The Hall Branch of the Shattucks
by Philip Shaddock, with Kevin Tvedt and Brian Edgerton
Kevin and Brian are descendants of a branch of the Shattuck family that resulted from an NPE (non parental event) in 1721.
There are three Halls in the Shaddock-Shattuck DNA project who are shown to be positive for the Shattuck genetic markers, including the markers for the Groton Shattuck branch. The Halls share a close genetic relationship with five other Groton Shattucks.
Map of the Hinsdale area of New Hampshire dated around 1750. This is the probable origin point of the Hall Shattucks. Brian Edgerton points out that the Shanaks Fort is a misspelling of the "Shattucks Fort."
Hall is a very common name in England and the former colonies. Over 942 people are in the Hall project at FTDNA and they sort into 6 major, unrelated groups. There are 82 sub-groups and 26 individuals with no known relationship to the rest of 942 people! In fact the Shattuck branch of our family has a sub-branch with the surname Hall, which now has three members with the recent addition of John Thomas Hall. This Hall Shattuck branch is not even represented in the Hall project!
Fortunately for us, the Shattuck Halls have two people who are dogged and detail-oriented genealogists who are descendants of Halls, Brian Edgerton and Kevin Tvedt. When I first discovered that we Shattockes had Hall relatives, I was able to determine right away that they are descended from William the founder's son John Shattuck (1647-1675). John died in a ferry accident during the time of King Philip's War at the young age of 28. But despite that cruel twist of fate, his descendants are the most numerous Shattucks and Shattockes of all the Shattockes alive today.
Kevin has been up against a brick wall in his genealogical search of Hall ancestry for decades. The paper trail comes to a complete halt at George Hall born in 1721. So the discovery that his Hall ancestors actually descend from Shattucks was a major breakthrough. Using DNA analysis we were able to determine that John's son William (1670-1743) is the branch of Shattucks the Halls belong to. That is a long way back in time, considering that William the founder was born only 100 years previously, so George Hall's father would be the grandson of William. George Hall does not show up in the early records. And this is so far back in time (almost 300 years) that STR changes make finding the genetic trail difficult.
But Kevin and Brian are expert genealogists and have come up with a strong candidate for the father of George Hall. It is William Shattuck's (1670-1743) son Daniel (1692-1760). I have a strange fascination for real crime TV series like the "Real Detectives" series now playing on Netflix. I often think of genealogical research as a strange combination between real crime investigation and document research with DNA playing the role of scientific forensics. I think it is because real crime is about real families and the emotional drama they must go through when they are the victims of crime. So Kevin and Brian's detective work, along with my forensic DNA analysis produces a compelling story. Here is an excerpt from one of the emails that have flown back and forth in the past several years between Dr. Phil and the hard boiled Hall detectives. This one is dated back in August, 2016:He [Daniel Shattuck] was born at Watertown. Joined the military (Captain). He was married in 1719 and lived at Worcester (wasn’t that a large Scots-Irish settlement?, Isabella Anderson was Scots-Irish). He married Martha Serjeant (Sargaent) in 1719. She gave birth to a daughter circa 1720. Martha died about 1722. He sold his right to common land in Worcester on 20 Dec 1721 and moved to Northfield, Mass where he lived from 1723 to 1736 when he moved to Hinsdale, NH. He remarried in 1724 (at Hinsdale?). At one point he was stationed at Fort Dummer. I think it very strange that he would sell his common land claim and move out of town but he was a military man and that generally including moving around. Colrain (another Scots-Irish settlement), Deerfield & Northfield Mass are all very close to each other as is Hinsdale, NH. Did he move about that time (1721-1723) to avoid a misdeed? Daniel’s life seemed to be pretty much in flux from 1721 to 1723, a very important time frame in our George Hall’s life.
Could George have been a child of the marriage to Martha and was subsequently given for adoption at the time of his mother’s death? What did Martha die from? Where is the death record? Did she die of childbirth? If so, what became of the baby? Given for adoption? Or even taken to Northfield and given away there when Daniel remarried. Did the new wife refuse Daniel’s child from his previous marriage? There is a story there, we just need to find it.
George Hall was also a military man and attained the rank of Captain. He is often referred to as Captain George Hall in the Springfield records. George Hall, after marriage in 1744, lived at Fort Dummer, Vermont (where he was in the military) (1749); Stafford, CT (1759); Walpole, New Hampshire (1763) and finally Springfield, Vermont (1764-1801); He is buried at Springfield, Vermont. We know he had at least two daughters and three sons (George, John & James).
Here is the information we have about Daniel Shattuck.
Daniel Shattuck 1692-1760
Lemuel Shattuck, the 19th century chronicler of the Shattucks of the United States, describes Daniel as a founder of one of the Hinsdale, New Hampshire branches of the Shattuck family. Here is what he writes about Daniel.
Capt. Daniel Shattuck, son of William, was born in Watertown in 1692, but spent the period of his minority chiefly in Groton. From 1719 to 1723 he lived in Worcester, but removed about the latter date to Northfield, and about 1736 to Hinsdale, within the present bounds of New Hampshire, where he died March 17, 1760, aged, as his grave-stone says, " about 67." He was a large landholder and a wealthy farmer. He had 215 acres in the division of the Northfield Commons,—a larger proportion than a majority of the proprietors. His dwelling-house was in the southerly part of " Mary's Meadow," so called—about one hundred rods east of Connecticut River, one mile south of Fort Hinsdale, one mile southeast of Fort Howe on the west side of the river now within the limits of Vernon, and three miles south of Fort Dummer within the limits of Brattleborough. He built two houses with hewn timbers on either side of a small brook. In the upper part were posts for sentinels, and holes to fire through.
These houses were enclosed with a strong palisade, built with timbers and thick plank, surmounted with pickets; and the enclosure was called "Shattuck's Fort." (Doolittle's 'Narrative.)
During the wars in 1745, and subsequently, the whole people of the neighborhood came to this fort to live. When the men labored on their farms or went to church, they carried their guns with them, and were always guarded by sentinels. On the 15th Aug., 1746, during the absence of Capt. Shattuck at Fort Dummer, the Indians fired upon four men near the fort, but hurt none.
March 30, 1747, about thirty or forty Indians came to the fort silently in the night, " with fagots of dried spruce with the ends dipped in brimstone, and set it on fire. That part of it which stood on one side of the brook was burnt; but owing to a strong wind the other part was saved." (Doolittle, pp. 8, 10.) The English fired upon and disabled some of the Indians, but they made their escape.
Capts. Shattuck, senior and junior, were large athletic men over six feet high, and of great commanding presence. Their children were also above the medium size. It is said the Indians regarded them with fear, love and veneration, as superhuman beings. They generally lived on friendly terms with the savages, and their influence over them was always very great. The Indians probably did not design to kill them in this attack, but to take them alive and make them chiefs and leaders.
He married, in Marlborough, April 16, 1719, Martha Serjent, then said to have been of Westborough. She died in Worcester in 1722. She was the daughter of Digory Serjent, the unfortunate pioneer settler of Worcester, who with his wife was killed by the Indians in 1704, while his children were carried into captivity. (Lincoln's Hist. Worcester, pp. 35-38.)
He married, in Northfield, May 7, 1724, Rebecca Boltwood, born Aug. 1, 1691, daughter of Sergeant Samuel Boltwood of Hadley and Sarah Lewis, daughter of Capt. Wm. Lewis of Farmington, Conn. Sergeant Boltwood was killed at the sacking of Deerfield, Feb. 28, 1704. Mrs. Shattuck died in Hinsdale, March 16, 1757, ae. 65 y. 7 m. 15 d. She was interred with her husband in the family burying-ground located on the old Shattuck farm, where have been buried several successive generations of the race; and where there are now existing several monuments erected to their memory."
Art Shattuck's research into his family reveals this additional detail not found in Lemuel's book: "There was a published article in the Westborough, MA newspaper about 25 years ago that stated that Daniel rescued Martha Sergent from the Indians where she had been a captive since 1704 and they settled initially in Westborough at the farm of Isaac Shattuck, a cousin.
After his marriage to Rebecca Boltwood, according to the book 'History of Northfield MA', they purchased land in the main section of town near where the Dickinson Library is located today. But later he purchased a larger property to the north of the town center along the Connecticut River. He barricaded the property and it became known as Shattuck's Fort. When Massachusetts and New Hampshire agreed on the state boundary, he now, without moving, became one of the first settlers of Hinsdale, NH."
Brian Edgerton provided this additional note:
Our recent research concludes the following children and wives for Daniel Shattuck:
Sarah (born: 8 Aug 1720 in Worcester, MA, died: 4 Nov 1761) was the daughter from Daniel's first wife - Martha Serjent (~1694-1722) while Daniel Jr (born: 11 April 1727), Phebe (born: 27 Dec 1729), and Gideon (born: 20 Oct 1732) all in Northfield, MA were children from Rebekah Boltwood (1 Aug 1691 - 16 Mar 1757) of Northfield who Daniel married as 2nd wife 7 May 1724.
We've seen previous references to all five children of Daniel from his first wife Martha Serjent - some even claiming they moved to Vermont.
Kevin has found some pretty strong evidence for his tree of Hall descendants. In an email he wrote:
"There was a very interesting article in The NEHGS Register that I received yesterday about Y-DNA analysis. As I read the article I was surprised to see that the geographic focus was mostly on Plainfield, Connecticut. This is the same town where George Shattuck Hall was adopted and raised by Elisha and Philippi Hall. The situation with the Fuller family was intriguing and presented some of the same issues as with our Hall/Shattuck connection. The really surprising part came at the end of the article, after all this analysis of the Fuller family and the descendants that weren’t Fullers at all, but were in fact Smiths—it is noted that Elizabeth Fuller married Daniel Badger, Jr. , born 1720; Elizabeth died and Daniel remarried to Phillipi Hall. Of course Philippi Hall is a step-sister to George Shattuck Hall and the mother of Mary Badger who ultimately married James Hall, son of George Shattuck Hall."
Like a crime investigation, Daniel Shattuck still has the status of prime suspect. Kevin is busy hunting down and capturing the DNA of Hunt and Shattuck descendants. One day there is going to be a final breakthrough which will bring the Shattuck Hall story to a conclusion.