William Shattuck of Boston - New Jersey
If you have come to this page without reading the William Shattuck of Watertown, you should read that first.
Lemuel Shattuck, in his chronicle of the Shattuck family in America, puts William Shattuck of Boston into his appendix. He should not be confused with William Shattuck of Watertown who is the founder of surviving generations of Shattucks (and name variants such as Shadduck) in America. He suspects, correctly I think, that William Shattuck of Boston was a later arrival, subsequent to the arrival of William Shattuck of Watertown, Samuel Shattuck of Salem and the widow Damaris Shattuck.
Lemuel Shattuck, in his Descendants book (pp. 366-7) makes William Shattuck of Boston widow Damaris Shattuck's son. He provides the following bio:
WILLIAM SHATTUCK, a shoemaker, was an inhabitant of Boston, from about 1650 to 1658. Like his namesake of Salem he appears to have suffered persecution for his Quakerism. Besse, in his History, (Vol. II., p. 184,) says, because he was " found on the first day of the week at home in the time of public worship, he was sent to the house of correction, and there cruelly whipped, and thus kept at hard labor, the deputy governor appropriating the proceeds of his labors to himself, while his wife and children were in want. At length he had three days' time assigned him to depart that jurisdiction, which he, in regard to his wife and children, was necessitated to accept. Bellingham the deputy governor having terrified the woman with threats of keeping him still in prison, because he was poor and not able to pay the fine of 5 shillings for his weekly absence from their places of public worship." Bishop says, Bellingham "tried to produce a separation between Shattuck and his wife, under a promise that he should be banished and heard of no more, and that she and her children should be provided for; "but this proposition she spurned and detested He was banished in 1658, and first went to Rhode Island ; and afterwards to New Jersey, and resided in Shrewsbury, Monmouth County. He was elected a member of the Assembly from that town in 1675, but declining to swear or take the oath of office required, he did not take his seat. The Collections of the New Jersey Historical Society (Vol. I. p. 77,) erroneously print his name William Shatluck instead of Shattuck.
Lemuel Shattuck did not discover direct male descendants of William Shattuck. However a correspondent, Darrell McGowen, discovered that William did have a son. From his email to me:
- George Bishop, a prominent Quaker, wrote of the sufferings of William "Shattock" and other Quakers in a book entitled, "New England Judged by the Spirit of the Lord," (repub. 1885) pp. 49-50. From this account of the persecution of William Shattock, we learn that he had four children, including at least one son. One of the children (Hannah), is my 8th great grandmother. It is also learned from Bishop's account that William's son was old enough to keep or care for the sheep.
There is no record of the fate of his son. This leads us to ask if "Samuel" might have been his name and escaping persecution, he fled to South Carolina, founding the South Carolina Shaddocks. Or was it a son or grandson named Samuel? There is no evidence to support this speculation. A DNA study of the South Carolina Shaddocks shows them to be closely related to the American Shattucks founded by the other William "Shattock" (born 1622) who settled in Watertown. But William of Boston could have been a close relative, a generation apart.
1. Hannah, b. July 8, 1654; and 2. Exercise, b. Nov. 12, 1656; of whom Hannah married Restore Lippincott. The following is a copy of their marriage certificate, which is the first entered in the Records of the Friends in Shrewsbury, N. J. It has been kindly furnished by Mr. James S. Lippincott of Philadelphia. " Att a meeting of the People of God & Lord gathered together for that end and purpose before whom Wm Shattock father to Hannah Shattock give his daughter Hannah to wife unto Restore Lippencott son of Richard and Abigail Lippincott in these words as followeth : I desire you all to take notice that I do give my daughter Hannah to Restore Lippencott to be his wife. The words of Restore Lippencott as followeth : I desire you all to take notice that accordingly I freely receive her to be my wife. The words of Hannah Shaddock as followeth : I desire you all to take notice that I do take Restore Lippencott to be my Husband in the fear of the Lord. And they were published 2 or 3 times and they had Friends Consent to take each other. And we whose names are under written are witnesses of this thing, &c.
On the 6th of 9 mo 1674 at Wm Shattuck's house.
Restore Lippencott mark X Hannah Shattock mark =
Richard Lippencott Abigail Lippencott
William Shattuck Ann Lippencott
Hugh Dickman Margaret Lippencott
John Hance Grace Dickman
John Slocom Elizabeth Hance
Hannaniah Gifford Lydia Wardell
Thurlagh (?) Scoyng Faith Croft (?)
William Worth Faith Worth
Murboh Slocom "
Restore Lippincott was the s. of Richard and Abigail Lippincott who resided several years in Boston, about the same time with Mr. Shattuck. He was b. in Plymouth, Old England, July 3, 16—[48 to 53, record obscure,] removed with his parents to Shrewsbury, N. J., about 1668, and d. near Mount Holly, Burlington Co.,N. J., July 22, 1741. He was a member of the Council of N. J. in 1703, and of the Assembly in 1704. A useful and active member of society. He had 9 children:
1. Samuel, b. June 12, ; 2. Abigail, b. Feb. 16, 16—; 3. Hannah, b. Oct. 15, 167- ; 4. Hope, b. Sept. 15, 1681 ; 5. Rebecca, b. Oct. 24, 1684 ; 6. James, b. June 11, 1687 ; 7. Betty, b. March 15, 1690; 8. Jacob, b. Aug. 15,
1692 ; 9. Rachel, b. Jan. 8, 1695. The descendants of these children at their father's death were over 200. Many of their descendants are now residing in Philadelphia, in the possession of wealth.
In fact we discover a reference to William "Shattock" in a privately circulated family history dated 1905 called "Annals of the Sinnott, Rogers, Coffin, Colies, Reeves, Bodine and Allied Families" by Mary Elizabeth Sinnott. On p. 187 she writes:
William Shattock emigrated to Massachusetts in 1650, and while living at Boston, about 1658, embraced Quakerism and was mercilessly punished therefor by the civil authorities and compelled to leave their jurisdiction. The story of his persecution for conscience' sake "by the unjust rulers of Boston" is given in " New England's Ensign," in Besse's "Collections of the Sufferings of Quakers," and is noticed in Sewall's " History of the Quakers." After a short stay in Rhode Island, during which he was one of the original purchasers of land in Monmouth County, New Jersey, he settled at Shrewsbury, and was probably one of the founders of the Shrewsbury Meeting of Friends. In 1675 he was elected a member of the East Jersey Assembly from Shrewsbury, but declined to swear or take the oath of office. He was living as late as 28 September, 1693, when he witnessed a marriage at Friends' Meeting-House in Shrewsbury. By his wife Hannah, who accompanied him to Shrewsbury, he had : i. Hannah Shattock, born at Boston, 8 July, 1654 ; married, at Shrewsbury, 6 November, 1674, Restore Lippincott. 2. Exercise Shattock, born at Boston, 12 November, 1656 ; married, at Shrewsbury, 10 December, 1680, George Corlies. 3. Elizabeth Shattock, who married Jacob Coale, of Shrewsbury.
We have his signature, indicating how he spelled his last name. It was Shattock not Shattuck. I think this supports the theory that he was a late arrival in the colony. The fact he could sign his own name is significant as it indicates he was able to attend school while a child in the early 17th century.
William is a name commonly found in the Stogumber - West Bagborough area of west Somerset, although there was a William Shattock who was a tenant farmer in Taunton Deane in the early 16th century.
Given that he was a Quaker, it is possible that he was not baptized in England, although it is possible he or his parents embraced Quakerism after he was baptized. In the Stogumber parish records there are William Shattocks born in 1616, 1621 and 1623, which would mean William was in his late twenties or early thirties when the emigrated to Boston. This seems likely given he was still living in 1693, which would mean he was in his early seventies.
There is also a William Shattocke born Sept. 10, 1627 in West Bagborough to William Shattocke (born Mar. 1606) and Annie Spence. He was the grandson of William and Joan Shattick (sic), husbandman of West Bagborough. I have his will. If this is the correct William Shattock he would be age twenty-three in 1850.
The Protestation Returns of 1641 show three William Shattocks in Stogumber (one is William junior) and none in West Bagborough. This probably eliminates the West Bagborough William. In the Protestation return there is a William Shattock in Bishop's Lydeard who was in the "town tithing," meaning he resided in the town. But he appears to show up in the local records after 1650 so we can eliminate him as well. Since there is no other William Shattocks show up in Somerset in the Protestation Returns, it seems probable that William was from Stogumber.
William Shattock must have been a man of a high social status as you find many references to him in the old documents.
Edwin Salter, in his "History of Monmouth and Ocean Counties," written in 1890, lists "William Shattock" as one of the purchasers of land from the "indians" in Monmouth county in 1664 (p. 11).
Among the purchasers were a number who had been victims of persecution for their religious faith ; some had felt the cruel lash, some had been imprisoned and others had been compelled to pay heavy fines; others had had near relatives suffer thus. Among those who had suffered were William Shattock...
On page 24 he calls William Shattock "the noted Quaker, who was persecuted in Massachusetts, who also came to Monmouth, and about a dozen years later, moved into Burlington County, N. J. He was a Quaker of the primitive stripe and a personal friend of George Fox." p. 24
A William Shattock is found in the township of Shrewsbury in Monmouth County in a 1669 New Jersey early census.
That William moved from Boston to Monmouth, New Jersey, is confirmed in the description of the land he purchased there. Note that William Shattuck is described as a cordwainer, an old term for shoemaker.
1691-2 Jan. 22. Do. William SHATTOCK of Shrewsbury, Mun Mouth
Co., E. J., cordwainer, to William WAITHMAN of Chohansey, W. J.,
planter, for 250 acres on Shrewsbury Neck within Chohansey, adjoining
Wm. WORTH, between Chohansey and Wehatquack Creek, now called Shrewsbury Cr. 228
William and his wife Hannah three daughters, but no sons:
Hannah born July 8, 1654 In Boston. Share married Restore Lippincott Sept. 9 1674
Exercise born Nov. 12, 1656 in Boston. She married George Corlies Sept. 2, 1680
Elizabeth born 1658. She married Jacob Coale.
In the book "Records Relating to the Early History of Boston" published in 1881 in Boston, William's last name is spelled as "Shattocke." Again in 1883, in the "Report of the Record Commissioners of the City of Boston, Volume 9" p. 55 the birth of Exercise again has the spelling of Shattocke.
On Sept. 6, 1674 William Shattock (also in the records as Shattuck) and his wife Hannah were at their daughter's wedding to Restore Lippincott at his house in Salem, New Jersey. This was apparently the very first marriage recorded on the Shrewsbury Quaker Meeting books. He was witness to a wedding in 1677 and again in 1680. In 1687 William and Hannah were witness to their daughter Exercise Shaddock's marriage to George Corlies, both of "Shrews." Mary Shaddock was also a witness to the marriage. (Who is this Mary Shaddock? There is a Mary Shaddock who shows up, along with Samuel and James Shaddock in a land record in South Carolina in 1702.) William Shattuck was a witness again to a marriage in 1692.
William Shattock apparently did well. Again in 1676 (Salter, p. 30) we find his name on various surveys and land patents. The other publication where I found these references is the four volumes of the Historical and Genealogical Miscellany, Data Relating to the Settlement and Settlers of New York and New Jersey, 1903-1916. They list Shattuck, Shattock and Shaddock as being interchangeable. It appears that the name evolved in the records from Shattuck to Shattock and thence to Shaddock as the pronunciation of the name slowly changed.
William Shattock is listed in the 1709 census of Northampton township, Burlington Co., NJ. He is widowed, age 84. His wife's name was Hannah. His birth was on or about 1625, close to the age of Samuel Shaddock of Salem, who was born about 1620 and William Shattuck of Watertown who was born around 1622. Was he a son of the widow Damaris? Or was he a later immigrant to the other Shattocks, related but perhaps first, second or third cousin? He was almost certainly born in England since it is unlikely there was a Shattocke among the very first immigrants to Massachusetts.
In the end, I have to agree with Lemuel Shattuck and regard William of Boston as belonging to a branch of the Shattock family, but with immediate family connections back in west Somerset in England. There are descendants of William alive today, but they are descendants of daughters. There are no male direct descendants of William Shattuck of Boston and New Jersey.