Samuel Shattuck of Salem, Quaker
To see where the Shattucks of America fit into the family tree see: Shattocke Family Tree.
This page explores the genealogy of Samuel Shattuck of Salem, a Shattuck pioneer in early New England history. Lemuel Shattuck, chronicler of the Shattuck family in America, assigns Samuel Shattuck to the appendix of his 1855 family history book, "Memorials of the Descendants of William Shattuck: the progenitor of the families in America that have borne his name," and thinks that the family name died out.
I use the conventional variation of the surname "Shattuck" used by Lemuel to refer to descendants of William Shattuck (ca. 1622-1672) of Watertown. However the name also appears in the earliest records as Shattocke, Shattock or Shaddock.
There is evidence that three Shattocks emigrated to the Massachusetts colony sometime between 1620 and 1650: the widow Damaris Shattuck, William Shattuck and Samuel Shattuck. The most probable date is between 1634 and 1641 when Damaris Shattuck was admitted to the church in Salem. The three Shattucks were from a village in west Somerset. See Stogumber Shattocks for a complete exploration of this early history.
William Shattuck settled in Watertown, now a suburb of Boston, MA. Samuel settled in Salem, the same village where the third early Shattock, the widow Damaris Shattuck, settled. This has led to some speculation that Samuel was the son of Damaris. However Lemuel Shattuck in his book on the Shattucks says she had several children in England and began to have children with Captain Thomas Gardner in the early 1650s. Since Samuel was born about 1620, the gap of thirty years between Samuel and the children of Thomas Gardner would push her past her childbearing years. Samuel Shattuck must have been from a different Shattock family, closely related perhaps.
On the page that discusses the Puritan pilgrimage to Massachusetts Bay in the early 17th century, I provide evidence that Samuel Shattuck of Salem was descended from West Bagborough Shatticks. If this is indeed the case, then Samuel and William were not very closely related, which might explain why they settled in different areas, William in Watertown and Samuel in Salem. If I am right about the origin of Samuel, his common ancestor with William would date back more than a century and a half, making it unlikely they would see each other as family members.
Samuel Shattuck was a Quaker and is famous for the fact he was one of the petitioners who returned to England in 1661 to ask the king to stop the persecution of Quakers in the Massachusetts colony. The story is told in the Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 5, 1661-1668..., May 16, 1661:
- 89. Representation to the King of "the sufferings of our friends in New England, and also the request and desire of the exiled for thee to consider of with all speed." Eighteen instances of whipping, imprisonment, fining, &c. are described in separate paragraphs. One is signed by N. N. Upshall, an inhabitant of Boston, who for speaking against cruelties to Friends was banished from his wife and children, and hath been prisoner a whole year because he returned : another is signed by Sam. Shattock, an inhabitant of Salem, who had half his house and land sold while in prison, and was afterwards banished on pain of death. They desire that they may not in future be abused, and that they who are exiled and the rest of their friends may quietly enjoy their habitations, whose principle is to do violence to no man. Signed by Thos. Coveny, Th. Moore, Giles Sylvester and Ellis Hookes. There is a further request signed by Samuel Shattock, Nicholas Phelps, and Josiah Shatwick, that having been banished on pain of death from their families two years, only for conscience sake, and shipmasters being prohibited from taking over any called Quakers upon penalty of 100l., something may be done to secure the shipmaster from damage, and they may return, there being two ships ready to sail for Boston ; this opportunity lost it may be next year before another occurs. They all desire that their grievances may be referred to the Council for Plantations and something be done. With minute that the King in Council was pleased to order that the petitioners' desires should be referred to the Council for Foreign Plantations. Whitehall, 1661, May 17. 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XV., No. 31, pp. 9-11.]
- Similar Orders. Petition of Samuel Shattock, Nicholas Phelps, and Josiah Southwick, with papers annexed, complaining of their great sufferings, and the severe punishments unjustly inflicted upon them by the Magistrates of Boston in New England, to be referred to the Committee for plantations for their report. [Ibid., pp. 652–53.]
The petition was successful.
Samuel Shattuck of Salem died in 1689, age 69 years. Samuel and William were born in England. There is no record of Damaris Shattuck's husband. Her husband must have died in England, on the ship or shortly after arriving in Massachusetts.
Samuel Shattuck had two sons, one son also called Samuel (1649-1723) and the other Retire (1664 -1691). His other four children were daughters: Damaris, Mary, Hannah, and Sarah.
His son Samuel junior left a will in 1723 where his name appears as "Shattock." But it appears the Shaddock version of the name existed as far back as 1684, because there is an Essex County court case where he is the victim of a burglary at the hands of Obadiah Rich (Records and Files of the Quarterly Courts of Essex County, June 1684 pp. 233-6). He is entered in the files as Samll. Shadock. In the same summary his name appears as Samll. Shattocke and Samll. Shattock and Samuel Shaddock senr. (p. 372, p.376), Saml. Shattocke, sr on p. 432. His son is listed as Samuel Shaddock, Jr. (p. 360 and 363) or Shadock (p. 361), and Samuel Shattock jr. on pp. 374 and 470, Apparently Samuel Shattock of Salem was "licensed to sell drink for the ensuing year" (1685) on p. 469. This is apparently Samuel Shattocke junior, because he was "approved as an innholder" in 1684 (p. 518). This suggests that by 1684 the family had become at least modestly wealthy.
It appears that the Salem Shattockes were using "Shaddock" as an alternative spelling of their name.
Lemuel Shattuck's Account of Samuel Shattuck's Life
Here is Lemuel's account of the four generations of the family.
First Generation and Children
(1.) DAMARIS SHATTUCK, then a widow, was admitted to the church in Salem in 1641. At what time she came from England, whether before or after the death of her first husband, and what his christian name was, are unknown. She afterwards became the 2d wife of Capt. Thomas Gardner, a distinguished merchant and citizen of Salem. She d. in that town, Nov. 28, 1674. Capt. Gardner d. Sept. 4, 1677, leaving a will, dated Dec. 7, 1668, in which he mentions his wife, Damaris, six sons—Thomas, George, John, Samuel, Joseph, and Richard ; and daughters, Sarah Balch, Seeth Grafton, and Miriam Hall, all by his first wife, Margaret Frier. Two of his sons m. daughters of their stepmother. Damaris had by Mr. Shattuck several children, all probably born in England, the names of some of whom are known.
1. Samuel ; who is noticed below.
2. Damaris ; m. in Boston, Sept. 30, 1653, Samuel Page, or Pope.
3. Mary; m. Hams, and lived in Boston. (See her petition, further on.)
4. Hannah; m. George Gardner. She united with the church in 1649, but was dismissed. They removed to Nantucket, where their son Joseph m. in 1670, and had several children.
5. Sarah; m. in 1652, Richard Gardner, and had Richard, Deborah, James, Damaris, Hope, and Levi. He and his wife were excommunicated from the church in Salem for attending Quaker meetings ; and they removed in 1666 to Nantucket, where their two youngest children were born.
Second Generation and Children.
(2.) Samuel Shattuck, s. of Widow Damaris Shattuck, (1 ) was b. in England about 1620. He was a felt-maker or hatter, in Salem, where he died. A stone, still standing over his grave in Salem, bears the following inscription:—"Here lyeth buried ye body of Samuel Shattuck, aged 69 years, who departed this life ye 6th day of June, 1689." He was admitted to the church in Salem in 1642, and was described as " a man of good repute ;" but for reasons presently to be stated, he was excommunicated. He left a will, dated April 6, 1689, which appoints his wife Hannah executrix, and directs that his sons Samuel and Retire should each have a double portion of his estate ; and that the remainder should be divided equally between his six daughters. His estate was not settled and distributed until Nov. 1, 1701. His son Retire, and his daughters Return and Patience, died after their father and before the distribution. They left no issue, and are not mentioned in the settlement. The husbands of Hannah, Damaris, and Priscilla had also died, and they are then described as widows. Samuel, the only surviving son, received a double portion, and the four daughters received each £37. 7. 4. (Essex Records, Vol. VII., pp. 111-114.) His children, b. in Salem, were,
1. Samuel, b. Oct. 7, 1649 ; m. Sarah Bucknam. (See below.)
2. Hannah, b. Aug.28, 1651 ; m. John Soames, s. of Morris Soames of Gloucester. He resided in Boston. Left a will, dated Nov. 13, 1687, proved Nov. 8, 1700. He left several children, but Benjamin was the only survivor at the final settlement of his estate.
3. Damaris, b. Nov. 11, 1653; m. Benjamin Pope of Salem. His estate was appraised May 6, 1702, at £408. 12. 10, and divided between the widow and 4
sons, Benjamin, Samuel, Ebenezer, and Jerome.
4. Mary, b. March 14, 1655 ; m. Benjamin Trask of Beverly.
5. Priscilla, b. May 1, 1658; m. April 26, 1694, Hugh Nichols of Salem.
6. Return, b. Aug. 16, 1662 ; m. Sept. 14, 1688, John Saunders.
7. Retire, b. March 28, 1664 ; d. unm. A stone erected in Salem to his memory, has the epitaph :—" Here lyeth buried ye body of Retire Shattuck, aged
27 years, departed this life ye 9th day of September, 1691."
8. Patience, b. Nov. 18, 1666; m. July 29, 1689, John Smith of Salem.
Return and Retire are supposed to have been named to commemorate his remarkable retiring and returning from England.
Third Generation and Children
(3.) Samuel Shattuck, only surviving son of Samuel, above mentioned, (2.) , was b. in Salem, Aug. 7, 1649, and followed the occupation of his father in his
native town, where he d. in 1723, a?. 74. His will, dated Dec. 22, 1722, and proved March 25, 1723, mentions John, " his only son" and executor. (Essex
Records, Vol. XIII., pp. 311-313.) He was taxed in Boston several years. He m. July 24, 1676, Sarah Bucknam, sister of William and Jose Bucknam of Maiden. Elizabeth, wife of Benjamih Whittemore, Mary, wife of Benjamin Webb, and Mehitable, wife of Samuel Waite, were also his sisters. They had,—
1. Samuel, b. Sept. 7, 1678 ; probably d. young, or before his father.
2. John, b. Mar. 13, 1680 ; m. Mary Crowley. (See below.)
3. Margaret, b. ; m. Daniel Bacon of Salem.
(4.) Capt. John Shattuck, only surviving son of Samuel, (3) b. in Salem, March 13, 1680, was a master mariner. He m. in Salem, Nov. 11, 1708, Mary Crowley, but no record of any children has been found. On the 21st Feb., 1731, he sold his real estate in Salem to Samuel and Mighill Bacon, and probably removed from the town, since his name is not afterwards found. In him the name of Shattuck in this line appears to have become extinct.
pp. 361-362 in the Appendix to "The Descendants of William Shattuck" by Lemuel Shattuck, 1855
In the appendix, Lemuel goes on to describe the trials and tribulations of Samuel at the hands of his Puritan neighbors. He was a Quaker at a time memorialized in countless "Salem witch trial" stories and histories. He played a major role in the drama, both as a victim but as a hero as well. He took his grievances to the king of England and won an order from him to stop the excesses of the Puritan authorities against his fellow Quakers.
Notable in the story is the trajectory of his trip to England. He went from Massachusetts to the West Indies. So it appears that to get to England he was obliged to go south to Barabados first, or he had some other reason to take that less direct route back to England. In any event, his son John was to literally follow in his footsteps, becoming a master of a ship that regularly traded between the West Indies and Boston or Salem.
The death of Samuel Shaddock's son took a bizarre twist apparently. Quoted on the Geni page devoted to Samuel Shaddock, Sr. is this quote from notes to the theatrical performance Cry Innocent: The People versus Bridget Bishop which is based on an episode of the Salem witch trials.
Samuel Shattuck, a Quaker, was a dyer of cloth and a shopkeeper. Goody Bishop (Then Oliver) began frequenting the Shattuck’s house in 1680, apparently using a “smooth flattering manner” on odd trivial errands just at the time that Samuel Junior “was taken in a very drooping condition”. Samuel Sr. said “his understanding decayed…ever since he has been stupefied and void of reason.” .... After Bridget’s examination, trial and execution, in September of 1692, Samuel Shattuck Sr. also testified against Alice Parker of Salem. He thought that after Bridget’s initial damage to his son, Parker made it worse when she came to call. The boy became sicker and sicker, as she visited “fawn[ing] upon [his] wife with very smooth words.” The doctors said his limbs and vitals were twisted, his neck and eyes turned awry.
John Shattuck (alias Shattock or Chaddock) Mariner
Let's try to expand on the story of the family with sources that I discovered.
The single surviving male child of the third generation Samuel Shattuck is John Shattuck, and he is apparently a master mariner, commander of a ship.(p. 362 of the Appendix). There is an Essex county (where Salem is located) court record referring to John Shattock, published in 1719. It is a wonderful story of John Shattuck's capture by pirates. Well, maybe not wonderful for John Shattock. John Shattock in this record is from Salem just as John Shattuck, the son of Samuel Shaddock, was.
Here is another record of John Shattock:
44. ii. Deposition of John Shattock, mariner, Bermuda, April 21, 1712. A Frenchman at St. Thomas' informed deponent in March that the French intended to fit out a fleet at Martinique, Guadalupe and St. Domingo and to take Bermuda by surprize. Signed, John Shattock. 1 p.
'America and West Indies: August 1712, 11-18', in Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 27, 1712-1714, ed. Cecil Headlam (London, 1926), pp. 23-31 http://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/colonial/america-west-indies/vol27/pp23-31 [accessed 22 November 2015].
There is also a record of John Shattock, with the alternate spelling of Chaddock, age 36, who set sail from Salem: " Brigantine Endeavour of Salem, 40 tons with 4 men. Sailed on Apr 14 1716. Entered Barbados on May 23, 1716 and cleared for Boston on July 17, 1716." (From the book "Young Men and the Sea" by Daniel Vickers.) At age of 36 he would have been born in 1680, the same birth year of John Shattuck of Salem.
John Shattock, son of Samuel Shattock, was a very active master of a ship that regularly plied the waters along the Atlantic coast, down to the West Indies as a merchant mariner, with a ship attractive enough to be attacked by pirates.
In the book "Blackbeard the Pirate: A Reappraisal of His Life and Times" by Robert E. Lee (1984) he tells us that on Oct. 23, 1718. Captain Charles Vane met the "small brigantine" of which Captain John Shattock was the master, and robbed it. Captain Vane had just come away from a meeting with the famed Blackbeard in the Ocracoke Inlet. Captain Shattock was enroute from Jamaica to Salem and was captured off of Long Island.
End of the Line?
In Lemuel's account he has not found a record of Capt. John Shattuck's death or of any children from his marriage with Mary Crowley. Erica Howton, curator of Shattuck research at Geni found a record of his demise in the The Diaries of Benjamin Lynde and of Benjamin Lynde, Jr, edited by Fitch Edward Oliver in 1880 [Cambridge, Riverside Press].
4th. Lord's Day. Night, attended the very large funeral of Nat. Colby Junl, who on Saturday morning fell from the uppermost scaffold of Maj. Plaisted's new buildings, to the ground, on his head, and broke his skull, and dyed immediately, p. M. Dyed Capt Jn? Shattuck.
Erica has his death recorded as August 4, 1734 in Salem. So Capt. Shattuck apparently was living in Salem when he died, not South Carolina.
There has been a gravestone found in a Salem graveyard, apparently that of the son of the original Salem Shaddock (1620-1680). The inscription of the gravestone reads:
Here lyeth buried ye body of Samuel Shattock aged 69 years who departed this life in ye 6th day of June 1689.
Notice that Samuel Shattuck's name on his gravestone is actually spelled "Shattock," not Shattuck.
The names "Samuel" and "John" continue to found in the records until the early 18th century. In "Boston Notions: being an authentic and concise account of “that village” from 1630-1847," by Nathaniel S. Dearborn, on page 276 in a list of residents of Boston in 1695, there is a Samuel Shaddock and John Shaddock. And Lemuel Shaddock says that Samuel and John Shattuck were on the tax rolls. We will shortly encounter the name John Shaddock in New Jersey.
John Shaddock is married to Mary Crawley Nov. 11, 1708 in Salem. Mary Shaddock marries James Babbidge in Salem, MA Mar 16, 1727. Is it the same Mary Shaddock, widowed then remarried?
On Nov. 23, 1708, "Samuell" Shaddock marries Jane Ware in Beverly, Massachusetts, just across the bay from Salem.
Notice that by 1700 in New England, just like old England, the name that had originally been recorded as Shattocke in England, then Shattuck in New England, is now commonly found to be spelled "Shaddock" in the Salem branch of the Shattuck family.
Samuel Shattocks of New Jersey
We have evidence that Samuel Shattock senior and Samuel Shattock junior had business interests in New Jersey. This was the expansion of trade between the colony on the Massachusetts Bay and the new frontier in New Jersey. Older sons tended to inherit the farm and younger sons had to go far afield to homestead new farms. The new frontier for Salem or Watertown Shattucks was New Jersey.
A Samuel Shaddock moved to New Jersey. In “This Old Monmouth of Ours” By William S. Hornor, on page 243, there is a list of people who took the oath of allegiance to the English king among the men of Monmouth County (1667-8) in New Jersey. One of them was “Samuel Shaddock.” Is this Shaddock related to the Shattucks of Massachusetts or a new immigrant from England?
In fact there are many Quaker Shaddocks found in New Jersey, who might have fled persecution in Boston or Salem, Massachusetts or simply moved there to pursue opportunities. In the will of John Smith in November of 1678, Samuel Shaddock Jr. is to become his children's "overseers" with "full power to order my childeren for ther good as thay see best." The date makes this highly likely it is the son of Samuel Shattock (1620-1689) of Salem. This suggests family or social contact between Salem and New Jersey residents.
We also have to consider that some Watertown Shattucks descendants of other Shattocke immigrants may have moved to New Jersey from Massachusetts and their names may have been recorded as "Shaddock." (William Shattuck of Boston moved to New Jersey after suffering persecution in Boston. See the page devoted to him.) At this time there was no shared way of spelling common words, and the fact that some people would record different spellings of their names on different documents suggest that they did not consider the actual spelling of the name to be important.
There is another reference to a Samuel Shaddock Jr. in New Jersey. In a letter giving power of attorney to his friend John Hance, Samuel Shaddock writes in 1681:
"we, Samuel Shattock Sen' and Samuel Shattock Junr' the true and lawfull Attorneys of George Wharton of London & brother & Administrat' of Edward Whaton late of Salem have...and in our stead & place by these presents putt....our trusty well beloved friend John Hance of Shrewsbury in...New Jersey to be our true & lawful Attorney under us in the name & to the use of the said George Wharton.
Dated 29 October 1681; signed Sam' Shattock Sen', Sam' Shattock junr', witnesses Edward Marole, John Attwater.
In November 1681 both Shattocks appeared before William Bowne, "recorded 22 September 1685 at a Court of Sessions in Middltowne before John Throckmorton & Peter Tilton; recorded by R. Gardiner, Clk."
Source: Monmouth Co., NJ Deed Book B p 28; Monmouth County Deed Abstracts Vol # 1 Issue # 4 p 61 Dec 1996
Samuel Shaddock senior and junior apparently had land interests in New Jersey, which required them to designate an attorney to act on their behalf. This is a very important point for our research into the Shaddocks of South Carolina, because it indicates Samuel Shattocke and son from Salem were conducting business further afield. It is possible they also acquired an interest in land in South Carolina.
Shrewsbury township appears to be a town where Quaker Shaddocks settled. The "Friends" records for Shrewsbury shows Thomas Shaddock at a meeting on Dec. 21, 1708. The parish records of Christ Church, Shrewsbury, N.J. record the following Shaddock baptisms and marriages:
John Shaddock July 2 1738
John and Martha Shadock parents
Sarah Shaddock baptized July 16 1738 as adult
William Shaddock baptized July 16 1738 as adult
John and Anna Martha Shaddock parents (next generation?)
Mary Shaddock Oct 25 1756
Ann Shaddock Oct 25 1756
Jeremiah Shaddock Oct 25 1756
Hannah Shaddock married Jonathan Holmes in 1762.
Thomas Shaddock had a daughter Anna Shaddock, baptized Feb. 14 1773.
Notice the preponderance of the name "John." Did John Shaddock of Salem, son of Samuel Shattock junior of Salem move to the Shrewbury township? It is possible.
It appears to be the case that the Watertown Shattucks largely kept their old English variation (Shattocke) of the family name and it evolved into Shattuck. We see the Salem and Boston Shattucks surname as Shattock or Shaddock.
We also see the given name "Samuel" get passed down. The Christian name "Samuel" is less common among William Shattuck of Watertown descendants, but shows up as the Christian name of the first born children of the Salem Shattucks.
Captain John Shaddock might have docked his ship more than once in the burgeoning colony at Charles Town. Perhaps he brought tales back to his New England relatives about new opportunities in South Carolina. (New England was first settled in the early part of the 17th century, South Carolina was settled in the later part of the century.)
There is a possibility is that Captain John Shaddock moved his family to Virginia. There is a Virginian John Shaddock who fought on the side of the British in the American Revolution, who became a refugee in New Brunswick. He may have been a descendant of John Shaddock born in Boston in 1680. See the page on this site about the Virginian Shaddocks.
Yet another possibility is that he settled his family in the West Indies. There are records of Shattockes in Jamaica.