"STAPLEGROVE, a parish in the hundred of Taunton, county Somerset, 1¾ mile N.W. of Taunton, its post town. The village is situated on the Great Western railway and the river Tone, and comprises a portion of the vale of Taunton-Dean. It formed a part of Taunton parish until 1554, from which period it has been a distinct parish. There are flax mills, a tannery, and a private lunatic asylum. The Great Western canal from Bridgwater to Tiverton passes along the southern boundary of the parish. The living is a rectory* in the diocese of Bath and Wells, value £200. The church is an ancient structure, with a tower containing five bells. Since its construction in the 15th century it has had two new aisles added, and in 1857 was thoroughly restored. The register dates from 1558. The parochial charities produce about £4 per annum. There is a National school, also a Sunday-school." From The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868) Transcribed by Colin Hinson © 2003
Staplegrove is a parish in the Taunton district, Somerset, one and a half miles north west of the Taunton railway station. The Grand Western canal from Bridgwater to Tiverton passes along the southern boundary of the parish.
In the map on the left, you can see the relationship between the town of Taunton and the parish of Staplegrove. Most of the area within the red outline is farmland, with modern residences at the bottom of the area, next door to Norton Fitzwarren.
Of special note is the statement in the National Gazetteer quoted above regarding the fact Staplegrove formed part of the parish of Taunton until 1554.
The earliest record found of a Shattock in England is in the Taunton area, specifically the manor of Taunton. Thomas Shattocke appears on the Tenant List for the manor in 1450. He was probably the son or grandson of the founder of all worldwide Shattockes, who I name after the mutations he passed on to his male descendants: Y16884 / Y16895.
See a transcription of the tenant's list here. You will see that there is a long line of succession of Shattocks as tenants in the Taunton Deane.
Doubtlessly John Shattock of Staplegrove, who left a will in 1533, was part of this succession.
John Shattoke. 6 July, 1533. (from Wells Will p. 163, in Taunton)
chyd. of Peter and Paul in Taunton—Wells iiijd—d. Elsabeth xx nobbles—my son John all my yer [gear] in my shoppe as well as v [£] worth—Thomas my son vjd xiijs iiijd other he to have the mansion other [or] tenement the wh. I dyd dwell in—Jone my d. xls—hye crosse in the ch. of Stapulgrowe xxd—sepulker of the same ch. Xx d—Sir John Hykelege xijd—John Gune viijd.
Res.—Alice my wyff.
Witn.—Thos. Smyth, Thos. Gymmose.
Prob. in eccl. Cath. Well., 29 Dec. 1533.
Summa inventarii, xx5 xjd.
The will repository assigns him to Taunton, but the will itself indicates he lived in Staplegrove and he bequeaths money to the Staplegrove church. His wife Alice appears to be buried in Staplegrove in 1559. The majority of Shattocks in subsequent generations show baptisms and marriages at the Staplegrove church. The Shattocks apparently lived in Staplegrove and had businesses in Taunton, making them perhaps the first Shattocks who lived in what eventually became the "suburbs."
John Shattock in the 1533 will was a shopkeeper or merchant. We also find a "John Shattock" listed as a vintner in Taunton in 1569.
Reference: E 176/2/181. Description: Vintner: John Shattock, Leonard Penington als. Tocker Vintner: William Bennett, Stephen Keye Place: Taunton, Som. Date: July 3, 12 Eliz. Held by: The National Archives, - Exchequer, Office of First Fruits and Tenths, and the Court of Augmentations. Date: 17 November 1569 – 16 November 1570
Is this John Shattock a direct descendant of the John Shattock who had a shop in Taunton in the 1533 will? That seems highly likely. So the source of the Shattock wealth among Staplegrove Shattocks may have been the trade in wine.
Since wine was imported from southern Europe and the Mediterranean, the Shattocks must have had trading connections outside of England. In general wool and cloth were traded for wine. This fits with the early history of Taunton, since it was one of the first towns in England to engage in making cloth rather than merely exporting wool. On the English Heritage page I discuss the case of another John Shattocke in the next century who was a merchant doing business in the Portuguese island of Madeira. Wine was a major trade item on the island. And I feature John Shattock, the merchant on this page: John Shattuck visits Samuel Pepys, the Diarist. Perhaps the John Shattock in 1569, who was a vintner in Taunton is the direct ancestor of John Shattock the merchant out of Madeira.
There is evidence Staplegrove Shattocks purchased farms and mills east and north of Taunton. Staplegrove Shattocks appear to be linked to a farm at North Petherton. This village apparently had a substantial cloth cottage industry, see the sub-page on North Petherton. This may support the thesis that the Shattocks of Staplegrove were involved in the wool and cloth trade. Thomas Shattocke, born about 1640 in North Petherton, died in Staplegrove. His grandson Christopher Shattocke Sr. (ca. 1604-1675), who was born in North Petherton, also moved to Staplegrove. His son Christopher, born in 1630 in North Petherton, also died in Staplegrove. See the genealogy at the bottom of the North Petherton Shattockes page.
The villages east of Staplegrove, Creech St. Michael, Kingston St. Mary and West Monkton, appear to have places where Shattocke families moved back and forth. Henry Shattock owned all or part of the Creech customary mill in Creech St. Michael in 1584. Christopher Shattocke was involved in a legal dispute over a messuage (a dwelling house with outbuildings and land assigned to its use) in West Monkton sometime between 1603 and 1625. Henry Shattocke of West Monkton had a 99 year lease on 2 1/2 acres of "meadow" in West Monkton in 1610. Henry and Christopher are two names that act as markers for Shattocks in Staplegrove - Taunton and the surrounding villages. These Shattocks may have lived in Staplegrove but done business in the countryside.
A John Shattock, senior, has a will in 1630. There is a Henry Shattocke will in 1637. His widow appears to be assessed for lands in 1638. This means that Shattockes were land owners in Staplegrove at this time. She was also a church warden:
"Churchwarden Accounts From the Fourteenth Centure to the Close of the Seventeenth Century” by J. Charles Cox, LL.D., F.S.A. A pair of widows once officiated for a Somersetshire parish. The Account of the Widdow Farthinge and the Widdow Shattocke Church Wardens of Stapplegrove, Anno Do. 1645. Under their jurisdiction the parish paid for shrouds on six occasions, at prices varying from 55. To /s. 6d. Such payments do not occur elsewhere in the Staplegrove accounts.
Arthur William Shattock (1893-1915) worked as a clerk for the railroad when he was 14. Then he took to adventure on the high seas, becoming a "telegraphist" on passenger ships between England and North America. Family legend has it that he did not look after his health. He died at the age of 21. He was a descendant of the Staplegrove Shattocks.
Henry Shattocke born in 1656 in Staplegrove married Mary (last name unknown) in Staplegrove when he was about 18 and had his first daughter Mary in the same year. Henry had a tax assessment in this period, which indicates he had property.
Another member of the family, Thomas Shattocke, is cited in a lawsuit. One of his female servants got pregnant and identified "George Deacon" as the father. Apparently she had lain with him in a field close to Thomas Shattocke's house and at the "Three Crownes in Taunton."
Henry and Mary had five children. Mary died Jun. 1, 1716, at the age of forty-nine. Henry died just over a year later, in 1717. He left property because there was a will.
Chasing the Entail
The key to tracing the ancestry of the Staplegrove Shattocks is the cookie crumb trail left by land transactions. The law of primogeniture in England means the legitimate, firstborn son inherits his parent's entire or main estate, in preference to daughters, elder illegitimate sons, younger sons and collateral relatives. An entail is this law applied over several generations so that the property remains in the family. The land owned by the Shattocks in Staplegrove and the surrounding area possibly goes back as far as John Shattocke of Staplegrove, who bequeathed property and a store and its "gear" to his sons and daughter in 1533. From the number of land transactions in the records involving Henry Shattocke (1656-1717), it appears he may have accumulated the largest store of Shattock wealth and lands. He may have purchased land as far north as Vexford, not far from Stogumber and put his son Christopher in charge of his business there. It appears that by the beginning of the 19th century these lands and wealth had been dissipated by his descendants. You will find a complete genealogy at the bottom of this page. This diagram shows the direct line of succession for people inheriting the entail for the Staplegrove Shattocks. They are in green type. The rest of the diagram shows people who have done DNA testing. James William Shattock is in purple text.
The direct line of descent I include here will show you what a combination of historical records, including tax records, land transactions and parish records suggest. This will help you follow the discussion that follows.
Henry Shattocke 1656-1717 (Mary ? 1667–1716)
John Shattock 1704–1775 (Mary Gale 1705–)
John Shattock 1757–1829 (Elizabeth Kebby)
John Shattock c. 1780-1820 (Hannah Sheppard 1783–1837)
Samuel Kebby Shattock 1802–1854 (Harriet Whensley 1804–1862)
John Shattock 1809–1877 (Emily Williams 1817–1890)
There is a John Shattock of Norton Fitzwarren who sold a considerable amount of property in 1834.
Somerset Heritage Centre DD\CH/117/4 Sale by John Shattock of Norton Fitzwarren to the Rev. Cecil Robert Smith of Bishops Lydeard of cottages and garden ground, 1834 3 documents
When John Shattock married Emily Williams in 1839 she was 19. On the marriage license John is described as a "gentleman" from Birshop's Lydeard. Have I got his father's death date incorrect (1820?) or did John inherit property that he was forced to sell in 1834 at the age of 25? The fact that Shattocks were involved in property transactions at this time supports James William Shattocks story of a family forced to divest itself of property.
It appears that Samuel Kebby Shattock lost the entail when he mortgaged his property. As we shall see, the Staplegrove Shattocks owned a lot of farms in the area, so this transaction may have been the final dissolution of the family wealth. Samuel had two girls, so we would expect the entail to pass to his brother, the only male sibling he had. That was John Shattock (1809-1877), who had financial difficulties and appeared to move often, one step ahead of the law until it finally caught up to him in Liverpool. There he was declared a bankrupt and imprisoned for his insolvency. He later emigrated to Chicago with his family. There is a direct male ancestor of the Staplegrove Shattocks who died in 2013 in California, probably unaware that he was a direct descendant of a very prominent and wealthy west Somerset family.
John Shattock provides a description of how property might have been passed down by the first sons of the Staplegrove Shattocks and how it might have slowly and steadily dwindled away. You'll find his theoretical account on a sub-page of this one.
There is a surprisingly accurate account of the downfall of the Staplegrove Shattocks encapsulated in a handwritten letter by James William Shattock (1860-1948) to his son. It is this letter that weaves all the scattered evidence of the family into a coherent tale.
James William Shattock's Letter
James William Shattock (1860-1948) with sons Victor Tom (seated) and Nelson James (standing). About 1888.
One of the descendants of the Staplegrove Shattocks, Kenneth Shattock, preserved a remarkable heritage from his ancestors and sent me pictures and documents from his Staplegrove Shattocks document archive. One of the letters he sent me jumped out at me as soon as read it. It was a letter his grandfather, Victor Tom Shattock, received from his father, James William Shattock (1860-1948). Victor's father wrote to him in 1943, when his father was 83 years old. We have to thank good fortune that James William recorded one of the most important paragraphs of Staplegrove Shattock history five years before he passed away. Note that he was born in 1860, and was telling a family story about his own father and grandfather. Here is a portion from the letter that I have transcribed:
Our family was at one time a family of importance in the history of Staplegrove, residing at Hope House [now called Bishop's Mead] on the Kingston Road for the Shaddock names are inscribed on the Arch of the dining room mantelpiece, owning nearly a square mile of the best land in Taunton dene. To show the importance of the family there were two vaults in the Staplegrove Church, north aisle, with names tracing the family back to the 14th century, and the importance of the family held is far as the 17 century. During the latter part the family apparently deteriorated, wild living and gambling caused them to lose their possessions and to raise mortgages in order to live and to the extent that two brothers, Lemuel and another, under pressure, went so far as the cut off their own entail to their property. Upon realizing the foolishness of their action they went off to Detroit, USA. Their action rendered your grandfather's father to be left in poor circumstances; he was able to farm some part of the land by paying a rent to those who held the mortgage. He resided at Kibbys Farm, Staplegrove, and on returning one day from the field and riding on the shaft of the cart, got killed, through the horse shying and turning the cart over on him, thus leaving a widow and a son, your grandfather, and three daughters to battle with the world. Your grandfather, Thomas Shaddock, born February 9, 1818, was the eldest, nine years old, had to go back to work to help keep his mother and three sisters and to make matters worse those who arranged the mortgage made the widow and her family leave the farm, Kibby's, because they could not pay the rent.
Did you notice what he said about inscriptions found in the Staplegrove church? There are inscriptions in two vaults in the north aisle with names tracing the family back to the 14th century. The DNA evidence indicates that the founder of all Shattockes worldwide was born about 1350 AD. And DNA tests of direct descendants of the Staplegrove Shattocks indicates that they are direct descendants of the founder. So there is a very strong case to be made that the founder of all worldwide Shattocks lived and died in Staplegrove and may be buried under that slab of stone in the Staplegrove church.
When I checked the other facts in James William's letter, I have found them to be corroborated by documentary evidence. Some of the details have become muddied, like a faded old photograph, but the picture this paints of the family and the general truth and chronology of the events have been verified.
Confirmation that Shattocks were a Staplegrove prominent family is found in the the Taunton Courier and Western Advertiser, Dec. 17, 1924. The author of the news item, Sidney E. Dodderidge, writes: "Thomas Shattocke witnessed Staplegrove admissions at the exchequer, Taunton Castle, in 1568, 1572, 1573; John Shattock jun. in 1620, Thomas Shattocke in 1633." Apparently these Shattocks were involved in the financial affairs of the Taunton Deane manor, in this case witnessing the official recording of the tenants of the manor in the manorial roll.
Staplegrove church, in a suburb of Taunton. This is the place where the original Shattock families of Staplegrove were married, were buried, and celebrated life. According to the website for the church: "the collective view of most authorities, who have studied the architecture of the building, suggests that the lower parts of the tower and main aisle are of 13th and 14th century origins, the remainder being later additions as the centuries go by, principally from the restoration of 1857."
This succession of Shattock manor officials might provide a clue to the succession of Shattockes in Staplegrove in the late 16th century, early 17th century, i.e.
Thomas Shattocke 1568...
John Shattock senior abt. 1590
John Shattock junior 1620...
Thomas Shattocke 1633...
It is certainly possible they were cousins...but I rather suspect the Shattock sons inherited the status of their father, and these Shattocks do seem to be a generation apart.... I have interpolated John Shattock, senior into the line of succession. What clinches the interpretation for me is that the two names, John and Thomas, are also the names of the sons mentioned in the will of 1533 of John Shattocke of Staplegrove. And there were not a lot of Shattocks in the world in this century...and a handful in Staplegrove.
I have written an account of a John Shattock who was a merchant in the late 17th century, with some very high level connections in the kingdom. A female Shattock relative of his married into the prominent Richbell family of Southampton, Hampshire. Given the time frame it is highly likely John Shattock was from Somerset. He played a major role in the burgeoning Atlantic trade. Read about him here.
We can also get a measure of the ancient wealth and stature of the family from the records of land transactions.
Henry Shattock born in 1656 accumulated the largest fortune of the family. He is shown to be living in West Monkton, three miles northeast of Staplegrove. He owned the church house in Creech St. Michael. The hamlet was where a mill and some dwellings were located three miles east of Taunton. From British History Online: "In 1582 half the church house was let by Henry Shattock to Robert Cuffe with a proviso that the churchwardens might sell bread, beer, and victuals in the house and use it for the church ale."
Henry Shattock also was a part owner in the manor, a substantial holding: "The manor was divided, probably by Knapman, half passing in 1558 to John Radford (d. 1565) and later to John's son Lawrence, and half to John Harris, whose share in 1585 was sold by Nicholas Harris and Henry Shattock to Lawrence Radford."
He also had ownership in a mill in Creech St. Michael: "North End mill, probably the Creech customary mill, seems to be the mill of which William Knapman sold half to the elder Robert Cuffe in 1558 and Henry Shattock sold half to Robert Seager, possibly in trust for Robert Cuffe in 1584."
Henry Shattock, along with his son Christopher and his brother John, were involved in purchasing property in the manor of Vexford in Stogumber, about 11 miles on the road between Taunton and the east coast of Somerset. This town was not only a crossroads between Taunton and the coast, it was also a crossroads between Bridgwater in Somerset and Barnstaple in Devon. Streams in the area made the water driven mills possible. And the mills in turn supported a cottage industry of tanners, dyers and fullers engaged in the cloth and leather trade. The fact that Henry had interests in a mill in Creech St. Michael, as well as property in Stogumber suggests he might have been involved in the cloth and leather trade.
Henry also owned land in nearby Othery (11 miles or 17 km north east). From British History Online: "In 1580 John was licensed to alienate to Nicholas Harris, who in 1581 was licensed to sell the estate to Henry Shattock." The fact Henry Shattocke could afford to purchase an estate in part or whole in a village 11 miles from Taunton speaks to the wealth of the family at the time.
There is a sale of lands in "Ottery" that bookends this tale of the family wealth. In 1827 there is a record of the sale of an Othery dwelling and its land by Samuel Kebby Shattock.
A 4 page vellum indenture for the sale of lands in Ottery, Devon, between James Burnell of Yeovil, Somerset, linen draper, Susanna Aplin of Norton Fitzwarren, Samuel Kebby Shattock of Norton Fitzwarren, yeoman, and William Temlett of Bridgewater, gent. Dated the 2nd day of October in the 8th year of the reign of George IV  Property: A messuage and 6 acres of land in Eastfield, land in King Sedgmoor, Ottery, and others in Ottery. Also lands in Pennyshride and Earlake. Medium: Handwritten in English on vellum. Condition: Good. Characteristics: Signatures and seals. Document size (approx.): 70 by 65 cm.
According to genealogical research I have done, Samuel Kebby Shattock is a direct descendant of Henry Shattocke. He is described as a "yeoman," signifying his status as a landowner. In another document, Samuel Kebby is described as from "Ford's farm," which was located in Norton Fitzwarren. As a land owning resident of Norton Fitzwarren, he is found in Electoral registers in 1832 through to 1846. This information corroborates James William's statements about family lands and status.
Did Samuel Kebby Shattock sell the land knowing that it could not be passed on to his daughters? Did he have the right to do it? A very important fact in unraveling the story is that his brother John Shattock (1809-1877) was an attorney. To become an attorney you had to be apprenticed to a practicing attorney, usually at a significant cost to the parents of the student. So we know that John Shattock's parents were wealthy enough to place John with an attorney. James William writes about the auction of the family's lands that was halted when a legal challenge arose from an individual in America. I think this must have come from John Shattock, who was working first as a clerk and then as a lawyer in Chicago. John Shattock would have had a claim to the land if it was supposed to be entailed to him.
In fact there was an auction of a property called "Yard Farm," with land in Staplegrove and Kingston, plus Norton Fitzwarren, after John Shattock's move to Chicago. The advertising bill described the property as "97a. 1r. 38p. of highly fertile land, in a ring fence, with a commodious and substantially built dwelling house pleasantly situate thereon, also about 30 acres of leasehold lands in the adjoining parish of Norton Fitzwarren, late the property of Thomas Pratt, Esq., deceased, and now in the occupation of Mrs. Agnes Hawkins, and Mr. William Shattock, as tennants thereof."
When I discovered the aforementioned land transaction record in the South West Heritage Trust, I did a search on the name of the property and came up with a very surprising piece to the puzzle of the Staplegrove Shattock history. It is in the form of some historical sleuthing done by Don Shelton, who calls himself an historical detective. In establishing the value and provenance of an old painting, the historical detective uses classic genealogical research to figure out who the people were in a portrait: the sitter, the artist and the identity of people noted on the back of the painting. Don Shelton describes how he figured out who sat for the portrait (John Williams) and where he likely was from. (See his blog for a detailed account of his detective work on the Shattock family.)
The portrait was painted by the Bristol artist Robert Hancock. He was an engraver and painter who did portraits of many famous English people like Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Charles Lamb and William Wordsworth. On the back is written the comment that John Williams was the uncle of Alice Shattuck Tonk. Shelton was able to trace her identity back to Alice Maud Mary Shattock (1854–1898) who married Julius Herrmann "Max" Tonk (1851–1914) in Chicago. Alice Shattock was John Shattock's daughter. The transcription of the name from Shattock to Shattuck was typical. That is how the name Shattock is often spelled in America. Max Tonk, who was born in Prussia, was a piano stool manufacturer. They had a servant, so the family was reasonably well off.
Alice Shattock (1854-1898), daughter of John Shattock and Emily Williams.
Don's research showed that Alice's father John had followed a downward trajectory, just as James William Shattock suggested about the family. "From the various census records below, it is seen John Shattock, was a solicitor in 1841 and 1851, a cotton broker's clerk in 1861, and a clerk in store in 1870. Thus one gains the impression he gradually slid down the employment tree. There is support for this view at The Jurist - Google Books Result where in the "Jurist" for 1855 there is a reference under the heading Insolvent Debtors, which records "the following prisoners are ordered to be brought up before a Judge of the County Court to be examined and dealt with according to the Statute...At the County Court of Lancashire, Lancaster on Jan 19 at 11.00am....John Shattock, Tranmere, near Liverpool, attorney-at-law...."
The Spectator, Vol. 13, p. 1049, confirms this was the right John Shattock and records his bankruptcy in 1854:
- Shaddock, John, Bishop's Lydeard, scrivener, Dec. 11, Jan. 5: solicitors, Messrs. Clark and Metcalf, Lincoln's Inn Fields, and Mr. Hancock, Taunton.
Don suggests John moved his family to America, like so many people before him, to avoid the stigma attached to bankruptcy and its cruel punishment under the laws of the time. I would like to add that attorneys often were engaged in land speculation at this time, which may be the reason he got into financial difficulty. Perhaps he speculated to try to lift up his family's wealth.
Don discovered that John Shattock's wife Emily Williams was the daughter of John Williams, a coach builder, who lived on Wellington St. in Bedminster, Somerset (Bristol area). In the 1841 census, John and Emily Shattock are found living in Bishop's Lydeard, just a few miles from Norton Fitzwarren, where John Shattock was born. He was working as a solicitor. Don suggests that Emily Williams may have married down in the world. She did come from what must have been a very wealthy family perhaps elevated from recent more modest circumstances. But I think the Shattock name still had cachet at the time. And John Shattock may have been hoping his investments would restore his family fortunes. I think he was still trying to recoup his family status late in life when he tried to stop land from being sold that was once owned by Shattocks. I have to assume he was unsuccessful.
It appears to me that a lot Shattock property transferred out of the family's control in and around 1840, like this land transaction:
Miscellaneous unrelated draft deeds of covenant. 1840-1861 Somerset Heritage Centre DD\DP/75/5 on release re mortgage of copyhold lands in East Curry manor, John Shattock, formerly of Wellington and Taunton St James, then Creech St Michael, to Samuel Woodward and Thomas Chapman of Taunton St James (1842); 1 bundle
Let's go back to the letter and see if we can find more parallels between the family legend and historic events.
The story James William tells of an ancestor who died when a cart turned over on him, leaving a widow, a son and three daughters, finds substantiation in the parish records. Thomas Shattock (1784-1826) married Ann Chickory (1798-1831) in 1815 in the Staplegrove church. He is recorded as being a labourer, which means he was working in the fields. He and Ann could not sign their own names, but rather with an "X," which means they were not educated, and therefore we can assume their parents could not afford to send them to school. He died at the young age of 42 in 1826, the same year his third daughter, Mary Shattock, was born. The other two daughters were Elizabeth Shattock (1820-) and Sarah Shattock (1823-). His father was John Shattock (1759-1852), who married Honor Lapthorn (1755-1827). And his son was Thomas Shattock (1818-), who married Harriet Hartnell (1817-1862) in 1840.
Portrait of a prominent family. Harriet Hartnell (1817-1862), wife of Thomas Shattock (1818-). I think she is communicating that she comes from a "prominent" background, signified by the writing desk and the large room she is in. Picture provided by Deanna Wallis. On the back is written "my mother," in the hand of James William Shattock.
The marriage was recorded at Taunton. The picture we have of her does communicate social status. James William is telling the story of his grandfather. This fact check substantially supports his claim to be descended from the prominent Shattock family founded by Henry Shattocke (1666-1717) and probably tracking back to John Shattocke whose will in 1533 is evidence the family had a long history of social prominence in Taunton and Staplegrove.
James William writes about Shattock brothers who emigrated to Detroit when they lost the entail to the family property in Somerset. There is indeed a Thomas Shattock (1862-1936) who moved to Detroit. The common ancestor he had with James William was Thomas Shattock (1734-1788) and Hannah Gadd (1735-1802). Thomas was his great-grandfather. There was actually three brothers who moved to Detroit (including William 1849-1919, Walter E. 1859-1931) and one to Massachusetts (Edward John 1853-1929). Once again we find that James William's letter is corroborated by documentary evidence.
But I think James William is confounding two stories, one of the Shattock brothers who emigrated to Detroit and the other of John Shattock's emigration to Chicago. I have a similar family story in my own background, which told of the arrival of two Shaddock brothers from England. It turns out my ancestor arrived in Canada about 1850, leaving three brothers behind in England. There were two Shaddock brothers who emigrated to Canada in the late 1890s. But they were cousins of the first Shaddock to emigrate.
There is a second letter that has come down to us from James William Shattock. ( 1 2 3 4 ) In the letter dated Sept. 22, 1934, James William responds to a letter written by a "Miss Shattock" congratulating him and his wife on their golden wedding and asking about the family history. He says that the Shattocks in Staplegrove once owned the Smokey Farm (the farmhouse still exists today in 2017), which you can visit via Google here. It is lovely and looks like it might still be a working farm. John Shattock tells me it is located in the parish of Norton Fitzwarren. He says his ancestors were long term residents. Indeed the census return in 1841 show three Shattock brothers living practically next door to each other.
James William says the Shattocks also owned Burlands Higher farm. Burlands Farm is situated approximately two miles from the centre of Taunton, on the northern fringes of Staplegrove between the town centre and The Quantock Hills. You can visit the area in which the farm is located. It is a very lovely rural scene. The Shattocks owned Tanyard farm. This is a very beautiful aerial shot of the farm. They owned Middle and Lower Burlands farm. Here is an aerial view of that farm. James William tells his young correspondent that the Shattocks owned "other places" as well. This was obviously a very wealthy and successful family in the past. The properties it owned were both in and around the parish of Staplegrove.
Thomas Shattock (1818-), James William Shattock's father. He worked as a coachman. Picture courtesy Dea Wallis.
The assertion that the Staplegrove Shattocks were a prominent family is supported by a lot of evidence. There were three Shattocks who appeared as either litigants or defendants in the Westminster, London Star Chamber, a special court established to ensure fair treatment to people involved in legal disputes with socially or politically prominent people (see the references in the Origins discussion of early Shattock references in records). Only a prominent family would have been treated with this level of respect. In the early part of the 17th century there are a number of deeds that show Shattocks as landowners in the Taunton area.
But the strongest evidence that James William Shattock's family legend has a basis in fact is the 1533 will of John Shattock of Staplegrove quoted earlier. This will gives the family legend a solid basis. Is the "mansion" he talks about Hope House? And what was he selling in his shop? Wine? Cloth? Merchants in medieval times, especially rich merchants, more or less ran the towns. The will provides strong evidence that the family legend recounted by James William Shattock was based on fact. Together with that evidence, and the fact that Shattockes owned farms, interests in mills, and messuages in the area, certainly makes James statement that they were a "prominent" family accurate.
John Shattock of Leicester, descendant of the Norton Fitzwarren / Staplegrove Shattocks, provides us with a very comprehensive analysis of the will. I have included it as a sub-page of this one.
One of John Shattock of Staplegrove's sons may have moved to London to conduct business there. There is a record of a John Shattock as the father of Susan Shattock in 1576.
John Shattock (buried 27 Jun 1602 St Saviour, Southwark, Surrey, England)
Susan Shattock 3 Jun 1576 St Saviour, Southwark, Surrey, England
Susan married John Thomas 5 Oct 1612 St Saviour, Southwark, Surrey, England
If he had a child in 1576, he was probably born before 1556, which would make him at least 48 when he died in Southwark. There were not too many Shattocks in the world in 1556 and the Taunton area is where Shattocks with the given name of "John" are found.
Charles Shattock family. Charles Shattock (1857-1928) is John Shattock's great grandfather. He owned a string of shoe stores on the Somerset coast.
But alas, the legend goes, the Shattocks gave birth to a generation or generations that drank and caroused the family fortune away. They made the mistake of removing the entail from their properties. In English common law, an entail is a form of trust established by deed or settlement which restricts the sale or inheritance of an estate in real property and prevents the property from being sold, devised by will, or otherwise alienated by the tenant-in-possession, and instead causes it to pass automatically ...
James William Shattock describes the downfall of the Stapleton Shattocks as due to gambling and "wild living." But the downfall may have been due to a wider social context. I found an echo in this moral condemnation of the family in a history of neighboring Taunton, called The History of Taunton, by Joshua Toulmin, D.D., published in 1791. See the complete ebook here. The year 1754 was a particularly violent one in Taunton as the Whigs and Tories battled for control of the town. When the Whigs won through a rigged election, there was violent rioting and several lives were lost. The woolen industry was dominated by the Dissenters supporting the Whigs. The Dissenters were composed of Baptists, Puritans and Low-Church Anglicans. In other words, in turbulent political, economic and social times they sought a biblical source for what ailed the body politic. The Shattocks were members of the political elite who probably were on the side of the Whigs and Dissenters. Here is Toulmin:
The mischief of their influence in this respect was particularly felt in the continued and violent opposition of the year 1754. The demand for its goods was then great ; but through the idleness and debauchery of the season it could not be answered. The orders, being returned to the merchants, were sent for execution to other towns, with which, the intercourse being thus opened, was continued.'
Did the Staplegrove and Taunton Shattocks lose their wealth and property during these social upheavals?
At the British Archives deeds to the Shattock properties can be found. Indeed Henry Shattocke, Kenneth's direct ancestor, shows up in legal documents in the records, indicating how important he was in the local area.
Ida Lavinia Shattock (1891-1972) was a daughter of James William Shattock
The house that James William Shaddock talks about, Hope House, is now known as Bishop's Mead and is found at 192 Kingston Rd. in Taunton. It is still standing, although it appears to be a somewhat run down shadow of its former self. Imagine the carriages arriving at his door in its heyday, spilling out the town and county elite, the house sitting on a square mile of land. (You can see the house and explore the area around it through Google maps:
If you see the house and its other buildings from the air in Google maps, you will see how large it was!
James William Shattock (1860-1948) was the subject of a custody battle in a very literal sense. His father Thomas put him in the care of his sister Sarah after he lost his wife Harriet in 1862. He was working as a coachman, and his wife must have been too sick to look after him as a six month old child, which I am guessing was the reason why he fell into the care of Thomas's sister Sarah. Apparently Sarah, who was living with her mother Ann (maiden name Chickory) Shattock, grew very attached to the little boy and James William to his aunt. When the father tried to claim his boy on his seventh birthday, a major scuffle ensued. Thomas later became bankrupt. It was a rough start in life for James William.
Line of Descent from the Common Ancestor
Up until Simon Shattock, a Staplegrove descendant, did his advanced "Big Y" YDNA test, the other Staplegrove Shattock, Ken Shattock, sat at the base of the Shattocke tree isolated from all other Shattocks and Byars and Parrishs. Simon shares a common ancestor with Ken in Thomas Shattock born in 1818.
Based on the genealogical records and analysis of DNA results, this diagram shows where Staplegrove Shattocks belong in the Shattocke pantheon.
The Staplegrove Shattocks descend independently from the common ancestor Y16884 / Y16895.
The discovery that Simon shared three private SNPs with Ken, and like Ken shares no other SNPs since the Y16884 / Y16895 is pretty good evidence that the genealogical tree above is correct. The genealogical tree shows descent from Thomas Shattocke born about 1420, the tenant farmer of Taunton Deane. The three private SNPs indicates a long term of isolation of the Staplegrove Shattocks from the other branches because the mutation rate of SNPs is about once every 144 years.
It is possible there are other sub-branches of the Staplegrove Shattocks with living descendants. But they have not yet been discovered. The family tree is lopsided, with the vast majority of Shattockes descending from Roger. But that is quite common. The Massachusetts Shattucks descend from a single individual, William Shattuck (1622-1672). But his branch of the family is lopsided as well, with the majority of descendants coming down from his first son, John Shattuck (1647-1675). And it appears among the Shattucks, the Shadducks of Pennsylvania are the most numerous descendants. Even in the Staplegrove Shattocks the proliferation of branches is lopsided. You can see Simon Shattock and Ken Shattock noted at the bottom of the diagram.
We have a lot of confidence in the paper genealogy of the Staplegrove Shattocks because of the list of the tenant farmers for Taunton Deane. It documents Shattock tenant farmers from 1450 to 1640. Together with the wills, tax lists, Protestation Returns and land documents, we can see that the family grew in wealth and property for more than three centuries before it fell on hard times and the family fortune was lost.
The Staplegrove Shattocks show up in records in Creech St. Michael, West Monkton and North Petherton, so they appear to have spread east, north east, with one Staplegrove Shattock, Christopher leasing a farm in Vexford as earlier noted. So why did the Staplegrove Shattocks, like the Stogumber Shattocks, NOT spread enmasse out into the areas west and north of Staplegrove? Milverton and Bishop's Lydeard, the nearest villages are home to descendants of Roger Shattock of Stogumber. And there is little evidence they moved to Taunton, even though Stablegrove, a largely agricultural area, is now a suburb of Taunton. Philip Shattock, born in Stogumber in 1624, is the first Shattock we find in Taunton. I think it is because Staplegrove Shattock fathers provided work for their sons and grandsons on the farms they owned. And those farms were purchased east and northeast of Stogumber, with the exception of the Vexford farm. You see descendants of the Staplegrove Shattocks moving back and forth between Staplegrove and North Petherton, where they owned a farm. And there are records of Staplegrove Shattock land transactions, births and marriages in Creech St. Michael, Kingston St. Mary, West Buckland and North Petherton. Christopher of the Vexford farm appears to be a branch that died out.
Finally the CDY marker once more plays the validation role. All the Staplegrove Shattocks have the ancestral value for the marker: 36-38.
On a separate page I have documented one of the lineages that stem from Henry, Thomas Shattock (1818-). I like to call them the Railroad Shattocks.
On another separate page I have documented another lineage that also stems from Henry: Robert Shattock (1767-1842) of Milverton
Henry Shattocke of Staplegrove Genealogy
The Shattocks of Somerset were part of the great exodus of Shattockes from Devon and Somerset in the 18th century. The node 188.8.131.52 (James Shattock 1823-1880) has been annotated with the birthplace and final resting place of the Shattocks who emigrated to the U.S. and Australia. Some settled first in Canada and then moved on the U.S.
There is one point in the Staplegrove genealogy that is open to doubt. There are two John Shattocks, one born in 1758 to William and Ann of Norton Fitzwarren and another born in 1759 to Thomas (1734-1778) and Hannah Gadd. There is also a third John Shattock born approximately 1759. All three have staggered death dates in the first half of the 19th century.
There is no birth record for the John Shattock who married Elizabeth Kebby. I have calculated his birth date from his age upon his death. There is no marriage record for John Shattock and Emily Williams. John Shattock has often pointed out to me that his Staplegrove and Norton Fitzwarren Shattock ancestors were often non-conformists, whose baptisms and marriages would not be recorded at local Anglican churches.
William and Ann, parents of the John Shattock born in 1758, belong to the Bishop's Lydeard branch of the Shattocks. Thomas and Hannah are Staplegrove Shattocks. The marriage record does not show which John married Honor Lapthorn in 1780 in Staplegrove. I think that James William Shattock's letter makes it virtually certain that the John that married Honor Lapthorn was the son of Thomas and Hannah Gadd. James William talks of an entail that the family had on property, and the property, principally farms, was around Staplegrove, including Hope House (now Bishop's Mead) located in Staplegrove. So it is clear that James William believes he is descended from property owning Staplegrove Shattocks. But the clincher comes in the tale of the Shattock brothers who left Somerset for Detroit when they lost the entail in their properties. The Detroit relatives of James William Shattock are descended from John Shattock's brother Robert Shattock (1767-1842). The parents of the two brothers was Thomas and Hannah Gadd. The evidence virtually makes it certain that James William was a Staplegrove Shattock descendant, not a Bishop's Lydeard Shattock descendant. John Shattock, who married Honor Lapthorn, had Thomas and Hannah Gadd as parents.
Henry Shattocke 1656-1717 (Mary ? 1667–1716, first wife and mother of his children; Anne Cornish, second wife)
1. Mary Shattock 1688– (John Guddridge)
2. Elizabeth Shattock 1691–
3. Thomas Shattock 1695–
4. Joan Shattock 1699– (Samuel Warren)
5. John Shattock 1704–1775 (Mary Gale 1705–)
5.1 Thomas Shattock 1721–1734
5.2 Mary Shattock 1728–
5.3 John Shattock 1732–1795 (Elizabeth Gall or Gale 1731 or 1732)
5.3.1 John Shattock 1757–1829 (Elizabeth Kebby)
184.108.40.206 John Shattock c. 1780-1820 (Hannah Sheppard 1783–1837)
220.127.116.11.1 Samuel Kebby Shattock 1802–1854 (Harriet Whensley 1804–1862)
Jane Shattock 1841–
Hannah Shattock 1845–1849
18.104.22.168.2 Mary Ann "Marianna" Shattock 1803–
22.214.171.124.3 Elizabeth Shattock 1806–1868
126.96.36.199.4 John Shattock 1809–1877 (Emily Williams 1817–1890)
Ann Haurshen Shattock 1841–1847
John Walter Shattock 1844–1911
Ada Helen Shattock 1844–1916 (Jasper Clark 1844-)
Clara Anne Shattock 1848–1917
Annett Rebecca Shattock 1850–1902 (Richard Andrew Milligan)
Alice Maud Mary Shattock 1854–1898 (Julius Herrmann "Max" Tonk 1851–1914)
Henry Edward Shattock 1855–1917 (Minnie Platte Tyler 1857–1931)
Walter Arthur Shattock 1881–1954 (Josephine T. Stahl 1890–1961)
Henry Edward Shattock II 1910–1986
Walter Arthur Shattock Jr. 1914– (Eileen Frances Jewell 1917–1997)
Dennis Alan Shattock 1947–2013 (Cynthia A Wood 1948–)
Michael A Shattock 1975–
Carrie L. Shattock 1977– (Jason)
Ellen C Shattock 1950–
James Arthur Shattock 1954– (Laury J Jennie 1960–)
Mary Ann Gertrude "Gertie" Shattock 1858–
188.8.131.52.5 Harriet Shattock 1814–1862
5.4 Thomas Shattock 1734–1778 (Hannah Gadd 1735–1802)
5.4.1 John Shattock 1759–1838 (Honor Lapthorn 1755–1827)
184.108.40.206 George Shattock 1782–1870 (Sarah Scott 1789–1879)
220.127.116.11.1 James Shattock 1808–
18.104.22.168.2 William Shattock 1810–1814
22.214.171.124.3 Thomas Shattock 1814–
126.96.36.199.4 Martha Shattock 1816–
188.8.131.52.5 Robert Shattock 1822–
184.108.40.206.6 John Shattock 1823–1898
220.127.116.11.7 Walter Shattock 1826–1891 (Sarah Hawkins 1827–)
Ellen Shattock 1849–1917 (John Giddings 1850–1920)
Samuel Walter Shattock 1851–1923 (Jessie Edith Jennings 1868–1958)
Mignon Dorothy Emily Shattock 1890–1950
James Walter Shattock 1856–1880
Mary Ann Shattock 1860– (William Day Jones 1858–)
18.104.22.168.8 Ann Shattock 1830–
22.214.171.124 Thomas Shattock 1784– (Ann Chickory 1798–1831) (Were there were 2 Thomases born, 1784 and 1794?)
126.96.36.199.1 Thomas Shattock 1818– (Read the sub-page about this family lineage)
First wife: Harriett Hartnell 1817–1862
188.8.131.52.1.1 Mary Ann Shattock 1842–1908
184.108.40.206.1.2 Martha Ann Shattock 1844–1921 (William Jarman 1844-)
220.127.116.11.1.3 Thomas Shattock 1845–1912 (Eliza Jane Staddon 1840–1903)
Thomas Parry Shattock 1867–1884
Henry James Shattock 1869–1948 (Ruth Gunningham 1870–1952)
Thomas Henry Shattock 1891–1914
Cecil Miles Shattock 1896–1980 (Elizabeth A. Gray)
Herbert Gunningham Shattock 1898–1962 (Edith M. Laws)
Kathleen Elizabeth Shattock 1901–1989
Henry Totterdale Shattock 1907–1985 (Annie Edith Attewell)
Annie Shattock 1872–1949 (John Milson Prime 1870-)
Edith Harriett Shattock 1874– (Henry John Smith 1878-)
Mabel Blanche Shattock 1876–1887
Ethel Marie Shattock 1881–1964 (Archibald Maurice Hill 1880–)
Alice Maude Mary Shattock 1885–1967 (Herbert Richard Merrick 1882–1956)
18.104.22.168.1.4 Harriett Shattock 1848–1916 (James Sanders 1843–1922)
22.214.171.124.1.5 Hannah Shattock 1850–1885 (James Scriven 1846–1902)
126.96.36.199.1.6 Henry John Shattock 1852–1903 (Elizabeth Jane Scoble 1850–1919)
Florence Ellen Shattock 1875–
Ernest Henry Shattock 1877–1948 (Alice Maud Tiley 1883–0
Henry Ernest Shattock 1907–1987
Charles Edward Shattock 1908–
Hilda Mary Shattock 1882–
William Scoble Shattock 1884–1909
Archibald Thomas Shattock 1887–1919
Nelson James Shattock 1890–1910
188.8.131.52.1.7 Emma Shattock 1855–1920 (James Bailey 1857–1929)
184.108.40.206.1.8 James William Shattock 1860–1948 (Lavinia Emily Smith 1858–1947)
Nelson James Shattock 1885–1904
Victor Tom Shattock 1886–1974 (Maude Alice Drake 1887–1961)
Ronald John Shattock 1908–1982
1st wife: Carmel Lundgren 1913–1965)
Susan Melinda Shattock 1945- (Emil John Luque 1935-)
2nd wife: Phyllis D. Nickerson 1913–2008)
Mabel Kathleen Shattock 1909–2002 (Morton Deene Stowell 1907–2001)
James Victor Shattock 1911–1980 (Muriel Celestia Thomas 1913–1998)
Patricia Ann Shattock 1934–2008 (Dr. John P Derdivanis 1932–)
James William Shattock 1938–2016
Kenneth Victor Shattock 1946- (Susan Marguerite Herzog 1950-)
Irene Muriel Shattock 1912–1985 (Roy Gogna 1924–2001)
Evelyn Mary Shattock 1914–1991 (Leon Eugene Walker 1911–1967)
Elsie Maude Shattock 1916–1991 (George Osborne Thomas 1916–2006)
Mabel Ellen Shattock 1888–1956 (Nathanial Sydney Tom Coate 1893-1974)
Ida Lavinia Shattock 1891–1972 (Stanley Reginald Hillman 1892–1970)
Sylvia Ida Hillman 1926–2011
Mary Jean Hillman 1929–2014 (Merlin Henry Broom 1925–2003)
Arthur William Shattock 1893–1915
Second wife: Eliza Cook 1842–1901
220.127.116.11.1.9 Frederick John Thomas Shattock 1868–1902 (Jane King Prout 1866-)
Frederick Thomas Shattock 1891–1972 (Rose May Irene James 1900–1988)
Dennis Frederick James Shattock 1926–2001
ir Gordon Shattock 1928–2010
18.104.22.168 Sarah Shattock 1787–
22.214.171.124 Jane Shattock 1789–
126.96.36.199 Martha Shattock 1791–
188.8.131.52 John Shattock 1793–
184.108.40.206 Thomas Shattock 1794– (Sarah Burnett 1793–1861)
220.127.116.11.1 Elizabeth Shattock 1832–
18.104.22.168.2 Joseph Thomas Shattock 1838–1903 (Sarah Lucy Trussell 1836–1905)
22.214.171.124.2.1 Joseph Thomas Shattock 1860– (Louisa Martha Price 1860–)
Sarah Eliza Shattock 1881– (John Fores 1877–1969)
Thomas Samuel Joseph Shattock 1883–1940 (Emily Gertrude Field 1886–1957)
Thomas Joseph Shattock 1909–1988 (Emily Allen 1908–)
George Albert Shattock 1911–1944 (Louisa Davis 1912–1989)
George Arthur Shattock 1933–2006
Alonzo George Shattock 1886–1921(Alice Catherine Bennett 1885–1917)
Alice C Shattock 1910–
126.96.36.199.2.2 Mary Emily Shattock 1862– (William Carter 1862-)
188.8.131.52.2.3 Rose Shattock 1865–
184.108.40.206.2.4 Helena Shattock 1868–1934 (Alonzo Harper 1863–1914)
220.127.116.11.2.5 Albert Victor Shattuck 1871–1922 (Rose Susannah Dodman 1871–)
Albert Victor Shattuck 1895–1962
18.104.22.168.2.6 Elizabeth Amalia Shattuck 1879– (William Herbert Reeves 1876–1951)
5.4.2 Eleanor Shattock 1761–
5.4.3 Mary Shattock 1762– (Thomas Fudge 1757)
5.4.4 Thomas Shattock 1764–
5.4.5 William Shattock 1766–1848 (Anne ?)
Francis Shattock 1781–1853 (Mary Hawkins 1784-)
James Shattock 1783–
Mary Shattock 1786– (Thomas Penny 1781-)
William Shattock 1787–
5.4.6 Robert Shattock 1767–
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