Richard Shaddock (1807-1881)
Many thanks to David Shaddock, great great grandson of Richard Shaddock (1807-1881) and my 4th cousin 1x removed for providing me with images and family history for this page.
Richard Shaddock (1807-1881) belongs to the Burrington Shaddocks branch of our family, which in turn is a branch of the Yarnscombe Shattockes. He was born in the village of Burrington, Devon in 1807, son of the founder of the Burrington lineage, William Shaddock (1756-1856). Richard was the youngest of three sons. This tree shows how he is related to other Burrington Shaddocks. He is the third son on the right.
In 1834 Richard Shaddock married Ann Cole (1809-1885) in Burrington. In the 1841 census he is living in South Wood, Burrington with his wife and three daughters, Mary Jane (6), Melissa (3) and Emily (1). Then he had three sons, Samuel Cole in 1844, Richard in 1847, and Frederick in 1849.
Richard and Ann were "Bible Christians," a Methodist denomination founded by William O’Bryan, a Wesleyan Methodist local preacher, in 1815 in North Cornwall, with the first society, just 22 members, meeting at Lake Farm in Shebbear, Devon. The reason I had trouble finding birth records for Richard and Ann's children was probably because they were non-conformists. Baptism records for their children do not appear in the Anglican Burrington parish registers or in the Ashreigney parish records. There are civil registers of the children's births, but their birth village is not named, just the district (South Molton).
Ashreigney square. If you look closely at the signpost you will see that Ashreigney is at a crossroad for Burrington, Winkleigh and Torrington, Shaddock and Shaddick villages.
After appearing in the 1841 census, Richard and his family disappears from census records in England and suddenly appears...where? Why in the 1861 census in Canada. He was part of the great diaspora of the Shattocke descendants, choosing Canada, along with his nephew Thomas, his niece Elizabeth and their brother-in-law James Snell. I am not sure if his faith was the sole factor in his departure from Devon, although there were quite a few Bible Christians who emigrated to Ontario.
When I first saw the West Canada 1861 census entry for Richard Shaddock I was not sure it was Richard from Burrington. The census placed him in London, Ontario, which was a central hub for growing settlements in western Ontario, Canada.
The three daughters in the English 1841 census do not appear on the census form. In their place was Samuel age 11, and Ellen age 8. Something I noticed in the two census forms told me to hunt further. Both the English and Canadian censuses said his occupation was "mason." That would explain why we find him in London, Ontario where his skills would be needed.
Stone Mason Tools
He would be building more enduring structures than the simple log and wood frame houses that were first erected in the wilderness settlements. As a tradesman Richard would be dependent on income from his occupation as a mason to feed his family. Work for masons was drying up in Devon, England. And there is a reason why the 1840s in Britain were called "the hungry forties." Food shortages. And widespread economic malaise. Canada needed skilled tradesmen.
I persevered and eventually found the hard evidence that links the Canadian Richard Shaddock back to the English Richard Shaddock. The evidence is found on his son Samuel Cole's death certificate. The certificate said Samuel's father was Richard Shaddock and his mother's maiden name was Ann Cole.
Additional evidence was the baptism record for his son Samuel Cole Shaddock. He was baptised in Ashreigney. Ashreigney was the birthplace of Ann Cole's father, Samuel Cole. Samuel Cole Shaddock was named after his maternal grandfather.
Additional evidence are the ages of Samuel and Ellen versus their parents. In the 1861 Canada West census Richard was 53 and Ann was 51, both born in England. Samuel Cole Shaddock was born in England and his sister Ellen in Canada. That meant Richard and Ann and their children had emigrated to Canada between 1844 and 1853.
Finally, solid evidence that the Rochester Shaddocks are Burrington Shaddocks comes from DNA tests of two descendants of Burrington Shaddocks, David Shaddock, who is a Rochester Shaddock, and myself (Philip Shaddock), who is a Western Ontario Shaddock. I am a descendant of James Shaddock (1801-1865), son of the Burrington Shaddock founder, William Shaddock (1766-1856). David is a descendant of James' brother Richard (1807-1881). When you compare the 111 markers (STRs) of our respective YDNA tests they are identical! That means that since our common ancestor, William Shaddock, there has been no marker mutations in the 111 markers tested. Other descendants of the Burrington Shaddocks, our 5th cousins David Shaddick and Cliff Shaddock are at a genetic distance of 2 from me and David.These results are proof positive of our relationship. It confirms that I am descended from William Shaddock and he is as well.
Ship built in 1843. It operated in the St. Lawrence until 1867, when she became stranded in ice.
It was not until David Shaddock of Troy, New York state, contacted me that I was able to nail down when Richard and Ann Shaddock and family emigrated to Canada. David tells a story passed down through generations about Frederick Shaddock, the son born to Richard and Ann in April, 1849. Apparently Frederick learned to walk on the 45 days it took for the wooden ship to cross the Atlantic Ocean. Since he was born in April, 1849, that means he was nine months old by January, 1850. That is the earliest month when babies attempt to walk. Later walkers start at twelve months. By 15 months most babies are walking upright. This means Frederick learned to walk sometime in 1850. This explains why Richard and Ann Shaddock and their children do not show up in the English and Canadian 1851 census records. They were between two countries.
It must have been challenging to learn to walk on a relatively small wooden ship tossed about on the stormy North Atlantic Ocean. Frederick's accomplishment would have been a source of pride and amusement to his parents because the story has been retold all the way down to the present. And it is symbolic. These were stormy, topsy turvy times for Devon people dependent on the agricultural business. It was not only Frederick who was trying to find his feet in very unsteady times.
Richard Shaddock shows up in the 1871 census for London, Ontario, working as a mason. His son Samuel has moved out and his daughter Ellen is working as a dressmaker.
Ten years later, Richard is not in the 1881 census. So he died sometime between 1871 and 1881. Ann died in 1885 of tuberculosis.
What happened to their older children?
Mary Jane Shaddock (1834-1893)
The oldest, Mary Jane, was baptised in Burrington in 1834, so she was 27 in 1861, old enough to have married. She married Samuel Trim (1829-1892) in London, Ontario on Nov. 6, 1854 at age 20. London, Ontario was where her parents were living. On her gravestone is her date of birth: 1834. And she gave her place of birth as England to census takers.
Mary Jane and her husband Samuel had eight children. Their family genealogy is shown at the bottom of the page.
Emily Shaddock (1840-1882)
Emily Shaddock (b. 1840) was born in England. At the age of 21 she is found in the 1861 census married to Mark Clarke (1833-1913) and already has two children, one age 3 and one age 2. The census record has her name as "Emma," but her age is correct and the smoking gun is the fact Richard Shaddock, age 14, is living with them. Richard is her brother. Her husband Mark was born in Pitminster, Somerset. He was a shoe maker. She is listed as being a hat maker. They are living in Usborne Township, Huron county, about 50 km north of where her parents were living in London, Ontario. They were living not far from my Burrington Shaddock ancestor, which makes it likely there were family reunions. Emily and her husband had nine children. She died at a relatively young age: 42.
Lost Sisters (Melissa, Ellen)
I have not been able to track down the other daughters of Richard, Melissa (born 1838) and Ellen (born 1852). David Shaddock's aunt Helen in her notes says that the obituary in 1910 for Emily's brother Frederick refers to a sister by the name of Mrs. John Parkins or Perkins. One of these two sisters must have married this person.
London, Ontario about 1880
Samuel Cole Shaddock (1844-1906) and the Detroit Shaddocks
As I said earlier, Samuel Cole was born in Ashreigney, Devon, the home village of his namesake, his grandfather Samuel Cole (1785-1836). In 1861, at the age of 17, he is living with his father and mother. Eleven years later, at the age of 28 he is living by himself at an address in Detroit, Michigan. He is working as a molder, a maker of molds or castings. Four years later he marries Rachel Anne (Annie) Etherington (1855-1931) back in Ontario in Huron County. Annie Etherington was born in the Usborne Township, just next door to Huron County. Her heritage is Irish. The marriage location is noteworthy because his cousin Thomas Shaddock (1834-1912) had been living in this part of western Ontario for almost two decades.
Thomas Shaddock is my direct ancestor and considering both he and his uncle lived in Burrington at the same time before they emigrated to Canada a few years apart I bet they stayed in touch. In the deep winter of wilderness Ontario, there must have been warm memories of far off England to share.
Samuel's father died in 1875, a year before the marriage of Samuel and Annie. Samuel and his new bride Annie settle into married life in London, Ontario, where he has found work as a moulder. Perhaps he moved back because he had become head of the family. Samuel and Annie then have three children in London. The death of his mother in 1885 in London when he is forty may have something to do with the fact he moved to Hamilton, Ontario. There is a burgeoning steel industry in Hamilton that would value his skills as a moulder. He had two more children in Hamilton.
In 1893, at the age of 48, he is once more on the move, this time back to Detroit, where once again his occupation is moulder. In the 1900 census, at age 56, his occupation is described as "iron molder." He tells the census taker that he immigrated to the U.S. in 1850. But we know that is not true. However his choice for the date is interesting. That was the year his parents emigrated to Canada. I think it confirms the date when the family crossed the Atlantic from England.
Samuel Cole died five years later in 1906 at the age of 61. His body was transported back to Canada, probably because he wished to be buried with his parents. This was a family that had left England behind 56 years earlier for an uncertain future in a raw land. I have a sense that they were very close as a family.
His wife Annie Shaddock appears to have returned to Detroit, probably to be with her grown children. Samuel Cole and Annie had five children who were young when the family moved to Detroit in 1893. There were two boys and three girls. The Shaddock surname in this branch of the family did not survive as one son, James Albert Shaddock (born 1880) does not appear to have married and the other son Albert Audley Shaddock (1887-1913) married but appears to have had no children.
Grand Rapids, Michigan in the 1890s
Richard Shaddock (1847-1927) and the Grand Rapids Michigan Shaddicks
It is likely Richard Shaddock was born in Ashreigney. He was only three years old when the family took the long and perilous trip across the oceans to London, Ontario. As I mentioned earlier, at the age of 14 he is found living with his sister and her husband about 50 km north of his parents in Usborne Township. He was probably sent there by his parents to learn a trade. In 1869, at the age of 22, he married an Irish lass, Alice Lemon (b. 1846) in London, Ontario. His occupation? Boot and shoe maker, a skill he acquired working for his brother-in-law. Richard and Alice are living in London at the time. In the following census, 1871, he has moved back to Usborne Township, but now with two toddlers in tow. He is a "boot and shoe maker."
Six years later, at the age of 30, Richard Shaddock moves his family to Grand Rapids, Michigan. He was following in the footsteps of many second generation Canadian immigrants seeking work in the forestry sector south of the border. Grand Rapids had become a major lumbering area, processing timber harvested in the surrounding area. It would become a major furniture making centre. And the people working in the forests and the mills needed shoes and hats. In the 1880 U.S. census his last name, and those of his children, are spelled "Shaddick." Most of his children would retain that spelling. Seven would spell their name "Shaddick," two would spell their name "Shaddock."
In the 1900 U.S. census he is still making his living from shoe making. One of his daughters is a school teacher and others are working in offices, one is a machinist, and another is going to school. Ten years later Richard (age 63) and Alice (age 64) are retired. They have four sons living with them, ranging in age from 18 to 31. Three are machinists and one works as a printer. It was perhaps difficult to continue to earn a living making hand-made shoes at a time when shoes were flooding the market from factories. He still had a mortgage on his house, but the house was obviously big enough to accommodate his four sons. In the 1920 census we find him living on the outskirts of Cleveland with a daughter and a son. I am not sure this is the house where he lived, but this is the address that Google takes us to:
It is a relatively modest house. But he raised a large family making shoes and selling hats. His sons and daughters had become urbanized with jobs created by the industrial revolution.
Lieutenant Warren Montgomery Shaddock, grandson of Frederick Shaddock (1849-1910) in a war photo (1942). He was a communications officer aboard the USS Calvert in Pearl Harbor. He was a dentist after the war. Picture courtesy his son David Shaddock.
Frederick Shaddock (1849-1910) and the Rochester Shaddocks
What strikes me as I write down the history of so many Shaddock, Shaddick and Shattuck families is how much influence the parent's location and occupation has on the fate of their children. We see this in the Tawstock family whose descendants who acquired a trade became urbanized and found jobs in the new industries created by the industrial revolution. And if the family moved to an area whose economy rose with the new industrial opportunities, their children also did well.
Richard Shaddock and Anne Cole had moved to London, Ontario on the strength of Richard's trade as a moulder. His son Frederick found his feet on the ship going over. We do not find Frederick in the 1861 census living with his parents. He is 12 years old and living with a "plasterer" called Richard Mayne, and his wife Ann and two children, William and Arthur. I think we have to assume that Frederick's parents had a tough time getting on their feet in London, because it seems Frederick was farmed out to the Maynes.
Richard Mayne (1827-1897) was born in Meshaw, Devon, just 10 miles from Burrington, so it is possible the two families knew each other back in England.
Frederick is not living with the Mayne family in 1871. According to his statement in the U.S. 1910 census he moved to Rochester, New York state in 1870 at the age of 20. If he had been an indentured servant to Richard Mayne, his contract would have expired about this time. We do not know what took him to Rochester, other than burgeoning opportunities south of the border, but a clue is found in David Shaddock's aunt Helen's notes. Frederick married Mary Ann Jones (1854-1888) who had a brother who either owned or was in management at the Enterprise Foundry in Rochester where Frederick worked. Did he marry the boss's daughter? Did he marry his best friend's sister?
Frederick Shaddock and Mary Ann Jones probably in 1876. Courtesy David Shaddock.
Mary Ann's father and mother were called James and Matilda Jones. James was born in England. Mary Ann was born in Canada. We can guess that Frederick moved to Rochester because of his relationship to Mary Ann or her brother, or both. They were married in Hamilton, Ontario. That is where his mother was living with his brother Samuel Cole. Were my relatives down from nearby Huron county to celebrate the nuptials?
Frederick was an iron moulder, making forms for casting metal. This is an occupation he worked at his entire life.
His marriage to Mary Ann was not long, only eight years. She died at the age of 34 in 1888. Frederick never married again. They had three children Frederick James Shaddock II (1880-), Alfred Cole Shaddock (1882-1920) and Florence Matilda Shaddock (1884-1960). His children were still living with him when he died at age 61 in 1910.
Frederick ensured that his sons got a good education. Both his sons became dentists and his daughter Florence became a dental hygienist. Perhaps she was employed in his office. Florence Shaddock never married and lived all her life in Rochester.
Alfred Cole Shaddock (1882-1920)
Alfred Cole Shaddock bears the maiden name of his grandmother, Ann Cole, in his middle name, adding a bit more evidence of his heritage. (The Cole family has had very long familial links to the Shaddocks going back to Ashreigney, near the village of Burrington. See the family connections diagrammed in the story of the New Brunswick Shaddicks.) Alfred graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia with a "Doctor of Dental Surgery" degree in 1907. In 1915, at age 32, he is living in the same house with his brother Frederick and sister. Florence was keeping house. He married Mary L. Remde (1890-1972) sometime before the birth of a daughter Mildred Remde Shaddock (1918-2004). Mary was a teacher. Mary Remde's father Hermann E Remde was born in 1852 in Sondashausen, Germany. He was also a moulder in a foundry. Perhaps he knew Alfred's father, although he lived in Shelby, New York and died in 1933 in Medina.
Tragedy was to strike again in the Rochester Shaddock family. David Shaddock tells me that Alfred Shaddock was working in his basement shop when he died of a heart attack. He was 38. His wife Mary moved back to her parent's place for some time. In the 1940 census she is shown living with her sister-in-law Agnes. Alfred and Mary's daughter Mildred married a prominent doctor, Marcus Elias Sandford (1918-2009) and lived in Somerville, New Jersey. They had three sons and a daughter.
Frederick James Shaddock II (1880- )
Frederick James Shaddock. Courtesy David Shaddock.
Frederick Shaddock is found living in Buffalo, New York, in 1903 working as a bookkeeper, attending university, probably to qualify as a dentist. Two years later he is in the census for Rochester, New York, living with his father and working as a dentist. His brother Alfred is still going to school.
Sometime in late 1915 or early 1916 he marries Agnes Montgomery (1885-1965).
Fred and Agnes had three children, Helen Mary Shaddock (1917–2014), Frederick J Shaddock Jr (1919– ), and Warren Montgomery Shaddock (1923– ). Warren Shaddock became a dentist,
Helen Shaddock became the family historian. Much of her work can be seen at www.shaddock.net. Her notes helped me piece together the history of this remarkable branch of the Burrington Shaddock family. Today descendants of the Rochester Shaddocks are working as an engineer, computer software developer, and lawyer. It all began with Richard Shaddock (1807-1881), who had a trade (stone mason) that allowed him to establish his family in a burgeoning urban environment in London, Ontario.
The remarkable fact is that the Rochester Shaddocks still live relatively close to their Burrington Shaddock relatives across the lake in Toronto, Ontario and not far from Burrington Shaddock relatives in western Ontario.
Richard Shaddock 1807-1881 (Ann Cole 1809-1885)
1. Mary Jane Shaddock 1834–1893 (Samuel Trim 1829-1892) born Burrington, died Saint-Thomas, Ontario
1.1 Albert Trim 1856–1918
1.2 Matilda Jane Trim 1859– (John Rowan Summers 1851–1925)
Jennette Summers 1882–
Lena M Summers 1887–
1.3 Francis Hooper Trim 1859–1941
1.4 George Trim 1864–1940
1st wife: Catherine Elizabeth Moore 1871–1953
2nd wife: Madella Louisa Chute 1863–1912
Edith Trim 1891–
Edward Malcom Trim 1892–1964
Ethel Maude Davis 1894–1982
1.5 Samuel William Trim 1866–
1.6 James Trim 1868–1904 (Mary Catherine Shrum 1872–1947)
Mabel Trim 1893–
Charles L. Trim 1895–1983
1.7 John Trim 1870–
1.8 Ida Bell Trim 1872–
2. Melissa Shaddock 1838–
3. Emily Shaddock 1840–1882 (Mark Clarke 1833-1913)
4. Samuel Cole Shaddock 1844–1906 (Rachel Anne "Annie" Etherington 1855–1931) Detroit, Michigan
4.1 Lucy Elie Shaddock 1878–
4.2 James Albert Shaddock 1880–
4.3 Minnie Fidilla Shaddock 1883–1968 (Ceylon Wesley Wade 1879–1957) Los Angeles, California
4.4 Albert Audley Shaddock 1887–1913 (Alice M. Sheppard 1891-) Greenfield, Michigan
4.5 Harriet Emma (Hattie) Shaddock 1891–1960 (Horace Ralph Middlemiss 1890–1941) Los Angeles, California
5. Richard Shaddick 1847–1927 (Alice Lennon 1846– ) Grand Rapids, Michigan - Cleveland, Ohio
5.1 Anna Elizabeth Shaddick 1869–1945 (Henry William Sommer 1862–1947) Grand Rapids, Michigan
Maude Eva Sommer 1886–
Fannie J Sommer 1888–
E Marie Sommer 1894–
Howard R Sommer 1902–
5.2 Ellen Alice "Ella" Shaddick 1871–1957 Albert Charles Fleming 1872–1929
George E Fleming 1892–
Earl Fleming 1892–
Alice Fleming 1894–
Burton Fleming 1908–
5.3 Emily Jane "Jennie" Shaddick 1873– (Homer Collar Skeels 1873–1934) St. Louis, Illinois
Alice A Skeels 1903–
Emily Skeels 1910–
5.4 Matilda A Shaddick 1877– (First husband: Louis R Smith 1877– Second: Lee ) Medina County, Ohio
5.5 Samuel Frederick "Fred" Shaddick 1879–
5.6 Thomas Richard Shaddock 1882–1955 (Lena ? 1903–)
Alice Shaddock 1925–
Alberta Ruth Shaddock 1927–
Thomas Shaddock 1937-2001
5.7 Ernest Alfred "Ernie" Shaddock Sr 1884– (Freida Bartsch 1897–) Cleveland, Ohio
Esther Elfrieda Shaddock 1916–2002
Ernest Alfred Shaddock Jr. 1918–1976
5.8 Esther M Shaddick 1886–1939 (Herbert A. Downs 1885-) Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA
5.9 Albert Lennon Shaddock 1891–1928
6. Frederick Shaddock 1849–1910 (Mary Ann Jones 1854–1888) Rochester, N.Y.
6.1 Frederick James Shaddock II 1880– (Agnes Montgomery 1885–1965) Rochester, N.Y.
Helen Mary Shaddock 1917–2014 (Rev. James Rockwell)
Frederick J Shaddock Jr 1919–
Dr. Warren Montgomery Shaddock 1923– (Gloris Catherine Mulford 1922–1996)
6.2 Alfred Cole Shaddock 1882–1920 (Mary L Remde 1890–1972)
Mildred Remde Shaddock 1918–2004 (Marcus Elias Sandford 1918–2009)
6.3 Florence Matilda Shaddock 1884–1960
7. Ellen Shaddock 1852–
Helen Mary Shaddock was a Rochester Shaddock family historian who helped preserve the memory of her ancestors. Picture courtesy David Shaddock.
Agnes Montgomery Shaddock. Picture courtesy David Shaddock.