Groton Shattucks (William Shattuck 1670-1743)
The Shattucks of Massachusetts are a major branch of the worldwide Shattocke family. To see where the Massachusetts Shattucks fit in the Shattocke family tree see the Experimental Shattocke Phylogenetic Tree. The Shattucks of Massachusetts have been officially designated a branch of the human family called R-Y19751. Look for that node on the tree.
The Groton Shattucks were founded by William Shattuck (1670-1743). His branch of the family is shown here (middle):
William was the grandson of the pilgrim founder William Shattuck (1622-1672) who settled in Watertown (now part of the Greater Boston area). Samuel moved from Watertown to Groton and founded the Groton Shattucks.
Ethel May Shattuck (1888-1962), daughter of Clarence Edward Shattuck (1865-1949) and 5th great granddaughter of William Shattuck (1670-1743). If you scroll to the bottom of the page you will see that there were innumerable descendants of William Shattuck. Ethel May worked as a strenographer for an oil supplies company. She married Albert Harwell Eaton (1887-1968), who worked as a bus driver. They lived in Rhode Island.
Here is what the Shattuck family historian Lemuel Shattuck writes about William Shattuck (pp. 81-3 Memorials).
"William Shattuck, son of John, (p. 71,) was born in Watertown, Sept. 11, 1670, and died in Groton in 1744, in his 74th year. His residence was a little southerly of the house built by his grandson Job Shattuck, near Wattle's Pond. The following facts concerning him are derived from authentic and positive evidence, partly from the records of Watertown and Groton, and partly from papers on file, but not recorded, in the Middlesex Probate Office.
He lived in Groton with his mother and step-father, Enoch Lawrence, from 1678 until about the time of his marriage in 1688, when he returned to Watertown, where he resided the principal part of the subsequent fourteen years. In 1691 he was impressed into the public military service of the Colony; and on the 4th Dec, 1691, the selectmen of Watertown "
Agreed that Mr. William Shattuck should take care to provide for the reliefe of the wife and two children of his cosen [nephew] William Shattuck, during the time of his beeing out in the country service from the 18th November, 1691, till he comes home, or the town taks furder order ; and that the sd William shall be paid for his pains the one part out of the county assessments, as by order of the General Court is allowable, and the other part out of the town rate."
This was undoubtedly the William Shattuck, the subject of this notice; and his two children then born, were William and Hannah hereafter mentioned. After his return from the military campaign, as a consideration for his services, the selectmen voted to give him a lot of land for a dwelling-house, near "Patch Meadow;" and to allow him to cut timber owned by the town, to build it. He probably availed himself of this grant, in part at least; for we find the following entry upon the Watertown records, Nov. 16, 1702. At a public town meeting:
Voted that if William Shattuck, junior, doth deliver the house & lands & fences to Manings Sawin, Town Treasurer, that he did hold of the town, within eight days next coming, then the sd Town Treasurer is to deliver the said four pounds, that he acquired of John Green, to the said William Shattuck, as a gratuity from the town to help him in his removing to Groton.
In 1702 he bought lands in and removed to Groton. In 1707 he was one of those already mentioned in our notice of his brother John, (p. 79,) who " were considering of removing" from Groton on account of the Indian troubles ; and his wife Hannah, and probably her children, did actually return to Watertown in 1707, and resided a short time in the family of John Barnard, Jr. They were afterwards, however, permanent inhabitants of Groton.
William Shattuck married in Watertown, March 19, 1688, Hannah Underwood. He is described in the record as then of Groton, and she of Watertown. There was no other William Shattuck then in Groton, or Watertown, excepting his uncle. This wife was the mother of his children, and died about 1717."
Captain Job Shattuck and Shays's Rebellion
Perhaps the most famous image of Shays' Rebellion: "Regulators" Daniel Shays (left) and Job Shattuck (right), from a 1787 Boston Almanack woodcut, Artist unknown.
Capt. Job Shattuck (February 11, 1736 – January 13, 1819) was a British colonial soldier during the Seven Years' War and a member of the Massachusetts state militia during the American Revolutionary War. He first served with the British in the 1755 Battle of Fort Beauséjour. He was later active at the Siege of Boston in 1776 and then in preparing defenses at Mt. Independence and Ft. Ticonderoga later that year.
Following the cessation of the American Revolution, Shattuck returned to Massachusetts where he was the largest landowner in the town of Groton. He was a key figure in the nation-defining 1786-87 farmers' revolt known as Shays' Rebellion, leading forces in direct action that shut down a state court in Concord. He was arrested in late 1786 on charges of treason, but was pardoned in 1787 by Governor John Hancock. I have an extensive biography of him in the Famous section of this site.
Job was the great grandson of William Shattuck (ca. 1622-1672) of Watertown, founder of the American Shattucks. He was the son of William Shattuck (1670-1743), who moved from Watertown to Groton and founded the Groton Shattucks.
William Shattuck (ca. 1622-1672) Watertown, Ma
John Shattuck (1645-1675) Watertown, MA
William Shattuck (1670-1743) Watertown, MA - Groton, MA
Job Shattuck (1736-1819) Groton, MA
Captain Samuel Walker Shattuck, Civil War Hero and Professor of Mathematics
Samuel Walker Shattuck, adjutant in the Vermon 8th Regiment, Civil War.
Captain Job Shattuck had a great grandson who also rose to prominence both in the military field as well as community service. Captain Samuel Shattuck (1841-1915) was born in Groton. His grandfather Noah Shattuck, Esq., (1772-1858) had fought for his country in the War of 1812 and after the war was a prosperous farmer and state legislator. He must have been successful because he was able to give his son a good education, graduating with a Bachelor of Science. His father was a merchant in a business shared with his brother in the firm W. & G. Shattuck. When he graduated from Norwich University he was offered a teaching position there until the Civil War broke out. He served as an adjutant (later rose to a captain's commission) in the Vermont 8th Regiment, Company H. He fought and was wounded in the famous Battle of Cedar Creek northeast of Strasburg, Virginia.
After the war he returned to his alma mater and taught, until he ventured out west to Illinois where he took a position at the new Illinois Industrial University, where he eventually became Professor of Mathematics and regent. His obituary states that he played a significant role in the development of the university, was loved by his students (despite the onerous nature of his subject) and widely respected for his integrity and "manliness."
I have written a brief history of his life under the "Famous" menu.
Fredrica Shattuck - A Mighty Presence in Life and Death
Fredrica Van Trice Shattuck (1883-1969)
Fredrica Van Trice Shattuck (1883-1969) was a well regarded professor of public speaking and drama at Iowa State University. She was a force to be reckoned with, acknowledged when she was listed in the first edition of Who's Who of American Women in 1959. Her mighty presence was felt long after her death by her colleagues and students. In his book "Haunted Colleges and Universities," Tom Ogden passes on rumors of her continued presence on the university stage. See her story under the Famous menu.
Descendants of William Shattuck 1670-1743 (Groton Shattucks)
The genealogy descending from William Shattuck (1670-1743) was compiled from the records and a few from individual family researchers. Both sources are far from perfect, nor is my additions to the work. Accuracy can be achieved by DNA testing. If you are interesting in finding your place in the Shattuck ancestry tree through DNA testing, please contact me.
The tree is so large it has to be downloaded as a PDF file: Groton Genealogy.
Corrections or additions to this tree are welcome. Contact me.