family and childhood home in England. He made two more trips to England in 1923 and 1929 (age 65 and 72). Eugenia tells us what she heard from her husband: "Don Foster: my father, Tom Foster, told me that Dick Shaddick's name was always included in the Social Security listing at the Paw Paw post office. He clearly was able to afford multiple trips back to England."

Here is the story of Dick and Ann's children:

Fannie Shaddick. She has bright eyes! The family beauty.

Fannie is the first born daughter, born at the Rendles Down farm in Monkleigh, Devon, across the River Torridge from Wear Gifford in 1877. She is brought over to Port Perry in Canada, then to the Wyoming Township in Illinois.

In the 1900 census she has a job as a domestic servant for a local druggist, Wilbur Pratt and his wife Mary and their two children.

In 1910 she marries at the Methodist Parsonage in Paw Paw, the town in the Wyoming Township. She is 32 years old and takes up residence on Peru Street in Paw Paw. Fannie's husband, James T. Cropley, died in the Great Flu Epidemic of 1918-1919. Following his death, she lived with her brother, George Shaddick, whose wife Minnie had also died in the epidemic.

Fannie helped raise George's two sons: Arthur and Lewis. Neither Fannie nor George re-married.

Wedding photo of James Henry Merriman and Annie Shaddick in 1902. A handsome couple!

Ann Mounce Shaddick is the second born daughter, also born in Monkleigh, in 1878.

At age 21 her occupation was as a domestic servant for Robert Pogue, a lumber dealer, and his wife Emma.

In 1902 Annie marries James Henry Merriman at the age of 30. Her husband was a farmer. It appears they rented the farms they worked. She would live the rest of her life in Wyoming Township and die in 1949 at the age of 70. She had three sons and a daughter.

William (Will) Shaddick was born in Monkleigh, Devon in 1880. He was to spend most of his adult life in the Wyoming Township, except a brief period sometime between between the age of 30 and 40 in Felton, Clay County, Minnesota. He worked mostly as a farm labourer and at one time worked for Howard Merriman (her sister Ann married into the family). At age 40 he married Ann Barter in Dixon, Illinois. The marriage only lasted a couple of years before divorce separated them. He then worked for his nephew Lewis, who was a tenant farmer. He lived a very long life, dying at age 86. He was buried beside his brother Fred Shaddick.

Roger Shaddick adds this family story about Will's marriage. "She was a golddigger and when she found that old Dick Shaddick was not going to part of any of his money she left Will. I've never been able to find any information on her other than her name."

Frederick (Fred) Shaddick was born in 1882 in Monkleigh. He is found on the Shaddick farm in records documenting his life.

Eugenia's Writes this about Fred: "Fred was possibly "slow"....but somewhat functional. However he never drove a car or tractor. He always lived at home and the family took care of him." Roger Shaddick tells me that Fred was deaf and could only hear Lewis Shaddick, his nephew.

He died in 1964 at the age of 82. He is buried next to his brother Will.

George Shaddick and Minnie on their wedding day in 1915.

George Clarence Shaddick was born in 1885 in Scugog, Scott Township, Ontario, Canada. It is next door to Port Perry. The family moved to Wyoming Township. George helped his father on the family farm. In the 1910 census, when he was 25, he is still found living with his family. At age 29 (1915) he marries Hermenie Matilda (Minnie) Hieman. The marriage ceremony is conducted in the home of bride's parents (George and Caroline Ergerter). Reverend J. Blederman, pastor of Brooklyn Lutheran Church, conducts the ceremony.

Two children, Arthur George Shaddick (1916–2000) and Lewis Richard Shaddick (1917–2005) quickly follow. Unfortunately George's wife falls victim to the Great Flu Epidemic of 1918-1920. Minnie dies in 1920 at the age of 30.

In the 1930 census we find him, his two sons, and his sister Fannie, who lost her husband to the epidemic, living on his father's farm, who is widowed. Ann Shaddick, his mother, had died six years earlier in 1914 at age 68.

George moved into Paw Paw in 1948 when his son Arthur (shown in the picture below) moved into the farm house with his wife Minnie (nee Heiman). But he continued to work on the farm until his 80th birthday in 1965.

George will live a very long life. In 1991, one hundred and five years after his birth in Ontario, he dies at the Herritage Manor Nursing Home, Mendota, LaSalle, Illinois.

On his 95th birthday, George Clarence Shaddock's family gathered to celebrate his milestone. Little did they know he was not ready to say goodbye. He would live for another ten years. His mind was still sharp as a pin. At the far right in the back row is his son Arthur, with his wife seated before him. On his right is son David Shaddick. Next to him is son Roger Shaddick, who supplied this and other photos on this page, as well as many of the family tales. Next to him is son Paul. Picture supplied by Roger Shaddick.

Alfred Burnett, Ann Shaddick's son, might have had a sweetheart back in Canada, because he married Ida Leafe Lambkin in Ontario in 1894 when he was 27, four years after the Shaddick family moved to Wyoming Township. He would have six children and live to age 88, dying in 1955.

Mary Jane Shaddick in 1895, a couple of years after she emigrated to Wyoming Township.

Mary Jane Shaddick (1863-1943)

Mary J Shaddick was born 1862 in Wear Gifford, Devon. She was Dick Shaddick's younger sister by five years.

In the 1871 English census she is living at home in Benson's Cottage, Wear Giffard. Jane is listed as a glove maker. Ten years later she has another classic job for somebody of her background as a domestic servant.

By the 1881 census, she has left home. She is living on South Street, Great Torrington, Devon working as a servant for Robert Sanford, master grocer.

The 1910 census shows her immigrating to the U.S. in 1883. But this must be an error, because we have a passenger list that shows that on April 15, 1893 she embarks on the ship SS Chester from Southampton on route to New York. She is traveling with her younger brother Harry. She is thirty years old. She travels to Illinois and settles in to pioneering life.

In 1897 she marries James Elmer Barber in Paw Paw. He was Irish. By the 1910 census they have two children and own the farm they work.

Mary Jane Barber (nee Shaddick) and her husband James Elmer Barber. The picture must have been taken in 1898 or 1899 because only their son James Elmer jr. is in the picture.

The Barbers would have a second son, George H. Barber. They moved to Rensselaer, Indiana. James Barber sr. would die in 1938. Mary Jane would move in with her son James jr. Five years later she died at age 80. They are buried in Weston Cemetery, Rensselaer, Jasper County, Indiana.

George Shaddick (1867-1940)

George Shaddick was born in Wear Giffard in 1867. After working as an agricultural servant, at age 22 he followed his brother Dick over to Canada in 1889, travelling from Liverpool to the port of Quebec. According to a newspaper obituary, he joined his brother Dick and family in Port Perry in Canada, but was only there a year, working as a farm labourer. The next year he joined Dick and the Burnetts when they moved down to Illinois. In Paw Paw he found work as a tiler. He did that for ten years.

In 1900 he moved to Algona, Kossuth, Iowa, where he continued working as a tiler until advanced age forced him to take on lighter work. Around 1902 he married Alice Phillips (1862-1924). In the 1910 census he is in Algona, Kossuth, Iowa. In the Iowa state census of 1925 he is widowed, as his wife died a year earlier, in 1924. He is living with Samantha Tyler (nee Turner) who is also described as being widowed. She is seven years younger than George. Oddly he is described as being of German heritage, although this is definitely George from Wear Gifford, since the census lists his father's name as George and his mother's name as Jane.

He is married to Samantha on Aug 13, 1925, the same year as the census.

According to the U.S. census in 1930, he owns his own house, which is valued at $2600, a fairly expensive house at that time. He has a "roomer" working as a blacksmith. His occupation is described as a self-employed manager. It is difficult to read what he managed, because the census form is somewhat illegible. Roger Shaddick was able to clear up the mystery. Family legend has it that he owned and operated a "popcorn stand." That is exactly what is written on the census form. Roger comments: "The George Shaddick in Iowa was known as "Popcorn" Shaddick because he had a popcorn stand whatever that was."

He dies in 1940 at the age of 73. His second wife Samantha survived him. She apparently brought children in the marriage because the obituary notes that he is survived by three step-children and ten step grandchildren.

Henry (Harry) Shaddick (1873-1957)

Harry Shaddick came over to Illinois with his sister Mary Jane. It must have been a great comfort to Dick, Mary Jane and the Burnetts to have so many siblings and in-laws settling in a village set in the open prairie space so far from Wear Gifford. Annual rituals like Christmas would be made meaningful with such a large contingent of Shaddicks, Merrimans and Burnetts around the fire. And the family gatherings would be a great comfort through the sometimes bitter winters.

Henry Shaddick worked as a labourer through his long life, never marrying and never straying too far from his relatives in Wyoming Township. He died at the age of 83.

Roger Shaddick: "Harry lived in a little one room shack that was located in the grove between my parent's house and Lewis's house. The story was that he was so disagreeable that the rest of family would not let him live in the main house, but that could be just a story..." The "Lewis" next door was Lewis Shaddick. He was the son of George Clarence Shaddick.

At the time I wrote this narrative in spring 2015, Roger Shaddick, great grandson, sent me this fb message: "My brothers and I still own part of the original Illinois farm that Dick purchased and farmed. We still own the original farmhouse. The Shaddicks had two farms. My dad farmed one and my uncle Lewis farmed the other. They were about a half mile apart."

Family Album

Annie Mounce Shaddick (1878-1949)

George Clarence Shaddick (1885-1991)

George Clarence Shaddick and Minnie (nee Heiman) wedding picture. Roger Shaddick supplied picture.

Minnie Shaddick. Picture supplied by Roger Shaddick.

George Clarence Shaddick at center with his son Lewis on his right and his son Arthur on his left. Roger Shaddick supplied picture.

Arthur Shaddick, son of George Clarence Shaddick, father of David, Roger and Paul Shaddick. He is with his brother Lewis' children. This was probably taken just after the war before Arthur started his own family. His brother Lewis had kept the farm going while Arthur was fighting overseas. I cannot imagine what Arthur must have gone through fighting in Europe for the allies, or how often he must have longed for his family a world away. Or how his parents feared the postman or the courier. And now he is back home, in the uniform of his profession, wrestling a living from the soil and the weather, like so many farmer warriors before him.This picture feels like the essence of this family. Feet planted in the soil. We feel the coldest of the prairies and the isolation of the wide open spaces. We see the context of the farm. We feel the warmth of a family that wrapped its arms around a lot of people. This picture captures the essence of a pioneering English farming family, who left the familiarity of England with nothing but hope in their pockets and the determination to forge a better life in a tough, tough new world. The staged portraits we see of the pioneers in their Sunday finest speak of their achievement. But this simple picture speaks of their common humanity and enduring values. Could Norman Rockwell have said it better with his paint brush? Picture supplied by Roger Shaddick.

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