Philip Shaddock of Clinton Township
A phylogenetic tree of the Shattocke family can be found here.
Thanks to John Haynes for corrections to this page and additional information on his "great-aunt" Mary Haynes, who married my ancestor Philip Shaddock.
The very first recorded Shaddock to settle in Ontario lived in Clinton Township, on the shores of Lake Ontario and the Niagara Peninsula. It was amalgamated into the city of St. Catharines in 1960. This map shows the location of the Clinton Township on the shores of Lake Ontario in southern Ontario. The township is highlighted in red.
Uniform of Butler's Rangers (Wikipedia)
The name of the first Ontario settler was Philip Shaddock, who married Mary Heins (also spelled Haynes, Hanes and Haines, with Haynes being the most common spelling found among descendants). I would not have discovered Philip Shaddock but for a petition for land by Mary Shaddock dated April 21, 1821. She applied for a grant of land based on the fact her father was a United Empire Loyalist and her husband Philip "also did his duty in defence of the Province, and was loyal during the late war."
Adam Heins (1749-1814), Mary's father, had enlisted in 1777 in Captain Hewetson's Corps (also spelt Howetson and Huston); "late of Grantham; deceased." A petition for land by his son states that Captain Hewetson recruited his father in Lunenburg, Greene County, New York Province. He apparently worked for the Indian Department in the North. Along with 20 other men Captain Hewetson was hanged in 1777. These were violent times.
The Heins were part of the German community that lived in the Schoharie Valley in New York state. Adam Hein's father Jacob (1720-1782) was born in Rensalier, New York and died in Albany, New York. Descendants of the Grantham Township Heins (now called Haynes) have said they are descended from German Palatine refugees. Wikipedia: "The German Palatines were early 18th century emigrants from the Middle Rhine region of the Holy Roman Empire, including a minority from the Palatinate which gave its name to the entire group.
Towards the end of the 17th century and into the 18th, the wealthy region was repeatedly invaded by French troops, which resulted in continuous military requisitions, widespread devastation and famine. The "Poor Palatines" were some 13,000 Germans who migrated to England between May and November 1709. Their arrival in England, and the inability of the British Government to integrate them, caused a highly politicized debate over the merits of immigration. The English tried to settle them in England, Ireland and the Colonies."
Grantham was largely settled by "Butler's Rangers." Wikipedia: "Butler's Rangers (1777–1784) was a British provincial regiment composed of Loyalists (or "Tories") in the American Revolutionary War, raised by Loyalist John Butler. Most members of the regiment were Loyalists from upstate New York. The Rangers were accused of participating in — or at least failing to prevent — the Wyoming Valley massacre of July 1778 and the Cherry Valley massacre of November 1778 of white settlers (including some Loyalists) by Joseph Brant's Iroquois. These actions earned the Rangers a reputation for exceptional savagery. They fought principally in western New York and Pennsylvania, but ranged as far west as Ohio and Michigan and as far south as Virginia. Their winter quarters were constructed on the west bank of the Niagara River in what is now the town of Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario."
There is no direct evidence Heins was a member of this most famous guerilla fighting unit loyal to the crown. During the Revolutionary War, Butler's Rangers drew many of its men from the descendants of the Palatine refugees who settled in the Schoharie and Mohawk Valleys, so it is possible Adam Heins was a Butlers Ranger.
Adam Heins married Elizabeth Froelick (1754–1837). She was borne in Albany, New York. They had 9 children, the first born in 1776 and the last born in 1795. Mary Heins is the only child without a birth and death date.
There are no Canadian census records for Philip and Mary Shaddock. They simply disappear from the records in Canada and are not found in the U.S. There are no birth records for Philip Shaddock in the U.S. or Canada. I think it is probable he was born in England since he is the first recorded Shaddock to settle in Upper Canada. (There was another John Shaddock who settled in New Brunswick in 1784.) Philip Shaddock was probably not born until long after the American Revolutionary War. His wife's petition says he had done his duty "in the defence of the Province," which suggests he did fight in the War of 1812, or at least served in the militia in his home town. This has been confirmed by John Haynes, who said he was part of a regiment formed from Clinton township men.
During the War of 1812-1814, a Philip Shadowick served as a sergeant in the First Flank Company of the Fourth Lincoln Regiment and was sent to Fort Detroit "GSM" (Soldiers of the King: The Upper Canadian Militia 1812-1815, William M. Gray, Stoddart Press, North York 1995. p. 142). The Fourth Lincoln was composed principally of men from the Townships of Clinton (Beamsville), Grimsby and to some extent Gainsborough.
According to Haynes family tradition, Philip was married twice. His first wife's name remains unknown to my family. So, this not be factual.
Philip Shaddock is actually a rare name among Shaddocks, Shaddicks and Shattucks. There are no Shaddocks among the lists of American Empire Loyalists in Canada, so I do not think he had parents who arrived in Grantham when it was formed in 1884.
On my genealogical tree at Ancestry.com I have provisionally made Mary Heins the wife of a Philip Shaddock who was baptized in Tawstock in 1892. If his birth date and baptism date are identical, then Philip Shaddock of Tawstock would have been a bit young to mary Mary Heins. But if he was baptized some years after his birth, then he is a son of the Thomas Shaddock (1759-1830) and Susanna Hill (b. 1759) and grandson of the founder of the Tawstock Shaddocks, James Shaddock and Mary Lee.
I have accounted for all the Philip Shaddocks in England except for Philip Shaddock born in Tawstock in 1892. He simply disappears from the English records after his birth. My suspicion is that he joined the military, like so many impoverished Devon youth. He may have been stationed in Ontario. Or it is possible he came over under another capacity. There are no Philip Shaddocks or Shattucks born in the late 18th century in the U.S.
A birth in England is the only reasonable scenario for Philip Shaddock of Clinton Township in Ontario. Philip Shaddock born in Tawstock, England is the remaining and best candidate. John Haynes thinks this is possible, but is doubtful.
John provides some additional information about Mary Haynes or Heins.
Mary was the 9th of 12 children born to my ancestors Elizabeth Froelick (b. Loonenburg, Greene Co.1754 - Sept. 1837 Grantham Twp.) and Adam "of Grantham" Haines (B. on Lot 332, Basic Creek, Albany Co., Aug. 5, 1749- d. Mar. 1814 at either Lots #21 or 22 in Conc. 7, Grantham Twp, Lincoln Co., Upper Canada).
As the daughter of a Loyalist, Mary Haines/Heins/Haynes received a Crown land grant in Clinton Twp., Lincoln Co. (now mainly Beamsville, Vineland and Campden).
The widowed Mary Haines Shaddock married her second husband, John Gould in March 1818. John Gould resided in Grantham where he owned Lot #20, Concession VIII, Lot #20, Concession IV and Lot #19, Concession IV for a total of 300 acres. With her second husband, John Gould, she had 7 daughters. I deduce that Mary died circa 1836; since, John Gould's second wife was the widow Hannah (nee May) Pawling, had 5 children aged 1 to 14, when her first husband Henry F. Pawling who died in 1836. Usually widows (and widowers) with young children would be anxious to remarry as soon do to both economic and domestic necessities. A year's morning period was often all that passed between the death of a spouse and remarriage.
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